BASHAHR (Princely State)

AREA: 9,893.8 kmē PRIVY PURSE: Rs80,000 ACCESSION: 15th April 1948
STATE: Himachal Pradesh REVENUE: Rs3,84,300 (1939)
POPULATION: 100,192 (1931)

PRESENT RULER: Raja VIRBHADRA SINGH (Website), 122nd Raja of Rampur-Bashahr since 1947. (Holly Lodge, Jakhu Road, Simla, Himachal Pradesh, India and The Palace, Rampur-Bushahr, District Simla, Himachal Pradesh, India)
born 23rd June 1934 in Sarahan District,Shimla. B.A.(Hons), M.A.; educated at Bishop Cotton School, Shimla and St. Stephen's College, Delhi; Honorary Captain in the Indian Army; elected Member of the Lok Sabha in 1962, 1967, 1972 and in 1980; Member of Indian Delegation to the General Assembly of the United Nations, 1976; Deputy Minister, Tourism and Civil Aviation, Govt. of India, 1976/1977; Minister of State for Industries, Government of India, 1982/1983. Associated with various Cultural and Social Organisations, remained President, Sanskrit Sahitya Sammelan and Friends of Soviet Union Society (H.P.State Branch); Elected twice to the Legislative Assembly from Jubbal-Kotkhai Constituency (first in 1983, in a by-election; and again in 1985 general elections), Chief Minister, Himachal Pradesh, 1983/1990 and again in 1993/1998, five times in total. Elected from nearby Rohru Constituency in 1990 and 1993; Elected President State Congress Committee, 1992/1994; re-elected to State Assembly in 1998; Leader of the Congress Legislative Group in the Assembly, he became Chief Minister of Himachal Pradesh in March 2003, and served till December 2007. He contested the Vidhan Sabha election from Rohru in December 2007 and won as an M.L.A. He remained an M.L.A.till June 2009, and then contested the Mandi Parliamentary seat on a Congress ticket. He won the election and was appointed Union Minister of Steel, Government of India, in June 2009; married 1stly, 28th May 1954, Rajkumari Rattan Kumari, born 16th August 1934 in Jubbal, died 27th September 1983 in Simla, daughter of HH Raja Rana Digvijay Chand of Jubbal, and his wife, Rani Hemant Kanwar, married 2ndly, 28th November 1985 at Junga, Rani Pratibha Kumari, born 16th June 1956, Member of the Lok Sabha, daughter of Raja Hitendra Sen of Keonthal, and his first wife, Rani Shanta Devi, and has issue, four daughters by the first wife, and one son and one daughter by the second wife.
  • Rajkumari Abhilasha Kumari, born 23rd February 1956, appointed a High Court Judge of the Gujarat High Court by the Government of India in May 2006; married 7th November 1979 in Simla, Kunwar Prithvindra Sinh Gohil of Dared in Gujarat, born 11th July 1950, and had issue.
    • Kunwar Raghavendra Sinh Gohil, born 11th July 1981 in New Delhi; married 7th December 2008 at Lucknow, U.P., Raj Kumari Shruti Devi, daughter of Raja Anand Singh of Khapradih, U.P.
  • Rajkumari Jyotsna Kumari, born 27th February 1958, married Rajkumar Rajiv Singh of Kashipur, and has issue.
  • Rajkumari Anuradha Kumari, born 14th December 1960, died unmarried 4th May 1999.
  • Rajkumari Meenakshi Kumari, born 27th June 1966 at Simla, married November 1988 at Simla (div.), Yuvraj Jaideep Sinh Jhala of Limbdi, and has issue.
  • Rajkumari Aprajita Kumari, born 6th December 1986 at Simla, educated at The Lawrence School, Sanawar, District Solan and at St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, studying for her B.A. in Mathematics, from 2005; married in March 2015, Kanwar Shri Angad Singh, son of Sardar Gurpal Singh Sandhu of Delhi, and his wife, Sardarni Jai Inder Kaur, daughter of Capt. HH HH Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia Mansur-i-Zaman Amir-ul-Umra Maharaja Dhiraj Rajeshwar Sir Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan Maharajadhiraj Shri Amarinder Singhji Mahendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Patiala.
  • Tikka Vikram Aditya Singh, born 17th October 1989 at Simla, educated at Bishop Cotton School, Simla; married 2019, Baisa Sudarshana Kumari, daughter of Thakur Dheer Singhji of the Amet Family.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: One of the oldest hill states after Kashmir, traditionally founded by Pradhuman, the son of Lord Krishna. According to C. F. Kennedy, it was founded by Rana Danbar Singh, an immigrant Rajput from the Deccan in 1412. Some rulers were....
  • Rana CHATTAR SINGH, 110th Rana of Bashahr, brought the whole of the state under his power during his reign.
  • 111th Rana of Bashahr
  • Rana KALYAN SINGH, 112th Rana of Bashahr
  • Rana KEHRI SINGH, 113th Rana of Bashahr, he is said to have reduced to tribute the Rajas of Sirmur, Garhwal, Mandi and Suket, and to have subdued the Thakurs of Keonthal, Kotkhai, Kumharsain, Balsan, Theog, Darkoti etc., he also entered into a commercial treaty with the ruler of Tibet. He lived around 1681.
  • Rana VIJAY SINGH, 114th Rana of Bashahr -/1708, virtually nothing is known about his rule.
  • Rana UDAI SINGH, 115th Rana of Bashahr 1708/1725, married and had issue.
    • Rana Ram Singh (qv)
    • Mian Pabar Singh [Shaminder Singh], married and had issue, the only legitimate collateral line of the royal family.
      • Mian Madho Singh, married and had issue.
        • Mian Asa Singh, married and had issue.
          • Mian Saran Singh, married and had issue.
            • Mian Man Singh, married and had issue.
              • Mian Hira Singh, married and had issue.
                • Raja Narain Singh, present head (1910), jagirdar and lambardar of Kakrola in the Dassau pargana of Rampur tahsil; has been granted the powers of an Honorary Magistrate; married and had issue.
                  • Rajkumar Bhawani Singh
                • Mian Raghbir Singh
                • Mian Tej Singh
            • Mian Ishri Singh
            • Mian Karam Singh
          • Mian Badri Singh
          • Mian Diwan Singh
          • Mian Narsingh Singh
  • Rana RAM SINGH, 116th Rana of Bashahr 1725/1761, made Rampur his capital, lost much conquered land in wars with the Raja of Kullu; married (amongst others) (a), a daughter of Rana Anup Singh, Rana of Kumharsain, and had issue. He died 1761.
    • Rana Udar Singh (qv)
    • Mian Bhim Chand, married and had issue.
      • Mian Prem Singh, married and had issue.
        • Mian Rai Singh
        • Mian Jai Singh
  • Rana UDAR SINGH, 117th Rana of Bashahr 1761/1785, married 1stly, a daughter of Raja Kirat Prakash of Sirmur, married 2ndly, a daughter of the Thakur of Dhami, and had issue. He died 1785.
    • Rana Ugar Singh (qv)
  • Rana UGAR SINGH, 118th Rana of Bashahr 1785/1803, during his reign, Bashahr was conquered by the Gurkhas who maintained their hold until 1815, married 1stly, a Rani from Sirmur, she died sp, married 2ndly, a Rani of Dhami, and had issue (by second Rani). He died 1810.
    • Raja Mahendra Singh (qv)
    • Kumari (name unknown), married (as his second wife), Raja Ishwari Sen of Mandi.
  • Raja MAHENDRA SINGH, Raja of Bashahr 1815/1850 , born 1805 or 1809, confirmed in his possessions by the sanad of 6th November 1815, married and had issue, as well as further issue. He died 1850.
    • Raja Shamsher Singh (qv)
    • Kumari (name unknown), married (as his first wife), Raja Ram Pal of Kutlehar. She died sp.
    • Mian Fatteh Singh (natural son), in 1859 he headed an insurrection in the state against the Raja, with the grievance being the cash assessment, which had been introduced in 1854. He died sp in 1876.
  • Raja SHAMSHER SINGH, Raja of Bashahr 1850/1887 and 1898/1914, born 1838 (#1), he was induced to delegate his ruling powers in favour of his legitimate son in 1887 (#2), married Ranis from Kangra, Koti and Kumharsain, and had issue, one son and two daughters, as well as further natural issue. He died 5th August 1914.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Shiv Raj Singh of Kashipur, and had issue.
      • Rajkumar Raghunath Singh, adopted to Bashahr, but was overlooked in the succession.
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Shiv Raj Singh of Kashipur, and had issue.
    • Tikka Raghunath Singh (by the Kumharsain Rani), later Raja Raghunath Singh (qv)
    • Raja Sir Padam Singh (by a secondary union) (qv)
  • Raja RAGHUNATH SINGH C.I.E., Raja of Bashahr 1887/1898, born 1868, he administered the state with some degree of success and the power of the hereditary wiziers was significantly reduced; married 1stly, and 2ndly, two daughters of Rana Bishan Chand of Koti, married 3rdly, in a double ceremony in 1884, twin daughters of Raja Bijai Sen of Mandi, and had issue, six daughters and one son. He died in February 1898.
    • Tikka Marender Singh (by a Mandi Rani), born 1886, died in January 1899 or December 1898.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by the Koti Rani), married Raja Udai Raj Singh of Kashipur.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by the Koti Rani), married into Kashipur.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by the Koti Rani), married into Kashipur.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by the Koti Rani), married into Tehri-Garhwal.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by the Koti Rani), married into Tehri-Garhwal.
  • Raja Sir PADAM SINGH, Raja of Bashahr 1914/1947, born 1873, he succeeded to the gadi on 5th August 1914 (#4), and was installed on 30th November 1917, C.I.E. [June 1931], married 9 wives (4 from Kotkhai, one fom Mandi, one from Suket, married (a), a daughter of Rai Mian Hira Singh, Rai of Sangri, married 8thly, Rani Jwale Dei, daughter of Col. Maharaja Sir Jai Chand of Lambagraon, died 22nd July 1949, married 9thly, Rani Shanta Devi [later Rajmata of Bashahr], daughter of Thakur Bir Singh of Dhadi, and had issue (#3). He died April 1947.
    • Kanwar Shri Devinder Singh, born 1905, educated at Aitchison College, Lahore. He died young in 1922.
    • Kanwar Shri Ranbir Singh, married and had issue. He died 1921.
      • Kanwar Shri Hardev Singh, born 1920, died 1939.
    • Kanwar Shri Jagatjit Singh, born 4th November 1904, married 1stly, 1929, Jai Devi of Karangla, married 2ndly, daughter of a Kanwar of Dada-Siba, and had issue, as well as further issue. He died 1961.
      • Kanwar Lokendra Singh
      • Rani Mina Kumari, born 1934, married 1949, Rao Raja Yogendra Singh Jamwal, and has issue.
        • Rajkunwar Randhir Singh
        • Rajkumari Seema Kumari, married Kanwar Bhanu Pratap Singh of Darkoti, and has issue.
      • Kanwar Raj Pal Singh, born 8th March 1947, married 25th November 1975, Kanwarani Romila Kumari, daughter of Kanwar Rajendra Singh of Kotkhai, and his wife, Kanwarani Rajpriya Kumari, and has issue.
        • Kumari Ravija Kumari, born 12th October 1976 in Shimla, married 3rd May 1997, Tikka Danvender Singh of Kullu, and has issue.
        • Kumari Vibha Kumari, born 5th December 1977 in Kotkhai, married 3rd August 2000, Kanwar Hiteshwar Singh of Kullu, and has issue.
        • Kumari Devika Kumari
        • Kumari Madhvi Kumari [Tikkarani Madhvi Kumari of Khaneti], married 2008, Tikka Gaurav Chand of Khaneti, and has issue, one daughter.
        • Kumari Tushanika Kumari
      • Kumari Krishna Kumari, married Kanwar Ishwari Singh of Bilaspur, and has issue.
      • Kumari Santosh Kumari
      • Kumari Nirmila Kumari, married Thakur Narender Singh of Dhadi, and had issue.
      • Kumari Lakshmi Kumari, married 1959, Kanwar Dalip Singh of Mandi, and has issue.
    • Kanwar Sagar Singh
    • Kanwar  Gopal Singh, married Kanwarani Sheela Kumari, and has issue.
      • Tikkarani Gitanjali Kumari, married Tikka Yogendra Chand of Madhan, and has issue.
      • Pratibha Kumari, married Kanwar Mohender Singh of Madhan.
    • Tikka Virbhadra Singh (by Rani Shanta Devi) [later Raja Virbhadra Singh (see below)]
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by Rani Jwale Dei)
    • Rajkumar Rajendra Singh (by Rani Jwale Dei), born 28th July 1935 at Sarahan, married 20th June 1957, Rajkumari Rajendra Kumari, daughter of HH Maharaja Sir Brijnath Singh Ju Deo Bahadur of Maihar in M.P., born 5th November 1943 at Jabalpur in M.P., and had issue, three children. He died in November 1997, and was cremated at the Royal Cemetary in Rampur.
      • Kanwar Rajeshwar Singh, born 31st May 1958 at Simla, Heir Apparent to the gaddi of Rampur Bushahr until 1989, married 1stly, 1984 (div. 1996), Miss Parminder Singh Oberoi, married 2ndly, 1st December 1997 at Simla, Rajkumari Shrikriti Kumari, born 10th May 1965 at New Delhi, daughter of Raja Rana Yogendra Chand of Jubbal, and his wife, Rani Sudha Kumari, and has issue. (Padam Castle, Jakhu Road, Simla, Himachal Pradesh, India)
        • Kanwar Prakram Singh (by 1st marriage), born 28th October 1984.
        • Kumari Rajnandini Kumari (by 2nd marriage), born 30th April 2001 at Simla.
      • Kumari Purnima Kumari, born 27th June 1961, married 27th April 1990 in Simla, Kunwar Pranay Singh, second son of Rawal Chakrapani Singh of Bissau, and his wife, Rani Sharda Kumari, and has issue.
      • Kumari Namrata Kumari, born 19th December 1963.
    • Kumari (name unknown) (by Rani Jwale Dei), married the Rana of Manswal.
  • Raja VIRBHADRA SINGH (see above)
  • Kanwar Durga Singh of Bashahr, married and had issue.
    • Kanwarani Meera Kumari, married Kanwar Anup Singh of Sirmur, and has issue.

1. 1839 according to "The Golden Book of India"; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893, p.61
2. Raja Shamsher Singh also adopted 3 sons. The eldest was Surrendra Shah of Tehri Garhwal. He was recognised as heir of Bushahr State in 1906 but this was withdrawn by the British in 1907 after he had unsuccessfully tried to murder Mr.Gibson, a British Forest Officer! Then Dev Indra Shah, son of Surrendra Shah of Tehri Garhwal was recognised as heir to the throne in 1907. He died of a gunshot wound whilst hunting in 1908. Then Raghunath Singh, the son of Raja Sheo Singh of Kashipur in U.P. was declared heir to the throne, but was later removed! The state of Bushahr having no legitimate male heirs, lapsed to the British Crown. Finally, Kanwar Padam Chand was granted Bushahr State in 1917 and was given full ruling power to him and to those heirs who would be born after 1917.
3. As Raja Padam Singh of Rampur-Bushahr, he was only recognised and appointed ruler of the state in 1917, only the children after that year had official titles.
4. "Indian Annual Register" , N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945