ntonio Lotti (b Venice or Hanover c1667 - d1740), the son of Hanover's Kappellmeister, pupil of Legrenzi, and an inaugural singer in the choir of the musical fraternity of S. Cecilia in Venice, 1687. He gradually gained status, first as an organist and by 1733 as acting maestro de capella, which he held substantively from 1736 until his death. Apart from composing a considerable amount of music for St Mark's he also composed solo motets and oratorios for the famed Ospedale degli Incurabili. This famous female choir gained it's reputation through Lotti's teaching. From 1692 Lotti's career as opera composer commenced leading to the presentation of 21 such works of which six have survived. His only recorded journey outside Italy is one to Dresden, 1717-1719.
Lotti's works were plagiarised and admired during his lifetime and remained significant repertoire for the choir of St Mark's Venice well into the early 19th century. He is known today chiefly for two settings of the Crucifixus that reflect a tonal insight into the contrapuntal style of the previous era. His music remains highly emotional in character with finely crafted polyphony and striking harmonic progressions. His legacy includes a list of notable composers as his pupils including Galuppi, Gasparini, Marcello and Pescetti.
On hearing Lotti's music in the 1770s, Charles Burney wrote "It affected me even to tears. The organist here very judiciously suffered the voices to be heard in all their purity, insomuch that I frequently forgot that they were accompanied." Fétis wrote in the late 19th century that "(Lotti's) style is simple and clear and no one in modern times has possessed, better than he, the art of having the voice sing in a natural manner ... in his madrigals and church music he is at least the equal of A. Scarlatti, and his superiority over all other masters of his time is incontestable."