DHOLPUR (Princely State)

(15 gun salute)

AREA: 3,038 kmē PRIVY PURSE: Rs 264,000
ACCESSION: 7th April 1949
STATE: Rajasthan DYNASTY: Bamraolia Jat RELIGION: Hindu

POPULATION: 250,000 (1892)




PRESENT RULER: HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana HEMANT SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo, 7th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur, since 22nd October 1954 (Raj Niwas Palace, Dholpur-328001, Rajasthan)
born 1950, educated at the Doon School, Dehra Dun, Uttaranchal and graduated in 1971, from Hindu College, Delhi University, married 1stly, 17th November 1972 (sep. 1973, div.) at Pune, Maharashtra, Maharaj Kumari Vasundhara Raje Scindia of Gwalior [HH Maharani Vasundhara Raje Sahiba of Dholpur], born 8th March 1953, currently the Chief Minister of Rajasthan, and has issue.
  • Tikka Dushyant Singh (by Maharani Vasundhara), born 11th September 1973 in Mumbai, B.A., M.B.A. (Hotel Administration) and P.G. Diploma in Hotel Operations, educated at Doon School, Dehradun; St. Stephen's College, Delhi; Johnson and Wales University, Providence, R.I., USA and IHTTI School of Management, Neuchatel, Switzerland; elected Member of Parliament from Jhalawar constituency in Rajasthan. He was elected in May 2004 to the Lok Sabha, Member, Committee on Transport, Tourism and Culture 2004, married 11th December 2000, Rajkumari Niharika Raje, daughter of HH Raja Ranjit Singh of Samthar, and has issue.
    • Kumari Bhairawi Raje
    • Kunwar Vinayak Pratap Singh, born 27th July 2004 in New Delhi.
PREDECESSORS AND STATE HISTORY: According to local tradition, Dholpur derives its name from the Rajput Raja Dholun Deo Tonwar (an off-shoot of the reigning family at Delhi), who about 1005AD held the land between the Chambal and Banganga rivers. The family belongs to the Deswali clan of Jats and traces its origin to Jet Singh who acquired lands south of Alwar in the eleventh century. From Bamroli, the adopted home of one of his descendants the family takes the name of Bamraolia. Driven from Bamroli in about 1367 by the Subehdar of Agra, the head of the house migrated to Gwalior and took the part of the Rajputs in their struggle against the Emperor's officers. Eventually they settled near Gohad, and in 1505, Surjan Deo received from Raja Man Singh of Gwalior, the territory of Gohad and assumed the title of Rana. After the overthrow of the Marathas at Panipat, Rana Bhim Singh possessed himself of the fortress of Gwalior, but lost it six years later. The British Government made a treaty with the Rana in 1779, and Gwalior was retaken. In the treaty of 13th October 1781, between the British Government and Maharaja Scindia, it was stipulated that as long as the Rana should observe the treaty with the English, Scindia should not interfere with his territories. However the Rana defected, this stipulation was removed and Scindia retook Gohad and Gwalior. In 1803, the Governor of Gohad, threw off his allegiance to Scindia and agreed to surrender the fort of Gwalior and certain districts, meaning to confer them on the Rana. With the exception of the fort and the city of Gwalior, all was made over to Rana Kirat Singh of Gohad which led to disputes with Scindia and in 1806 the Governor General transferred Gwalior and Gohad to Scindia while the parganas of Dholpur, Bari and Rajakhera, belonging to Scindia, were conferred on Rana Kirat Singh, forming the State of Dholpur. The administration of the State was placed in the hands of a Superintendent, assisted by selected officials, under the general direction of the Political Agent, from 1901 to 1905, and again from 1911 to 1913, when the tehn ruler received his ruling powers. The family colour was originally azure, but in an encounter towards the end of the 18th century, the then Chief captured from the Thakurs of Bamraoli a golden-yellow flag, with a figure of Hanuman (the monkey-god) in the centre of the field, and this has been subsequently adopted as the family cognisance. The Maharaj Rana maintains a military force of 139 cavalry, 1588 infantry, and 32 guns. Rulers were...

Ranas of Gohad

  • Rana Surjan Deo, Rana of Gohad 1505/-, received a grant of the territory of Gohad and the title of Rana from the King of Gwalior in 1505.
  • Rana Devi Singh, Rana of Gohad
  • Rana Udyaut Singh, Rana of Gohad
  • Rana Anup Singh, Rana of Gohad
  • Rana Sambhu Singh, Rana of Gohad
  • Rana Singan Deo, Rana of Gohad 1440/1476
  • Rana Abhay Chand, Rana of Gohad 1476/1531
  • Rana Ram Chand, Rana of Gohad 1531/1550
  • Rana Ratan Singh, Rana of Gohad 1550/1558
  • Rana Uday Singh, Rana of Gohad 1558/1619
  • Rana Bagraj Singh, Rana of Gohad 1619/1654, father of 4 sons, from whom 8 families (the athghar) were descended. One family became extince before 1893 and the ruling line (Gadi-ka-ghar or the Bamraolia of Dholpur), became extinct in 1954. The other families were those of Rajaunia, Dandak, Sandel, Bijolia, Hanselia and Donderia. Any adoptions all came from the Panchgaon ghar.
  • Rana Gaj Singh, Rana of Gohad 1654/1713, married and had issue.
    • Rana Bhim Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Dalail Singh, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Moti Ram
      • Kunwar Anand Singh, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Bakht Singh
        • Kunwar Tara Chand, married and had issue.
          • Maharaj Rana Khirat Singh (see below)
      • Kunwar Bulju, married and had issue.
        • Rana Pratap Singh (qv)
        • Kunwar Nurjud Singh
        • Rana Chatur Singh (qv)
      • Kunwar Raghunath Singh
  • Rana Jaswant Singh, Rana of Gohad 1713/1717
  • Rana Bhim Singh, Rana of Gohad 1717/1755
  • Rana Pratap Singh, Rana of Gohad 1755/1756
  • Rana Chatur Singh, Rana of Gohad 1756/1788

Maharaj Ranas of Dholpur

  • Maharaj Rana KHIRAT SINGH, Maharaj Rana of Gohad 1788/1805 and 1st Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1805/1836, born about 1764, he received Dholpur, Bari, Rajakhera and the taluka of Sri Muttra in exchange for Gohad, which was made over to the Maharaja of Gwalior in 1806, he was the first Jat ruler of Dholpur, married and had issue. He died 21st April 1836 (Baisakh sudi 5, 1892).
    • Maharaj Rana Pohap Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Rana Bhagwant Singh (qv)
  • Maharaj Rana POHAP SINGH, 2nd Maharaj Rana of Dholpur in 1836 (for eight months), died sp in December 1836.
  • Maharaj Rana BHAGWANT SINGH, 3rd Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1836/1873, K.C.S.I., G.C.S.I. [cr.1869], born 1824, rendered valuable service to the British authorities during the 1857 war of independence, and was created a Knight Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India, married a daughter of the Jat chieftain, Nand Kishor Rajauria, and had adoptive issue. He died sp on 9th February 1873.
    • (A) Kunwar Kulendra Singh, born as Maharaj Singh, adopted by the Rana as his successor, married Kunwarani Basant Kaur, daughter of Maharaja Narendra Singh of Patiala, and had issue. He died vp before 1873, aged 28 years.
      • Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Nihal Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo (qv)
      • [?Rani Hanumant Kaur, married (as his second wife), Raja Harnarayan Singh of Hathras.]
  • Maj. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana NIHAL SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo, 4th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1873/1901, born 4th May 1863, succeeded 9th February 1873 (#1), granted full ruling rights in 1884, educated privately by his mother, learning English, Hindi, Sanskrit and Persian; Honourary Major in the Central India Horse, and received the C.B.E. and Frontier Medal for services in the Tirah campaign; attended the Prince of Wales Darbar in Delhi in 1876; an enlightened ruler, he constructed hospitals, roads and railway; married 30th April 1879, HH Maharani Harbans Kaur, the second daughter of Shahzada Bahadur Shah Dev Singh of Pandriganeshpur in Lahore, and had issue. He died 20th or 28th July 1901.
    • HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Ram Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diller Jang Jai Deo (qv)
    • Lt.Col. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir Udaibhan Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo (qv)
    • Raja Birender Singh, married Rani Taptej Kaur from Kot Fateh (sister of Rani Rajbans Kaur, married to Raja Ram Narain Singh of Patiala).
    • Kunwar Keshav Singh, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; married Kunwarani Kartar Kaur of Patiala, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Ajay Singh (aka Guni Raja in Dholpur), active in social and political circles till his death, he married Kunwarani Laxmi Kumari, and had issue.
        • Kunwar Ajit Singh Rana (Narsingh Dyori, Dholpur, Rajasthan, India)
      • Kunwar Upendra Singh
  • Captain HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana RAM SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diller Jang Jai Deo K.C.I.E., 5th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1901/1911, born 26th May 1883, he succeeded to the gadi on 20th July 1901 (#4 p.277), he was granted full ruling powers in March 1905, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; later joined the Imperial Cadet Corps; he held the Honorary rank of Captain in His Majesty's army; married HH Maharani Ripudaman Kaur, daughter of HH Raja Sir Hira Singh Malvinder Bahadur, Maharaja of Nabha, and had issue. He died 2nd April 1911 (#2) or 29th March 1911 (#4 p.276) and
    • Kunwar Devender Singh, he left Dholpur before attaining his majority and adopted the life of an ordinary individual in Badrinath.
  • Lt.-Col. HH
                    Maharaj Rana Sir UDAIBHAN SINGH Lokindra Bahadur
                    Diler Jung Jai Deo (1893-1954)Lt.-Col. HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Sir UDAIBHAN SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., K.C.V.O., 6th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur 1911/1954, born 12th December 1893 or 25th February 1893 (#4 p.276), G.C.I.E. [cr.1931], K.C.S.I. [cr. 1.1.1918], K.C.V.O. [cr.17.3.1922], granted full ruling rights on 9th October 1913 (#4 p.276) by the Honorable the Agent to the Governor-General; educated at Mayo College, Ajmer where he passed the Diploma Examination and with the Imperial Cadet Corps at Dehra Dun; he was attached to the staff of the General Officer Commanding 2nd Division Peshawar when war was declared in 1919 and remained on active service until armistice was declared, he succeeded to the Taluq of Padriganeshpur under the will of Shahzada Basdev Singh, with the agreement of the Government of India, Honorary Colonel of 1/143rd Narsingh (Dholpur) Infantry, the Maharaj Rana enjoys a personal gun salute of 17, he was promoted to the rank of Honorary Major on 1st January 1921 and further to Honorary Lieutenant-Colonel on 24th October 1921; married 1911, HH Maharani Malvender Kaur, daughter of Sardar Shamsher Singh of Badrukhan in Jind, and had issue. He died 22nd October 1954 (#3).
    • HH Maharani Urmilla Devi, born 5th May 1924 (#4 p.276), married 25th April 1944, HH Maharaja Pratap Singh Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha, and had issue.
      • HH Maharaja Hanuwant Singh Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha.
      • HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana Hemant Singh Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo (qv)
  • HH Rais ud-Daulah Sipahdar ul-Mulk Saramad Rajha-i-Hind Maharajadhiraj Sri Sawai Maharaj Rana HEMANT SINGH Lokindra Bahadur Diler Jung Jai Deo, 7th Maharaj Rana of Dholpur (see above)
1. "The Golden Book of India"; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.122
2. "Who Was Who 1897-1915" ; Volume I, London 1920 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.195
3. "Who Was Who 1951-1960" ; Volume V ; London 1962 ; Adam & Charles Black ; p.304
4. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1939", corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.