KALAHANDI (Princely State)

(9 gun salute)

AREA: 9,700 km˛ PRIVY PURSE: Rs 114,000
ACCESSION: 1st January 1948
STATE: Orissa DYNASTY: Nagabansi RELIGION: Hindu
POPULATION: 350,529 (1901) REVENUE: Rs 2,17,420 (1907)

                Maharaja Shri UDIT PRATAP DEOPRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja UDIT PRATAP DEO II, 32nd and present Maharaja of Kalahandi since the 8th October 2001 (Keshari Nahar, At/P.O. Bhawanipatna, Distt. Kalahandi-766 001 Orissa)
born 21st August 1948, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur and at Delhi University (B.A (Hons.) in Poltical Science); Member of the Executive Committee of Rajkumar College at Raipur, M.L.A. (Orissa) 1974/1977; interests and pastimes are Photography, Precision shooting, Trekking, Mountaineering, Riding, Squash, Tennis and Football; married HH Maharani Padma Manjari Devi, born October 1953 in Calcutta, daughter of HH Maharaja Shri Pradeep Chandra Bhanj Deo of Mayurbhanj, and his wife, HH Maharani Bharati Rajya Lakshmi Devi, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
  • Yuvaraj Anant Pratap Deo, Yuvaraj Saheb of Kalahandi since 8th October 2001, born 8th February 1974 in New Delhi, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer at St. Stephen's College, Delhi University (B.A.) and at Charles Sturt, University, N.S.W., Australia, graduating with a Master of Business Administration (1997); married 12th March 2001 at Mount Abu, Yuvrani Rituja Kumari Devi, daughter of HH Maharana Sri Mahipendra Singh, Maharana Saheb of Danta, and his wife, HH Maharani Chandra Kumari, and has issue, one son and two daughters.
    • Rajkumari Vishalaakshi Manjari Devi, born 23rd January 2002.
    • Rajkumari Aaradhya Manjari Devi, born 22nd June 2006.
    • Tikayet Advait Pratap Deo, born 25th November 2010.
  • Maharajkumari Shree Manjari Devi, married 28th February/1st March 2009 in Bhopal, Rajkumar Anant Vijay Singh of Churhat.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The state was founded about 1005AD (traditional date). Rulers were..
  1. Raja RAGHUNATH SAI, 1st Raja and founder of Kalahandi 1005/1040

  2. Raja PRATAPNARAYAN DEO I, 2nd Raja of Kalahandi 1040/1072

  3. Raja BIRABAR DEO, 3rd Raja of Kalahandi 1072/1108

  4. Raja JUGASAI DEO I, 4th Raja of Kalahandi 1108/1142

  5. Raja UDENARAYAN DEO, 5th Raja of Kalahandi 1142/1173

  6. Raja HARICHANDRA DEO, 6th Raja of Kalahandi 1173/1201

  7. Raja RAMACHANDRA DEO, 7th Raja of Kalahandi 1201/1234

  8. Raja GOPINATH DEO, 8th Raja of Kalahandi 1234/1271

  9. Raja BALABHADRA DEO, 9th Raja of Kalahandi 1271/1306

  10. Raja RAGHURAJ DEO, 10th Raja of Kalahandi 1306/1337

  11. Raja RAISINGH DEO I, 11th Raja of Kalahandi 1337/1366

  12. Raja HARIA DEO, 12th Raja of Kalahandi 1366/1400

  13. Raja JUGASAI DEO II, 13th Raja of Kalahandi 1400/1436

  14. Raja PRATAPNARAYAN DEO II, 14th Raja of Kalahandi 1436/1468

  15. Raja HARIRUDRA DEO, 15th Raja of Kalahandi 1468/1496

  16. Raja ANKU DEO, 16th Raja of Kalahandi 1496/1528

  17. Raja PRATAP DEO, 17th Raja of Kalahandi 1528/1564

  18. Raja RAGHUNATH DEO, 18th Raja of Kalahandi 1564/1594

  19. Raja BISWAMBHAR DEO, 19th Raja of Kalahandi 1594/1627, married and had issue.
    • Raja Raisingh Deo II (qv)

  20. Raja RAISINGH DEO II, 20th Raja of Kalahandi 1627/1658, married and had issue.
    • Raja Dusmant Deo (qv)
    • Sri Padman Singh, Zamindar of Thuamul.

  21. Raja DUSMANT DEO, 21st Raja of Kalahandi 1658/1693, married and had issue.
    • Raja Jugasai Deo III (qv)
    • Sri Bishwanath Singh
    • Sri Pratap Rai Singh, Zamindar of Dadpur.

  22. Raja JUGASAI DEO III, 22nd Raja of Kalahandi 1693/1721, married and had issue.
    • Raja Khadag Rai Deo (qv)
    • Sri Mohan Rai Singh, Zamindar of Koksara.
    • Sri Bhramarbar Deo, Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
    • Sri Nathu Singh, Zamindar of Chhorlagarh.
    • Sri Chakradhar Singh, Zamindar of Khariyar.

  23. Raja KHADAG RAI DEO, 23rd Raja of Kalahandi 1721/1747, married and had issue.
    • Raja Raisingh Deo III (qv)
    • Sri Pratap Singh, Zamindar of Baldhiamal.
    • Sri Keshari Singh, in rebellion.

  24. Raja RAISINGH DEO III, 24th Raja of Kalahandi 1747/1771, married and had issue.
    • Raja Purusottam Deo (qv)

  25. Raja PURUSOTTAM DEO, 25th Raja of Kalahandi 1771/1796, married and had issue.
    • Raja Jugasai Deo IV (qv)
    • Sri Bishwanath Deo, Zamindar of Lanjigarh.
    • Sri Sunder Singh, Zamindar of Dadpur.

  26. Raja JUGASAI DEO IV, 26th Raja of Kalahandi 1796/1831, married and had issue.
    • Raja Fateh Narayan Deo (qv)

  27. Raja FATEH NARAYAN DEO, 27th Raja of Kalahandi 1831/1853, married and had issue.
    • HH Raja Bahadur Udit Pratap Deo (qv)
    • Sri Krishna Deo
    • Sri Gopinath Deo, Zamindar of Dadpur.
    • Rajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaja Udit Narayan Singh Deo of Seraikella, and had issue, four sons.

  28. HH Raja Bahadur UDIT PRATAP DEO, 28th Raja of Kalahandi 1853/1881, born 1839?, Raja Bahadur [cr.1877], he was granted a permanent salute of 9 guns in 1878, married and had issue, as well as adoptive issue. He died 7th April 1881 (#1).
    • Rajkumari Giriraj Kumari [Rani Giriraj Kumari of Bamra], married 1871, Raja Sir Basudeb Sudhaldeb of Bamra, and had issue. She died about 1873.
    • (A) HH Raja Bahadur Raghu Kesari Deo (qv)

  29. HH Raja Bahadur RAGHU KESARI DEO, 29th Raja of Kalahandi 1881/1897, born 1871, educated at Rajkumar College, Jabalpur; he succeeded to the gadi by adoption on 7th April 1881; his succession, though sanctioned by the Government, was disputed by the Khonds who rose up in rebellion, the disturbances were suppressed and a Political Agent was appointed in 1882 to manage the state; married and had issue. He was murdered by a servant on 20th October 1897 (#3 p.214).
    • HH Maharaja Brij Mohan Deo (qv)

  30. HH Maharaja BRIJ MOHAN DEO O.B.E., 30th Maharaja of Kalahandi 1897/1939, born 14th May 1896, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur; he succeeded to the gadi on 20th October 1897 (#3 p.214); he was granted the title of Maharaja in 1926, married 1916, Rajkumari Suratarangini Devi [HH Maharani Suratarangini Devi of Kalahandi], only daughter of Raja Satchitananda Tribhuban Deb of Bamra, and had issue. He died 19th September 1939.
    • Tikayet Rani Kusum Manjari Devi, married Tikayat Nrupendra Narayan Singh Deo, eldest son and heir of Maharaja Aditya Pratap Singh Deo of Seraikella, and had issue, six sons and four daughters. She died 1990.
    • HH Maharaja Pratap Kesari Deo (qv)
    • Rani Jyoti Manjari Devi, born 1st January 1920, she joined active politics by joining the Ganatantra Parishad Party in 1955, and had a keen interest in education for the people of her constituency of Deogarh; M.L.A. (Orissa) 1957/1961; interests and pastimes were gardening and religious activities; maried Raja Bhanuganga Tribhuban Deb of Bamra, and had issue, two sons and one daughter. She died 30th January 1986.
    • Rani Soubhagya Manjari Devi, married to Raja Anup Singh Deo of Khariar, and had issue, three sons and five daughters.
    • Maharajkumar Bira Kesari Deo B.A., born 22nd May 1927, I.Sc., B.L.D. (Orissa); Member, Bhawanipatna Municipal Council 1951/1956 and Chairman 1953/1956; Member, Assurances and Estimate Committees; Member, Swatantra Party State Executive Committee; M.L.A. (Orissa) 1957/1967; Member of Rajya Sabha 1967/1976; interests are Anthropology, Hunting and Cricket; married Maharajkumari Manjushree Devi, daughter of Kumar Saheb Nagendra Singh Deo of Nua Pacca II (see Seraikella), and had issue, two daughters and four sons. He died 3rd September 2012. (Post Office, Bhawanipatna, Kalahandi, Orissa)
      • Kumar Bharat Bhushan Deo, married Rajkumari Asha Poorna Devi, third daughter of Raja Anup Singh Deo of Khariar, and his wife, Shrimati Rani Soubhagya Manjari Devi, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
        • Kumari Aparna Devi
        • Kumar Abhishek Deo
      • Kumari Anjali Devi, married [?Kunwar Surendra Dev Singh of Poonch], and has issue.
      • Kumari Parvati Devi, married Kumar Bharat Chandra Bhanj Deo, son of Lal Saheb Sarat Chandra Bhanj Deo of Sompata in Mayurbhanj, and has issue, three sons.
      • Kumar Lankeshwar Prasad Singh Deo
      • Kumar Sangram Kesari Deo, married Kumari Sindhu Kumari, daughter of Kumar Jogeswar Singh Deo of Nuagarh in Seraikella, and his wife, Kumari Annapurna Devi, and has issue, one son and two daughters.
      • Kumar Aditya Pratap Deo

  31. HH Maharaja PRATAP KESARI DEO B.A., M.A., 31st Maharaja of Kalahandi 1939/2001, born 5th October 1919 and succeeded 19th September 1939 (#2); Vice-President, Eastern States Union, 1947; President of Ganatantra Parishad 1954/1955 and 1959/1960; Chairman, Board of Foresty and Agricology, Eastern States Agency; President of Sree Neelachal Seva Sangha, New Delhi; President of Rajaji Memorial Committee; Member of Central Board of Wild Life; Member of Central board of Archaeology; Life-Member of Bombay National History Society, the Asiatic Society of Calcutta, and the Numismatic Society of India; President, General Council, University 1957/1960 and Sambalpur University 1960/-; Member and Deputy Leader of the Opposition, Orissa Legislative Assembly, 1952/1956; Member of Forest Enquiry Committee, Orissa, 1958/1959; Member of State Department Advisory Board, Orissa, 1958/1959, Member of National Railway user's Consultative Committee, 1962/1964; Member, Second Lok Sabha, 1957/1962, Third Lok Sabha, 1962/1967, Fourth Lok Sabha, 1967/1970, Fifth Lok Sabha, 1971/1977; Leader of Ganatantra Parishad in Parliament, 1957/1962; Leader of Swatantra Party in Parliament, 1962 and 1971/1975; Leader of Bharatiya Lok Dal in Parliament, 1975/1976; Member of the following committees, Estimates Committee, 1959/1960 and 1962/1964; Railway Convention Committee and Consultative Committee; Leader, Indian Delegation to Commonwealth Parliamentary Association Conference at Lagos; author of My humble Contributions, Turbulent Five Years, The Forgotten Forts of Kalahandi; married HH Maharani Kasturika Mohini Devi, died 1983, daughter of Sri Gajapati Raja Ramchandra Deb IV of Puri, and his wife, Rani Chandramani Pattamahadei, and had issue, two sons and two daughters. He died 8th October 2001 in Delhi.
    • HH Maharani Savitri Devi, married 6th May 1962, Brig.(retd) HH Maharaja Kamakhya Prasad Singh Deo Mahendra Bahadur of Dhenkanal, and has issue.
    • HH Maharaja Udit Pratap Deo (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Bikram Kishor DeoPattayet Bikram Kesari Deo B.A., born 26th November 1952 in Bhawanipatna, Distt. Kalahandi, Orissa, educated at St. Stephen’s College and the University of Delhi (B.A.), M.L.A. (Orissa) 1985/2000 (three terms); Member of the 12th (1998/1999), 13th (1999/2004) and 14th Lok Sabha (2004/2008); Leader of B.J.P. Legislature Party, 1990/1995; Vice President, B.J.P., Orissa, 1999/-; Member, Special Committee on Natural Calamities in 1985/1998; Member, Library Committee 2000/2001; Member, Committee on External Affairs; Member, Committee on Subordinate Legislation; Member, Consultative Committee, Ministry of Water Resources in 1998/1999; Member, Committee on Surface Transport in 1999/2004; Member, Committee on Water Resources 2004/-; Member, Committee on Estimates; Member, Committee on Petitions; Member, Business Advisory Committee; Member, Committe on Public undertakings; Member, Public Accounts Commitee; Member, Urban Development Consultative Committee; Vice-Chairman, Environment and Wild life Protection Society, Bhawanipatna; Vice-President, Zilla Sainik board; Member, Wild Life Advisory Board, Orissa; Participated in the Sampoorna Kranti Movement 1973/1974 and the Ayodhya Movement; Member, Central Board of Arachacology 2004/-; Member, Rose Society of India 2005/-; Member, Indian delegation to World Summit for Sustainable Development, Johannesburg; attended the 59th Session of United Nations General Assembly and was part of Legal Committee; President, Kalahandi Law College and various Colleges and High Schools in Orissa; Member, Braja Mohan Sahitya Samiti; Member, Wildlife and Environment Conservation Society, Kalahandi ; Member, Mahabir Sanskrutik Anushthan; Life Member, National Rifle Association of India; Life Member, Delhi Gymkhana Club; Life Member, Bhubaneswar Club; Member, Kalahandi Cricket Club, Member, Kalahandi Rifle Club, Member, Orissa State Archery Association, Member, Kalahandi Adventure Sports Association; Member, Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH); married 3rd May 1974, Pattayet Rani Shrimant Nayanshree Devi, daughter of Sri Gajapathi Maharaj Bira Kishore Deb, Raja Saheb of Puri, and his wife, Maharani Suryamani Pattamahadei, and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died 7th October 2009.
      • Kumari Arundhati Devi [Rani Arundhati Devi of Bamra], married Raja Nitish Ganga Deb, Raja Saheb of Bamra, and has issue, two sons.
      • Yuvrani Aparajita Devi, married Yuvraj Gopal Narayan Singh Deo of Kharsawan, and has issue, one son.
      • Kumar Saheb Arka Kesari Deo, married Kumar Rani Malavika Devi of Ambotah, Una Dist., H.P., and has issue, one son.
        • Kumar Fateh Kesari Deo
    • Maharajkumari Geeta Devi (Rani Geeta Devi of Sanjeli), married Raja Manvendra Singh of Sanjeli, died 24th November 2006 at Indore, after a prolonged illness; and has issue, two daughters.

  32. HH Maharaja UDIT PRATAP DEO II, 32nd Maharaja of Kalahandi (see above)
1. "The Golden Book of India"; LETHBRIDGE, Roper, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.236
2. "Indian Annual Register" , N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945
3. "Memoranda on Native States in India, 1907" Vol. 1, Calcutta, Superintendent Government Printing, India. 1908