JHABUA (Princely State)(11 gun salute)

Jhabua State Monogram
LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh AREA: 3,460.24 kmē VILLAGES: xx POPULATION: 145,522 (1931) RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: Rs 4,01,000 DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Rathore (Danesara Shāka) SEAT: Jabhua Kothi, Indore ACCESSION: 15th June 1948
AGENCY: Bhil Agency 1825-1882 then Bhopawar Agency 1882-1937 then Malwa Agency 1937-1948 PRIVY PURSE: Rs 127,000
MOTTO: Kesha vansha yasya keshavah (Bravery and loyalty are the glory of Keshodās' descendants)

PRESENT RULER: HH Raja NARENDRA SINGH, 15th and present Raja of Jhabua since 8th November 2002. ("Jhabua Kothi", Ravindra Nath Tagore Marg, Indore 452001, Madhya Pradesh, India)
married, and has issue, two sons.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
The ancestor of the family was Rao Bhirji, fifth son of Rao Jodha of Marwar. His descendant, Kunwar Kesho Das or Kishan Das, founded Jhabua in 1584, as a reward for supressing disorders in South West Malwa. The state subsequently became tributary to the Holkar ruler, and the relations with that Darbar did not assume their present form till 1871, when the system of dual jurisdiction was brought to an end and the area known as Petlawad was assigned to Indore. The arrangements between the two states existing at the time of the British settlement of Malwa were recognized and confirmed by Sir John Malcolm in 1818, though no written engagement was concluded. The Raja maintains a military force of 64 cavalry, 253 infantry, and 4 guns (in 1893). Rulers were...
  1. Raja KESHO DAS, 1st Raja of Jhabua 1584/1607, as a young man he was attached in 1572 to the retinue of young Prince Salim (later Padshah Jahangir), afterwards he distinguished himself a successful campaign in Bengal in 1584 for which he was granted five villages in Hindustān and ten districts in Mālwā, during the reign of Jahangir 1605/1627, he was employed to subdue the freebooter Jhabbu Naik and others, who terrorised the south-western districts of Mālwā, especially those Bhil Chiefs of Jhabua, who had murdered the son of an Imperial Viceroy of Gujarat; he reduced the men to order and came into the possession of the districts of Jhābua, Thāndla, Bhagoi and Rāmgarh, in 1607, he was invested with the insignias of royalty, including the title of Raja, but died the same year; he built the fort of Nolai (now Barnagai in Gwalior), and in 1592, he gave the village of Sultānpura to his relative, Bhārmalji (ancestor of the Thakur Sahebs of Kalyānpura, Bori and Jhaknaoda); married and had issue. He was poisoned to death in 1607 by his eldest son and heir.

  2. Raja KARAN SINGH, 2nd Raja of Jhabua 1607/1610, having succeeded to the gadi after poisoning his father to death, he incurred the displeasure of Padshah Jahangir and was forced to flee from Badnāwar to Karangarh fort in Rambhāpur, and the state was given over to anarchy and confusion, and much territory passed into other hands, married and had issue. He died 1610.

  3. Raja MAH SINGH, 3rd Raja of Jhabua 1610/1677, born 1602, he succeeded as a minor, and the anarchy in the state continued; most of the provinces acquired by Raja Keshodas had been lost to neighbouring chiefs, he went to Delhi in 1632, and made known to the Emperor, the deplorable condition of the state, who restored the lands to him in 1634; he transferred his capital from Badnāwar to Jhābua in 1648, married and had issue.

  4. Raja KUSHAL SINGH, 4th Raja of Jhabua 1677/1723, a weak and dissolute ruler, who was unable to retain his hold on the territory to which he succeeded, he lost Amjhera and Dulet to the Girāsias of Amjhera, while the Raja of Sailāna made an attempt to seize Thāndla, which failed; in 1722, the Marāthās under Kanthāji Rao Bānde made a demand for tribute but suddenly proceeded on his way to Hindustān without exacting the chauth; married and had issue. He died 1723.

  5. Raja ANUP SINGH, 5th Raja of Jhabua 1723/1727, born 1698, in 1725, the Marathas made a demand for arrears of payment of tribute amounting to Rs1,40,000, the Raja was unable to pay the full amount but the Marathas accepted a lakh as full payment and left; married Rani Bannabai, she died 1747, and had issue. He was shot to death in 1727 at Thandla, allegedly at the instigation of the Raja of Sailana.

  6. Raja SHEO SINGH, 6th Raja of Jhabua 1727/1758, born posthumously in 1727, during his minority the state was managed by his mother, he adopted Kunwar Bahadur Singh, son of Thakur Indar Singh of Bhagor (see above); married and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1758.

  7. Raja BAHADUR SINGH, 7th Raja of Jhabua 1758/1770, born as Kunwar Bahadur Singh of Bhagor, he succeeded by adoption; in 1762 he made an arrangement regarding the Petlawad and Thandla districts with the Holkar Maharaja, regarding administration and payments of tribute and expenses; he remained at Thandla from 1763 to 1766 when he moved his seat back to Jhabua; he constructed the Jhabua Sagar, a palace and made repairs to the walls; married and had issue.

  8. Raja BHIM SINGH, 8th Raja of Jhabua 1770/1821, in consequence of the disturbed state of the country and the imbecility of the Raja, he was required to abdicate in favour of his son in 1821; married (amongst others), (a), Rajkumari Surajbai Sahiba, daughter of Rawat Hamir Singh, Rawat Saheb of Rajgarh, and had issue, as well as futher issue. He died 4th April 1829 (#2).

  9. Raja PRATAP SINGH, 9th Raja of Jhabua 1821/1832, he adopted his nephew, Kunwar Ratan Singh (see above), married Rani Ranawatiji, Regent of Jhabua for her son, and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1832.

  10. Raja RATAN SINGH, 10th Raja of Jhabua 1832/1840, adopted by his predecessor, he succeeded as a minor; he was granted a khilat by the Bengal Government in 1834; married (amongst others), Rani Pratap Kunwar, daughter of Raja Bhim Singhji II of Banera, and his wife, Rani Mertaniji, and had issue. He was killed by a lightning strike in about November 1840, while riding an elephant on the banks of the Bahadur Sagar tank.

  11. HH Raja GOPAL SINGH, 11th Raja of Jhabua 1841/1895, born 22nd February 1841, he succeeded in October 1841 (#1); he performed good service during the mutiny of 1857, in consideration of which he was allowed to exercise limited criminal powers within his State; he was given full powers of administration in 1859; he ceded sufficient lands for a railway through his state in 1864; in 1865, he permitted the mutilation of a person confined under suspicion of theft, for which the Raja was fined Rs10,000, and required to grant the injured man a pension, the Rajmata was banished from Jhabua for a year, and the Kamdar and others were expelled from the state, also the Raja had his gun salute discontinued, which was restored at the expiration of a year from the date of its discontinuance, after a favourable report on his administration; in 1871 an exchange of villages were effected between the Indore Darbar and the Jhabua Darbar, by which Petlawad remained with Holkar and Thandla stayed with Jhabua; transit duties were abolished in 1887; he married and had adoptive issue. He died spm in 1895.

  12. HH Raja UDAI SINGH, 12th Raja of Jhabua 1895/1942, born 6th May 1875 (#3), second son of Maharaj Raghunath Singh of Khawasa, he succeeded by adoption on 22nd January 1895, he was granted full ruling powers in 1898; married six times, he lived in orthodox style and was not acquainted with English culture to any great extant, he also lived outside the state and with effect from 29th September 1934, the administration had been conducted by a Council under the supervision of the Political Agent in Malwa; married 1stly, in May 1907, a sister of the Raja Saheb of Sant, married 2ndly, 1912, a daughter of the Thakur Saheb of Dhariawad, married 3rdly, in March 1912, a daughter of the Raja Saheb of Sheopur-Baroda, and had issue as well as adoptive issue. He dspm after 1945.

  13. HH Raja DILIP SINGH, 13th Raja of Jhabua 1942/1965 , born 26th February 1905 (#4), son of Maharaj Kesar Singh of Khawasa, educated at Agra and Aligarh, Kamdar of Ratanmal, President of the Council of administration, Jhabua; married HH Rani Gopal Kumari, daughter of Thakur Chain Singh, and had issue. He died 1965.

  14. HH Raja AJIT SINGH, 14th Raja of Jhabua 1965/2002, educated at Daly College, Indore; President of the General Council (Daly College) 1968/1971 and 1980/1983; married 1951, HH Rani Lok Rajya Lakshmi Devi, great-granddaughter of HH Shri Madati-Prachanda Bhujadandetyadi Shri Shri Shri Projjwala-Nepala Taradhisha Maharaja Sir Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Kaski and Lamjung and 5th Prime Minister of Nepal 1901/1929, and had issue, three sons. He died 8th November 2002.

  15. HH Raja NARENDRA SINGH, 15th Raja of Jhabua (see above)
1. "The Golden Book of India"; by Roper Lethbridge, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.213
2. ref. IOR/F/4/1326/52488 - date: Apr 1829-Oct 1830
3. "Indian Annual Register", by N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945
4. "Indian India"; Volumes 1-2; 1946/1947
5. "Western States (Malwa) Gazetteer". Volume 5, Part A. Text. Compiled by Capt. C. E. Luard M.A. 1908.