These supplementary notes aim to help identify some of the website presenters in brief. Some have been provided by the presenters themselves, others have been drawn or collated from the sites. No responsibility is taken for their veracity.
Emperors-clothes.com aims to combat media misinformation about NATO/U.S. foreign policy. We contend that NATO, led by the U.S. and Germany, is engaged in an aggressive drive to the East. We contend that humanitarian rhetoric is used to justify military and economic attacks on weaker nations. We contend that the execution of these attacks requires a misinformed public. Therefore, by helping people see the media in a critical way, we can strengthen the opposition to unjust and dangerous foreign adventures.
[NOTE: This site also carries important documents critical of the WTO, IMF, World Bank, etc.]
eWorldFreeTrade.com (Trinidad) focuses mainly on the Free Trade Area of the Americas. The site also contains information on other Free Trade areas such as the European Union, ASEAN Economic Community and Caricom. Claims to offer an independent view of the developments of Free Trade, contains documents which are informative and seeks to educate about Free Trade, and invites member participation in submitting articles and expressing views on World Free Trade. Numerous links to leading related web resources.
Focus on the Global South, policy research and advocacy institute with offices in Bangkok, Thailand, Mumbai, India and Manila, Philippines. Founded in 1995, working on the political economy of neo-liberal globalisation, especially the role of the international institutions. 'Focus on the Global South aims to consciously and consistently articulate, link and develop greater coherence between local community-based and national, regional and global paradigms of change. Focus on the Global South strives to create a distinct and cogent link between development at the grassroots and the "macro" levels.'
Friends of the Earth International (FOEI) campaigns against unsustainable and inequitable international trade. FOEI believes that it is possible for trade to be harnessed as a positive force in the development of sustainable societies. However, this requires equity between nations, people and generations, a reduction in resource use and consumption, increased trade within local communities and regions, guarantees that trade rules won't weaken environmental protection, and greater public participation in decision-making.
FOEI is working to share information about international trade and the global economy; and lobbies trade bodies including APEC, the Free Trade Area for the Americas (FTAA/ALCA), the Mediterranean Free Trade Zone (MFTZ), Mercosur, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), UNCTAD, the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
G4 signifies Japan, India, Germany and Brazil
G8 Economic Summits are held annually between eight elite nations. The first was created in 1973 by Valéry Giscard dEstaing of France and Helmut Schmidt of Germany. It was held at Rambouillet in France and included the US, France, the UK, Japan and Italy. Canada was included the following year, forming the 'G7' which became G8 in 2000 with the inclusion of post-communist Russia.
G20 (led by Brazil), a WTO strategic alliance ostensibly based on agricultural export interests, formed in 2003 between Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, China, Cuba, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, Venezuela, Zimbabwe. The alliance was formed 3 weeks ahead of the WTO's Cancún ministerial conference, 10 to 14 September 2003. The G90 incorporating G20 and G33 (see entry below) were instrumental in collapsing the wealthy countries' conference agenda, but the underlying reason was the persistent refusal of the USA and European Union to free up agricultural imports from developing countries in fulfilment of commitments they had made many years earlier at Marrakesh. [See also the next entry on a different G20.]
G20 Separately, a conference of finance ministers. The financial G20 members are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, UK, US, the EC and IMF/IBRD
G33 (led by Indonesia) is a strategic alliance of (now over 40) developing countries formed on the eve of the WTO's Cancún ministerial conference in Sep 2003. It consists of Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Benin, Botswana, China, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mongolia, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, The Philippines, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and Grenadines, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uganda, Venezuela, Zambia, Zimbabwe. El Salvador and Guatemala joined in Aug 2005. Teamed with the G20 and G90 (qv) in collapsing the wealthy countries' conference agenda at Cancún. [See a detailed profile.]
G77 (Group of 77) is a United Nations coalition established on 15 June 1964 by seventy-seven developing countries signatories of the "Joint Declaration of the Seventy-Seven Countries" issued at the end of the first session of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in Geneva. Beginning with the first Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 in Algiers in 1967 which adopted the Charter of Algiers, a permanent institutional structure gradually developed which led to the creation of Chapters of the Group of 77 in Rome (FAO), Vienna (UNIDO), Paris (UNESCO), Nairobi (UNEP) and the Group of 24 in Washington, D.C. (IMF and World Bank). Although the membership of the G-77 has increased to 132 countries, the original name was retained because of its historic significance. The Group has conducted South Summits at Havana in 2000 and Doha in 2005.
G90 was an ad-hoc alliance of a majority of the WTO's member countries which formed at Cancún in Sep 2003. The least-developed countries (LDCs) joined other countries from Africa, the Caribbean and Pacific during the ministerial conference
GATSwatch, a resource site on the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is a joint initiative of Corporate Europe Observatory and the Transnational Institute. This site was established in February 2001 in response to significant indication that the GATS would become a vehicle for an anticipated global corporate move to resurrect the OECD's failed Multilateral Agreement on Investment (MAI).
Listserves crucial to analysis and criticism of this major development are
StopWTORound http://groups.yahoo.com/group/StopWTORound and
Geonomy Society, The (USA) "We track rent the money we spend on the nature we use and watch it pull all the other economic indicators in its wake. We see economies as part and parcel of the ecosystem, similarly following natural patterns and able to self-regulate more so than allowed, once we quit distorting prices. To align people and planet, we'd replace taxes and subsidies with recovering and sharing rents.". . ."Once we grasp that rent is ours to share, we'll collect it all, rather than let it enrich a few, and quit taxing earnings, which do belong to the individual earner. That shift is geonomic policy."
Global Commons Institute (GCI), UK, is an independent group of people whose aim is "the protection of the Global Commons, which we fear may be driven beyond the threshold of ecological stability by the relentless persuit of economic growth. We are currently working on the political and economic aspects of global climate change". GCI was founded in 1990 after the Second World Climate Conference, and has been an officially recognised and highly active participant within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN FCCC) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) processes
Listserve: Global Warming and Climate Change. This list is intended for the promotion of 'Contraction and Convergence', a global greenhouse gas emissions management framework based on the principles of precaution and equity. Send blank email to GCNemail@example.com
Global Services Network --GSN (US/UK) is an on-line community consisting of business leaders, government officials, academics and individuals who are interested in the global services economy. The GSN contains numerous resources to facilitate the development of the services industry. Its current goal is mobilize international support for services liberalization through the "Services 2000" WTO negotiations. The associated Services Business Network of the Americas (RedServ) consists of members of the services business sector across the Western Hemisphere who are committed to advising governments in the region on the barriers to services trade, and how these can be eliminated.
Global Sullivan Principles of Corporate Responsibility (USA) aim "to support economic, social and political justice by companies where they do business; to support human rights and to encourage equal opportunity at all levels of employment, including racial and gender diversity on decision making committees and boards; to train and advance disadvantaged workers for technical, supervisory and management opportunities; and to assist with greater tolerance and understanding among peoples; thereby, helping to improve the quality of life for communities, workers and children with dignity and equality." The Reverend Leon H. Sullivan (a director of General Motors) in 1977 initiated the original Sullivan Principles, a code of conduct for companies operating in South Africa. These principles are acknowledged to be one of the most effective efforts to end discrimination in the workplace.
Globalization Challenge Initiative GCI (Maryland, USA) has been renamed Citizens' Network on Essential Services (CNES). GCI was formed in 1998 to support citizen's groups in developing and transition countries in their struggle to shape their countries' future without undue interference from foreign donors and creditors, particularly the IMF and World Bank. CNES emphasises access and quality of health, education, water and electricity services. Financed by the Tides Foundation and Center, whose sponsors include Ford Foundation, the Charles Stuart Mott Foundation and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
Green Action, Israel, is an environmental association whose main goal is to increase public awareness to environmental ecology by civilian nonviolent direct action against different factors harming the environment.
All around the world, in industrialized western countries, as in some of the third world countries, similar direct action and civilian disobedience groups fulfil an important role in emphasizing environmental problems, and encouraging public pressure on polluting factors. We believe there is need for this sort of action in the Israeli society. Green Action, based in Tel-Aviv, has been the source for a wide array of activities on globalization over the past few years. We have organized RTS events, J18, N30, and produced literature in Hebrew on the relevant topics.
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