KARAULI (Princely State) (17 gun salute)

LOCATION: Rajasthan AREA: 3,178 km˛ PRIVY PURSE: Rs 1,05,000 POPULATION: 148,670 (1892) RELIGION: Hindu

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja Shri KRISHAN CHANDRA PAL Deo Bahadur Yadakul Chandra Bhal, 43rd and present Maharaja of Karauli since 1984. (Karauli House, New Sanganer Road, Jaipur - 302019, Rajasthan ,India)
married 1980, HH Maharani Rohini Kumari, first time winner as M.L.A. (Rajasthan) 2008/-, daughter of the Rao Saheb Indrajit Singhji of Garhi in Banswara, and his wife, Rani Sampat Kumari, daughter of Maharaj Shri Ajit Singhji Sahib of Jodhpur, and has issue.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Predecessor state of Mathura, was founded about 900AD by Raja Brahm Pal. His Highness the Maharaja maintains a military force of 281 cavalry, 1640 infantry, and 56 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 17 guns (as of 1892). He is considered to be the Head of the Jadon clan of Rajputs who claim descent from Lord Krishna. In token of this claim, all members of the family bear the appellation of Pal, protectors of cows. In the 11th century Raja Bijni Pal, established himself in Bayana, and built the fort overlooking the town. His eldest son, built the fort of Tahangarh in around 1085 and shortly afterwards possessed himself of almost all of the country now comprising the Karauli State, as well as a good deal of land to the east as far as Dholpur. In 1196, Muhammed Gauri occupied Bayana and Tahangarh and when the whole of Jadon lands fell to the invaders, the Raja fled to Rewah. His descendant, Raja Arjun Pal, started to recover his ancestral lands in 1327 and be 1348 he recovered all the lands and founded the present capital of Karauli Town. About a hundred years lated Mahmud I of Malwa, captured Karauli and entrusted it to his son, then the Mughals from the time of Emperor Akbar had considerable influence in Karauli, until Mughal power declined and the Marathas subjugated the state exacting tribute until 1817, when a treaty was made with the British. Owing to financial difficulties in the state, the Ruler's authority was vested in a Council under general control of the political Agent from 1881 to 1889, when all debts were fully liquidated. Direct financial control by the Political Agent was exercised for similar reasons from 1906 to 1917 (#4 p.279). Rulers were...
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, August 2012.
1. "The Golden Book of India"; by Sir Roper Lethbridge, MacMillan & Co., 1893 , p.235
2. "Who Was Who 1916–1928" ; Volume II, London 1930 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.571
3. "Who Was Who 1941-1950" ; Volume IV ; London 1952 ; Adam & Charles Black ; p.621
4. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1939", corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.
5. "A Gazetteer of Eastern Rajputana Comprising The Native States Of Bharatpur, Dholpur, & Karauli" by Major H.E. Drake-Brockman. Ajmer; Scottish Mission Industries Co., Ltd. 1901