|PRESENT RULER: Raja KAILASH NATH PAL,
present Raja Saheb of Mahson since December 1988,
born 19th March 1938, educated at the Royal Indian
Military College, Dehradun, National Defense Academy, and
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur (B.Tech.),
married in July 1963 in Lucknow, Rani Durga Kumari Pal,
born 1945, daughter of Raja Himanshudhar Singh of Tekari,
and has issue.
- Rajkumar Amitabh Pal, born 1969, educated at Mayo
College, Ajmer and University of North Carolina,
married Kunwarani Deepa Pal, born 1973, daughter of
Maharaj Chandrasen Sisodia of Batherda, and has
- Kumari Sagarika Pal, born 2002.
- Kumari Devika Pal, born 2005.
- Rajkumar Ashutosh Pal, born 1974, educated at Mayo
College, Ajmer and University of Chicago, married
Kunwarani Gauri Pal, born 1975, daughter of Shri T.P.
Nagarajan, I.A.S., and has issue.
- Kunwar Kanishk Pal, born 2006.
|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Emperor
Deo was the last ruler of the mighty Katyur Empire (modern
day Uttaranchal – Kumaon Garhwal region). After Brahm
Deo’s rule the empire disintegrated, with his grandson
Abhay Pal Deo continuing his reign from the kingdom of Askote in Kumaon’s
Pithoragarh district. Abhay Pal Deo’s two younger sons,
Alakh Deo and Tilak Deo set out from Askote in 1305 with a
large army and after passing through the Terai region and
the plains of U.P. came to Gonda/Gorakhpur area. This
region was covered in thick jungles and swamps and was
inhabited by fierce Bhar tribals. The Ghagra river in the
south and Rapti river in the east protected the region
from heavy attacks. Estate holders were....
- Raja ALAKH DEO,
1st Raja of Mahson 1305/1342, born 1281,
great-grandson of Emperor Brahm Deo, he led an army
into the plains of north-eastern U.P. and engaged the
local tribal Bhar king in a ferocious battle, in which
Alakh Deo and his Suryavanshi Rajput forces emerged
victorious. Alakh Deo established his capital 32 km
from Basti (100 km from Gorakhpur) in Mahuli village
in 1305. The feudal kingdom of Mahson-Mahuli stretched
14 kose (47 kilometers) lengthwise and encompassed
several hundred villages; married and had issue. He
- Raja TAPTEJ PAL,
2nd Raja of Mahson 1342/1359, born 1308, during
his reign, in 1353, the Emperor of India, Sultan
Feroze Shah Tughlaq marched from Delhi leading a
massive army to punish the Nawab of Bengal, who had
declared his independence from Delhi. In November of
that year, Sultan Feroze Shah Tughlaq decided to halt
and pitch camp in north-eastern Uttar Pradesh. Here he
gathers tribute from the feudal lords and ensures
their loyalty to the Delhi Sultanate throne. For the
Sultan’s Bengal campaign Taptej Deo provides men, arms
and materiel. In exchange, the Emperor Sultan grants
Taptej Deo the status of “Raja” and the privileges
that come with it, including the right to use “Pal” as
his title, taking from the senior Askote family that
Alakh Deo had branched out from, married and had
issue. He died 1359.
- Raja KHAN PAL,
3rd Raja of Mahson 1359/1372, born 1329, died 1372.
- Raja KUNWAR PAL,
4th Raja of Mahson 1372/1404, born 1358, died 1404.
- Raja TEJ PAL,
5th Raja of Mahson 1404/1421, born 1378, died 1421.
- Raja SAKAT PAL,
6th Raja of Mahson 1421/1441, born 1398, died 1441.
- Raja MAAN PAL,
7th Raja of Mahson 1441/1480, born 1440, died 1480.
- Raja PARASHURAM PAL,
8th Raja of Mahson 1480/1535, born 1470, died 1535.
- Raja DWEEP PAL,
9th Raja of Mahson 1535/1585, born 1515, died 1585.
- Raja MARDAN PAL,
10th Raja of Mahson 1585/1620, born 1545, In this era
the Mughal Empire reached its peak, with Emperor Akbar
on the throne of Delhi. The Mughals co-opted various
Rajput kingdoms into accepting their hegemony over
India. The Mughals either entered alliances or crushed
rebellions, ensuring that Rajput feudal lords paid
them tribute and collected taxes on Delhi’s behalf.
Raja Mardan Pal paid annual taxes of 6,18,256 copper
Dams (15,456 silver Rupees) to the treasury of Delhi.
In addition, he provided a standing army of 2,000
infantry as well as several hundred cavalry, camelry
and elephantry to the Mughal Empire; married and had
issue. He died 1620.
- Raja PRITHVI PAL,
11th Raja of Mahson 1620/1631, born 1570, died 1631.
- Raja YUDHISHTIR PAL,
12th Raja of Mahson 1631/1674, born 1620, died 1674.
- Raja MANI PAL,
13th Raja of Mahson 1674/1710, born 1641, died 1710.
- Raja DWEEP PAL,
14th Raja of Mahson 1710/1730, born circa 1680, during
this time the Mughal Empire had weakened and the
governor of Awadh established a hereditary kingdom
over the entire region of central and eastern U.P.
Tribute and taxes was now paid to the Nawab of Awadh;
married and had issue. He died 1730.
- Raja BAKHTAWAR PAL,
15th Raja of Mahson 1730/1774, born 1728, married and
had issue. He died 1774
- Raja SARAFRAJ PAL,
16th Raja of Mahson 1774/1833, born 1765, during his
reign a fierce attack was launched on the fiefdom in
1780, by neighbouring feudal warlords. At the
battlefield of Murkatti (where heads get cut), the
Raja emerges victorious but the victory is pyrrhic,
with massive losses and weaknesses exposed. It is
decided to shift the capital to a more secure
location, and the village of Mahson, 22 kilometers
away from Mahuli, is chosen; married and had issue,
two sons. He died 1833.
- Raja Shamsher Bahadur Pal (qv)
- Lal Pratap Bahadur Pal, married and had issue.
Tejesawari Pal, married and had issue.
- Lal Rajeswari Bahadur Pal, married and had
- Lal Brij Kishore Pal, born July 1907,
married and had issue, three sons. He died
- Lal Randhir Bahadur Pal
- Lal Dinesh Bahadur Pal
- Lal Surendra Bahadur Pal, married and had
- Kunwar Shashank Bhooshan Pal, born 27th
- Raja SHAMSHER
BAHADUR PAL, 17th Raja of Mahson 1833/1834,
born 1784, in 1801, Nawab Saadat Ali Khan of Awadh
surrendered half of the Awadh kingdom to the British
East India Company. This included the entire eastern
region of Awadh, including Gorakhpur and adjoining
districts. The feudal lords in the region had stopped
paying taxes to the weakened Awadh empire, and when
the East India Company attempted to impose its
suzerainty, the feudal lords revolted. The East India
Company under British Collector Rutledge for the
Gorakhpur region took four years to crush the
rebellion, in which they razed the fortifications of
several rulers to teach them a lesson. Raja Sarafraj
Pal and Shamsher Bahadur Pal settled for peace with
the British, under which the Company’s hegemony was
established in exchange for the Mahson-Mahuli family
to continue their privileges as rulers, including the
title of “Raja” as a hereditary right; married to a
daughter of the Raja of Balrampur, and had issue. He
- Raja MARDAN PAL,
18th Raja of Mahson 1834/1850, born 1805, his two
younger brothers, including the Thakur of Behil, took
part in the revolt of 1857. After the East India
Company emerges victorious, they begin a retribution
and revenge campaign, in which all properties of the
younger brothers are confiscated and given to
feudatories who have actively supported the British
(the Thakur of Marwatia was a primary beneficiary).
The brothers are saved from execution by the
intervention of their mother’s family (Raja of
Balrampur) who played a major role in the revolt
actively siding with the British. Both brother’s
families descend into a state of despair and penury,
and are supported with a stipend and property from
Balrampur, as well as resettlement by Mahson family;
married and had issue. He died 1850.
- Raja BHAWANI GHULAM
PAL, 19th Raja of Mahson 1850/1892, born
1845, he favoured his junior wife and granted
succession rights to his youngest son from the junior
wife, as well as vast properties to two other sons
from his junior wife; this was challenged by the
eldest son, Narendra Bahadur Pal, in British court of
law. Several assassination attempts were made on
Narendra Bahadur Pal and he decided to fight the case
from exile, supported by his wife’s and mother’s
families. The case went to the Privy Council of the
House of Lords, where the verdict was made in favour
of Narendra Bahadur Pal as successor to the feudal
fiefdom. His father, Raja Bhawani Ghulam Pal, having
lost the case, decided to grant in allowance prime
revenue properties of Ahra, Budwal and Bithha to his
three younger sons, reducing Mahson’s revenues by
almost half; married twice, including Rani Sartaj
Kuwari, and had issue, four sons. He died 1892.
- Raja Narendra Bahadur Pal (by the Senior wife)
- Thakur Rajendra Bahadur Pal (by Rani Sartaj
Kuwari), born in Mahson, succeeded to the estate of
Ahra in 1892; married to a daughter of Raja of
Karmahiya, and had issue.
- Lal Satrajeet Bahadur Pal of Ahra
- Raja NARENDRA
BAHADUR PAL, 20th Raja of Mahson 1892/1924,
born 1865, married 1stly, a daughter of the Raja of
Gangwal, married 2ndly, a daughter of Raja of
Majhgawan, and had issue. He died 1924.
- Raja Vijaipratap Narayn Bahadur Pal (qv)
- Thakur Udaipratap Narayan Bahadur Pal
- Thakur Bhanupratap Narayan Bahadur Pal
- Kumari (name unknown), married Raja
Bahadur Kaushalendra Pratap Singh of Kothi, M.P., and had
- Raja VIJAIPRATAP
NARAYAN BAHADUR PAL, 21st Raja of Mahson
1924/1930, born 1901, married Rani Pratap Kunwar, born
1900, died 1948, daughter of Thakur Chandra Bhushan
Singh of Asothar, and had issue, one son and two
daughters. He died 1930.
- Raja Kashi Nath Bahadur Pal (qv)
- Rani Rama Kanta Devi, born 1920, married Raja Shri
Niwas Prasad Singh of Bijaipur-Kantit.
- Rani Uma Kanta Devi, born 1924, married Rao Keshav
Sen of Kharwa.
- Raja KASHI NATH
BAHADUR PAL, 22nd Raja of Mahson 1930/1988,
born 1918, member of the Swatantra Party and M.L.A. in
U.P. Assembly 1962/1967; married Rani Shaileshwari
Kumari, born 1915, died 2007, daughter of Raja
Raghuraj Singh of Mankapur,
and had issue. He died December 1988.
- Raja Kailash Nath Pal (qv)
- Thakur Avinash Nath Pal
- Thakur Umesh Nath Pal, born 23rd March 1942,
married and has issue.
- Kumari Anupama Pal, born 9th January 1968,
married 1993, Tarun Sondhi, and has issue.
- Kumari Devyani Sondhi, born 1998.
- Raja KAILASH NATH
PAL, 23rd Raja of Mahson (see above)
- Thakorani Pratibha Singh of Mahson, married Thakore
Saheb Kamal Raj Singhji of Ambliara.