|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
The state was founded about 1005AD (traditional date).
- Raja RAGHUNATH SAI,
1st Raja and founder of Kalahandi 1005/1040
- Raja PRATAPNARAYAN
DEO I, 2nd Raja of Kalahandi 1040/1072
- Raja BIRABAR DEO,
3rd Raja of Kalahandi 1072/1108
- Raja JUGASAI DEO I,
4th Raja of Kalahandi 1108/1142
- Raja UDENARAYAN DEO,
5th Raja of Kalahandi 1142/1173
- Raja HARICHANDRA
DEO, 6th Raja of Kalahandi 1173/1201
- Raja RAMACHANDRA
DEO, 7th Raja of Kalahandi 1201/1234
- Raja GOPINATH DEO,
8th Raja of Kalahandi 1234/1271
- Raja BALABHADRA DEO,
9th Raja of Kalahandi 1271/1306
- Raja RAGHURAJ DEO,
10th Raja of Kalahandi 1306/1337
- Raja RAISINGH DEO I,
11th Raja of Kalahandi 1337/1366
- Raja HARIA DEO,
12th Raja of Kalahandi 1366/1400
- Raja JUGASAI DEO II,
13th Raja of Kalahandi 1400/1436
- Raja PRATAPNARAYAN
DEO II, 14th Raja of Kalahandi 1436/1468
- Raja HARIRUDRA DEO,
15th Raja of Kalahandi 1468/1496
- Raja ANKU DEO,
16th Raja of Kalahandi 1496/1528
- Raja PRATAP DEO,
17th Raja of Kalahandi 1528/1564
- Raja RAGHUNATH DEO,
18th Raja of Kalahandi 1564/1594
- Raja BISWAMBHAR DEO, 19th Raja of Kalahandi
1594/1627, married and had issue.
- Raja Raisingh Deo II (qv)
Raja RAISINGH DEO II, 20th Raja of Kalahandi
1627/1658, married and had issue.
- Raja Dusmant Deo (qv)
- Sri Padman Singh, Zamindar of Thuamul.
Raja DUSMANT DEO, 21st Raja of Kalahandi
1658/1693, married and had issue.
- Raja Jugasai Deo III (qv)
- Sri Bishwanath Singh
- Sri Pratap Rai Singh, Zamindar of Dadpur.
Raja JUGASAI DEO III, 22nd Raja of Kalahandi
1693/1721, married and had issue.
- Raja Khadag Rai Deo (qv)
- Sri Mohan Rai Singh, Zamindar of Koksara.
- Sri Bhramarbar Deo, Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
- Sri Nathu Singh, Zamindar of Chhorlagarh.
- Sri Chakradhar Singh, Zamindar of Khariyar.
Raja KHADAG RAI DEO, 23rd Raja of Kalahandi
1721/1747, married and had issue.
- Raja Raisingh Deo III (qv)
- Sri Pratap Singh, Zamindar of Baldhiamal.
- Sri Keshari Singh, in rebellion.
Raja RAISINGH DEO III, 24th Raja of Kalahandi
1747/1771, married and had issue.
Raja PURUSOTTAM DEO, 25th Raja of Kalahandi
1771/1796, married and had issue.
- Raja Jugasai Deo IV (qv)
- Sri Bishwanath Deo, Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
- Sri Sunder Singh, Zamindar of Dadpur.
Raja JUGASAI DEO IV, 26th Raja of Kalahandi
1796/1831, married and had issue.
- Raja Fateh Narayan Deo (qv)
Raja FATEH NARAYAN DEO, 27th Raja of
Kalahandi 1831/1853, married and had issue.
- HH Raja Bahadur Udit Pratap Deo (qv)
- Sri Krishna Deo
- Sri Gopinath Deo, Zamindar of Dadpur.
- Rajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaja
Udit Narayan Singh Deo of Seraikella, and
had issue, four sons.
HH Raja Bahadur UDIT PRATAP DEO, 28th Raja of
Kalahandi 1853/1881, born 1839?, Raja Bahadur
[cr.1877], he was granted a permanent salute of 9 guns
in 1878, married and had issue, as well as adoptive
issue. He died 7th April 1881 (#1).
- Rajkumari Giriraj Kumari [Rani Giriraj Kumari of
Bamra], married 1871, Raja Sir Basudeb Sudhaldeb of
Bamra, and had issue.
She died about 1873.
- (A) HH Raja
Bahadur Raghu Kesari Deo (qv)
HH Raja Bahadur RAGHU KESARI DEO, 29th Raja
of Kalahandi 1881/1897, born 1871, educated at
Rajkumar College, Jabalpur; he succeeded to the gadi by adoption
on 7th April 1881; his succession, though sanctioned
by the Government, was disputed by the Khonds who rose
up in rebellion, the disturbances were suppressed and
a Political Agent was appointed in 1882 to manage the
state; married and had issue. He was murdered by a
servant on 20th October 1897 (#3
- HH Maharaja Brij Mohan Deo (qv)
HH Maharaja BRIJ MOHAN DEO O.B.E., 30th
Maharaja of Kalahandi 1897/1939, born 14th May 1896,
educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur; he succeeded to
the gadi on
20th October 1897 (#3 p.214);
he was granted the title of Maharaja in 1926, married
1916, Rajkumari Suratarangini Devi [HH Maharani
Suratarangini Devi of Kalahandi], only daughter of
Raja Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb of Bamra, and had issue. He
died 19th September 1939.
- Tikayet Rani Kusum Manjari Devi, married Tikayat
Nrupendra Narayan Singh Deo, eldest son and heir of
Maharaja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo of Seraikella, and
had issue, six sons and four daughters. She died
- HH Maharaja Pratap Kesari Deo (qv)
- Rani Jyoti Manjari Devi, born 1st January 1920,
she joined active politics by joining the Ganatantra
Parishad Party in 1955, and had a keen interest in
education for the people of her constituency of
Deogarh; M.L.A. (Orissa) 1957/1961; interests and
pastimes were gardening and religious activities;
maried Raja Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb of Bamra, and had issue,
two sons and one daughter. She died 30th January
- Rani Soubhagya Manjari Devi, married to Raja Anup
Singh Deo of Khariar,
and had issue, three sons and five daughters.
- Maharajkumar Bira Kesari Deo B.A., born 22nd May
1927, I.Sc., B.L.D. (Orissa); Member, Bhawanipatna
Municipal Council 1951/1956 and Chairman 1953/1956;
Member, Assurances and Estimate Committees; Member,
Swatantra Party State Executive Committee; M.L.A.
(Orissa) 1957/1967; Member of Rajya Sabha 1967/1976;
interests are Anthropology, Hunting and Cricket;
married Maharajkumari Manjushree Devi, daughter of
Kumar Saheb Nagendra Singh Deo of Nua Pacca II (see
had issue, two daughters and four sons. He died 3rd
September 2012. (Post Office, Bhawanipatna,
- Kumar Bharat Bhushan Deo, married Rajkumari Asha
Poorna Devi, third daughter of Raja Anup Singh Deo
of Khariar, and his
wife, Shrimati Rani Soubhagya Manjari Devi, and
has issue, one son and one daughter.
- Kumari Aparna Devi
- Kumar Abhishek Deo
Kumari Anjali Devi, married [?Kunwar
Surendra Dev Singh of Poonch
- Kumari Parvati Devi, married Kumar Bharat
Chandra Bhanj Deo, son of Lal Saheb Sarat Chandra
Bhanj Deo of Sompata in Mayurbhanj, and
has issue, three sons.
- Kumar Lankeshwar Prasad Singh Deo
Kumar Sangram Kesari Deo, married Kumari
Sindhu Kumari, daughter of Kumar Jogeswar Singh
Deo of Nuagarh in Seraikella
and his wife, Kumari Annapurna Devi, and has
issue, one son and two daughters.
- Kumar Aditya Pratap Deo
HH Maharaja PRATAP KESARI DEO B.A., M.A.,
31st Maharaja of Kalahandi 1939/2001, born 5th October
1919 and succeeded 19th September 1939 (#2); Vice-President, Eastern
States Union, 1947; President of Ganatantra Parishad
1954/1955 and 1959/1960; Chairman, Board of Foresty
and Agricology, Eastern States Agency; President of
Sree Neelachal Seva Sangha, New Delhi; President of
Rajaji Memorial Committee; Member of Central Board of
Wild Life; Member of Central board of Archaeology;
Life-Member of Bombay National History Society, the
Asiatic Society of Calcutta, and the Numismatic
Society of India; President, General Council,
University 1957/1960 and Sambalpur University 1960/-;
Member and Deputy Leader of the Opposition, Orissa
Legislative Assembly, 1952/1956; Member of Forest
Enquiry Committee, Orissa, 1958/1959; Member of State
Department Advisory Board, Orissa, 1958/1959, Member
of National Railway user's Consultative Committee,
1962/1964; Member, Second Lok Sabha, 1957/1962, Third
Lok Sabha, 1962/1967, Fourth Lok Sabha, 1967/1970,
Fifth Lok Sabha, 1971/1977; Leader of Ganatantra
Parishad in Parliament, 1957/1962; Leader of Swatantra
Party in Parliament, 1962 and 1971/1975; Leader of
Bharatiya Lok Dal in Parliament, 1975/1976; Member of
the following committees, Estimates Committee,
1959/1960 and 1962/1964; Railway Convention Committee
and Consultative Committee; Leader, Indian Delegation
to Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference
at Lagos; author of My humble Contributions, Turbulent
Five Years, The Forgotten Forts of Kalahandi;
married HH Maharani Kasturika Mohini Devi, died 1983,
daughter of Sri Gajapati Raja Ramchandra Deb IV of Puri, and his wife, Rani
Chandramani Pattamahadei, and had issue, two sons and
two daughters. He died 8th October 2001 in Delhi.
- HH Maharani Savitri Devi, married 6th May 1962,
Brig.(retd) HH Maharaja Kamakhya Prasad Singh Deo
Mahendra Bahadur of Dhenkanal,
and has issue.
- HH Maharaja Udit Pratap Deo (qv)
- Pattayet Bikram Kesari Deo
B.A., born 26th November 1952 in Bhawanipatna,
Distt. Kalahandi, Orissa, educated at St. Stephen’s
College and the University of Delhi (B.A.), M.L.A.
(Orissa) 1985/2000 (three terms); Member of the 12th
(1998/1999), 13th (1999/2004) and 14th Lok Sabha
(2004/2008); Leader of B.J.P. Legislature Party,
1990/1995; Vice President, B.J.P., Orissa, 1999/-;
Member, Special Committee on Natural Calamities in
1985/1998; Member, Library Committee 2000/2001;
Member, Committee on External Affairs; Member,
Committee on Subordinate Legislation; Member,
Consultative Committee, Ministry of Water Resources
in 1998/1999; Member, Committee on Surface Transport
in 1999/2004; Member, Committee on Water Resources
2004/-; Member, Committee on Estimates; Member,
Committee on Petitions; Member, Business Advisory
Committee; Member, Committe on Public undertakings;
Member, Public Accounts Commitee; Member, Urban
Development Consultative Committee; Vice-Chairman,
Environment and Wild life Protection Society,
Bhawanipatna; Vice-President, Zilla Sainik board;
Member, Wild Life Advisory Board, Orissa;
Participated in the Sampoorna Kranti Movement
1973/1974 and the Ayodhya Movement; Member, Central
Board of Arachacology 2004/-; Member, Rose Society
of India 2005/-; Member, Indian delegation to World
Summit for Sustainable Development, Johannesburg;
attended the 59th Session of United Nations General
Assembly and was part of Legal Committee; President,
Kalahandi Law College and various Colleges and High
Schools in Orissa; Member, Braja Mohan Sahitya
Samiti; Member, Wildlife and Environment
Conservation Society, Kalahandi ; Member, Mahabir
Sanskrutik Anushthan; Life Member, National Rifle
Association of India; Life Member, Delhi Gymkhana
Club; Life Member, Bhubaneswar Club; Member,
Kalahandi Cricket Club, Member, Kalahandi Rifle
Club, Member, Orissa State Archery Association,
Member, Kalahandi Adventure Sports Association;
Member, Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural
Heritage (INTACH); married 3rd May 1974, Pattayet
Rani Shrimant Nayanshree Devi, daughter of Sri
Gajapathi Maharaj Bira Kishore Deb, Raja Saheb of Puri, and his wife,
Maharani Suryamani Pattamahadei, and had issue, one
son and two daughters. He died 7th October 2009.
- Kumari Arundhati Devi [Rani Arundhati Devi of
Bamra], married Raja Nitish Ganga Deb, Raja Saheb
of Bamra, and has
issue, two sons.
- Yuvrani Aparajita Devi, married Yuvraj Gopal
Narayan Singh Deo of Kharsawan,
and has issue, one son.
- Kumar Saheb Arka Kesari Deo, married Kumar Rani
Malavika Devi of Ambotah, Una Dist., H.P., and has
issue, one son.
- Maharajkumari Geeta Devi (Rani Geeta Devi of
Sanjeli), married Raja Manvendra Singh of Sanjeli, died 24th
November 2006 at Indore, after a prolonged illness;
and has issue, two daughters.
HH Maharaja UDIT PRATAP DEO II, 32nd Maharaja
of Kalahandi (see above)