CONTENTS OFFICIALS CITIZEN. NETWORKS ISSUE GROUPS REGIONAL GROUPS LISTS OFFICIAL. DOCS CITIZEN DOCS A global campaign webliography - LANGUAGES INDEX (under construction) Language_resources Font_Downloads Online_Courses Webpage_Translators
The following abbreviations are used for languages found on the Internet. For the most part, they are based on the conventional abbreviation for the country of origin. Where this is not the case, eg, Arabic, English, the abbreviation is placed in brackets thus (AR), (EN), etc. These correspond with the lower-case forms (en, fr, etc) used in the Webliography. The compiler would welcome advice of any errors or suggested improvements to this presentation. (email)
AF Pushto (Afghanistan) [Also official--Dari DA] AL Albanian AM Armenian (AR) Arabic AZ Azeri (Azerbaijan) (BA) Basque BE Flemish (Belgium) BG Bulgarian (Cyrillic alphabet) (BM) Bambara or Bamanankan (Mali, Africa) (CA) Castilian (Spain) (CE) Cantonese (China) CN Mandarin (China) (CT) Catalan (Spain, Andorra, Sardinia) Learn CZ Czech (DA) Dari (Afghanistan) DE German DK Danish EE Estonian (EN) English (EO) Esperanto ER Tigrinya (Eritrea) [Arabic, Italian IT and English EN for internet use] info ES Spanish ET Amharic (Ethiopia) [Other-- Orominya, Tigrinya, Arabic, French, English, Italian] FI Finnish FJ Fijian FR French GR Greek HR Croatian (Latin-alphabet) HU Hungarian ID Indonesian IE Irish Gaelic (Eire) IL Hebrew (Israel) IN Hindi (India) [Advice is welcomed on web use of Konkani, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Telugu] IM Manx (Isle of Man) IR Farsi (Persian, Iranian) IS Icelandic IT Italian JP Japanese KH Khmer (Cambodia) KR Korean KU Kurdish LA Laotian LK Sinhala (Sri Lanka) [also official--Tamil (TA) and English (EN)] LT Lithuanian LV Latvian MK Macedonian Cyrillic alphabet (ex Yugoslavia) MM Burmese (Myanmar) MN Mongolian info MT Maltese MY Bahasa /Malay (Malaysia) NL Dutch (Netherlands) NP Nepali NU Norwegian PG Pidgin English (Papua New Guinea) PH Filipino PK Punjabi (Pakistan) [Other demotic: Sindhi, Pashtu.Urdu, Balochi. Official--English] PL Polish PT Portuguese (Portugal, Brazil) RO Romanian RU Russian SE Swedish (SH) Serbo-Croatian (Latin alphabet)) (SO) Soninké (Africa) (SR) Serbian (Cyrillic alphabet) (SW) Swahili (Zanzibar) TH Thai TR Turkish (Latin-alphabet) (UR) Urdu VN Vietnamese (WE) Welsh (WO) Wolof (West Africa--Gambia, Mauretania, Senegal) Learn YU Serbian Cyrillic (ex Yugoslavia) ZA Afrikaans (South Africa) [Also official--English and nine others! Info]
iLove Languages Page
From pages of Robert Beard (Bucknell University)
A Web of online dictionaries (now yourdictionary.com)
English dictionary multiple search
European language translation engines
John Massam's page on translation and dictionaries:
Mezzofanti.org Free Translations page
and their useful FAQ and language tips
Travlang's free online translating dictionaries (60 European languages)
ARABIC, ASSYRIAN, KURDISH, PERSIAN, URDU
Homepage of ParsNegar Software http://www.isc.com.au/
BURMESE four TrueType fonts for Windows
To install in Windows 3.*+, first use Winzip or pkunzip to extract the files from the archive into their own directory or your fonts directory, then open (Windows) Control Panel, then Fonts, then choose Add, then browse for the directory where you put the fonts. Then select them all, Close out of Control Panel, and you are done. The fonts should work in all Windows applications. No program is provided to reorganize the keyboard.
. . .installation and usage instructions on reading, writing and printing in Greek, as well as some tips on how to email in Greek, and spell check your Greek text.
Translators for Webpages and Text
CAUTION: Online translation, though usually very helpful, is at best only approximate -- and needs to be read with some understanding of the things that will go wrong! For instance, the French for 'the MAI' is 'l'AMI' which will invariably be englicised as 'the FRIEND'.
For an interesting report on the nature and application of machine translation, see Machine Translation and the Power and Purpose of "Gisting" in the Internet Era at http://www.jalt-publications.org/tlt/articles/2001/11/cribb
FONTS: You cannot machine-translate into a non-Latin-alphabet language unless your PC is set up with the appropriate characters. See above for info on downloading certain font characters.
Babel Fish (AltaVista)
Renders TO and FROM English: --French, German, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish. Also does French TO and FROM -German, and Russian to English. An important feature is automatic translation of linked pages.
Renders FROM English TO: --French, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese;
FROM French TO: English, German
FROM German TO: English, French
FROM Italian/ Spanish/Japanese TO English
Renders English TO and FROM Arabic. (Free registration required)
Systran (Free service)
Renders TO and FROM English: --French, German, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Chinese, Korean, Japanese. Also does French TO and FROM-- German, Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian
Systran also offers an online paid service in over 35 language pairs
Handles Spanish, French and German TO English. Also renders English into Spanish, French, German, Italian, Norwegian and Portuguese.
From 25 Mar 04.