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Henry Charles
SUTHERLAND

February 12, 1855



Biography | Grave Site | Inscription | Newspaper Reports | Other Material

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Biographical Details

Henry Charles Sutherland, M.C., was born in England in 1804 and died at his home 'Crawley', near Perth, on Monday night, February 12, 1855. He was 51-years-old and had suffered on and off from a lingering and painful illness throughout his long residence in the colony.

He arrived in the Swan River Colony aboard the Parmelia on June 1, 1829, and travelled with his first wife, Ann Stafford, whom he had married earlier that year. After Ann died in 1850, Henry married Frances Louisa Bussell on May 15, 1851.

Henry Sutherland had 6 children - Henry, George Henry, Robert Morgan, Susannah Jane, Mary Amelia and Anna Maria - and Henry, his eldest, was born in 1829 and died in 1830.

At the time of his death he was the Colonial Treasurer, and Collector of Internal Revenue. He was also a member of the Executive and Legislative Councils. Other sources say he was a surveyor and was appointed to the posts of Collector of Revenue and Treasury Clerk in 1834, and only became the Colonial Treasurer in 1850.

He owned land in the Swan district and bought 'Crawley' on the Swan River near Perth in 1833. Titles to the property were transferred in 1837 and today the University of Western Australia is built on the site.

His obituary in the Perth Gazette spoke highly of his character and integrity:

    "... endowed with a sound judgement, and unfettered by any bias in favour of the antiquated policy, which has unfortunately been characteristic of the government of this colony, Mr. Sutherland's opinions although too often those of the minority, always commanded respect and attention from his colleagues, and approbation from the community. As a public officer he was distinguished by his perfect acquaintance with the duties of his office, and a strict attention to their discharge whenever his health allowed, and his loss is one which will be felt both publicly and privately."

Description of Grave
Sutherland 1846-1855:
Site 2.29m x 2.29m, three interments, two headstones A & B.

A (North): Vertical oblong sandstone slab with fleur de lys decor in four corners. Inscribed lettering. Good condition. West face of HS shows clear rectilineal marks where it had lain on masonry base. It was originally ledger or top of chest?

Click for larger image

Click for larger image

Mason: Probably by Bates. However, most recent addition is in a different script and signed by Clemens (Mason).

B (South): Vertical white marble calvary cross on 3 tier marble blocks, lead lettering. Good condition.

Mason: T. Clemens, Perth.

Surround: Cement/brick kerb without metal railing.

[East Perth Cemetery: Resting Place of Western Australian Pioneers, J.Richardson & D.Davies, 1986, vol.3, p.124]

Memorial Inscription
A (North): In memory of Mary Amelia, second daughter of H.C. Sutherland who died 25th April 1846, in her tenth year.

Also of Ann, his beloved wife who died 12th September 1850.

Also of H.C. Sutherland, Esq. M.C., Colonial Treasurer and Collector of Internal Revenue, died February 12th, 1855 in his 51st year.

Also Robert Morgan Sutherland, son of the above H.C. Sutherland, who died on the 15th February 1897 in his 64th year.

Click for larger image

Click for larger image

B (South): In loving memory of our mother Annie Sutherland, wife of Robert Morgan Sutherland, who died 6th March 1897, aged 53 years.

"Lead kindly light."

Newspaper Accounts

Died.

On the 12th instant, at Crawley, near Perth, in the 51st year of his age, Henry Charles Sutherland, Esq., M.C. Colonial Treasurer, and Collector of Internal Revenue.

[Perth Gazette & Independent Journal of Politics & News,
Fri. February 16, 1855, p2]


We have again the melancholy duty of recording the decease of one of the earliest arrived and most respected members of the Local Government. Mr. Sutherland, Colonial Treasurer and Collector of Internal Revenue, was released by death on Monday night last from a lingering and painful disease, which has afflicted him at intervals during the whole of his residence in the colony. In Mr. Sutherland the colony has to lament the loss of probably the most xxxx members of the Executive and Legislative councils. Endowed with a sound judgement, and unfettered by any bias in favour of the antiquated policy, which has unfortunately been characteristic of the government of this colony, Mr. Sutherland's opinions although too often those of the minority, always commanded respect and attention from his colleagues, and approbation from the community. As a public officer he was distinguished by his perfect acquaintance with the duties of his office, and a strict attention to their discharge whenever his health allowed, and his loss is one which will be felt both publicly and privately.

[Perth Gazette & Independent Journal of Politics & News,
Fri. February 16, 1855, p2]

Other Sources

SUTHERLAND, Henry Charles, b. 1804 (Eng), d. 12.2.1855 (Perth), arr. 1.6.1829 per Parmelia with wife, m. 1st 1829 Ann STAFFORD b. 1805 d. 12.9.1850, m. 2nd 15.5.1851 Frances Louisa BUSSELL b. 1807 d. 7.7.1881 (Busselton).

Chd. Henry b. 1829 d. 1830, George Henry b. 1831 d. 1833, Robert Morgan b. 1833 d. 1897, Susannah Jane b. 1834 d. 1922, Mary Amelia b. 1836 d. 1846, Anna Maria b. 1838 d. 1894 (Melbourne).

Surveyor: Collector of Revenue & Treasury Clerk 1834: Colonial Treasurer 1850: MLC: Owned land in Swan district & bt. "Crawley" (on the Swan) in 1833 (Titles transferred 1837), (site of WA University).

[Bicentennial Dictionary of Western Australians: pre-1829-1888,
R. Erickson, 1988, vol.4, p.2987]