This website contains information that is getting out of date and may be harmful to new computers. The author only has old computers and is not contemplating the purchase of any new equipment now or in the near future.
The information below should be okay for PCs up to and including Windows 7 era. The author of this website has no knowledge of Windows 8 computers.
lot of people are still uncertain about how to partition their hard
I have made two similar web pages, they both end up with exactly the same installation.
The difference between this web page and my other one is that in this installation the partitioning work will be performed in advance of the installation with the Gnome Partition Editor (GParted), in the Ubuntu Maverick Meerkat Live CD.
The other web page shows how to use the Ubuntu installer's built-in partitioning program, which is also based on Gnu Parted, but with a different graphical interface. Ubuntu / Windows - Graphical Installation B
|Most experts recommend using Windows own Disk Manager for shrinking the
Windows partition from within Windows 7 or Windows Vista. This is not
only possible, it is quite quick and easy too.
If you think you would prefer to use Windows own disk manager to resize your Vista or Windows 7 partition smaller to make room for Ubuntu before going any further with your installation you are welcome to.
The How-To Geek has the how-to for that, 'Resize a Partition for Free in Windows Vista'.
There are some limitations and caveats involved with using Windows own Disk Manager to shrink Windows.
For one it requires defragmenting the drive first, and defragging usually takes a lot of extra time.
Secondly and probably worse, the Windows MFT and page files show up as 'immovable files' which the Windows Disk Manager can't deal with. The most you can possibly shrink Windows is half way, (where you bump into the MFT), and that's only if you're lucky enough not to run into stray fragments of page file first.
Thirdly there's also a risk is your hard disk might fail to be recognized by the Ubuntu installer and not appear in the list of disks it's possible to install Ubuntu in.
There's no evidence to suggest that Windows own partitioning software is really any more reliable than any other partition editor but if you damage your Windows system with its own software it's no concern for me or other proponents of open source.
No matter what software you choose for shrinking Windows, I recommend running a thorough file system check such as CHKDSK /R beforehand, repeating until no more errors are found.
You should have a backup copy of all your files stored on some other media, operating system installation DVDs/CDs and installed software disks before using any disk partitioning program.
This website is about how to use open source software so the installations in this site demonstrate the use of open source programs. Both GParted and the Ubuntu Installer's partitioner based on GParted can resize Windows regardless of the state of fragmentation or so called 'immovable' files.
|herman@amd-quad-lynx:~$ md5sum ubuntu-10.10-desktop-i386.iso |
|How to run an
md5sum integrity test on your downloaded .iso file (before you burn it
Why integrity check your downloaded .iso?
Checking the integrity of your .iso in Ubuntu
Checking the integrity of your .iso from a Linux live CD
Checking the integrity of your .iso in Windows
partitioning your hard disk there are a few things you
should know, like
the 'partitioning rules', and what sort of partition scheme will suit
We don't have room for all that in this page.
Here is a link to another page with some information about that, Help on Partitioning.
|Vista or Windows 7 WARNING: IF YOU ARE USING AN OLDER VERSION OF GPARTED|
Because of deficiencies in Windows BCD loader, the Windows Vista and Windows 7 may fail to boot at first if the file system is moved. The boot loader lacks any kind of file system support, unlike our GNU/GRUB Boot Loader, so it relies on block addressing stored in the boot sector.
Please avoid moving the start point of any Windows Vista or Windows 7 partition with any partition editing program.
Ubuntu Lucid Lynx uses GParted version 0.5.1
The inbuilt partitioner in the Ubuntu installer is okay, (partitioning with that is illustrated in other pages of this website), and will not move the start point, but only resize Windows Vista or Windows 7 partitions from the end.
IF YOU ARE USING AN OLDER VERSION OF GPARTED, GET A NEWER VERSION, IT'S FREE
Or at least make sure you remove the checkmark from the 'round to cylinders' checkbox before touching any Windows 7 or Vista partitions.
Moving the start point of a Vista/Win 7 partition will make the operating system unbootable and it may require a little additional work to be able to boot Vista/Win 7 again.
You may only resize your Windows Vista or Windows 7 partition from the right-hand end.
Try not to 'move' the entire partition at all.
When using older versions of GParted, please uncheck the "round to cylinder" box to avoid moving the start point by accident.
If you do really need to move the start of a Windows Vista or Windows 7 partition for some reason, you can fix the problem of not being able to boot anymore merely by booting from the Vista CD, choose "Repair Computer" and the CD will reconfigure the Vista Boot loader for you.
If it doesn't work, go to the command prompt and run BOOTREC /FIXBOOT.
That should fix it.
Vista and Windows 7 booting help: VISTA and WINDOWS 7 - boot errors and how to fix them.
|Here is a link to an easy way to choose a secure password that's easy to remember but hard to crack, password tip.|
Use the | and | keys to select which entry is highlighted.
Press enter to boot the selected OS, or 'e' to edit the
commands before booting, or 'c' for a command-line.
The highlighted entry will be booted in 10 seconds.
a good idea to open up our repositories and get an update, install
the software we want, and start configuring, personalizing and
customizing our Ubuntu installations.
Here's a link to a page with some information to get you started, Post-install Page.
If you used this installation as a guide for setting up a Ubuntu/Ubuntu or Ubuntu/other Linux dual boot, your /boot/grub/menu.lst file will probably be set up with a 'direct kernel boot' for the other Linux operating system.
I recommend you amend that and change it to a chainloader or a config file boot command so that both Linux operating systems can update their kernels without the GRUB menu needing to be manually updated. Please read the following link, Operating System Entries for Multiple Booting More Linux Systems.
a link to a very important new website, UbuntuHCL.org
That's the new Ubuntu Linux Hardware Compatibility Site.
No longer do we need to risk bringing our new hardware home after a trip to the computer store with our hard-earned cash only to find that the new hardware we bought isn't usable with Linux.
Help your fellow Ubuntu users by entering details of hardware that you own that you know does work well with Ubuntu so others will know what to look for when we go shopping for new computer parts.
Look in UbuntuHCL.org first to see what other Ubuntu users had to say about a computer hardware item you are considering before you go ahead with a purchase.