VANSH: Chandravanshi GOTHRA: Atri KULDEVI: Khodiyar MaaRELIGION: Hindu
The Chudasama Rajputs and their off-shoots are a branch of the Samma clan of Sind, along with the Bhati and Jadeja rajputs, and is a branch of the Yadava clan of Kshatriyas, who claim descent from Samba, grandson of Lord Krishna, and are therefore, of the Lunar or Chandravanshi line of Rajputs. The Samma and Sumra are two main branches of the Yadava clan, and they ruled Sind before the coming of the Muslim invaders.The Sumras converted to Islam and the Sammas migrated into Kutch, Saurahstra, the Punjab and Rajasthan, and there established new kingdoms. The Dabhi Rajputs of Gujarat and Western Marwar are said to be descendants of the Chudasama rulers.
After the fall of Vallabhi, the Governor of Wamansthali, a town 21 kilometres from Junagadh, became independent, and his descendants ruled there until the latter part of 9th century, when Wala Ram ruled. He had no heirs, but his sister was married to the Chief of the Sama tribe, and had a son, named Ra Chuda [aka Chandrachud], who was selected to succeed his uncle at Wamansthali, upon his death about 875. His descendants quickly became powerful and were regarded as the paramount rulers, holding sway until their defeat in 1472.
The main state belonging to the Chudasama clan, was Junagadh, which was founded in 875, overrun by the Ghaznavids from 1010 to 1025, by the Kingdom of Gujarat from 1113 to 1125, and then endured till it was annexed to the Kingdom of Gujarat in 1472 by Sultan Mahmud Begada.
The Ra of Junagadh was deposed and he was granted the Jagir of Vanthali for his family's maintenance. His descendants thereafter used the title of RaizadaAlso seen as Rahzada in Urdu, the meaning of which is "son of the Rah or Ra" which became their clan name. The Sarvaiya Rajputs (named after their estate of Sarva), suffered the same fate as their Chudasama brethern and lost most of their possessions, after Sultan Mahmud Begada attacked Amreli in 1476, and reduced them to village chiefs and holders of petty estates, though Jesar and Hathsani endured till the formation of the Repulic of India in 1947.
STATE AND ESTATES:
Numerous estates belong to this clan, including Devechadi, Vanthali, Gamph, Rojka and Dholera (Chudasama), Ruvati (Raizada) and Aiyavej, Amreli, Chhatrasa, Chiroda, Chital, Chok, Dedarda, Depla, Gohilwad, Hathasnsi, Jesar, Kanjarda, Katrodi, Kundla, Pah or Paa, Pasvi, Rajpara, Ranigam, Rohishala, Rojiya, Santhli, Shiroda (possibly the same as Chiroda), Valar, Vasavad, Zadkala, plus the estates of Vingaber and Khedoi in Kutch, with the taluks of Datha, Jalia-Amraji, Sanala, Samadhiala, Jalia-Manji in Kathiawar (Sarvaiya).
Both the Sarvaiyas and the Raizadas are branches of the Chudasama clan and do not inter-marry.
- Ra Chuda, Ra of Wamansthali 875/907, founder of the Chudasama dynasty, married and had issue. He died 907.
- Rao Hamir, married and had issue. He died vp.
- Ra Mulraj I (qv)
- Ra Mulraj I, Ra of Wamansthali 907/915, he made further conquests of neighbouring rulers, married and had issue.
- Ra Vishwarah (qv)
- Ra Vishwarah, Ra of Wamansthali 915/940, he continued his father's policy; married and had issue.
- Ra Graharipu I [aka Grahario] (qv)
- Ra Graharipu I, Ra of Wamansthali 940/982, he built the fort of Uparkot and his descendants progressively built the town of Junagadh around it, surrounding it with a strongly fortified wall; married (amongst others) (a), Rani (name unknown), a sister of Wala Uga of Talaja, and had issue. He died 982.
- Ra Kawat I (qv)
- Ra Kawat, Ra of Wamansthali 982/1003, married and had issue. He died 1003.
- Ra Dyas [aka Mahipal I](qv)
- Ra Dyas, Ra of Wamansthali 1003/1010, during his reign the Fort of Uparkot was attacked by Raja Durlabhsen of Patan, and he was killed in the battle; married (amongst others), Rani Somal De, she committed sati in 1010, and had issue. He was killed in battle in 1010.
- Ra Navghan I (qv)
OCCUPATION, Ruled by a Viceroy installed by the Raja of Anhilwad Patan 1010/1025
- Ra Navghan I, Ra of Wamansthali 1025/1044, born possibly in 1009, he was raised in secrecy until he was a young adult, and was able to raise a small army of supporters and regain the throne in 1025, married Rani Jasal, daughter of Devaiyat, an Aher, and had issue, he was the common ancestor of the Sarvaiya, Raizada and Chudasama clans. He died 1044.
- Ra Khengar I (qv)
- Thakore Shri Bhimji, married and had issue, the Thakore Saheb's of Bhadli, Sarva and Gamph.
- Thakore Visalji
- Thakore Desalji
- one of above?
- Raja Kawat,
married and had issue.
- Rao Jaso (Jesaji) of Amreli, with his brother, he
resisted the attacks by Sultan Mahmud Beg in 1476,
though they were defeated and became outlaws for
twelve years, after which they settled in Hathasni,
and divided that estate between them, keeping
Hathasni for himself and granting Jesar estate to
his brother; married and had issue, the Rao Sahebs of Hathasni.
- Rao Khangar, married and had issue.
- Rao Gahar [aka Gahariyo], married and had issue.
- Rao Dayach [aka Dayal], married and had issue.
- Rao Kavat [aka Kaivat], married and had issue.
- Rao Navghana, married and had issue.
- Rao Jaimal, married and had issue.
- Rao Mandalik, married and had issue.
- Rao Rai Singh, married and had issue.
- Raja Prithvi Singh, Raja of Chorwada, married and had issue.
- Rajkumari (name
Maharaja Jaswant Singh I,
Maharaja of Jodhpur
- Rao Vejo (Vejaji), he received the estate of Jesar
and built a fort located in Girnar on the eastern
bank of Raval river, naming it Vejalkot after
himself, married and had issue, the Rao Sahebs of Jesar.
- Thakore Shri Satarsalji, married and had issue, the
Thakore Saheb's of Dhandhuka
- Thakore Shri Devghanji, married and had issue, the Thakore Saheb's of Osham Chorasi
- Ra Khengar I, Ra of Wamansthali 1044/1067, he enjoyed a peaceful reign and nothing of consequence is recorded, married and had issue. He died 1067.
- Ra Noghan II (qv)
- Rani Udaymati [aka Uday De], married (as his 2nd wife), Raja Bhimdev I, Raja of Gujarat 1024/1064 or 1021/1063.
- Ra Noghan II, Ra of
Junagadh 1067/1089 (1094), he suffered a defeat by Raja
Siddhraj of Anhilwad Patan, he moved his capital from
Wamansthali to Junagadh; married and had issue, four sons. He
- Ra Khengar II, fourth son (qv)
- Ra Khengar II, Ra of
Junagadh 1089/1125 or 1094/1113, he attacked Anhilwad Patan
while its Raja was absent in Malwa, and who later returned and
avenged the insult; Raja Siddhraj of Anhilwad Patan, wanted to
marry the princess Ranakdevi, but his vassal, Ra Khengar,
married her before he could do so, an enraged Siddharaj then
attacked the mountain-fortress of Junagadh, which fell to his
forces after Ra Khengar's nephews betrayed him; married
(amongst others) (a), Rani Ranak Devi, she refused Siddharaj's
advances for marriage after he had killed her husband and two
sons, she was then forcibly brought to Wadhwan where she
committed sati at this place to
protect her honour,
and had issue. He was killed in 1125 near Bagasra.
INTERREGNUM 1113/1125 (conquered by Gujarat)
- Ra Noghan III, Ra of Junagadh 1125/1140, married and had issue.
- Ra Kawat II (qv)
- Ra Kawat II, Ra of
Junagadh 1140/1152, he ruled uneventfully, married and had
- Rao Jayasinha Chudasama, he succeeded as Ra Graharipu II (qv)
- Ra Graharipu II, Ra of Junagadh 1152/1180, he spent most of his reign in plundering various regions, married and had issue. He died about 1180.
- Ra Raisinha (qv)
- Ra Raisinha, Ra of
- Ra Mahipal II [aka Gajraj], Ra of Junagadh 1184/1201, married and had issue. He died 1201.
- Ra Jayamal (qv)
- Ra Jayamal, Ra of Junagadh 1201/1230, married and had issue.
- Ra Mahipal III (qv)
- Ra Mahipal III, Ra of Junagadh 1230/1253, he spent much time fighting against the Kathis; married (amongst others), a daughter of the Maharaja of Patan, and had issue. He died 1253.
- Ra Khengar III (qv)
- Ra Khengar III, Ra of Junagadh 1253/1260, he brought the Kathis under control, who were to compelled to enter his service, married (amongst others) (a), Kumari Shri Valam Kunverba, daughter of Rao Sejakji, leader of the Gohil Rajputs (see Gohil Dynasty), and had issue. He died 1260.
- Ra Mandlik I (qv)
- Ra Mandlik I, Ra of Junagadh 1260/1306, he may have lost Wamansthali to a Rathore Chief, named Jagat Singh, in whose descendants it remained for about a century; married and had issue. He died 1306.
- Ra Noghan IV, Ra of Junagadh 1306/1308, married and had issue.
- Ra Mahipal IV (qv)
- Ra Mahipal IV, Ra of
Junagadh 1308/1325, he ruled uneventfully, married and had
issue. He died 1325.
- Ra Khengar IV (qv)
- Ra Khengar IV, Ra of Junagadh 1325/1351, he was successful in removing the Muslim Viceroy from Saurashtra, he repaired the temple of Somnath; married and had issue. He died 1351.
- Ra Jayasinha II (qv)
- Ra Jayasinha II, Ra of Junagadh 1351/1369, he ruled uneventfully, married and had issue.
- Ra Mahipal V (qv)
- Ra Muktasinha [aka
- Ra Mahipal V, Ra of
Junagadh 1369/73, he recovered Wamansthali in 1370, he died
- Ra Muktasinha, Ra of Junagadh 1373/1397, his territory was invaded by Sultan Muzafar Khan, Governor of Saurashtra, who forced him to leave Junagadh and rule from Wamansthali, as well as to pay a heavy tribute; married and had issue. He died 1397.
- Ra Mandlik II (qv)
- Ra Melak (qv)
- Ra Mandlik II, Ra of
Wamansthali 1397/1400, he died in 1400.
- Ra Melak, Ra of Junagadh 1400/1415, his first act was to move the capital back to Junagadh and expel the Muslim Governor, but he was forced to flee in 1414; married and had issue. He died 1415.
- Ra Jayasinha III (qv)
- Ra Mahipal VI (qv)
- Ra Jayasinha III, Ra
of Junagadh 1415/1440, he had a predominantly peaceful reign,
as Ahmad Shah of Gujarat, was too preoccupied in other affairs
to pay much attention to Junagadh, he died in 1440.
- Ra Mahipal VI, Ra of Junagadh 1440/1451, he was of a religious turn of mind, and became almost like an ascetic, and entertained all pilgrims at Somnath and Dwarka at his own expense, married and had issue. He died 1451.
- Ra Mandlik III (qv)
- Ra Mandlik III, Ra of Junagadh 1451/1472, he was given a thorough education by his father, and was said to have excelled in all sciences and to have been proficient in the use of arms; his first military exploit was an expedition against Sanghan Wadhel of Dwarka, in which he was successful, he was then sent against his relative Thakore Shri Dudoji of Arthila, who was giving trouble, and was also successful here, he then sacked Arthila forcing Dudoji to move his capital to Lathi; his state was sacked by Mahmud Begara three times, and finally capitulated in 1470, whereupon he was forcibly converted to Islam and was given the name Jahan Khan, Junagadh was renamed Mustafabad and Saurashtra was renamed Sorath; married 1stly, Rani Kunta Devi, daughter of Kumar Shri Arjunji Bhimaji, of Arthila (see Lathi), married 2ndly, Rani Soma Sahiba [Umabai], daughter of Raj Sahib Bhimsinhji of Dhrangadhra, married (a), Rani Ramabai, daughter of Maharana Maharana Kumbhakarna, Maharana of Mewar, and had issue. and had issue. He died at Ahmadabad and was buried at Manik Chok in Ahmadabad.
- Raizada Shri Bhupatsinhji, he was granted the jagir of Sil Bagasra Chovisi, married and had issue, the Raizada sept of the Chudasama clan.
- Raizada Shri Khengarji Bhupatsinhji, he succeeded his
father, married and had issue. He died 1525.
- Raizada Shri Noghanji Khengarji, he succeeded his father in 1525, married and had issue. He died 1551.
- Raizada Shrisinghji Noghanji, he succeeded his father in 1551, married and had issue. He died 1586.
- Raizada Khengarji Shrisinghji, he succeeded his
father in 1586, in 1592/3 he was expelled from
Junagadh to his estate at Sil Bagasra and was thus
the last Chudasama ruler at Junagadh.
- Raizada Shri Raidhanji Bhupatsinhji, ancestor of the Raizada sept of the Chudasama clan.