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HORSEMILLS / HUMAN POWERED MILLS / TIDEMILLS / WATERMILLS - BATTERIES
WATERMILLS - FLOUR / WATERMILLS - SAWMILLS / WATERMILLS - OTHER
WINDMILLS - FLOUR / WINDMILLS - OTHER

HUMAN POWERED MILLS IN AUSTRALIA

New South Wales / Norfolk Island / Queensland / Tasmania / Victoria / Western Australia

NEW SOUTH WALES
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NORFOLK ISLAND
  1.    May 1794 saw the construction of a 9.4 x 6.1 metre weatherboard mill house next to the granary and near the landing place. Inside were a pair of querns worked by 6 men. This was not a success and so another design was tried. It is not known if it was at the same location. This was turned by winches and was only supposed to require 2 men to work it.
  2.    A treadmill was shipped to the island but parts of it were lost at sea during unloading and the remaining parts were used in the second watermill.
  3.    In 1837 a cranking mechanism, hoppers and millstones for grinding maize were installed in the granary whch had been built in 1827. Sources mention that it was worked by 100 convicts in chains as a form of punishment. It must be assumed that they operated in a rota system and not all at once. An 1844 source mentions that "The labour appears to be dreadfully severe; the yells and screams of the unfortunate criminals as they heave at the cumbersome engine almost induces a belief that the spectator is listening to the cries of lost souls.". Intentions to replace the equipment with a treadmill were thwarted in 1856, when the building burnt down.
  4.    The history of these two treadmills on Norfolk Island is not known. They may have been one of the above mentioned treadmills. image 1 image 2
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QUEENSLAND
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TASMANIA
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VICTORIA
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WESTERN AUSTRALIA
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