|PREDECESSORS and SHORT
HISTORY: The ancestor of the Bisen Dynasty
of Gonda, Bhinga, Kalakankar etc was Raja Prithvi Mal of
Majhauli in Gorakhpur. Gonda was founded by Man Mal, the
first to use the surname of Singh, who was given the
title of Raja in 1618 by the Mughal Emperor. He was also
the ancestor of the Rulers of Bhinga and Mankapur. Due to
the rebellion of the ruler in 1857, the estate was
confiscated and given to the Maharaja of Balrampur. Rulers
- Bhaiya PRITHVI MAL,
Bhaiya of Majhauli in Gorakhpur, married and had
- Bhaiya Pratap Mal (qv)
- Bhaiya Hom Mal, ancestor of the Rajas of Kalakankar.
- Bhaiya PRATAP MAL,
Raja of Majhauli, married and had issue.
- Bhaiya SHAH MAL,
Raja of Majhauli, married and had issue.
- Bhaiya KUSUM MAL,
Raja of Majhauli, married and had issue.
- Raja MAN SINGH,
Raja of Majhauli then of Gonda, changed his surname to
Singh, married and had issue (continued below)
- Raja MAN SINGH,
1st Raja of Gonda 1618/-, in 1618 he presented to the
Mughal Emperor a fine elephant at Ajmer and in reward
obtained the title of Raja, married and had issue.
Raja LAKSHMAN SINGH,
2nd Raja of Gonda, married and had issue.
- Raja Nirvahan Singh (qv)
- Bhaiya Indrajit Singh of Bedianagar
Raja NIRVAHAN SINGH,
3rd Raja of Gonda, married and had issue.
- Raja Arjun Singh (qv)
- Raja Amar Singh (qv)
Raja ARJUN SINGH,
4th Raja of Gonda, he died sp.
Raja AMAR SINGH,
4th Raja of Gonda, married and had issue.
Raja RAM SINGH,
5th Raja of Gonda 1665/1693, in 1665, Raja Ram Singh,
came to the throne and his reign marked a period of
prosperity for the clan. He promptly carried a war
with the Janwars and destroyed their fort at Bhatpuri
around 1665 and succeeded in ejecting them from that
place. He then turned his attention to the west and
drove out the Raikwars from the lowlands, annexing 74
villages which were formed into a new pargana of
Paharapur. He married and had issue. He died 1693.
- Raja Dutt Singh (qv)
- Raja Bhawani Singh, he received the estate of Bhinga from his
Raja DUTT SINGH,
6th Raja of Gonda 1693/- , he rose to be the most
powerful of the chieftains north of the Ghaghara. His
first expedition is said to have been against the
Pathans of Bahraich in revenge for an outrage of a
Brahmana women. He then turned his arms southwards and
with the help of the Pathans of Utraula he conquered
and annexed Paraspur and Ata and thus the boundary of
the Bisen was fixed to the south of the town of
Paraspur. The extent of his dominions was the whole of
the Paraspur Gonda, Digsir Mahadeva and part of
Gunwarich. After an insult by Alawal Khan an Afghan of
Bahraich, the Raja of Gonda refused to pay revenue,
and Alawal Khan was sent with a big force to Gonda.
Crossing the river Ghaghara at Paska he was joined by
the Kalhans, with whose aid he stormed the Paska fort
and then defeated a Brahman contingent at Malauna.
Advancing towards Gonda, after a short delay the Raja
collected his forces and a fierce encounter took place
at Sarbhangpur in pargana Paharapur, Alawal khan was
killed and the Nawab's forces fled. Raja Dutt Singh
regained his position, though not for long, shortly
afterwards, Gonda was besieged by a second army but
the siege was eventually raised on the arrival of a
large force of Bisen of Ramapur in the north of
the pargana. The Raja then came to terms with the
government and agreed to pay revenue, but his
territories were made into a separate jurisdiction,
independent of the Nazim of Baharaich. This
arrangement did not curtail Datt Singh's power but
rather his power increased. He managed to place his
brother Bhawani Singh in possession of the Janwar
estate of Bhinga which henceforth was held by the
Bisens . He also seized the Bandhalgoti rai of
Mankapur and gave it to his younger son, Azmat Singh
who was still an infant. So great was his influence
that all the chieftains north of Ghaghara,
acknowledged him as suzerain and brought their forces
into the field at his command, between the Ghaghara
and the Kuwana, the Bisen Raja had no rival, and power
remained in the hands of his descendants till the
advent of British rule. He married and had issue.
- Raja Udit Singh (qv)
- Raja Ajmat Singh, he received the estate of Mankapur from his
Raja UDIT SINGH,
7th Raja of Gonda, like his father he retained the
engagement of the whole of his estate as a separate
revenue division under the Lucknow government. He was
more given to religion than to war and made several
expeditions to Mathura and other places of pilgrimage.
He is remembered as the builder of the temples on the
artificial island and lake between the town of Gonda
and the station. He married and had issue.
- Raja Mangal Singh (qv)
- Bhaiya Pahlwan Singh, Taluqdar of Birwa [aka Mahnon], married and had issue, three sons.
- Kanwar Duniapat Singh, married
and had issue. He died in young maturity.
- Kunwar Guman Singh, he was adopted by Raja Jai Singh, and succeeded as Raja Guman Singh (qv)
- Kunwar Daljit Singh, married and had issue.
- Raja Devi Baksh Singh (qv)
- Kanwar Hindupat Singh, he was murdered with his whole family after he tried to usurp his nephew's estate.
- Kanwar Madho Singh, Taluqdar of Mahnon, married and had issue.
- Kanwar Sanuman Singh, Taluqdar of Mahnon, he acquired a large estate, married and had issue.
- Kanwar Prithipal Singh, Taluqdar of Mahnon, he took a prominent
part in the rebellion but surrendered in time to save his estate;
married Thakurani Sarfraz Kunwar, Taluqdarani of Mahnon (now called
Birwa) 1859/1870, she died 1870, and had issue, one daughter. He died spm in November 1859.
- Thakurani Brijraj Kunwar, Taluqdarani of Birwa 1870/1879,
married Lal Achal Ram Singh, a Kachhawa rajput, he claimed the estate
but it passed to the Raja of Bilehra. She died in February 1879.
- Baisa (name unknown), she married Raja Sheo Singh of Paraspur.
Raja MANGAL SINGH,
8th Raja of Gonda, his reign was very short, he had
been invited to arbitrate between the two sons of the
Raja of Bansi and while absent in Basti was murdered
by Zalim Singh, a Surajbansi of Amarha, a partisan of
one of the claimants. He married a Kalhans lady of
Paraspur, and had issue.
- Raja Sheo Prasad Singh (qv)
- Maharani Ser Kunwar, married (as his first wife),
Umara-i-Uzzam Maharaja Mahendra Aniruddh Singh of Bhadawar.
Raja SHEO PRASAD
SINGH, 9th Raja of Gonda, he at once marched
into Amorha and laid the pargana waste and annexed the
same to his own dominions. He was a peaceful and
prudent prince and retained the whole of his ancestral
Raja JAI SINGH,
10th Raja of Gonda, he refused to pay the customary
tribute and incurred the wrath of the authorities as
he interfered in the work of an English officer who
had been sent to assist the nazim in the collection of
the revenue and who had established salt and indigo
works at Gauhani (in Digsir), he resented violation of
his territories as a personal insult and took up arms
against the Avadh government.The result was a short
and decisive battle on the banks of the river Terhi,
in which Jai Singh was defeated. He fled to the hills,
where he died without issue. He married (amongst others), Rani Phul
Rani Phul Kanwar,
for some time, she managed to exercise her authority
over the domain, later on she adopted Guman Singh,
(grand son of Pahlwan Singh.)
Raja GUMAN SINGH,
11th Raja of Gonda -/1836, his uncle Hindupat Singh
objected to his adoption and compelled Rani Phul
Kanwar to flee and while crossing the Bisuhi, she was
murdered by him, who also endeavored though
unsuccessfully to secure the person of Guman Singh.
After a short time the latter was induced to leave his
hiding place at Ayodhya and went to Gonda, where his
life was preserved through the vigilance of the
Pandes. Eventually, after several attempts had been
made on the life of Guman Singh ,the Pandes attacked
Hindupat Singh and murdered him and his whole family.
Though Guman Singh became Raja, yet on account of his
youth and the disturbences that attended his
accession, the revenue officials stepped in and Nirmal
Das brother of the famous minister Tikait Rai, who was
then at Bahraich, marched with a large force to Gonda
and took the estate under his direct management. He
seized Guman Singh and sent him in custody to Lucknow.
There he remained in confinement till he invited the
interest of the celebrated Mahant Jagjiwan Das of
Kotwa in Barabanki, who was the founder of the
Sattnami sect and who was a person of great influence.
It was his intercession, which secured the release of
the Raja. He subsequently gave him in marriage his
daughter, Bhagwant Kunwar, a lady of great ability.
Rani Bhagwant Kunwar survived the whole of her
husband's family. Guman Singh returned to Gonda and
was allowed for his subsistence 32 villages and a cash
assignment in the revenue. He lived on good terms with
the officials and from time to time added the
engagement of other villages to those which he held in
Nankar. When he died in 1836, he left a large estate
and considerable wealth but with no son. A short
interregnum ensued,and the Pandes favoured the cause
of Sanumam Singh, son of Madho Singh of Mahnon.
However eventually the widow of Saif-ud-daula, who was
then nazim, placed on the throne Devi Baksh Singh, son
of Daljeet Singh, the younger brother of the late
Raja. He married Rani Bhagwant Kaur. He died sp
Raja DEVI BAKSH
SINGH, 12th Raja of Gonda 183x/1857, this
prudent and active prince built a strong fort at Jigna
in the east of the Pargana, from where he managed his
estate. He increased his property rapidly, disallowing
any interference between him and the cultivators of
his land, by marrying a daughter of the Raja of
Bhadawar, he formed an alliance with one of the
highest Rajput families in northern India. He fought
alongside Begum Hazrat Mahal of Oudh against the
British forces and reportedly went to Nepal with the
Begum, where he died at an unknown date. He married
the daughter of the Raja of Bhadawar, and died sp.