INDORE (Princely State)(19 gun salute)

LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh AREA: 25,646.18 km² VILLAGES: 3,368 (plus11 towns) POPULATION: 1,513,966 (1941) RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: Rs 1,24,21,000 DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Maratha - Holkar lineage SEAT: Lal Bagh Palace, Indore ACCESSION: 15th June 1948
AGENCY: Indore Residency 1818 - 1948 PRIVY PURSE: Rs 15,00,000

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubbagyavati Usha Devi, Maharaj Sahiba Holkar XV Bahadur, 15th Maharani of Indore since 1961 (Lal Baug Palace, Indore and Windmere, Cuffe Parade, Mumbai, India)
born 20th October 1933 in Paris, acknowledged Heir by Gazette Extra ordinary in 1950 (#2); married Shri Satish Chandra Malhotra, Chairman of Empire Industries, and has issue. PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Their ancestors are said to have migrated southwards from the neighborhood of Muttra and to have settled near Poona at the village of Hal or Hol, which gave the family their surname.  In 1728, the Maratha Peshwa of Poona (today Pune) granted what is now the Indore State to Malhar Rao Holkar, a cavalry commander in his service. The Maharaja maintains a military force of 3231 cavalry, 6128 infantry, and 65 guns. He is entitled to a salute of 21 guns within the limits of Indore territory, and 19 guns elsewhere (in 1893). Rulers were...
  1. Maharaja MALHAR RAO I HOLKAR, 1st Maharaja of Indore 1731/1766, born in October 1694, he had acquired the town of Indore in 1733, though the principal headquarters remained at Maheshwar till 1818; he joined the service of the Peshwa in 1724 and was given the command of 500 horse; he was granted 12 districts in Malwa in 1728, further increased to 82 districts in 1731; he remained employed in expeditions, against the Nizam (1738), the Portuduese at Bassein (1739), and the Rohillas (1748); he was honoured by the Peshwa with the title of Subhedar of Malwa, he took part in the Battle of Panipat (1761) but withdrew his forces when a defeat looked inevitable; before his death, he had consolidated his power over a vast exapanse of territory; married 1stly (his cousin), Gautama Bai, she founded the town of Malhargarh, daughter of Bhojraj Bargal of Talauda, and had issue. He died 20th May 1766 at Alampur, where his Cenotaph still stands (#3 p.15).

  2. Maharaja MALE RAO HOLKAR, 2nd Maharaja of Indore 1766/1767, born 1745, of weak intellect, he became insane and died a raving lunatic within a year of his succession. He died sp on 5th April 1767.

  3. REGENT Maharani Ahalya Bai 1767/1795, born 1725, she assumed personal charge of the administration and was tolerant, just and meticulous in her administration of all the departments of the state, resulted in a long period of comparative peace and prosperity. She died 13th August 1795.

  4. Maharaja TUKOJI RAO I HOLKAR, 3rd Maharaja of Indore 1795/1797, born 1723, he was neither adopted nor related to the previous rulers; commander of the Indore army; he continued the 'golden age' of his predecessor; in 1769 he served with the army proceeding against the Jats and the Rohillas, in 1785, he was sent in support of the army against Tipu Sultan; in 1793, he and Scindia fell out and in a clash at Laqkheri near Ajmer, Scindia's forces inflicted a crushing defeat; married and issue, as well as further issue. He died 15th August 1797.

  5. Maharaja MALHAR RAO II HOLKAR, 4th Maharaja of Indore 1797/1798, born 1770, a man of action and energy, his reign ushered a period of confusion and war; married and had issue. He died 1798.

  6. Maharaja KASHI RAO HOLKAR, 5th Maharaja of Indore 1798/1808, he was formally invested with a khilat as the intended heir in 1796; he was a man of weak intellect, he was indecisive and easily influenced by favourites. He was murdered by his brother sp in 1808.

  7. Maharaja YASHWANT RAO I HOLKAR, 6th Maharaja of Indore 1808/1811, born 1779, he was responsible for hostilities with the British Government, who, after an initial reverse, under Lord Lake, defeated the Indore army, and he was forced to sign a treaty ceding a substantial part of his territory; married Maharani Tulsi Bai, supposed to be a daughter of Ajiba, a priest of the Man Bhao sect, and had issue. He died 20th October 1811 at Bhanpura where his cenotaph still stands.

  8. REGENT, Maharani Tulsi Bai 1811/1815 or 1808/1817, a woman of great beauty, superior education, considerable talent and fascinating manners, though her disposition was cruel, violent, vindictive, and her conduct was dissolute; the administration soon fell into confusion, intrigues were the order of the day and the army soon mutinied. She was murdered by her troops on 20th December 1817.

  9. Maharaja MALHAR RAO III HOLKAR, 7th Maharaja of Indore 1811/1833, born 1801, during his minority the state was torn by violent dissensions, and after the murder of the Rani-Regent, the troops precipitated hostilities with the British Army, and were defeated at the Battle of Mahidpur; the Treaty of Mandasor, signed on 6th January 1818, resulted in the loss of all Holkar territory within and to the south of the Satpura Hills, married Shrimant Maharani Gautama Bai Sahib, and had adoptive issue. He died sp on 27th October 1833.

  10. Maharaja MARTAND RAO HOLKAR, 8th Maharaja of Indore 1833/1834, born as the the son of Bapurao Holkar, he was formally installed in January 1834 and another period of confusion began and lasted till 1844. He died sp on 2nd February 1834 or in June 1849 at Poona.

  11. Maharaja HARI RAO HOLKAR, 9th Maharaja of Indore 1834/1843, born 1795, he was formally installed on 17th April 1834; he formally adopted Shrimant Bapu Ithuba Holkar of the Mandgaon Family on 2nd July 1841, married and had issue, as well as adopted issue. He died spm on 24th October 1843.

  12. Maharaja KHANDE RAO II HOLKAR, 10th Maharaja of Indore 1843/1844, he succeeded by adoption and was formally installed on 13th November 1843, he was weak in body and mind and entirely under the influence of the minister. He died sp on 17th February 1844 aged 15 years.

  13. HH Maharaja TUKOJI RAO II HOLKAR G.C.S.I., C.I.E., 11th Maharaja of Indore 1844/1886, born 1832, he succeeded by adoption, and was formally installed on 27th June 1844, he was granted full ruling powers in 1852; his reign was a period of progress and consolidation; he was made a G.C.S.I. in 1861, the following year he was granted a sanad of adoption; he was made a C.I.E. in 1877, and at the same time he was raised to the dignity of a Counsellor of the Empress, while his personal salute was raised from 19 to 21 guns; married (amongst others) (a), a sister of Sardar Santaji Rao Phanse, and had issue. He died 17th June 1886.

  14. HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri SHIVAJI RAO HOLKAR G.C.S.I, 12th Maharaja of Indore 1886/1903 (abdicated), born 12th November 1859, he succeeded his father to the gadi in 1886; he abolished all transit dues in the state on his succession; he visited England in 1887 on the occassion of Her Majesty's Jubilee and was made a G.C.S.I.; the conversion of the coinage was carried out in 1902; he attended the Delhi Darbar in 1903 and abdicated in favour of his son on 31st January 1903 and retired to Barwaha on a yearly allowance of 4 lakhs; married (a), HH Masaheba Girija Bai, married (b), HH Masaheba Chandrabhaga Bai, married (c), HH Masaheba Sita Bai, and had issue. He died 13th October 1908.

  15. HH
                    Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant
                    Sir TUKOJIRAO III HOLKAR (1890-1978)HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri Sir TUKOJI RAO III HOLKAR G.C.I.E., 13th Maharaja of Indore 1903/1926 (abdicated), born 26th November 1890, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer and joined the Imperial Cadet Corps for a time; he was invested with ruling powers in 1911; he was made a G.C.I.E. in 1918, the ruler enjoys a 21 local gun salute from 1921, he abdicated in favour of his son on 26th February 1926; married 1stly, HH Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chandrawati Bai (Senior Maharani), married 2ndly, in June 1913 (#2), HH Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Indira Bai (Junior Maharani), educated privately; Manager, Educational, Medical, Charitable and Household Departments, 1923-1924; took a keen interest in the Ahilya Seva Sedan, Indore, the Rajawade Historical Research Unit, the Vedic Research Society, Poona etc., daughter of Rao Bahadur Anandrao Ramkrishna, J.P., and his wife, the daughter of Rao Bahadur Mukundrao Ramachandra, married 3rdly, 12th March 1928 at Barwaha, Her Highness Maharani Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sharmishtha Devi Bai Sahiba (née Nancy Anna Miller), born 9th September 1907 in Seattle, died 1995, daughter of John Miller of Seattle, and his wife, Jennie Miller (née Schaeffer), and had issue, one son and five daughters. He died 21st May 1978 in Paris, France. (Lalbagh Palace, Indore, India)

  16. HH Maharajadhiraj Holkar Raj Rajeshwar
                    Sawai Shrimant YESHWANTRAO II HOLKAR (1908-1961)Field Marshal (Hon.) HH Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Sawai Shri YESHWANT RAO II HOLKAR Bahadur, 14th Maharaja of Indore 1926/1961, G.C.I.E., LL.D., born 6th September 1908 (#2), educated at Cheam Public School, Surrey and Charter House 1920-1923; Christchurch College, Oxford 1926-1929; he was invested with full ruling powers on 9th May 1930; he was the invited Delegate to the Round Table Conference in 1931; President of the General Council (Daly College) 1933/1940 and 1949/1955; assumed charge of the Office of the Senior Uprajpramukh of the Madhya Bharat State on 28th May 1948; married 1stly, in February 1924, HH Maharani Sanyogitabai Raje Ghatge, born 1913, died 13th July 1937 in Paris, daughter of Meherban Shrimant Rajamanya Rajashri Dattajirao Narayanrao Kaka Sahib Ghatge Sarjerao, Chief of Kagal-Jnr, and his third wife, married 2ndly, 19th September 1938 (div.1942) in Mexico City, Marguerite Lawler (married 1stly (div. 1938), John Branyen, married 3rdly 1945, Charles W. Masters), born 1909 in Fargo, ND, she died 1963 in Corona del Mar, CA, married 3rdly, 6th July 1943 (div. 1960), Euphemia Fay Watt, born 1st July 1914, died 6th September 1994, and had issue, one daughter and one son. He died 5th December 1961 at Bombay (#1).

  17. HH Maharanidhiraja Rani Rajeshwar Sawai Shrimant Akhand Soubbagyavati Usha Devi Holkar, 15th Maharani of Indore (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
1. "Who Was Who 1961-1970" ; Volume VI, London 1972 ; Adam and Charles Black; p.578
2. "The Indian and Pakistan Year Book and Who's Who 1951", published by Bennett, Coleman & Co., Ltd., Bombay, p.763
3. "Indore State Gazetteer" Volume II. Text and Tables. Compiled by Captain C. E. Luard. 1908.