This thesis looks at the processes of memory, imagination and cultural development in a single family of Irish extraction. The line in question derives from a western Irish sept known as the Ui Fiachrach, whose symbol was that of the raven.

 The first chapter deals with the origins of the Ui Fiachrach and the impossibility of reaching an “Ur text”. It also critiques the notion of culture, noting that cultural difference (often defined on terms such as ‘blood’) can be a source of conflict. Finally, the problematic nature of the term ‘authenticity’ was explored.

 The second chapter is concerned with the politics of ethnographic representation and the uses of English and Gaelic as representational tools.

The third chapter focuses on the differend that existed up till the later part of the 20th century against oral cultures (including Irish culture) and the imagination, as opposed to the realist/positivist/social Darwinist paradigm.

The fourth chapter takes into account the notions of alterity and ambivalence: a brief history of prejudice against the Irish and the dilemma of preserving one’s culture versus fitting in.

The fifth chapter examined the source material gained from research which represents a core sample of my family’s collective memory. The limits of storytelling were delineated, and the motifs classified into themes.

 The sixth chapter showed how there is considerable scope and play in the symbol of the raven, in stark contrast to stereotypes typified by Poe’s Raven. In such play is the potential to reclaim the raven as a positive symbol.

The seventh chapter looked at the common characteristics between the visual Irish imagination and the modern genre of magic realism. It also examined the internal dynamics of, and the potential for, continued cultural development into the 3rd millennium.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1:  The Coming of the Raven

Chapter 2: The Politics and Problematics
                  of Ethnographic Representation

                  - or, Who has the write to speak?

Chapter 3: Diaspora and Differend

Chapter 4: Alterity and Ambivalence

Chapter 5: The Voice of the Raven
The Limits of Storytelling


Problematics of Interpretation

The Context of Connaught

Examination of the Motifs

And classification by Thematic Stream

Commentary on the Memories

Chapter 6: (Re)(trans)lating the Raven

Chapter 7: Re theorising the Ui Fiachrach, Reclaiming the Raven
Characteristics of the Oral Tradition

Contextualisation of the Oral Traditions

      within the Realms of the  Spoken and Unspoken

Oral Tradition, Magic Realism and the Visual Irish Imagination

Magic Realism and the Irish Fairy Legend

The Post Modern Markers of the Oral Tradition

Rereading the Oral Tradition

Implications and Possibilities for the Third Millennium



Appendix 1: Tales of Fiachra

Appendix 2: The Ui Fiachrach in the “Annals of the Four Masters”

Appendix 3: Notes from
                    “The Genealogies, Tribes and Customs of Hy-Fiachrach”