INDORE (Princely State)

(19 gun salute)


AREA: 25,646.18 km2 PRIVY PURSE: Rs15,00,000
ACCESSION: 15th June 1948
STATE: Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY: Holkar RELIGION: Hindu

POPULATION: 1,513,966 (1941) REVENUE: Rs1,24,21,000



PRESENT RULER: HH Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubbagyavati Usha Devi, Maharaj Sahiba Holkar XV Bahadur, 15th Maharani of Indore since 1961 (Lal Baug Palace, Indore and Windmere, Cuffe Parade, Mumbai, India)
born 20th October 1933 in Paris, acknowledged Heir by Gazette Extra ordinary in 1950 (#2); married Shri Satish Chandra Malhotra, Chairman of Empire Industries, and has issue.
  • Shri Dilip Malhotra
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Their ancestors are said to have migrated southwards from the neighborhood of Muttra and to have settled near Poona at the village of Hal or Hol, which gave the family their surname.   In 1728, the Maratha Peshwa of Poona (today Pune) granted what is now the Indore State to Malhar Rao Holkar, a cavalry commander in his service. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 3231 cavalry, 6128 infantry, and 65 guns. He is entitled to a salute of 21 guns within the limits of Indore territory, and 19 guns elsewhere (in 1893). Rulers were..
  • Shrimant (name unknown) Holkar, married and had issue.
    • Shrimant Khandoji Holkar, married and had issue.
      • Maharaja Malhar Rao I Holkar (qv)
    • Shrimant Santoji Holkar, married and had issue, the Mandgaon Family.
      • Shrimant Tukoji Santoji Holkar, married and had issue.
        • Shrimant Ithuba Tukoji Holkar, married and had issue.
          • Shrimant Bapuji Ithuba Holkar, married and had issue.
            • Shrimant Khande Rao Bapuji, he succeeded as Maharaja Khande Rao II Hari Rao Holkar (see below)

  1. Maharaja MALHAR RAO I HOLKAR, 1st Maharaja of Indore 1731/1766, born 1694, he had acquired the town of Indore in 1731 or 1733, though his principal headquarters remained at Maheshwar; he was honoured by the Peshwa with the title of Subhedar of Malwa, and before his death, he had consolidated his power over a vast exapanse of territory; married and had issue. He died 19th May 1766.
    • Maharajkumar Khandi Rao Holkar, born 1724, married Maharani Ahalya Bai (qv), daughter of Shri Mankoji Shinde of Choundi, and had issue. He died vp on 15th March 1754.
      • Maharaja Male Rao Holkar (qv)

  2. Maharaja MALE RAO HOLKAR, 2nd Maharaja of Indore 1766/1767, born 1745, died sp on 5th April 1767.

  3. REGENT Maharani Ahalya Bai 1767/1795, born 1725, she was tolerant, just and meticulous in her administration of all the departments of the state, resulted in a long period of comparative peace and prosperity. She died 13th August 1795.

  4. Maharaja TUKOJI RAO I HOLKAR, 3rd Maharaja of Indore 1795/1797, born 1723, commander of the Indore army; he continued the 'golden age' of his predecessor; married and issue. He died 15th August 1797.
    • Maharaja Yashwant Rao I Holkar (qv)
    • Maharaja Kashi Rao Holkar (qv)
    • Maharaja Malhar Rao II Holkar (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Vithoji Rao Holkar, married and had issue. He died 1801.
      • Maharaja Hari Rao Holkar (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Wittaji Rao Holkar, died 1806.

  5. Maharaja MALHAR RAO II HOLKAR, 4th Maharaja of Indore 1797/1798, born 1770, his reign ushered a period of confusion and war; married and had issue. He died 1798.
    • Maharajkumar Khande Rao Holkar, born 1797, died 1808.

  6. Maharaja KASHI RAO HOLKAR, 5th Maharaja of Indore 1798/1806, died sp in 1806 (1808).

  7. Maharaja YASHWANT RAO I HOLKAR, 6th Maharaja of Indore 1806/1811, born 1779, he was responsible for hostilities with the British Government, who, after an initial reverse, under Lord Lake, defeated the Indore army, and he was forced to sign a treaty ceding a substantial part of his territory; Maharani Tulsi Bai, married and had issue. He died 20th October 1811.
    • Maharaja Malhar Rao III Holkar (qv)
    • Maharaja Martand Rao Holkar (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Bhima Bai, married Sardar Govind Rao Bolia, and had issue.
      • Sardar Chimnaji Appa Saheb Bolia, married and had issue. He died vp.
        • Sardar Govind Rao Bolia, he succeeded to his grandmothers estate; married Maharajkumari Sita Bai (see below), and had adoptive issue.
          • (A) Viqar ul-umra Shrimant Sardar Narayan Rao Bolia, born 1889, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; married 1905, Maharajkumari Sundra Bai, died 1906 (see below). He died spm on 30th March 1932.

    REGENT, Maharani Tulsi Bai 1811/1815, she was murdered by her troops in 1817.

  8. Maharaja MALHAR RAO III HOLKAR, 7th Maharaja of Indore 1811/1833, born 1801, during his minority the state was torn by violent dissensions, and after the murder of the Rani-Regent, the troops precipitated hostilities with the British Army, and were defeated at the Battle of Mahidpur; a treaty in 1818 resulted in the loss of all Holkar territory within and toi the south of the Satpura Hills, married and had adoptive issue. He died sp on 27th October 1833.

  9. Maharaja MARTAND RAO HOLKAR, 8th Maharaja of Indore 1833/1834, another period of confusion began and lasted till 1844. He died sp on 2nd February 1834

  10. Maharaja HARI RAO HOLKAR, 9th Maharaja of Indore 1834/1843, born 1795, he adopted Shrimant Bapu Ithuba Holkar of the Mandgaon Family, married and had issue. He died 24th October 1843.
    • (A) Maharaja Khande Rao II Holkar (qv)

  11. Maharaja KHANDE RAO II HOLKAR, 10th Maharaja of Indore 1843/1844, he succeeded by adoption, died sp on 17th February 1844.

  12. HH Maharaja TUKOJI RAO II HOLKAR, 11th Maharaja of Indore 1844/1886, born 1832, his reign was a period of progress and consolidation; married and had issue. He died 17th June 1886.
    • HH Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Shivaji Rao Holkar (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Sita Bai, married Sardar Govind Rap Bolia, and had issue (see above)

  13. HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri SHIVAJI RAO HOLKAR K.C.S.I, 12th Maharaja of Indore 1886/1903 (abdicated), born 12th November 1859, he succeeded his father to the gadi in 1886; he was made a K.C.S.I. on the occassion of Her Majesty's Jubilee; he abdicated in favour of his son on 31st January 1903; married (a), HH Masaheba Girija Bai, married (b), HH Masaheba Chandrabhaga Bai, married (c), HH Masaheba Sita Bai, and had issue. He died 13th October 1908.
    • HH Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir Tukoji Rao III Holkar (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Sundra Bai, married 1905, Viqar ul-umra Shrimant Sardar Narayan Rao Bolia, born 1889, died spm on 30th March 1932, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer. She died 1906.
    • Maharajkumari Sita Bai, married Sardar Narayan Rao Bhagwat, and had issue.
      • Captain Sardar Martand Rao Bhagwat B.A. (Oxon)
    • Maharajkumari Savitri Bai, married Sardar Santaji Rao Bansude.
    • Maharajkumari Bhima Bai, married Sardar Shankar Rao Changan, Barrister-at-Law, State Treasure and Huzur Privy Councillor
    • Maharajkumari Lila Bai, married Sardar Kondaji Rao Matkar, and had issue.
      • Sardar Fatehsingh Rao Matkar, born 1904.
    • Maharajkumari Thaku Bai, married Sardar Ramchandra Rao Zanane B.A., officiating Home Minister and Huzur Privy Councillor, and had issue.

  14. HH
                    Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant
                    Sir TUKOJIRAO III HOLKAR (1890-1978)HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir TUKOJI RAO III HOLKAR G.C.I.E., 13th Maharaja of Indore 1903/1926 (abdicated), born 26th November 1890, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; he was invested with ruling powers in 1911; he was made a G.C.I.E. in 1918, the ruler enjoys a 21 local gun salute from 1921, he abdicated in favour of his son on 26th February 1926; married 1stly, HH Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chandrawati Bai (Senior Maharani), married 2ndly, in June 1913 (#2), HH Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Indira Bai (Junior Maharani), educated privately; Manager, Educational, Medical, Charitable and Household Departments, 1923-1924; took a keen interest in the Ahilya Seva Sedan, Indore, the Rajawade Historical Research Unit, the Vedic Research Society, Poona etc., daughter of Rao Bahadur Anandrao Ramkrishna, J.P., and his wife, the daughter of Rao Bahadur Mukundrao Ramachandra, married 3rdly, 12th March 1928 at Barwaha, Her Highness Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sharmishtha Devi Bai Sahiba (née Nancy Anna Miller), born 9th September 1907 in Seattle, died 1995, daughter of John Miller of Seattle, and his wife, Jennie Miller (née Schaeffer), and had issue, one son and five daughters. He died 21st May 1978 in Paris, France. (Lalbagh Palace, Indore, India)
    • Field Marshal (Hon.) HH Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Yeshwant Rao II Holkar Bahadur (by Chandrawati Bai) (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Manorama Raje (by Chandrawati Bai), born 1909, died of tuberculosis at the age of twenty.
    • Maharajkumari Sharada Raje (by Sharmistha Bai), born 1929.
    • Maharajkumari Sita Raje (by Sharmistha Bai), born 8th November 1930 in the Château de Saint Germain near Paris, married Shrimant Sardar Fatehsinhrao Dattajirao Ghatge of Kagal-Jnr, and has issue.
    • Maharajkumari Sumitra Raje (by Sharmistha Bai)
    • Maharajkumari Sushila Raje (by Sharmistha Bai), married 20th February 19xx at Barwaha, Sardar Bolia.

  15. HH Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar
                    Sawai Shrimant YESHWANTRAO II HOLKAR (1908-1961)Field Marshal (Hon.) HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri YESHWANT RAO II HOLKAR Bahadur, 14th Maharaja of Indore 1926/1961, G.C.I.E., LL.D., born 6th September 1908 (#2), educated at Cheam Public School, Surrey and Charter House 1920-1923; Christchurch College, Oxford 1926-1929; he was invested with full ruling powers on 9th May 1930; he was the invited Delegate to the Round Table Conference in 1931; President of the General Council (Daly College) 1933/1940 and 1949/1955; assumed charge of the Office of the Senior Uprajpramukh of the Madhya Bharat State on 28th May 1948; married 1stly, in February 1924, HH Maharani Sanyogitabai Raje Ghatge, born 1913, died 13th July 1937 in Paris, daughter of Meherban Shrimant Rajamanya Rajashri Dattajirao Narayanrao Kaka Sahib Ghatge Sarjerao, Chief of Kagal-Jnr, and his third wife, married 2ndly, 19th September 1938 (div.1942) in Mexico City, Marguerite Lawler (married 1stly (div. 1938), John Branyen, married 3rdly 1945, Charles W. Masters), born 1909 in Fargo, ND, she died 1963 in Corona del Mar, CA, married 3rdly, 6th July 1943 (div. 1960), Euphemia Fay Watt, born 1st July 1914, died 6th September 1994, and had issue, one daughter and one son. He died 5th December 1961 at Bombay (#1).
    • HH Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Usha Devi Holkar, (by 1st wife) (qv)
    • Shrimant Maharajkumar Richard Shivajirao Yeshwantrao Holkar, (by 3rd wife), born 18th May 1944, Chairman of Rehwa Society (founded 1977), a fine gourmet and cook, he has co-authored a book on "The Cooking of the Maharajas" with Sally (he now pens a column "Maheshwar Musings" for a Delhi-based magazine), his favourite pastime is fishing, married 1stly, 11th August 1966 in Dallas (div. 2002), Shrimant Akhaund Soubbagyavati Shalinidevi Holkar [née Sally Sue Budd], born 1945, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. C. Burcham Budd Jr. of Dallas, married 2ndly, Pamela Rooks, died 1st October 2010, and has issue.
      • Shrimant Akhand Soubbagyavati Sabrinaraje Sanyogita Holkar (by Shalinidevi), born 25th October 1979, educated in the U.S.A., married 3rd March 2006, Ari Kanakdari Ellis.
      • Shrimant Maharaj Yeshwantrao Holkar (by Shalinidevi), born 3rd November 1982, educated in the U.S.A.; married 28th/29th December 2015, Shrimant Akhaund Soubbagyavati Nairika Godrej, daughter of Shri Vijay Crishna Godrej, Industrialist.

  16. HH Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubbagyavati Usha Devi Holkar, 15th Maharani of Indore (see above)

OTHER MEMBERS:

  • Shrimant Sardar (name unknown) Holkar, married and had issue.
    • Shrimant Sardar Sir Kashi Rao Dada Saheb Holkar K.C.S.I., married and had issue.
      • Shrimant Sardar Ganpat rao Holkar, married and had adoptive issue.
        • (A) Shrimant Sardar Malhar Rao Holkar, Jagirdar of six villages or revenue of Rs22,600p.a., married and had issue.
          • Shrimant Sardar (name unknown) Holkar, born in March 1922.
    • HH Maharaja Tukojirao II Holkar, 11th Maharaja of Indore 1844/1886 (see above)
  • Maharaj Yadav Rao Bhaiya Sahib Holkar, a great uncle of the Maharaja, he holds in jagir the village of Kampel (revenue of Rs14,000 p.a.); retired as Superintendent, Jagir Estates; married and had issue.
    • Maharaj Shripat Rao Holkar, born 1904; educated in England, later employed with the State Public Works Department.
1. "Who Was Who 1961-1970" ; Volume VI, London 1972 ; Adam and Charles Black; p.578
2. "The Indian and Pakistan Year Book and Who's Who 1951", published by Bennett, Coleman & Co., Ltd., Bombay, p.763