|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The
Misl centered around a village around
Amritsar. It was founded in the early 18th century by Hari Singh. It
grew in strength and territory to cover an area from Attock to Multan
and emerged as the strongest power in the western Punjab region. The
territory held included (at various times), Tarn
Taran, Gujrat, Wazirabad, Sialkot, Chiniot, Rawalpindi, Jhelum,
Sialkot, Jhang, Bhera, Lahore, Hasan Abdal, Bhairowal, Majitha,
Firozpur, Bedian, Bulaki, Bazidpur and Multan. However, deaths among
the leadership during the late 1760's reduced the
Misl's power. The Bhangi misl engaged in numerous power struggles with
the Sukerchakia Misl until they were severely weakened at the Battle of
Basin and the loss of Lahore to Ranjit Singh in 1799. By 1810, all
territories, including Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot,
Chiniot, Jhang, Bhera, Rawalpindi, Hasan Abdal and Gujrat had merged
the kingdom of Maharaja Ranjit Singh. The descendants of Bhangi sardars
today concentrated mainly in the Amritsar district of the Punjab.
- Chajja Singh, 1st
Chief of the Bhangi jatha, he was from
of Panjwar, 13 kms from Amritsar and was the founder of the jatha (band
of warriors), that later became the Bhangi misl, he
had taken 'amrit' from the hands of Guru
- Sardar Bhuma Singh Dhillon,
-/1746: after the death of Chajja Singh, Bhuma Singh Dhillon of village
Hung in Parganah Wadani near Moga succeeded him, he was a competent
organizer and commandant of his troops and enhanced the power of the
misl, and was succeeded by
nephew and adoptive son. He was killed in 1746 during the Chhota
- (A) Sardar Hari
Singh Dhillon (qv)
- Sardar Hari Singh Dhillon,
1746/1748 and 1st Misldhar of the Bhangi misl
1748/1765 and Commander of Taruna Dal; he was the son of Bhup Singh, a
Zamindar of Pattah near Wadni, he was the first to be called
Bhangi (#NOTE), at the formation of the
Khalsa in 1748, he was acknowledged the head of the Bhangi misl as
well as leader of the Taruna Dal; he vastly increased the power and
influence of the Bhangi misl which began to be ranked as the strongest
amongst its peers, he captured
Panjvar in the Tarn Taran parganah and established his headquarters,
first at Sohal and then at Gilwali, both in Amritsar district; in 1763,
he and the
Kanhaiya and Ramgarhia Misls,
sacked the Afghan stronghold of Kasur, the following year he sacked
Bahawalpur and Multan, on his way back home, he reduced Jhang, Chiniot
and Sialkot; married and had issue, two sons. He died 1765 in a battle
with Baba Ala Singh of Patiala.
- Sardar Jhanda Singh Bangi (qv)
- Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi (qv)
- Sardar Jhanda Singh Bangi,
1765/1774, after his succession he was soon involved in the internal
warring misls, but under his leadership the Bhangi misl reached the
zenith of its power, in 1764, he had invaded Multan and Bahawalpur, but
failed to drive out the
Afghans, he marched on Multan
again in 1772, this time forcing the Nawab to flee and Multan was
territory, he next subdued Jhang, Kala Bagh and
Mankera, he built a brick fort at Amritsar and laid out fine bazars in
the city, married and had issue. He was killed in 1774 in a battle with
the Kanhaiya and Sukerchakia misls at Jammu,
where he had marched to settle a succession issue.
- Sardar Amar Singh Bhangi,
married Bibiji Karam Kaur, daughter of Nar Singh Randhawah of
- Sardar Ganda Singh Bhangi,
1774/1775, he engaged himself in enlarging and strengthening the Bhangi
quarter and in plotting against the Kanhaiyas who had caused his
brother's death, later with his Ramgarhia allies he marched to
Dinanagar to engage the Kanhaiyas in battle, but he fell ill and died
after ten days, married and had issue. He died about 1775.
- Sardar Desa Singh Bhangi (qv)
- Rani Ratan Kaur, married (as his first wife) 1787,
Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Sahib Singh, Maharaja of Patiala.
- Sardar Desa Singh Bhangi,
Bhangi misl 1775/1782, he succeeded as a minor, and was unable
to control the rebellious chiefs, and under his weak leadership, the
decline of the misl began, several Bhangi sardars set themselves up as
independent chiefs within their territories, Bhag Singh Halluwalia was
first to declare himself independent, then Jhang ceased to pay tribute
and Multan was lost in 1779, married and had issue. He
was killed in
action against Sardar Mahan Singh
Sukarchakia in 1782.
- Sardar Gulab Singh Bhangi (qv)
- Sardar Gulab Singh Bhangi,
misl 1782/1800, he enlarged and beautified the city of Amritsar, but he
was a debauched, weak man and progressively lost his
family's possessions, till only some villages in the Manjha and
Amritsar were left, and captured the
of Kasur, then held by Pathan Chiefs, but lost it in 1794, married Mai
Sukkhan, died after 1802, and had issue. He drank himself to death in
1800 (some say poisoned).
- Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi (qv)
- Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi,
the Bhangi misl 1800/1802, born 1790, in 1802, Maharaja Ranjit Singh,
on a pretext, marched to Amritsar and reduced the fort in five hours,
and all Bhangi possessions were seized, married (a), a daughter of
Sardar Sahib Singh Gujratia (see below), married (b), a daughter of
Singh Kanhaiya, and had issue. He
died at his ancestral village of
Panjwar in the Taran Taran pargana of Amritsar district, where his
descendants were living as simple peasants (in 1865).
- Sardar Hardit Singh Dhillon, married and had issue.
- Sardar Gurdial Singh Dhillon, parliamentarian,
diplomat and statesman, born 6th August 1915 at Sarhali, in Jalandhar
district of the Punjab, educated at
the Khalsa Collegiate School, Amritsar and at Government College,
Lahore, from where he graduated in 1935, he took the Law degree from
the University Law College in
went into private practice, later he became the editor of two
newspapers, and made a number on important political contacts, at the
First general elections in Independent
India, in 1952, he was elected a member of the Punjab
Legislative Assembly, he was elected Deputy Speaker and then Speaker,
later elected a member of the Lok
Sabha, appointed as India's High
Commissioner in Canada, he was awarded
the Medallion of the Parliament of Canada, he was elected acting
president of interparliamentary Union Conference at Geneva in 1973 and
president at Tokyo in 1974, he was awarded (amongst others) a D. Litt.
from Punjabi University, Patiala, member of the board of governors of
the Punjab Public School, Nabha, a trustee of Guru Nanak Engineering
Ludhiana, member of the
managing committee of Bir Baba Buddha College and a trustee of the
Shahid Pheruman College. He died 23th March 1992 at Delhi, following a
FAMILY OF SARDAR SAHIB SINGH BHANGI
- Nathu, a Jat cultivator of
modest means, married Mai Lachmi, a daughter of Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh
Roranwala (died 1763), and had issue.
- Garja Singh, married and had issue.
- Chet Singh, married and had issue.
- Ram Singh, married and had issue.
- Partab Singh
- Mehtab Singh
- Hira Singh
- Jhanda Singh
- Sardar Gujjar Singh, he, along with Lahina Singh, and
Sobha Singh Kanhaiya, captured Lahore, from the Afghans in 1765 and
held it for twenty-three years; he
captured Eminabad, Wazirabad, Sodhra and
about 150 villages in Gujranwala district, he then took Gujrat in
December 1765, capturing
both the city and the adjoining
country, and making Gujrat his headquarters; in 1766, he overran
Jammu, seized Islamgarh, Poonch,
Dev Batala and extended his territory as far as the Bhimbar hills in
the North and the Majha country
in the south; married Mai Lachmi, and had issue. He died 1788 in Lahore.
- Sukha Singh Gujratia, married a daughter of Sardar Bhag
Halluwalia (see below). He died vpsp.
- Sardar Sahib Singh Gujratia (by Mai Lachmi), he
to his one-third share of Lahore, but lost it to Maharaja Ranjit Singh
on 7th July 1799, he was the last
to fall, his jagir was seized and he was granted an estate of few
villages worth 25,000Rs for his maintenance, married
(a), Bibiji Raj Kaur,
daughter of Sardar Charat Singh Sukerchakia,
Kaur, daughter of Raja Hamir Singh,
Raja of Nabha, married (c), Bibiji Ratan
Kaur (married 2ndly, 1811, Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Lahore), daughter
of Diwan Singh Virk, married
(d), Bibiji Daya Kaur (married 2ndly, 1811, Maharaja Ranjit Singh
of Lahore), she died
1843, daughter of Diwan Singh Virk, and had issue. He died 1811.
- Sardar Gulab Singh Gujratia, married a daughter of
Singh Bhagga, and had issue. He died 1832.
- Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married (as his
wife), General Sardar Mahtab Singh Majithia.
- Bibiji (name unknown)
Raj Kaur), married Sardar Jodh Singh Kalalwala,
- Bibiji Khem Kaur, married 1816, Maharaja
Singh, Maharaja of Lahore.
- Bibiji (name unknown)
Sardar Gurdit Singh Bhangi (see above).
- Sardar Fateh Singh Gujratia, he succeeded to his eldest
brother's estates, but after 1811, he went to Kapurthala and entered
the service of the Ahluwalia chief, married and had issue. He was
killed in Bannu at the siege of Malik Dilasa Khan Fort in 1832.
- Sardar Jaimal Singh, he served at Peshawar and on the
Frontier, afterwards, as a result of a quarrel, his jagir was resumed,
leaving him in great poverty, married and had issue.
- Joala Singh, married and had issue.
FAMILY OF SARDAR LAHINA SINGH
- Dargaha, son of a zamindar of the Kahilon Jat caste, born
at Mastapur near Katarpur in the Jalandhar Doab, married and had issue.
- Sardar Lahina
Singh [Lehna Singh], as a teenager he ran away from home and reached
the village of Roranwala where he was adopted by Sardar Gurbakhsh Singh
and succeeded to half his estates after his death in 1763, together
with Sardar Sobha
Singh, and his nephew, Sardar Gujjar Singh, he captured the city of
Lahore from the Afghans in 1765, and ruled there for 32 years (with
short intermissions), his territory yielded about 15 lakhs of
rupees annually, married and had issue. He
died in September 1797.
- Sardar Chet Singh,
succeeded to his one-third share of Lahore, but failed to
establish authority there, and with the
people were oppressed by heavy taxes and extortions, they invited
Maharaja Ranjit Singh to occupy the city, he accordingly arrived with
5,000 troops at the Shalamar Gardens on 7th July 1799 and became master
of Lahore, laying the
foundation of Sikh monarchy, he was granted a jagir at Waniaki worth
60,000Rs, which he held until his death, married eight wives, including
Bibiji Hukum Kaur, by whom he had an only son. He died 1815.
- Sardar Attar Singh, born 1815, four months after his
father's death, he was granted a jagir at Waniaki worth 6,000Rs.,
married and had issue, three daughters.
- Sardar Bagat Singh
- Sardar Bhag Singh Halluwalia, married and had issue. He
was killed in or about 1734?.
- Sardar Sobha Singh Halluwalia, he had built Kila Sobha
Singh in Sialkot district, married Bibiji Sada Kaur, daughter of Sardar
Ram Singh Mananwala, and had issue.
- Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married Sukha Singh
Bhangi (see above).
- Bibiji (name unknown) Kaur, married 177x, Sardar
Jai Singh, Chief of the Kanhaiya misl.
- Bibiji (name unknown)
Sardar Badar Singh Ahluwalia,
- Sardar Suhel
Singh Bhangi, married Bibiji (name unknown), daughter of Sardar
Charat Singh Sukerchakia.