|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
Copper Plate of Satrubhanja Dev, son of Silabhanja
mentions the name Khinjali Mandala for the first time and
on this basis it is believed that Silabhanja Dev was the
founder of Bhanja Kula of Khinjali Mandala. Their capital
was Dhirtipura, which has been identified with Baudh town.
Raja Satrubhanja Dev II, was defeated and killed by the
Somavansi ruler of South Kosala, Raja Janmeyjaya I. The
Bhanja’s were driven out from the Baudh region which was
renamed as Odra Desa. Raja Yayati I, the son and
successor of Janmejaya I established his capital in
Odradesa at Yayatinagara, which has been identified with
modern Jagati in Baudh District. The Somavansi then
occupied and migrated towards Utkala leaving their
original home land of South-Kosala in charge of viceroys.
In course of time Kosala was lost to them and was occupied
by the Telugu-Chodas and the Kalachuris. The imperial
Gangas of Kalinga, after their occupation of Utkala,
entered into a protracted struggle with the Kalachuris for
one hundred years for the occupation of Kosala region. It
is evident from the Chatesvar Inscription ( 1220 AD) that
the struggle finally ended in favour of the Gangas during
the reign of Anangabhima Deva III and there after Baudh
along with Sonepur came under the Ganga Rule and was
administered by the Ganga Administrators. In course of
time, the Ganga Administrators became semi-independent and
ruled over this territory hereditarily. So far tradition
goes, there emerged a Brahmin ruling family in Baudh.
Gandhamardan Dev, the last Brahmin ruler of this family,
being childless adopted one, Ananga Bhanja of Keonjhar
royal family. He succeeded Gandharmardhan Dev and laid the
foundation of the rule of the Bhanjas in Baudh in the
first half of fourteenth century AD. He changed his
surname from Bhanja to Dev and was known as Ananga Dev. In
1498-99, the then Raja of Baudh state had made a gift of
Dasapalla territory extending from Kamaimuhan near Kantilo
to Udandi muhan in the east to his younger brother,
Narayan Dev, who asserted his independence and made
Dasapalla a separate state. Again the strip of
territory lying between the Kharang river on the west of
Boudh and Amaimuhan was given by Raja Madan Mohan Dev in
1599-1600 as dowry to his daughters who married in the
Chauhan royal family of Patna State. After the British
conquest of Orissa in 1803, Raja Biswambar Dev of Boudh
submitted to the British and entered into a treaty
agreement with the East India Company on the 3rd March,
1804. The rulers were...
- Raja ANANGA BHANJA,
Raja of Baudh, he was adopted from Keonjhar and later
changed his surname to Dev.
- Raja SIDDHABHANJA
DEV (Siddheswar Dev), Raja of Baudh, he was
forced to cede the Sonepur region by the Raja of
Sambalpur, and which later was made a separate state
by the Chauhan rulers in 1640.
- Raja PRATAP DEV,
Raja of Baudh, little is known of the history of Baudh
during the Mughal occupation of Orissa, but it is
believed that Baudh maintained friendly relations with
the Mughal subedars in Cuttack, for which the Raja was
granted the title of Swasti Sri Dhirlakhya
Dhumbadhipati Jahrkhand Mandaleswar, which was
used by the rulers of Baudh till the time of Raja
- Raja of Baudh fl.1728, he changed his mind regarding
the succession of his adopted son, and decided to give
the state to another adopted son, but this offended
Makund Dev, who sought the help of Raja Banamali Singh
Mardraj Bhramarbar Rai of Khandpara, who quickly
defeated the Raja of Baudh and made Makund Dev, Raja
of a part of Baudh State, this new state was called
Daspalla, married and had adoptive issue.
- (A) Makund Dev
Bhanj, adopted from Mayurbhanj, but was overlooked
in the succession, he consequently sought help
from the Raja of Khandpara, Banamali Singh Mardraj
Bhramarbar Rai, who was a brave and powerful Raja,
and an expert in war, he engaged the Raja of Baud,
and after defeating him made Makund Deb Bhanj,
Raja over a part of Baudh territory, named Daspalla.
- Raja BISHWAMABAR
DEV, Raja of Baudh 1778/1817, during his
reign, Baudh, which lay on a vital line of
communication between Nagpur and Cuttack, came to the
notice of the Maratha governors at Cuttack, to whom
the Raja was paying tribute. Relations were cordial
until 1800, when the Marathas attacked Baudh and
defeated the Raja. He was allowed to rule as a
feudatory Raja by paying regular tribute to the
Marathas; after the British conquest of Orissa, he
submitted to them and entered into a treaty with the
East India Company on 3rd March 1804; he married and
had issue. He died 1817.
- Raja Chandra Shekhar Dev (qv)
- Raja CHANDRA
SHEKHAR DEV, Raja of Baudh 1817/1839, in
1821, he received a fresh Sanad from the British
Government fixing the annual tribute of Baudh at
800Rs; he married and had issue. He died 1839.
- Raja Pitamber Deo 1839/1874 (continued below)
- Raja PITAMBER DEO,
1st Raja of Baudh 1874/1879, born 1821, during his
reign, Khondmal was separated from Baudh and was
annexed to British India on 15th February 1855; the
Raja remained loyal to the British, and cooperated
with them in suppressing human sacrifice and a Khondh
rebellion in Khondmal for which he was rewarded with a
separate sanad, formally recognizing his title
of Raja on 21st May 1874 (#1);
married and had issue. He died 1879.
- Raja Jogendra Deo (qv)
- Raja Dinabandhu Mahendra Bahadur, he was adopted
by Maharaja Bhagirath Mahendra Bahadur, Raja of Dhenkanal.
Raja JOGENDRA DEO,
2nd Raja of Baudh 1879/1913, born about 1857, he
succeeded to the gadi
on 5th October 1879, a benevolent and generous ruler,
he introduced English education into the state for the
first time during his reign; married and had issue,
one son and seven daughters. He died 1913.
- Raja Narayan Prasad Deo (qv)
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (eldest daughter)
[Maharani Saheb of Patna], married Maharaja
Prithviraj Singh Deo of Patna.
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (second daughter)
[Rani Saheb of Khariar], married Raja Vir Vikram
Singh Deo of Khariar.
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (third daughter),
married a brother of Raja Vir Vikram Singh Deo of
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (fourth
daughter), married the Zamindar of Thuamal Rampur.
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (fifth daughter),
married the Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
- Rajkumari (name unknown) (sixth daughter)
[Rani Saheb of Tarla], married the Raja Saheb of
Raja NARAYAN PRASAD
DEO C.B.E., 3rd Raja of Baudh 1913/- , born
14th March 1904 (#2) and
succeeded 10th March 1913, though the administration
of the state was managed by the court of wards until
his formal installation on 14th March 1925, educated
at Rajkumar College, Raipur; during his reign, he
successfully put down a political agitation organized
in Boudh in 1930/1931 and adopted stern measures
against the Prajamandal Movement in 1945. He developed
the Jagti village (Yayatinagar) and renamed it Narayan
Nagar; he married Rani Satyavati Devi, daughter of
Raja Bibhudendra Deo Samant of Athmalik. He died sp.
Raja NABIN PRASAD
DEO, 4th Raja of Baudh, born as Rajkumar
Nabin Chandra Deb, youngest son of the Raja of
Parikud. He was adopted to Baudh and succeeded there
as Raja Nabin Prasad Deo; he married Rani Surokalolini
Devi [now Rajmata Surokalolini Devi of Baudh], born
1954, daughter of Raja Soubhagya Chandra Dev Birabar
Harichandan Mahapatra of Talcher,
and his wife, Rani Manjushree Devi, and had issue, one
son and one daughter.
- Raja Debendra Prasad Deo (qv)
- Kumari Chitrangada Devi, married Kumar Anand Singh
Deo, the only son of Kumar Rabindra Naryan Singh Deo
of Nua Pacca II, Seraikella.
PRASAD DEO, 5th Rawat of Baudh (see above)