Spacewww.perthdps.com WA shipping banner Space Space

Space Sailing Ship

Caroline Oct 12, 1829
Space [ Back ]
Another [ Perth DPS ] Project


Purple Bar

* Although this information has been compiled in good faith,
please refer to primary sources for confirmation and further research.

Purple Bar


[ Voyage Details | Passenger List | Crew List | Sources ]


The 330 ton Caroline was under the command of Captain James Fewson. She was of British nationality, carried six guns and had a crew of 22 men. She was built of teak, had a copper bottom, and two decks - one a poop deck for cabin passengers. She had three masts, a square rig, a standing bowsprit, a square stern, a carvel build with quarter galleries and a woman's bust figurehead.

The Caroline left St Katherine's Dock in London on June 2 and pulled in near Worthing in Sussex on June 4 to load the rest of her cargo. She finally left England on June 6 arrived in the Swan River Colony on October 12, 1829 after stopping at Rio de Janeiro in Brazil on the way. She was reported to have carried 60 adult passengers. One child was born during the voyage and another was buried in Rio.

The 'ship', which is sometimes referred to as a 'brig', was built at Cochin in India by John Crookenden and registered at the Port of Calcutta on November 21, 1825. In 1829 her owners were were William Chapman, a banker from Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and Eliot MacNaughten, a gentleman of Calcutta. Although many vessels of the time bore the name of Caroline as a sign of popular support for the Queen in her disputes with the much-disliked George IV; but Lloyd's Register has established this vessel as the same one whose earlier story was told by Ida Marriott in 'The Voyage of the Caroline from England to Van Diemen's Land and Batavia in 1827-8'. Her captain for the homeward half of that voyage was James Fewson, who then took the three Henty brothers and their employees out to the Swan River on the next journey.

During May in 1829, 'The Times' of London ran the following advertisement in its shipping notices:

Thomas Henty's three sons, James, Stephen and John, were being sent ahead to establish a new farming and pastoral life for the family in Western Australia. Prize Spanish merinos had been purchased and a whitesmith, carpenter, shepherds and stockmen were signed on. They were nearly all old employees of the family and came from West Tarring in Suffolk. They signed on to serve Thomas Henty, gentleman, or his agents, as dutiful servants for five years in return for a free passage, 20 a year, fuel and board.

Two sets of letters exist to tell the tale of the voyage and of life in the earliest years at the Swan. One set is in the Mitchell Library in New South Wales and holds letters from Henry Camfield who travelled as a cabin passenger. The other set of letters were written by James Henty and were found among family papers in England. Marney Bassett had access to the letters and referred to them in her book, 'The Hentys'.

Chartering a ship was an expensive business. 'Charter parties', or contracts, varied in their terms and even though there is no surviving record of the one between James Henty and the Caroline's owners, the 'Brighton Cazette' quoted a figure of 5 per ton a month. That would make a total bill of 7,000 for the hire of the ship from May to November. In contrast, the English Government piad $4.10s a ton a month to hire the Parmelia for its trip to the Swan River a few months earlier.

[Top]

Purple Bar

ship line


Passenger List
"CAROLINE"
[ October 12, 1829 ]

Surname      Given Names          Age  Comments

BARNDEN      Richard              31   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
BASHFORD     William              ..   steerage; aka [BACHFORD]; general servant for EVERARD; ex-Tunbridge Wells, ENG
BASHFORD     Lucy                 ..   steerage; wife; baby William born on voyage and died in Brazil
BASHFORD     William              ..   steerage; died and buried in Rio de Janeiro (late July)
BUSHBY       George               27   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
BUSHBY       Mary                 23   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
BUSHBY       William               3   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
BUSHBY       Richard               2   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
CAMFIELD     Henry                29   cabin; agriculturalist; ex-Kent, ENG
CHIPPER      John                 23   steerage; labourer for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
CHIPPER      Mary                 20   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
CRIDDLE      William              25   steerage; aka [CRITTLE]; general servant for STONE
DYER         William              21   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
EVERARD      William              34   cabin; Lieutenant, R.N.; on half-pay; ex-Barnes, ENG

[Top]

Surname      Given Names          Age  Comments

FREIND       Frederick            33   steerage; general servant for CAMFIELD
FREIND       Frances              31   steerage; wife; son Frederick born on voyage
FREIND       Mary Ann              1   steerage; daughter
FREIND       Frederick            ..   steerage; son; born on voyage (September 17)
GEE          Charles              32   steerage; aka [GEEL]; labourer for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          Mary Ann             22   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          Charles              12   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          Joseph               10   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          William               6   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          Walter                4   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
GEE          Alfred                9m  steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
GOBLE        T. William           22   steerage; aka [GOBBE]; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
HAYBITTLE    Richard              16   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
HAWKINS      John                 ..   cabin

[Top]

Surname      Given Names          Age  Comments

HENTY        James                29   cabin; brother; agriculturalist; ex-Tarring, ENG
HENTY        Stephen              17   cabin; brother; agriculturalist; ex-Tarring, ENG
HENTY        John                 16   cabin; brother; agriculturalist; ex-Tarring, ENG
HEWSHIRE     Thomas               ..   steerage
HILLS        George               38   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
HILLS        Mary Ann             38   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
HILLS        Mary Ann             13   steerage; daughter; ex-Tarring, ENG
HILLS        George               12   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
HOLLAND      Richard              21   steerage; general servant for MACKIE
HOUSE        William              18   steerage; general servant for TALBOT
MACKIE       William              29   cabin; aka [MACKEY]; lawyer; ex-India
MAPLE        Guy                  30   steerage; general servant for TALBOT

[Top]

Surname      Given Names          Age  Comments

MINCHIN      James                30   steerage; baker and carpenter
MINCHIN      Elizabeth            34   steerage; wife
MINCHIN      James                 8   steerage; son
MINCHIN      Andrew                7   steerage; son
MINCHIN      Eliza                 6   steerage; daughter
MINCHIN      Alfred                4   steerage; son
MINCHIN      Esther                1   steerage; daughter
MORROUGH     Robert               29   cabin; aka [MORRAH]; doctor; ex-Worthing, ENG
PATTERSON    Dabniel              27   steerage; aka [David]; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
PRICE        Robert               21   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
REWELL       George               28   steerage; labourer for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
REWELL       Jane                 31   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
REWELL       William               4   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
REWELL       Ann                  10m  steerage; daughter; ex-Tarring, ENG

[Top]

Surname      Given Names          Age  Comments

SANDFORD     Benjamin             28   steerage; general servant for HENTY; ex-Tarring, ENG
SANDFORD     Frances              33   steerage; wife; ex-Tarring, ENG
SANDFORD     William               9   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
SANDFORD     Charles               6   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
SANDFORD     John                  4   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
SANDFORD     Stephen               1   steerage; son; ex-Tarring, ENG
SMITH        Richard William      29   steerage; general servant for CAMFIELD
SMITH        Mary Bransby         ..   steerage; wife
SMITH        William               9   steerage; child
STONE        Alfred Hawes         28   cabin; solicitor; ex-Tunbridge Wells, ENG
TALBOT       Samuel               30   cabin; agriculturalist; ex-Liverpool, ENG
THOMPSETT    Thomas               ..   steerage
TRIMMER      Spencer              25   cabin; agriculturalist; ex-Ealing, ENG
WATERS       Thomas               35   steerage

[Top]

Purple Bar

ship line


Crew List
"CAROLINE"
[ October 12, 1829 ]


     Surname      Given Names    Comments

     FEWSON       James               captain
     HEYERS       ....   ....   ....  mate

[Top]

Purple Bar


Compiling a comprehensive list of passengers and crew arriving on vessels
during Western Australia's early history can be fraught with difficulties ...

For this voyage of the Caroline, researchers will be able to find passenger and voyage details in a range of records held in the State Record Office and Battye Library in Perth, Western Australia. Some of the primary and secondary sources consulted for this project were:

NOTE: It is also recommended that Marney Bassett's book, 'The Hentys: An Australian Colonial Tapestry', be consulted for a comprehensive account of the voyage, the preparations that were made to bring it to pass and the fate of the passengers after they arrived.


Purple Bar


[ Top | Passenger List | Crew List | Perth DPS ]



Counter
Apr 9, 2001
Rob Nelson.
© 1996-2001