BIJAWAR (Princely State)(11 gun salute)

LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh AREA: 2,517.48 km² VILLAGES: 343 POPULATION: 115,852 (1931) RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: Rs 3,60,000 (1934) DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Bundela SEAT: xx ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
AGENCY: Bundelkhand Agency 1802 - 1948 PRIVY PURSE: Rs 5,20,000

PRESENT RULER: HH Sawai Maharaja JAI SINGH Bahadur, 9th Maharaja of Bijawar, since 1983.
born 1977.

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Originally part of the lands held by the Garha Mandla Gonds, and was taken by Raja Chattar Sal, the founder of Panna. On the partition of territory among his sons, Bijawar fell to Raja Jagat Rai as part of Jaitpur and he later granted it to his son in 1765. In 1893, the Maharaja maintained a military force of 100 cavalry, 1000 infantry and 13 guns. The state motto is Agni pratáp Vishwesha (As fire resplendent, the Lord of the World). Rulers were...
  1. Raja BIR SINGH DEO, 1st Raja of Bijawar 1765/1793, gradually extended his holdings by force of arms, but was killed fighting Ali Bahadur and Himmat Bahadur of Banda, married and had issue. He died 1793.

  2. Nawab HIMMAT BAHADUR, Usurper of Bijawar 1793/1802

  3. Raja KESHRI SINGH, 2nd Raja of Bijawar 1802/1810, the state was restored to Raja Kesri Singh by Himmat Bahadur, by a sanad in 1802, married and had issue, four sons. He died 1810

  4. Raja RATAN SINGH, 3rd Raja of Bijawar 1810/1833, he was granted a sanad confirming his possession of the state in 1811; he instituted state coinage. He died sp on 17th December 1833 (#2).

  5. Raja LAKSHMAN SINGH, 4th Raja of Bijawar 1833/1847, married and had issue.

  6. HH Maharaja Sawai BHAN PRATAP SINGH Bahadur, 5th Maharaja of Bijawar 1847/1899, born 24th December 1842, succeeded 23rd November 1847 (#1), granted a valuable khilat and a hereditary salute of eleven guns for his help to the British, during the Indian Mutiny in 1857, he was granted a sanad of adoption in 1862 and the titles of Maharaja Bahadur [cr. 2.10.1866] and Maharaja Sawai [cr. 1.1.1877], but his maladministration placed the state into financial difficulties and an administrator was appointed in 1897, he adopted Kunwar Sawant Singh, second son of the Maharaja Pratap Singh Ju Deo of Orchha in 1898, married (a), a sister of Dhandera Thakur Sukh Singh Basata, married (b), a sister of Ponwar Thakur Ganesh Singh Judeo of Mora, married (c), a sister of Ponwar Thakur Hira Singh of Hirapur, and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1899.

  7. HH
                    Maharaja Sawant SinghHH Bharat Dharmendra Maharaja Sawai Sir SAWANT SINGH Bahadur K.C.I.E., 6th Maharaja of Bijawar 1899/1940, born 25th November 1877, he succeeded to the gadi by adoption on 28th June 1900 (#4 p.118), he was given partial administration of the state in January 1903, subject to certain restrictions and next year was invested with full ruling powers on 17th October 1904 (#4 p.118); he was created a K.C.I.E. on the occasion of the Coronation Durbar in December 1911; the hereditary title of Raja was conferred in 1866 and the additional title of Sawai in 1877; married 1stly, a daughter of Panwar Diwan Raghuraj Singh of Sonrai in Jhansi district, married 2ndly, 10th March 1913 (#5 p.42), a daughter of Dhandera Diwan Gajraj Singh of Karhaiya family, a Jagirdar in Datia State [=? HH Maharani Kanchan Kunwar, sister of Rao Hira Singh Ju Dev of Karahia (maternal grandfather of Rajkumari Anjana (Bundela) (née Rajniesh Singh) of Ajaigarh)], and had issue, two daughters and a son, an adoptive son, as well as further issue. He died dspml on 30th October 1940 (#3).

  8. HH Maharaja Sawai GOVIND SINGH Bahadur, 7th Maharaja of Bijawar 1940/1983, born 17th June 1934, son of Kunwar Malkhan Singh of Lakhanguwan and descendant of Raja Bir Singh Deo, 1st Raja of Sarila, married HH Maharani Mohini Kumari, daughter of HH Maharana Raj Saheb Pratapsinhji Amarsinhji of Wankaner, and his wife, HH Maharani Rama Kunverba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 9th July 1983 in New York.

  9. HH Maharaja Sawai JAI SINGH Bahadur, 8th Maharaja of Bijawar (see above)
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, July 2011.
1. "The Golden Book of India"; by Roper Lethbridge, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.83
2. ref. IOR/F/4/1601/64651 - date: Dec 1833 - Dec 1835
3. "Who Was Who 1941-1950" ; Volume IV ; London 1952 ; Adam & Charles Black; p.100
4. "Memoranda on Native States in India, 1907" Vol. 1, Calcutta, Superintendent Government Printing, India. 1908
5. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1930", corrected up to 1st January 1930, Published by Authority, Calcutta. Government of India, Central Publication Branch. 1931.