HYDERABAD (Princely State)

(21 gun salute)

AREA: 213,190 km² PRIVY PURSE: Rs50,00,000 ACCESSION: 25th January 1950
STATE: Hyderabad DYNASTY: Qamarid / Asaf Jahi RELIGION: Muslim (Sunni)
CAPITAL: Hyderabad POPULATION: 17,877,986 (1931) REVENUE: Rs 914.06 lakhs (1939/40)



PRESENT RULER: H.E.H. Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang BARKAT ALI KHAN MUKARRAM JAH ASAF JAH VIII, 8th Nizam of Hyderabad since 1967. (Bella Vista Palace, Hyderabad -500082, Andhra Pradesh, India)
born 1933, educated at Harrow School 1948/1952, married 1stly 1959 (div.), Esra Birgin, born 1938, married 2ndly, 1979 (div.), Helen Simmons [Ayesha Jah], born 26th August 1948, died 13th May 1989, married 3rdly August 1990 (div. 1994) (as her second husband), Manolya Onur, born 1954, a former Miss Turkey (1975), married 4thly (div. 1995), Jamila, a 22 year old from Morrocco, married 5thly, Orchid, a Turkish lady, and has issue.
  • Sahibzada Azmet Jah (by Esra), born 1960.
  • Sahibzadi Shehkyer Jah (by Esra), born 1964.
  • Sahibzada Alexander Azam Jah (by Helen), born 1979.
  • Sahibzada Mohammad Umar Jah (by Helen), born 1983.
  • Sahibzadi Nilofur Jah (by Manolya), born 27th March 1991.
PREDECESSORS and SHORT HISTORY: The Princely state was founded about 1725. Rulers were...
  • Abdulrahman, married and had issue.
    • Allahdad, married and had issue.
      • Alam Shaikh, married and had issue.
        • Khwaja Abid Qilich Khan, married and had issue. He died 1687.
          • Hamid Khan Muizzuddaulah
          • Abdurrahman Khan Nasiruddaulah, died 1720.
          • Shahabuddin Khan Ghaziuddin Khan Firuz Jang, born 1648, married and had issue. He died 1710.
            • Qamaruddin Chin Qilij Khan Nizam ul-Mulk Fateh Jung Asaf Jah I (see below)
        • Mirbahauddin, married and had issue. He died 1687.
          • Muhammed Amin, born 1661, married and had issue.
            • Kamaruddin Khan
          • Reayat Khan, married and had issue.
            • Azimullah Khan
  1. QAMAR ud-DIN CHIN QILIJ KHAN NIZAM ul-MULK FATEH JUNG ASAF JAH I, 1st Nizam of Hyderabad 1725/1748, born 11th August 1671, Governor of Bijaipur, subedar of six provinces of the Deccan and faujdar of Karnatak. Nizam-Ul-Mulk never openly claimed independence of the Deccan from the central government. From 1724 he carried on the government of the six subas of the Deccan without any reference to Delhi, unhampered in the exercise of all the sovereign attributes of a state., he advised his successor to keep intact the traditional relations of loyalty with the imperial government, married and had issue, six sons. He died 22nd May 1748 and was buried at Khuldabad.
    • Muhammed Nasir Jang Mir Ahmad (qv)
    • Asaj ad-Dowla Mir Ali Salabat (qv)
    • Ghazi ad-Din (qv)
    • Mir Basalat Jang
    • Mir Mughal, died 1775.
    • Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II (qv)
    • Daughter, married and had issue.
      • Muhyi ad-Din Muzaffar Jang (qv)
1a. MUHAMMED NASIR JANG MIR AHMAD, Nizam of Hyderabad 1748/1750, died 5th December 1750.

1b. MUHYI ad-DIN MUZAFFAR JANG, Nizam of Hyderabad 1750/1751, died 1751.

1c. GHAZI ad-DIN, Nizam of Hyderabad 1751/1752 (in rebellion), died 16th October 1752. Ancestor of the Nawabs of Baoni.

1d. ASAJ ad-DOWLA MIR ALI SALABAT, Nizam of Hyderabad 1751/1763, died 1763.
  1. NIZAM ALI KHAN ASAF JAH II, 2nd Nizam of Hyderabad 1763/1803 , born 24th February 1734. After the treaty of 1798 Bolarum became one of the largest British cantonments in the south. Nizam Ali Khan was the absolute sovereign of the state as mughal Subedar of the Deccan. Territories were given on contracts and the contractors were known as Taluqdars. They maintained troops for the protection of the Nizam in the Districts. The whole territory of the state was divided mainly into three categories namely "Khalsa", "Paigah" and Jagirs, married and had issue. He died 6th August 1803 and was buried at Mecca Masjid by the side of his mother Umda Begum.
    • Mir Akbar Ali Khan Sikander Jah Asaf Jah III (qv)
    • Mir Ali Jah, died 1795.
    • Mir Subhan Ali
    • Mir Ahmad Ali
    • Bashirunissa Begum, married Fakhruddin Khan Amir-e-Kabir Shams ul-Umra II, born 1781, died 1863 and had issue.
    • Mir Zulfiqar Ali Khan Taymur Jang Nasiruddaula Zulfiqar Malik-e-Jan-Dar-Jha, married and had issue.
      • Mir Rustam Ali Khan, married and had issue.
        • Mir Jamshed Ali Khan, married and had issue.
          • Mir Asif Ali Khan
          • Mir Sujat Ali Khan, married and had issue.
            • Mir Iradat Ali Khan
            • Mir Hyder Ali Khan, married and had issue.
              • Mir Sabir Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                • Mir Barkat Ali Khan
                • Mir Azmat Ali Khan
                • Shabeena Zarine Begum
              • Mir Asad Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                • Samiya Begum
                • Mir Muhammed Ali Khan
                • Mir Ahmad Ali Khan
                • Asma Begum
              • Mir Rustam Ali Khan, married and has issue.
                • Mir Shujat Ali Khan
                • Mir Hussain Ali Khan
              • Saedunissa Begum
              • Tajunissa Begum
              • Hajra Begum
            • Rahamatunissa Begum
            • Karimunissa Begum
            • Sogha Begum
        • Mir Liyaqat Ali Khan
        • Mir Nawazish Ali Khan
        • Mir Zafar Ali Khan
      • Tajunissa Begum

  2. MIR AKBAR ALI KHAN SIKANDER JAH ASAF JAH III, 3rd Nizam of Hyderabad 1803/1829 , born 11th November 1768. There was no treaty between the Nizam and the British for the maintenance of the Contingent. He allowed the state to go into debt , borrowing money at 25% interest, which resulted in the Nizam losing a substantial amount of territory to William Palmer & Company. The Nizam wavied the Peshkash (tribute) of Rs.7 lakh per annum, which the company was paying on account of Northern Circars. The death of his favorite daughter in 1826 gave Sikander Jah a great shock that slowly led to his death on Thursday 21st May 1829, nine sons and ten daughters survived him, including.
    • Mir Naser ad-Dowla Farkhunda Ali Khan Asaf Jah IV (qv)
    • Mir Gawhar Ali Khan Mubarizuddaula, died 1854.
    • Zulfiqar ul-Mulk
    • Sham samul-Mulk
    • Munnawar ad-Dowla
    • one of the above (second son)
      • generation
        • Nawab Tilawat Jung Bahadur Mir Tilawat Ali Khan B.A., born 1880, entered civil service as First Assistant to the Home Secretary, Chief Inspector of Schools at Headquarters, Commander and Paymaster of the Household and Bodyguard Troops of H.E.H. the Nizam; Member of the Legislative Council; Cabinet Minister, Public Works Department and Medical Department; Secretary and Sadrul Maham of the Sarfikhas; Member of the Executive Council with Revenue and Local Fund and Agriculture Portfolios; he was responsible for the introduction of Service Stamps, Money Order and Savings Bank Systems in the State Postal department; married and had issue, one son.
          • Sahibzada Mir Akbar Ali Khan, born 1909, educated at Madra University and at Trinity College, Cambridge (Economics Degree).

  3. NASER ad-DOWLA FARKHUNDA ALI KHAN ASAF JAH IV, 4th Nizam of Hyderabad 1829/1857 , born 25th April 1794 in Bidar. In 1853 when General Fraser left Hyderabad and in his place General C.B. Low took over as the Resident, he received a message from Lord Dalhousie to inform the Nizam to pay sixty-four lakh rupees which were due to the British for maintaining the Contingent. On 20th May 1853 a new treaty was concluded by which the strength of the Contingent force was settled for its payments. The Contingent ceased to be a part of the Nizam's Army and became an auxiliary force kept by the British Government for the benefit of Hyderabad State, married Dilwar-u-Nisa Begum, and had issue. He died 18th May 1857.
    • Mir Tahniath Ali Khan Afzal ad-Dowla Mahbub Ali Khan Asaf Jah V (by Dilwar-u-Nisa Begum) (qv)
    • Roshanuddaula

  4. MIR TAHNIATH ALI KHAN AFZAL ad-DOWLA MAHBUB ALI KHAN ASAF JAH V, 5th Nizam of Hyderabad 1857/1869 , born 11th October 1827. On 31st August 1861 the order of the Star of India was conferred on Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula. Dominion was divided into five Subas and sixteen districts. Each Suba was headed by a Subedar and each district was under a Taluqdar. During the reign of Nawab Afzal-ud-Daula, the reforms carried out by Sir Salar Jung included the establishment of a Government central treasury in 1855, married Wadid-u-Nisa Begum. He died 26th February 1869.

  5. Lt.Gen. HH MUZAFFAR ul-MAMALIK NIZAM ul-MULK NIZAM ad-DOWLA Nawab Mir Sir MAHBUB ALI KHAN Bahadur Fath Jang ASAF JAH VI, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad 1869/1911, born 17th August 1866, G.C.B., G.C.S.I., Lt.Gen. (Hon.) 1910. On 5th November 1902 an agreement was signed by the Nizam's government assigning Berar districts to the British on lease on payment of Rs.25 lakh per annum. "In the Nizam's dominion, medical treatment and medical education reached a high standard of excellence. Here was held the famous chloroform commission which was due to the liberality and scientific interest of the Nizam and the energy and enthusiasm of Dr.Lawrie, the presidency surgeon". "British Medical Journal 1895". In 1893 Mahboob Ali Khan announced a major reform in the constitution of the government through an edict called "Qanunche Mubarick". On 5th May 1905 Victoria Memorial Orphanage was established in memory of Queen Victoria. In 1878 Madrasa-I-Aliya was founded and in 1908 the Mahboobia girls school was set up. On Tuesday 28th September 1908 Hyderabad witnessed disastrous floods of the river musi, flowing through the city. On 5th February 1885 her majesty the queen empress conferred upon his highness the honour of grand commander of the star of India. His highness had a sudden stroke of paralysis and succumbed to it at 12:30 p.m at Falaknuma palace on Tuesday, August 29 1911 at the age of 46 years. He married a number of times and had issue.
    • Lt.Gen. H.E.H. Asaf Jah Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik Nizam-ul-Mulk Nizam-ud-Daula Nawab Mir Sir Osman Ali Khan Bahadur Fath Jang Asaf Jah VII (by Amat uz-Zehra Begum) (qv)
    • Sahibzadi Dawudunissa Begum, fifth daughter, married Monaziruddin Khan Nazir Jung Paigah and had issue.

  6. Nizam Asaf Jah VII Lt.Gen. H.E.H. Asaf Jah Muzaffar-ul-Mamalik Nizam-ul-Mulk Nizam-ud-Daula Nawab Mir Sir OSMAN ALI KHAN Bahadur Fath Jang ASAF JAH VII G.C.S.I., G.B.E., 7th Nizam of Hyderabad 1911/1967, Mir Osman Ali Khan was born in Hyderabad on 6th April 1886 (#1) at Purani Haveli, educated privately, G.C.S.I. [cr.1911], G.B.E. (civil) [cr.1917]. Mir Osman Ali Khan was a great scholar and wrote poetry in Urdu and Persian. On 14th April 1906 he was married to Dulhan Pasha Begum, daughter of Nawab Jahangir Jung at Eden Bagh at the age of 21. On 29th August 1911 Mir Osman Ali Khan was proclaimed the Nizam by Nawab Shahab Jung, the Minister of police.In 1912 Maharaja sir Kishen Pershad resigned as the Prime Minister and in his place Nawab Yousuf Ali Khan Salar Jung III was appointed as the Prime Minister. In 1914 Salar Jung resigned and the Nizam took the administration. Under the first head may be mentioned the despatch of the Hyderabad Imperial Service cavalry to Egypt in 1914. His exalted highness was the honorary Colonel of the 20 Deccan Horse. In 1918, Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan was elevated by King George V from "His Highness" to "His Exalted Highness". In a letter dated 24th January, 1918, the title "Faithful Ally of the British Government" was conferred on him, Rajpramukh of Hyderabad after Independence; married (amongst others), Mazharunnisa Begum, died 18th June 1964, and had issue. He died 24th February 1967.
    • HH Walashan Nawab Sir Mir Himayat Ali Khan Azam Jah, Prince of Berar, born 22nd February 1907, married 12th November 1931 in Nice, HIH Princess Dürrühshehvar Sultana of Turkey, died 7th February 2006 in London, and had issue. He died 9th October 1970.
      • H.E.H. Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang Barkat Ali Khan Mukarram Jah Asaf Jah VIII (qv)
      • Mir Karamat Ali Khan Muffakham Jah, born 1939, educated at Harrow School 1952/1957 and at Balliol College, Oxford 1957/1960.
    • Sahibzada Nawab Muazam Jah, born 22nd December 1907, married 1stly, 12th November 1931 in Nice, Princess Nilüfer Hanim Sultana of Turkey, died sp, married 2ndly, 19th October 1948 (nikah), Razia Begum, married 3rdly, Sahibzadi Anwar Begum, and had issue.
      • Sahibzada Imdad Jah, married, and had issue.
        • Sahibzada Dilshad Jah
      • Sahibzada Shahainat Ali Khan (by Sahibzadi Anwar Begum)
      • Sahibzadi Fatima Fouzia (by Razia Begum), born 1950, married and has issue.
        • Sahibzada Himayat Ali Mirza
      • Sahibzadi (name unknown) (by Razia Begum), born 1951.
      • Sahibzadi (name unknown) (by Razia Begum), born 1953.

  7. H.E.H. Nizam al-Molk Fath Jang BARKAT ALI KHAN MUKARRAM JAH ASAF JAH VIII, 8th Nizam of Hyderabad (see above)
1. "The Indian and Pakistan Year Book and Who's Who 1951", published by Bennett, Coleman & Co., Ltd., Bombay, p.762