Paris 500 Years ago.
You may enjoy viewing this exhibition on line with the historical infos attached
if you are currently in Paris,
Paris 500 years ago from one thousand years in Paris exhibition through the eyes of the painter was held in 2012 in Perth, Western Australia, a long way down under, the exhibition is continuing online with video games based around the Paris 1000 years theme
Acknoledgments and Document consulted
This Paris 500 Years ago painting was
made possible thanks to the richness of the artefacts kept by
the Musée Carnavalet(Musée de la ville de Paris),
the Bibliotheque Nationale de France / National French Archives(BNF).
The following documents were consulted
Plan de Paris sous Charles V- Year 1367 BNF
Plan de Paris sous Charles VI- Year 1383 BNF
Plan de Bale - Year 1552 BNF
Plan de Paris de Belleforest Year 1575 BNF
Dheulland_1756-7_copy_of_c1552_St_Victor_map_of_Paris Year 1552 BNF
Plan de Paris de Merian Year 1615 BNF
You will find access to display all the above documents by keying each of the above lines into a google search field
Musee Carnavalet Paris Exhibition
The Carnavalet Museum is the museum of the town of Paris, and its history.
Paintings, gravures and plans of Paris from the fourth century to our days are on show, this the one place not to miss to find out about the history of Paris and to view its landmarks on paintings.
You can also contact Friends of The Carnavalet Museum Associationis - (Les Amis du Musee Carnavalet) for more pictures and informations.
Les Amis du Musee Carnavalet
Paintings and Drawings consulted of special Interest to construct paintings in the exhibition
Procession Place de Greve Musee Carnavalet(MC) 1590 Hotel de Ville view see also Nicolas Raaguenet
Pont aux Meuniers BNF
Joute des Mariniers Nicolas Raguenet(MC)
Bastille Documents BNF et Agenda du Bicentenaire(MC)
Faubourg St Antoine La Porte St Antoine Adam Perelle BNF
Porte Bordelle St Marcel St Michel St Jacques Plan St Victor BNF
Quai des Tournelles, Dirk Matham(MC)
Incendie de L'hotel Dieu, Jean-Baptiste Oudry(MC)
Palais Episcopal, Jean-Baptiste Lallemand(MC)
Le Palais Drawings BNF
It is worth to keep in mind the spirit of the retro-histo reconstruction. ... .... this is a retro painting and not a computer software reconstruction,
with the documents available a painting made of Multimedia graphics printed on canvas with oil and acrylic finish on top would have been possible but it is not the case nor the idea behind the retro histo-painting of Paris 500 Years ago.
The Paris 500 years ago painting does not use these techniques and the painting is a straight reconstruction without transparency painted directly on a blank stretched canvas.
Some of the Paris Plans listed above and visible to the right contain more than five thousand objects, see pictures/ extracts to the right, hence the level of detail varies greatly between documents.
Existing Paintings at the BNF and Musee Carnavalet contain valuable details, these paintings are listed above, the picture above right shows the extra level of detail, not all paintings listed above can be viewed online, check the availibility with Google
To visit the Musee Carnavalet see link above
Google BNF to access the Bibliotheque nationale de France Web Site
Details about locations numbered on the banner are available here after
Paris 500 Years ago.
The Enceinte- fortification Philippe Auguste extends from La tour de Nesles to the Quai de la Tournelle on the Left Bank(A) with the Porte Porte St Michel(21), Porte St Germain, Porte de Buci and St Jacques(B)- facing the old entrance to Paris through the Petit Chatelet Petit Pont and the Voie Romaine, rue St Jacques, see Painting of Paris, the year 1248).
On the right Bank(C) the new Enceinte- fortification of Charles VI extends from the Bastille to the Louvres but the Porte St Denis et St Martin visible today on the Grand Boulevards were built 200 years later.
1- L'ile de Louvier,
2- La Bastille,
3- The main entrance to Paris used to welcome foreign guests was via the Faubourg St Antoine
4- Place Royale(1589) place des Vosges from 1791, and the Buildings around, Hotel Carnavalet- Musee de la Ville de Paris, le Temple, and the Coupole St Paul are parte of the quartier du Marais(5).
(6)- l'Ile aux vaches is bare land until after 1600 when development started on the ile St louis attached to l'ile de la Cite through a passerelle behind Notre Dame(7) see Painting of Paris, the year 1248.
(8) le palais Episcopal is near by and the Hotel Dieu(9) does not yet extend over the bridge.
(10) - The Paris Town Hall is half constructed, the Place de Greves is in front of it (place for manifestations/ strikes).
The Eglise St Gervais is behind the town hall, just on the side of the town hall is the Port of Paris(see later painting of the place by Nicolas Raguenet). Most of Paris bridges were built with water mills and houses on top (handy to produce the flour for bread and croissants) good examples are:
(11) Le Pont Notre Dame with its water mills which sits near the Grand Chatelet(12), the pont Notre Dame was one of the most elegant bridges in the world during the XVth and XVIth century, see la Joute des Mariniers by Nocolas Raguenet, Musee Carnavalet.
the Pont aux Changes(14)
and the Pont aux Meuniers with many water mills, hidden on the paintings by the Royal Palace and the Ste Chapelle(15)
the Ste Chapelle is also known as "l'eglise de l'etoile" or the the Church of the knight templars which is visible on the centre of the painting, an historic Paris landmark with Notre Dame.
The Pont Neuf on the left(16- now the oldest bridge in Paris), was probably called the new bridge because it had no house built on top!,
The Pont Neuf in the time slice of this painting was under construction with a water pomp and water mill near the Right Bank end close to the Chapelle Royale and the Louvres(18) also in further development in this time slice.
Coches d'eau(the RER / express carriers of the time) and paddle boats(17) complete with house on top and horses to move the paddle wheel were used around the river or to cross the river Seine to the tour de Nesles(19) on the Left Bank. (Visit the painting of the Pont aux Meuniers through Google to see a typical bridge of this time slice complete with houses on top and a typical boat with house shelter and horse power moored near by!). A glimpse of this bridge is also visible on two of the pictures above.
The Entrance to Paris on the Left Bank was through the Portes de Nesles Buci and St Germain(20) with the Abbaye on the other side of the fortification to the left not yet attached to Paris (see also picture above right from the Merian Plan, at the top right of this picture is the Church St Sulpice screened in the Da Vinci Code(*)), between these and the porte St Michel(21) at the front of the painting the Jardin and and Palace of the Luxembourg(today's Senate) was built later(Marie de Medicis).
(*)TO SEE PARIS PLANS IN MORE DETAIL(or the two high definition pictures at the bottom below and of the images from the Merian Plan CAN BE VIEWED ENLARGED UP TO 400%
Other Left Bank Entrance to Paris was through the Porte Bordelle and St Etienne du Mont in front of the montagne Ste Genevieve the oldest place in Paris(22-23), today's place de la Contrescarpe and rue Mouffetard.
At the other end after the Porte St Marcel was the Porte and pont des Tournelles(24) linked later with the isle St Louis.
Paris Faubourgs Development extended very quickly on the other side of the Philippe Auguste Fortification very soon after 1500, the painting viewpoint is from the top of the Moulin des Gobelin(X) on the picture in the Merian Plan displayed above right.
On the Ile de la Cite and the left side of the Pont St Michel(25) was the Clos des Archers(Eglise destroyed during the Revolution), it is today the rue St Andre des Arts,
but on the right side of the bridge the Eglise St Severin is still visible today 500 years later, near the rue de la Huchette and the rue du Chat qui Peche, the smallest of all Paris streets.
REFERENCES TO THE BNF MERIAN PLAN 1615 ABOVE
Paris Landmarks in Today's Context
Reference numbers are common to today and yesterday plan, Charles VI and Paris 500 Years ago. Letters refer to the current paragraph only.
A- Very few remains of the fortification Philippe Auguste, see F and W
B The Porte St Jacques does not exist today but walking the Rue St Jacques near the Pantheon(see 22) and following rue St Martin and rue du Faubourg St Martin will follow the Voie Romaine crossing Paris since 2000 years ago.
C The ancient Porte St Denis and St Martin and this part of the fortification Philippe Auguste woud be situated near the rue St Marcel today, not far from the "cimetiere des innocents" the current Prte St Martin and St Denis visible today on the Grand Boulevards see G were built two hundred after Charles VI consolidatiion of the fortification Philippe Auguste, La Tour Jean sans Peur may still be visible today. Some other Parts of the Philippe Auguste fortifications may also be visible but in the XIII th arrondissement of Paris.
D- St Sulpice, contains a painting of Christ appearing to Marie Madeleine the church built on top of a much older one is still visible today(see Da Vinci code movie and book) and the large road near it(rue de Rennes) leads to Montparnasse. Both St Germain and St Sulpice were outside the Philippe Auguste fortification and absorbed into the city much later.
Far more recent are also the Palais du Luxembourg and gardens dating from Marie de Medicis
E- The Gare de l'est train Station is outside the fortification
F- L'Institut de France across the Passerelle des Arts leads to rue Mazarine(vestiges of the fortification Philippe Auguste)
G-Les Grands Boulevards(Boulevard des Italiens) follow in part the fortification Charles VI not visible today
H Gare St lazare near the Opera O is well ouside the fortification Philippe Auguste
I- Rue de Rivoli is now aligned with the Faubourg St Antoine(3) main entrance of Paris for dignitaries to form the Paris East West crossing
J The Luxembourg Gardens and French Senate(Marie de Medicis 1622) are just outside the Porte St Michel and was next built just short of 500 years ago, Marie de Medicis wanted something to remember her of her childhood near Florence
K- Les Beaux Arts outside the Pont du Caroussel is linking with the Louvre.
Les Beaux Arts occupies what was yesterday l'Hotel de la Reine Mareguerite, first wife of Henri IV (Place Royale Place des Vosges) see Plan of Merian with "les Jardins de La Reine" today covered by the Musee d'Orsay, the ex railway Gare of Orsay used until 1950 for the reception of dignitaries.
L Gare de Lyon is outside limits too and was Paris expansion later
M- La Madeleine(Eglise Ste Marie Madeleine 1764) and Blvrd Hausmann and N - the Gare du Nord are also outside the fortification Philippe Auguste and were built much later
O- The Opera(Charles Garnier 1862) is also a much later addition to Paris built on the fortification Philippe Auguste or the Charles V extension Northern part. The lake underneath the Opera House is a remnant of the douves following the fortifications and visible in the Merian Plan!
P- Pere LaChaise cemetery is like (Q) the St Germain Church visible today, outside Paris Boundaries, both will become quickly attached after 1600 (Blvd St Germain construction and Blvd St Michel re-alignment(21) see also J above Luxembourg Palace.
R- Place de La Republique near the Temple(faubourg du Temple) on the Painting is the limit of Paris
S- La butte Montmartre and the Sacre Coeur are well in the distance
T- Le Jardin des Tuileries attached to the Louvres(18) is visible today.
U- the Rue de Buci(Bucy) and St Andre des Arts are visible today and the Tour de Nesles would be located at the Institute de France end of the rue Mazarine while the Porte de Bucy would be located near the Rue de Seine(W).
V- The Vincennes Chateau is well far in the distance on the Merian plan and only the Cour de Vincennes is visible in Paris today and Yesterday plan but the Gare d'Austerliz(Z) and the Jardin des plantes are close to the fortification ,
while the Place of the Concorde(Y) and Champs Elysees are just outside the plan of Merian.
Landmarks still visible today:
1 Ile de Louviers is now attached to the land today
2 - the Bastille was burnt down in 1789 with the revolution, and only a column remains place de la Bastille, the place is very busy with traffic today and is very large, the column at the centre marks the emplacement today of the former fortress, l'Opera Bastille is the most recent addition near by
Landmarks 4,6,7(Notre Dame),10,13,14,16,22,23 and the Ste Chapelle are visible today
8,9,11,12 and the Grand Chatelet(on the right bank) and the Petit Chatelets(left bank) have not survived until today but the Place du Chatelet is sitting on the exact location of the Grand Chatelet the Petit Pont is near where would be the Petit Chatelet.
1000 years in Paris est une exposition qui retrace en peinture l'histoire de la ville de Paris, les tableaux re-construisent Paris en s'inspirant de multiple documents provenant du Musee Carnavalet ainsi que de la bibliotheque nationale et des archives nationales.
History of Paris on WikipediaCheck the History of Paris on Wikipedia
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