BIJAWAR (Princely State)(11 gun salute)
LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh
AREA: 2,517.48 km²
VILLAGES: 344 + 1 town (1901)POPULATION: 115,852 (1931)
REVENUE: Rs 3,60,000 (1934)
ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
AGENCY: Bundelkhand Agency 1802 - 1948
PRIVY PURSE: Rs 5,20,000
STATE MOTTO: "Vīr Dordand var loha khand", meaning "The Arm of The Brave is as a Bar of Steel"
PRESENT RULER: HH Sawai Maharaja JAI SINGH Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Bijawar, since 1983.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
Originally part of the lands held by the Garha Mandla
Gonds, and was taken by Raja Chattar Sal, the founder of
Panna. On the partition of territory among his sons,
Bijawar fell to Raja Jagat Rai as part of Jaitpur and he
later granted it to his son in 1765. In 1893, the Maharaja
maintained a military force of 100 cavalry, 1000 infantry
and 13 guns. The state motto is Agni pratáp Vishwesha (As fire
resplendent, the Lord of the World). Rulers were...
- Raja BIR SINGH DEO,
1st Raja of Bijawar 1765/1793, gradually extended his
holdings by force of arms, but was killed in action against Ali
Bahadur of Banda and Gosain Himmat Bahadur of Banda, married and had
issue, four sons. He was killed in action at Charkhari in 1793.
- Yuvaraj Dhaunkal Singh, died vpsp.
- Raja Keshri Singh (qv)
- Kunwar Khuman Singh, married and had issue, the Lakhangawan Thakur Sahebs. He died after 1804.
- Kunwar Hari Singh (illegitimate), his descendants hold the Mangwari village.
Nawab HIMMAT BAHADUR, Usurper of Bijawar 1793/1802
Raja KESHRI SINGH,
2nd Raja of Bijawar 1802/1810, the state was restored
to Raja Kesri Singh by Himmat Bahadur, by a sanad signed on 5th October 1802,
married and had issue, four sons. He died 1810
- Raja Ratan Singh (qv)
- Diwan Khet Singh, married and had adoptive issue.
- Kunwar Shatrujit Singh
- Kunwar Maharaj Deo, he died vpsp.
Raja RATAN SINGH,
3rd Raja of Bijawar 1810/1833, he was granted a sanad confirming
his possession of the state in 1811; he instituted
state coinage; married and had adoptive issue. He died sp on 17th December
- (A) Raja Lakshman Singh (qv)
SINGH, 4th Raja of Bijawar 1833/1847, he succeeded by adoption, married
and had issue. He died in 1847.
- HH Maharaja Sawai Bhan Pratap Singh Bahadur (qv)
HH Maharaja Sawai
BHAN PRATAP SINGH Bahadur, 5th Maharaja of
Bijawar 1847/1899, born 24th December 1842, succeeded
23rd November 1847 (#1),
granted a valuable khilat and a hereditary
salute of eleven guns for his help to the British,
during the Indian Mutiny in 1857, he was granted a sanad
of adoption in 1862 and the titles of Maharaja Bahadur
[cr. 2.10.1866] and Maharaja Sawai [cr. 1.1.1877], but
his maladministration placed the state into financial
difficulties and an administrator was appointed in
1897, he adopted Kunwar Sawant Singh, second son of
the Maharaja Pratap Singh Ju Deo of Orchha in 1898, married
(a), a sister of Dhandera Thakur Sukh Singh Basata, married
(b), a sister of Ponwar Thakur Ganesh Singh Judeo of Mora, married
(c), a sister of Ponwar Thakur Hira Singh of Hirapur, and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1899.
- (A) HH Bharat
Dharmendra Maharaja Sawai Sir Sawant Singh Bahadur
HH Bharat Dharmendra
Maharaja Sawai Sir SAWANT SINGH Bahadur
K.C.I.E., 6th Maharaja of Bijawar 1899/1940, born 25th
November 1877, he succeeded to the gadi by adoption
on 28th June 1900 (#4 p.118),
he was given partial administration of the state in
January 1903, subject to certain restrictions and next
year was invested with full ruling powers on 17th
October 1904 (#4 p.118);
he was created a K.C.I.E. on the occasion of the
Coronation Durbar in December 1911; the hereditary
title of Raja was conferred in 1866 and the additional
title of Sawai in 1877; married 1stly, a daughter of
Panwar Diwan Raghuraj Singh of Sonrai in Jhansi
district, married 2ndly, 10th March 1913 (#5 p.42), a daughter of
Dhandera Diwan Gajraj Singh of Karhaiya family, a Jagirdar in Datia State
[=? HH Maharani Kanchan Kunwar, sister of Rao Hira
Singh Ju Dev of Karahia (maternal grandfather of
Rajkumari Anjana (Bundela) (née Rajniesh Singh) of Ajaigarh)], and had
issue, two daughters and a son, an adoptive son, as
well as further issue. He died dspml on 30th
October 1940 (#3).
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) (by 1st marriage), married 1910,
Rao Lokendra Singh of Beri,
and had issue.
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) (by 1st marriage)
- Maharajkumar Aman Singh, living in 1938.
- (A) HH Maharaja
Sawai Govind Singh Bahadur (qv)
HH Maharaja Sawai
GOVIND SINGH Bahadur, 7th Maharaja of Bijawar
1940/1983, born 17th June 1934, son of Kunwar Malkhan
Singh of Lakhanguwan and descendant of Raja Bir Singh
Deo, 1st Raja of Sarila, married HH Maharani Mohini
Kumari, daughter of HH Maharana Raj Saheb Pratapsinhji
Amarsinhji of Wankaner,
and his wife, HH Maharani Rama Kunverba Sahiba, and
had issue. He died 9th July 1983 in New York.
- HH Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh Bahadur (qv)
HH Maharaja Sawai
JAI SINGH Bahadur, 8th Maharaja of Bijawar
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, July 2011.
1. "The Golden Book of India";
by Roper Lethbridge, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.83
2. ref. IOR/F/4/1601/64651 -
date: Dec 1833 - Dec 1835
3. "Who Was Who 1941-1950" ;
Volume IV ; London 1952 ; Adam & Charles Black; p.100
4. "Memoranda on Native States
in India, 1907" Vol. 1, Calcutta, Superintendent Government
Printing, India. 1908
5. "Memoranda on The Indian
States 1930", corrected up to 1st January 1930, Published by
Authority, Calcutta. Government of India, Central Publication
6. "Eastern States (Bundelkhand) Gazetteer". Vol.VI-A.-Text. Compiled by Capt. C. E. Luard M.A. 1907