KOLHAPUR (Princely State)

(19 gun salute)

Kolhapur State Emblem
AREA: 8,332.29 km˛ PRIVY PURSE: Rs1,000,000 ACCESSION: 1st March 1949
STATE: Bombay DYNASTY: Bhonsle RELIGION: Hindu
VILLAGES:
POPULATION: 957,127 (1941) REVENUE: Rs, 1,27,09,558 (1940)
AGENCY: Kolhapur and Southern Maratha Country Agency (1931)



PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja Chhatrapati SHAHU II BHONSLE, 13th Maharaja of Kolhapur since 1983 (New Palace, Kolhapur – 416003, Maharashtra, India)
born 7th January 1948, graduated in arts in 1967 from the Indo-Christian College in Bangalore, married 9th March 1970, HH Maharani Yadnaseni Raje Saheb, daughter of Sardar Mangulkar of Belgaum, and has issue, two sons.
  • Yuvraj Shrimant Sambhaji Raje Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib, born 11th February 1971, married Yuvrani Sanyogeeta Raje Saheb of Dhamtari, and has issue, a son.
    • Shrimant Shahajiraje Sambhajiraje Bhonsle.
  • Maharajkumar Shrimant Malojiraje Bhonsle, born 1974, graduate in Political Science; married Shrimant Dhawalshri Raje Saheb, daughter of Dr. Digvijay Khanvilkar, MLA from Kolhapur and Rajalaxmi Raje Saheb, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
    • Shrimant Yashasviniraje Bhonsle, born 2001.
    • Shrimant Yashraj Malojiraje Bhonsle, born 2005.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The state was founded in 1700. His Highness, with his feudatories, maintains a military force of 255 cavalry, 1902 infantry, and 67 guns, and is entitled to a salute of 19 guns (as of 1892). Rulers were...
  1. Raja Chhatrapati SHIVAJI I BHONSLE, 1st Raja of Kolhapur 1700/1714 (deposed), born 6th June 1696 at Jinji, married 1stly, Rani Shrimant Bhavanibai Raje Saheb, married 2ndly, Rani Shrimant Parvatibai Raje Saheb, commited sati March 1726. He died of smallpox on 14th March 1726.
    • Maharaja Chhatrapati Rajaram Rao Bhonsle II, succeeded to the Satara gaddi.

  2. Raja Chhatrapati SHAMBHUJI I BHONSLE, 2nd Raja of Kolhapur 1714/1760, born 23rd May 1698 at Panhala, signed the Treaty of Warna formally separating Satara and Kolhapur in 1731, married 1stly, Rani Shrimant Anandibai Raje Saheb, from the Ghatge family of Budh, married 2ndly, Rani Shrimant Umabai Raje Saheb, from the Khanvilkar family, married 3rdly, Rani Shrimant Sakwarbai Raje Saheb, married 4thly, Rani Shrimant Jijabai Raje Saheb, died 1772, daughter of Shrimant Narsojirao Murarrao Shinde Sena Khas Khel of Torgal, married 5thly, Rani Shrimant Sundrabai Raje Saheb, from the Ghatge family of Tutunde, married 6thly, Rani Shrimant Durgabai Raje Saheb, from the Mohite family, married 7thly, Rani Shrimant Kusabai Raje Saheb, from the Ghatge family of Mangaokar. He died sp 20th December 1760.

  3. REGENCY 1760/1762 Rani Shrimant Jiji Bai Raje Saheb (regent), died 1772.

  4. Raja Chhatrapati SHIVAJI II BHONSLE, 3rd Raja of Kolhapur 1762/1813, born 16th March 1756, adopted by Rani Shrimant Jijibai on 22nd September 1762, succeeded 27th September 1762, a commercial Treaty was signed with the British Government on 12th January 1766; another treaty was signed in November 1792 permitting the construction of two factories; during his reign the Raja was engaged in battles with other Maratha powers and his government was weakened by internal factions; he signed another treaty on 1st October 1812, by which he was guaranteed against further aggression by all powers; married 1stly, Rani Shrimant Saibai Raje Saheb, daughter of Tuljojirao Ghatge Sarjerao of Kagal, married 2ndly, Rani Shrimant Chimnabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Ranoji Shinde Chavrekar, married 3rdly, Rani Shrimant Sakwarbai Raje Saheb, daughter of Shrimant Lakshmanrao Shinde Sena Khas Khel, Chief of Torgal, married 4thly, Rani Shrimant Umabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Mukundrao Pawar, Desai of Jamboti, married 5thly, Rani Shrimant Sundrabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Ratnojirao Khanvilkar, married 6thly, Rani Shrimant Ahilyabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Ranojirao Ghatge Sarjerao of Kagal, married 7thly, Rani Shrimant Anandibai Raje Saheb, daughter of Janrao Patankar, married 8thly, Rani Shrimant Mainabai Raje Saheb, another daughter of Lakshmanrao Shinde of Torgal, married 9thly, Rani Shrimant Gangabai Raje Saheb, daughter of the Pawar Desai of Athani, married 10thly, Rani Shrimant Dayabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Sayajirao Ghatge of Murgud, married 11thly, Rani Shrimant Sakwarbai Raje Saheb, daughter of Khanderao Shinde Khilwarkar, married 12thly, Rani Shrimant Anandibai Raje Saheb, daughter of Dhondojirao Patankar, married 13thly, Rani Shrimant Kamalajabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Limaji Naik Nimbalkar of Bairag, and had issue, eight children. He died 24th April 1813.
    • Raja Chhatrapati Shambhuji III Bhonsle [Abasaheb Maharaj] (by Sundrabai) (qv)
    • Raja Chhatrapati Shahji I Bhonsle [Buwasaheb Maharaj] (by Kamlajabai) (qv)
    • Shrimant Aubai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Yeshwantrao Ghatge of Kagal.
    • Shrimant Balabai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Sultanrao Nimbalkar Khardekar.
    • Shrimant Baijabai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Narayanrao Ghatge Baji.
    • Shrimant Yesubai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Sidhojirao Nimbalkar of Nipani.
    • Shrimant Chimnabai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Nagojirao Patankar.
    • Shrimant Akubai Raje Bhonsle Saheb, married Shankararo Shinde of Torgal.

  5. Raja Chhatrapati SHAMBHUJI III BHONSLE, 4th Raja of Kolhapur 1813/1821, born 8th March 1801, he sided with the British Government in a war with the Peshwa in 1817, for which he was rewarded with the restoration of the two districts of Chikori and Manoli, lost in his war with the Nipanikar; married 1stly, Rani Shrimant Saibai Raje Saheb, daughter of Trimbakrao Khanvilkar, married 2ndly, Rani Shrimant Jijabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Dharrao Nimbalkar, married 3rdly, Rani Shrimant Saibai Raje Saheb, daughter of Narayanrao Shirke, married 4thly, Rani Shrimant Sundrabai Raje Saheb, another daughter of Trimbakrao Khanvilkar, and had issue. He was murdered on 16th July 1821 at Bhawani Mandap Palace (#1).
    • Shrimant Shivaji Rao [Balasaheb] Bhonsle, born 1816, died of smallpox in 1822 before he could succeed.

  6. Raja Chhatrapati SHAHJI I BHONSLE, 5th Raja of Kolhapur 1821/1838, born 22nd January 1802, he proved to be a profligate and oppressive ruler, and the British Government was forced to move against him three times between 1822 and 1829; he signed a Treaty in 1826, agreeing to seek the advice of Government in all matters dealing with the public peace; further treaties (1827 and 1829) greatly reduced his powers; married 1stly, Rani Shrimant Ambaikabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Appajirao Naik Nimbalkar, married 2ndly, Rani Shrimant Sakwarbai Raje Saheb, daughter of Daulatrao Mohite Hambirrao, married 3rdly, Rani Shrimant Sagunabai [Babaisaheb], committed sati 1838, married 4thly, Rani Shrimant Anandibai Raje Saheb [Tarabai], daughter of Jyotirao Patankar, married 5thly, Rani Shrimant Narmadabai Raje Saheb, married 6thly, Rani Shrimant Rajasbai Raje Saheb, daughter of Manyajirao Khanvilkar, married 7thly, Rani Shrimant Umabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Yeshwantarao Ghatge Sarjerao of Kagal, married 8thly, Rani Shrimant Kamlabai Raje Saheb, daughter of Manyajirao Ingale, and had issue, 2 sons and 2 daughters. He died 29th November 1838 (#2 p.12).
    • Shrimant Au Bai Bhonsle Raje Saheb, married Ramchandrarao Patankar, and had issue.
      • Raja Chhatrapati Rajaram I Bhonsle (Nagojirao Patankar) (qv)
    • Shrimant Bala Bai Bhonsle Raje Saheb, married Shrimant Narayanrao [Abasaheb] Ghatge of Kagal-Junior, and had issue. She died about 1866.
    • Raja Chhatrapati Shivaji III Bhonsle [Babasaheb Bhonsle] (by Anandibai)(qv)
    • Shrimant Shahu [Chimnasaheb] Bhonsle (by Narmadabai), born 8th January 1831, he was accused of taking part in the 1857 revolt in Kolhapur city and was exiled to Karachi, married Shrimant Sakwarbai Raje Saheb, she commited suicide on 2nd April 1858. He died sp in 1869 on Manora island at Karachi.

  7. Raja Chhatrapati SHIVAJI III BHONSLE, 6th Raja of Kolhapur 1838/1866, born 26th December 1830, during his reign, a rebellion occurred, necessitating the direct administration by the Government, which was eventually turned over to the Raja in 1862, who was forced to sign a treaty, agreeing to guidance by the Government in all important matters; married Rani Shrimant Ahilyabai Raje Saheb of Baroda, adopted his nephew. He died sp on 3rd August 1866.

  8. Raja Chhatrapati RAJARAM I BHONSLE, 7th Raja of Kolhapur 1866/1870, born 13th April 1850 as Nagojirao Patankar, married 1stly, Rani Tarabai Sahib, died 1874, married 2ndly, Rani Sakwarbai Sahib. He died sp on 30th November 1870 in Florence, Italy.

  9. Raja Chhatrapati SHIVAJI V BHONSLE, 8th Raja of Kolhapur 1870/1883, adopted by Rani Tarabai, born 5th April 1863 as Shrimant Narayanrao Bhonsle, son of Dinkarrao Bhonsle of the Khanwatkar branch, he was installed on the gadi in October 1871; a Council of four members were appointed to the administration of the state in 1882 after the Raja began to show symptons of mental illness in 1879; married Rani Anandibai Saheb (she adopted Yeshwantrao Ghatge of Kagal as successor). He died sp on 25th December 1883 at Ahmednagar.

  10. Col. HH Maharaja Sir Shri Chhatrapati SHAHU I BHONSLE G.C.I.E., G.C.V.O., G.C.S.I., 9th Maharaja of Kolhapur 1884/1922, born 26th June 1874 as Meherban Shrimant Yeshwantrao Jaisinhrao Ghatge, son of Meherban Shrimant Jaisinhrao Narayanrao [Abasaheb] Ghatge Sarjerao Vajarat-ma-ab, 4th Chief of Kagal-Senior, adopted to Kolhapur and succeeded to the gadi as a minor on 17th March 1884, granted full ruling powers on 2nd April 1894 (#2 p.13), he was granted the title of Maharaja as a Hereditary distinction on 23rd May 1900 (#2 p.14); made a G.C.S.I. in 1895 and a G.C.V.O. on 1st January 1902, LL.D. (Hon.) [10.6.1902], Hon. Member of the Royal Agricultural Society; granted a personal salute of 21 guns on 1st January 1909, founded the Shahu Vedic School in 1920, made a G.C.I.E. on 12th December 1911 at the Delhi Durbar; married on 1st April 1891, HH Maharani Lakshmi Bai Saheb, born January 1880, daughter of Meherban Gunajirao Khanvilkar of Baroda, and had issue. He died 6th May 1922 (#2 p.16) at Bombay.
    • HH Maharani Radhabai Akka Sahib Maharaj Bhonsle, born 10th March 1894, married 21st March 1908, HH Maharajah Sir Tukoji III Rao Puar, 6th Maharaja of Dewas-Snr, and had issue.
      • HH Maharaja Chhatrapati Shahaji II Puar (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Ambai Akka Sahib Raje Bhonsle, born 23rd May 1895, died young.
    • HH Maharajah Chhatrapati Sir Shri Rajaram II Bhonsle (see below)
    • Maharajkumar Shivaji Maharaj alias Buvasaheb Bhonsle, born 15th April 1899, married on 6th June 1917, Shrimati Indumati Raje Saheb [aka Jamanabai or Jamunakka], died 1971 (or 1975), daughter of Shrimant Shankarrao Jagtap of Saswad in Poona. He died sp on 12th June 1918 at Miraj.

  11. HH
                    Maharaja Chhatrapati Sir Shri RAJARAM II BHONSLE
                    (1897-1940)HH Maharaja Chhatrapati Sir Shri RAJARAM II BHONSLE G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., 10th Maharaja of Kolhapur 1922/1940, born 31st July 1897 (#2 p.16), G.C.I.E. [cr.1924], he succeeded to the gadi on 6th May 1922, he was educated locally and in England under the guardianship of Rev. Dr. and Mrs. Irwin and at the Ewing Agricultural College at Allahabad; he took a keen interest in the administration of the state and during his rule, he introduced many reforms and developed the commercial and industrial resources of his state; married 1stly 1918, HH Maharani Shrimati Indumati Devi Tarabai Sahib, daughter of Yuvaraj Fatehsinghrao Gaekwad of Baroda, and his wife, Yuvarani Padmavati Bai Saheba, married 2ndly, 1925, HH Maharani Shrimati Vijayamalabai Saheb, died 14th July 1993, daughter of Meherban Shrimant Atmaramrao Mohite of Tanjore, and had issue. He died spm on 26th November 1940.
    • Maharajkumari Padma Raje, born 5th October 1940, married February 1959, Sardar Raghojirao Kadam Bande of Torkhed, and had issue, two sons. She died 22nd March 1997.
      • Sardar Harshvardhan Kadam Bande
      • Sardar Rajvardhan Kadam Bande

    REGENCY 1940/1942

  12. HH Maharaja Chhatrapati SHIVAJI V BHONSLE, 11th Maharaja of Kolhapur 1942/1946, born as Pratapsinh, second son of Shrimant Nanasaheb Shankarrao Bhonsle Charvekar of the Khanwatkar branch, born 22nd November 1941, died 28th September 1946.

  13. REGENCY 1946/1947 HH Maharani Chhatrapati Tara Bai Saheb (regent)

  14. HH Maharaja Chhatrapati SHAHAJI II PUAR, 12th Maharaja of Kolhapur 1947/1983, born 10th April 1910, also 7th Maharaja of Dewas-Snr 1937/1948, adopted to Kolhapur on 31st March 1947, President of the General Council (Daly College) 1959/1965; married 30th December 1926, HH Maharani Pramilaraje of Jath, Regent of Dewas from 1946 to 1947, and had issue. He died 9th May 1983
    • HH Maharaja Powar Krishnaji III Rao Puar, 8th Maharaja of Dewas-Snr (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Shaliniraje Puar, married Rajaramsinhrao Bhonsle of Nagpur and has issue.
      • HH Maharaja Chhatrapati Shahu II Bhonsle (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Vijayaraje Puar (by Pramilaraje), married Sardar Pratapsinh Rao Shitole-Ankalikar, Sardesai of Ankli.
    • Maharajkumari Urmilaraje Puar (by Pramilaraje), married Shrimant Rajkumar Vijaysinhrao Yeshwantrao Raje Ghorpade of Sandur.

  15. HH Maharaja Chhatrapati SHAHU II BHONSLE, 13th Maharaja of Kolhapur (see above)
1. ref. IOR/F/4/745/20302 - date: Jul 1821-Jan 1822
2. "List Of Ruling Princes And Chiefs In Political Relations With The Government Of Bombay And Their Leading Officials Nobles And Personages", Calcutta: Government of India Central Publication Branch, 1931