Flag of Baroda Princely State

BARODA (Princely State)(21 gun salute)

Baroda State Coat of Arms
LOCATION: Bombay AREA: 20,976.44 km² (1901) VILLAGES: 3,035 (plus 47 towns) POPULATION: 1,952,692 RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: £1,118,232 (1881) DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Gaekwad - Maratha SEAT: Laxmi Vilas Palace, Baroda ACCESSION: 1st May 1949
AGENCY: xx PRIVY PURSE: Rs 5,20,000

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja Gaekwad SAMARJITSINGHRAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, 16th Maharaja of Baroda since 9th May 2012 (Laxmi Vilas Palace, Baroda - 390001, Gujarat, India)
born 25th April 1967, married 27th February 2002 in New Delhi, Rajkumari Radhika Kumari [HH Maharani Radhikaraje Gaekwad], daughter of Maharajkumar Dr. Ranjitsinhji of Wankaner, and his wife, Maharajkumarani Kalpnakumari Ranjitsinhji Jhala.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Founded in 1721. Rulers were....

  1. Maharaja Gaekwad PILAJI RAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 1st Maharaja of Baroda 1721/1732, son of Shrimant Kerojirao Nandajirao 'gae'kawari' married (amongst others) Maharani Baiji Bai of Chhota-Udaipur, and had issue. He died 14th May 1732.

  2. Maharaja Gaekwad DAMAJIRAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 2nd Maharaja of Baroda 1732/1768, married (amongst others) (a), a Gohil lady of Lathi, married (b), 1762, Maharani Dhan Kunwar Bai, daughter of Maharao Lakhpatji, Jam Sahib of Kutch, married (c), 1765, Maharani Chandra Kunwar Bai, daughter of the Raja of Rajpipla, and had issue. He died 18th August 1768.

  3. Maharaja Gaekwad SAYAJIRAO I GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 3rd Maharaja of Baroda 1768/1771, married (amongst others), (a) Maharani Gulab Kunwar Bai, daughter of Thakur Lalsinhji of Pilaj in Kadi, died sp in 1778.

  4. Maharaja Gaekwad FATEHSINGHRAO I GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 4th Maharaja of Baroda 1771/1789, married (amongst others), (a) Maharani Gulab Kunwar Bai of Mandavi, married (b), Maharani Lal Kunwar Bai, married (c), Maharani Jasoda Kunwar Bai of Ghodasar, married (d), a daughter of the Thakur of Lakhtar, married (e), Maharani Phul Kunwar Bai. He died sp on 21st December 1789.

  5. Maharaja Gaekwad MANAJIRAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 5th Maharaja of Baroda 1789/1793, died sp on 1st August 1793.

  6. Maharaja Gaekwad GOVINDRAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 6th Maharaja of Baroda 1793/1800, married (amongst others) (a), Maharani Rani Bai, daughter of the Raja of Rajpipla, married (b), Maharani Gena Bai, daughter of Thakur Sahib Prathirajji Chandrasinhji of Lakhtar, and had issue, 11 sons (including 7 illegitimate sons). He died 19th September 1800.

  7. Maharaja Gaekwad ANANDRAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 7th Maharaja of Baroda 1800/1819, married 1stly, Maharani Takhat Bai of Miyagam, married 2ndly, Maharani Umaid Bai, married 3rdly, Maharani Darya Bai, and had issue. He died 2nd September 1819.

  8. Maharaja Gaekwad SAYAJIRAO II GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 8th Maharaja of Baroda 1819/1847, married and had issue. He died 19th December 1847.

  9. Maharaja Khanderao GaekwadMaharaja Gaekwad GANPATRAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Baroda 1847/1856, married and had issue. He died sp on 19th November 1856.

  10. Maharaja Gaekwad KHANDERAO GAEKWAD Shamsher Bahadur, 10th Maharaja of Baroda 1856/1870, born 1828, married about 1866, HH Maharani Jamna Bai Sahiba, born about 1853, died 29th November 1898 (#2p.99), and had issue as well as an adopted son. He died spml on 28th November 1870.

  11. Maharaja Gaekwad MALHARRAO GAEKWAD Samsher Bahadur, 11th Maharaja of Baroda 1870/1875, married 1stly, HH Maharani Mahalsa Bai Sahiba, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Lakshmi Bai Sahiba, and had issue. He died 1882.

  12. HH Maharaja Gaekwad Sir Sayajirao
                    GaekwadHH Maharaja Gaekwad Sir SAYAJIRAO III KHANDERAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, 12th Maharaja of Baroda 1875/1939, born 17th March 1863 in Kavlana (#2) as Shrimant Gopal Rao Gaekwad, G.C.S.I. [cr.1887], G.C.I.E. [cr.1919], LL.D. Benares Hindu University, installed on the gaddi on 27th may 1875, granted the title of Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia on 29th December 1876, investiture held 28th December 1881, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot and later in England, married 1stly, 6th January 1881, Maharani Lakshmi Bai (Chimna Bai I), born about September 1864, from the Mohite family, died 7th May 1885, married 2ndly, 28th December 1885, Maharani Gajra Bai (Chimna Bai II) C.I., born 1871, died 1958, daughter of Bajirao Amritrao Ghatge of Dewas, and had issue. He died 6th February 1939 and was cremated the next day at Baroda.

  13. HH Maharaja
                    Gaekwad Sir PRATAPSINGHRAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel
                    Shamsher Bahadur (1908-1968)HH Maharaja Gaekwad Sir PRATAPSINGHRAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia G.C.I.E., 13th Maharaja of Baroda 1939/1968, born 29th June 1908 (#5 p.1224), he succeeded to the gadi on 7th February 1939 (#5 p.1224); educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot, at Baroda College, Baroda and at Deccan College, Poona and subsequently in England, married 1stly, in January 1929, HH Maharani Shanta Devi Saheb, born 1914, daughter of Shrimant Sardar Hasurkar Mansinhrao Subbarao of Hasur in Kolhapur, died 22nd May 2002, cremated at Kirti Mandir, 24th May 2002, married 2ndly, 1943 (divorced 1956), HH Maharani Sita Devi Sahib, born 12th May 1917 in Madras, died 15th February 1989 (#3) in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, (she had married 1stly, M.R. Apparow, Zamindar of Vayyur, and had issue), daughter of Sri Raja Rao Venkata Kumara Mahipati Suryarao Bahadur Garu of Pithapuram, and his wife, Rani Chinnamamba Devi, and had issue, eight children. He died 19th July 1968.

  14. Lt.-Col. HH Maharaja Gaekwad FATEHSINGHRAO II GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, 14th Maharaja of Baroda 1968/1988, born 2nd April 1930, educated privately under English tutor, passed Senior Cambridge Examination 1947, elected to Lok Sabha 1957, 1962, 1971 and 1977, Parliamentary Secretary to Defence Minister 1957/62, Member of Public Accounts Committee 1963/64, MP (Congress), Gujarat 1967/71, Minister for Health, Gujarat Government 1967/71, Chancellor of Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda 1951/- , Chairman of the Baroda rayon Corporation, Manager of the Indian Cricket Team 1959, 1978 and 1982/83, President of the Board of Control for Cricket in India 1963/66, Member of CCI, Bomaby and MCC, London; FZS, London; International Trustee of World Wildlife Fund for 6 years; President of INSONA; Member of IUCN and Fauna Preservation Society and RSPB; Author of "Palaces of India", 1982; interests include photography, cooking, reading and poetry, married in April 1950 (#4), HH Maharani Padmavati Devi of Jodhpur, born 14th December 1930, she died sp in 1984. He died sp on 1st September 1988.

  15. HH Maharaja Gaekwad RANJITSINGHRAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, 15th Maharaja of Baroda 1988/2012, born 8th May 1938, two-time Member of Parliament 1980/1988, educated at MS University, Vadodara (earning a post graduate degree in fine arts), as well as studying for a doctorate on Indian headgear, artist and classical singer, he was a former First Class cricket player; married HH Maharani Shubhangini Devi (née Jadhav), born 1945, and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died 9th May 2012 in Baroda and was cremated at the royal family's cremation ground behind Kirti Mandir on the following day.

  16. HH Maharaja Gaekwad SAMARJITSINGHRAO GAEKWAD Sena Khas Khel Shamsher Bahadur Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, 16th Maharaja of Baroda (see above)
1. Cricinfo.com, courtesy of Philip Bailey October 2002
2. "Sayajirao III of Baroda" by Philip Sergeant,
3. Acte de décès, Mairie de Paris, Registre 531, Numéro d'acte: 423
4. "The Times of India Directory and Year Book including Who's Who 1952/1953", Published by Bennett, Coleman & Co., Bombay. Compiled by The Times of India; 1952-1970.
5. "Who's Who Among Indian Princes, Rajas and Chiefs, Nobles 1941-42"