ALI RAJPUR (Princely State)

(11 gun salute)

AREA: 2,165.24 kmē PRIVY PURSE: Rs95,000 ACCESSION: 15th June 1948
STATE: Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY: Rathore RELIGION: Hindu
VILLAGES: 307 (1901) POPULATION: 112,754 (1941) REVENUE: Rs5,160,000 (1931)
AGENCY: Malwa Agency, Central India Capital: Rajpur (Malwa Agency, Central India)

PRESENT RULER:HH Raja KAMLENDRA SINGH, present Raja Saheb of Ali Rajpur since 30th March 1996.
born 30th December 1933, a retired B.S.F. officer.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The ruling family claim descent from Raja Jagdev, a scion of the Suryavanshi Rathores of Kanauj. After the fall of Maharaja Jai Chand of Kanauj, the descendants of his eldest son, moved to Rajasthan and eventually founded Jodhpur, while the descendants of his second son, Raja Jaypal, migrated to Ramtek or Ramnagar and Mandhata and from there to Motipol, a village in Bhabra Tahsil. A descendant, Deepsen, extended his supremacy and built a fort there. Anand Dev or Udai Dev, fifth in descent from Deepsen, built a fort at Anandawali in 1437, which subsequently was known as Ali and became the capital of his new State. In 1893, the Rana was allowed to maintain a military force of 11 cavalry, 169 infantry, and 7 guns. The salute was raised from 9 nines to 11 guns in 192o and made permanent in 1921. Rulers were....
  • Rana ANAND DEO, 1st Rana of Alirajpur 1437/1440, founder of the state in 1437, married and had issue.
    • Rana Pratap Deo (qv)
  • Rana PRATAP DEO, 2nd Rana of Alirajpur 1440/-, married and had issue.
    • Rana Chanchal Deo (qv)
  • Rana CHANCHAL DEO, 3rd Rana of Alirajpur, married and had issue.
    • Rana Gugal Deo (qv)
    • Kunwar Kesar Deo, he was the founder of Jobat.
  • Rana GUGAL DEO, 4th Rana of Alirajpur
    • generation
      • Rana Krishna Dev (qv)
    • generation
      • Rana Bachchharaj deo (qv)
  • Rana KRISHNA DEV, Rana of Alirajpur
  • Rana BACHCHHARAJ DEO, Rana of Alirajpur
    • three generations
      • Rana Dip Deo (qv)
      • Rao Sabal Singh of Sondwa, married and had issue.
        • generations
          • Kunwar Bijai Singh, he was adopted by Rana Rup Deo, and succeeded as Rana Bijai Singh, Rana of Ali Rajpur (see below)
  • three generations
  • Rana DIP DEO, Rana of Alirajpur, married and had issue.
    • two generations
      • Rana Pahad Deo I (qv)
      • Rana Uday Deo (qv)
  • two generations
  • Rana PAHAD DEO I, Rana of Alirajpur
  • Rana UDAI DEO, Rana of Alirajpur, married and had issue.
    • Rana Pahad Deo II (qv)
    • Rana Pratap Singh I (qv)
    • Rao Daulat Singh, married and had issue.
      • Rao Kesari Singh of Bhabra, he attempted to supplant his cousin, Rana Jashwant Singh in 1818 after the death of Rana Pratap Singh, but was driven out by Musafir.
  • Rana PAHAD DEO II, Rana of Alirajpur -/1765, died 1765.
  • [Rana RAYA SINGH fl.1650, married Rani Devimati of Barwani .]
  • [Rana PRITHI DEO, married and had issue.
    • Rana SURAT DEO (qv)]
  • [Rana SURAT DEO -/1765, married and had issue.
    • Rana PRATAP SINGH (qv)
    • generation
      • Kunwar Kesari Singh, ]
  • Rana PRATAP SINGH I, Rana of Ali Rajpur 1765/1818 (deposed), he transferred the capital from Ali to Ali-Rajpur, married and had issue. He died 1818.
    • Rana Jashwant Singh (qv)
  • Musafir Mekran, an adventurer, and a long-time manager of the state, he became the power behind the throne in about 1817, and usurped the gaddi after the death of Rana Pratap Singh, but was deposed later that same year in 1818, he made himself useful in expelling his countrymen and other foreigners and was therefore recognized as Manager of the State during the minority of Rana Jashwant Singh.
    REGENCY 1818/1839

  • Rana JASHWANT SINGH, Rana of Ali Rajpur 1818/1862, born posthumously in 1818, he was granted ruling powers on attaining his majority in 1839; married and had issue. He died 17th March 1862 leaving a will by which he divided the State between his two sons (#3).
    • Rana Ganga Deo (qv)
    • Rana Rup Deo (qv)
  • Rana GANGA DEO, Rana of Ali Rajpur 1862/1869 (deposed), born about 1845, on his succession, a dress of honour was conferred on him by the British Government and a nazrana of Rupees 1,500 was taken; his incompetency and the anarchy which had prevailed since he was entrusted with power, compelled the British Government in 1869 to depose him and take the State under management, Muhammad Najaf Khan was appointed Superintendent; the deposed Rana was granted an allowance fixed at Rupees 1,000 per mensem; his excesses had rendered him an imbecile for several months previous to his death, married and had issue. He died in March 1871.
    • Yuvaraj Raghu Deo, he died young spvp.
  • Rana RUP DEO, Rana of Ali Rajpur 1869/1881, born 1847, he was recognized as his successor, but was only entrusted tentatively with the management of affairs in 1873 on the understanding that his continuance in power would depend on the manner in which he carried on the administration; he adopted Kunwar Bijai Singh from Sondwa, married and had adoptive issue (#4). He died spm on 29th October 1881.
    • (A) Rana Bijai Singh (qv)
    REGENCY 1881/1890

  • Rana BIJAI SINGH, Rana of Ali Rajpur 1881/1890, he succeeded by adoption, educated at Daly College, Indore then at Rajkumar College, Indore till 1888; he was succeeded by his cousin, Kunwar Pratap Singh, son of Thakur Bhagwan Singh of Sondwa, who was selected by the Government of India in 1891; he married twice and had issue, a daughter. He died spm on 16th August 1890.
    • Rajkumari (name unknown) (by the Senior Rani), born 2nd September 1890.
    • (A) HH Maharaja Sir Pratap Singh II Bahadur (qv)
    INTERREGNUM 1890/1891
    STATE MANAGER 1891/1899

  • HH Maharaja Sir PRATAP SINGH II Bahadur K.C.I.E., 1st Raja of Ali Rajpur 1891/1941 (abdicated) and Regent of Ali Rajpur 1941/1948, born 12th September 1881 (#4) as Kunwar Pratap Singh, son of Thakur Bhagwan Singh of Sondwa, educated at Daly College, Indore; succeeded 14th February 1891 (#1), he was formally installed in March 1892; during his minority the State was managed by a Kamdar under the supervision of the Political Agent till 1904 when he was granted full ruling powers; made a Magistrate First Class in 1902; he was granted the hereditary title of Raja in December 1911 and the personal title of Maharaja in 1941; he was made a C.I.E. on 3rd June 1915, and raised to a K.C.I.E. on 3rd June 1933, married 1stly, 1900, a daughter of Thakore Bahadur Sinh of Kathiwada, married 2ndly, 1902, a daughter of Kumar Shri Chandrasinhji Jitsinhji of Chhota-Udaipur, and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died after 1950.
    • HH Raja Fateh Singh (by 1st marriage) (qv)
    • Rani Anand Kumari, born 22nd August 1904, married 28th February 1922 (as his first wife), Raja Kishor Chandra Mardraj Harichandan of Nilgiri, and had issue.
    • Rajkumari (name unknown), born 14th June 1911.
  • HH Raja FATEH SINGH, 2nd Raja of Ali Rajpur in 1941, born 22nd August 1904, educated at Daly College, Indore and at Rajkumar College, Rajkot; in 1923, he was placed in charge of the two tahsils of Nanpur and Chainpur with the powers of a First Class Magistrate; Chief Commandant of the State Forces; Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society; a keen shikari and all-round sportsman, being particularly interested in polo and cricket; engaged 19th July 1915 and married 7th May 1922, Kunwari Sahiba Rajendra Kunwar Ba, daughter of Lt.-Col. HH Maharawal Sir Shri Ranjitsinhji Mansinhji, 16th Raja Saheb of Baria, maried and had issue, four sons and three daughters. He died 23rd October 1941 (#2) .
    • HH Raja Surendra Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Narendra Singh, born 5th May 1928.
    • HH Raja Kamlendra Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar (name unknown) Singh, born 3rd October 1938.
    • Rajkumari Rohini Devi, married (as his first wife) 1945 (div.), Raja Narendra Singh of Sarila.
    • [Rajkumari (name unknown), married (as his first wife), Raj Rajeshwar Shreeman Thakor Saheb Swaroopsinghji Chhatrasinghji, Thakore Saheb of Chorangala, and had issue.]
  • HH Raja SURENDRA SINGH, 3rd Raja of Ali Rajpur 1941/1996, born 17th March 1923, educated at Marlborough College, England; President of the General Council (Daly College) 1983/1987; he served with the I.F.S., Indian Ambassador to Spain around 1980, married (div.). He died sp on 30th March 1996 at the Shreemaya Hotel in Indore.
  • HH Raja KAMLENDRA SINGH, 4th Raja of Ali Rajpur (see above)
1. "The Golden Book of India"; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.21 which also states that the family dynasty is Sisodia (not Rathore).
2., courtesy of Philip Bailey October 2002
3. It was a question whether this partition should be admitted. The neighbouring Chiefs were consulted by the Political Agent, and it was at last decided by the British Government that the will should be set aside, and that Gangadeo, the elder son, should be recognized as heir to the Chiefship, subject to a provision in land for his younger brother. Source: A Collection of Treaties, Engagements, and Sanads Relating to India and Neighbouring Countries. Compiled by C. U. Aitchison, B.C.S., Under-Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department. Vol. IV, page 435
4. As the privilege of adoption had not been granted to the deceased Chief the State might have been treated as an escheat to Government. It was, however, decided to forego the right, and to appoint a successor to the gadi. After carefully investigating the qualifications and claims of several persons, including the Chiefs of Dharampur and the Thakurs of Mayagaon and Phulwal, the choice of Government fell upon Bijai Singh, the Thakur of Sondwa, whose family was an off-shoot of the direct line of the Ali-Rajpur Chiefs, and whose claims were warmly supported by the Ranis and the most influential persons in the State. Source: As above. page 436.
4. "Indian Annual Register" , N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945