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A Recorder Time-line

Cootamundra Music

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History Recorders and their music Other music
1400    
Chaucer First written instrumental music - Salterellos and Estampies.
Earliest surviving recorders.
Gregorian chant, early polyphonic music.
1450    
End of the Byzantine Empire
Columbus
Recorders played in mixed ensembles  
1500    

The Reformation - Luther
Spanish colonies in South America

  Byrd, Tallis
1550    
Queen Elizabeth I
Shakespeare
Don Quixote
Dance music for consorts of like instruments, e.g. recorders or crumhorns - Susato, Praetorius. Opera - Monteverdi; Madrigals - Morley
1600    
The Inquisition
English Civil War - Cromwell

First abstract (non-dance, non-dramatic) instrumental music - Gabrieli, Frescobaldi, etc; first sonatas - Cima, Castello.

Dowland
1650    
 

Van Eyck
Hotteterre develops the baroque recorder

Corelli, Purcell, Vivaldi, Couperin
1700    
  The 'Golden Age of the Recorder' - solo sonatas, chamber music - Handel, Telemann, etc. The High Baroque: J.S. Bach, Handel
1750    
European settlement of Australia and New Zealand. Recorder loses popularity to the flute and is marginalised. Rise of the classical orchestra.
J.C. Bach, Haydn, Mozart
1800    
Napoleon The 'csakan' - Heberle and Krahmer

Beethoven
Schubert
Weber

1850    

British Empire
Queen Victoria
US Civil War
Charles Dickens

The 'English Flageolet' Brahms
Wagner
Liszt
1900    

Wright brothers
Marconi
Chaplin

World Wars 1914-18 and 1939-45

Early Music revival (harpsichords and recorders) - Dolmetsch.
First modern music for recorders - Hindemith and his students.
Recorder in music education in England & Germany.

Jazz
Debussy
Bartok
Stravinsky
Webern

1950    
Television, first commercial computers
Queen Elizabeth II
Vietnam War

Recorder in music education in Australia.
First professional recorder player (Bruggen) in 200 years (1960s).
Recorder taught at Australian universities from late 1960s.

Berio
Sculthorpe
Ligeti
John Cage

2000    

Notes:

I have started at 1400 because anything earlier is so uncertain: we know that instruments like recorders existed but very little about what they played.

Composers are shown in 'Other music' when recorder music is only a tiny part of their significance, even if they did write for recorders.

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