MANIPUR (Princely State)

(11 gun salute)


AREA: 22,372 km˛ PRIVY PURSE: Rs 3,00,000 ACCESSION: 21st September 1949
STATE: Assam DYNASTY: RELIGION: Hindu



PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja SANAJAOBA LEISEMBA, Maharaja of Manipur since 1996.
PREDECESSORS and SHORT HISTORY: The state was founded in 35AD, though the present dynasty starts in 1714. It is located in the far northeast of India, being bordered by Assam to the west, Nagaland to the north, and Burma to the east and south. Rulers were...
  • Raja GHARIB NAWAZ [Pamhaiba], Raja of Manipur 1714/1754 or 1708/1747, he was engaged in warfare with Burma for most of his reign; married and had issue, three sons. He was murdered by his second son in 1754.
    • Rajkumar Sham Shah, he was murdered by his younger brother in 1754, married and had issue.
      • Raja Guru Sham (qv)
      • Raja Jai Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Ugat Shah
    • Raja Barat Shah (qv)
    • generation (one of above)
      • generation
        • Raja Nara Singh (see below)
        • Raja Debendra Singh (qv)
  • Raja BARAT SHAH, Raja of Manipur 1754/1756
  • Raja GURU SHAM, Raja of Manipur 1756/1764, died 1764.
  • Raja JAI SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1764/1798, married and had issue.
    • Rajkumar Sanahal Singh died vp.
    • Rajkumar Tulsijit Singh
    • Raja Rohinchandra Singh [Rabinchandra Singh?] (qv)
    • Raja Madhuchandra Singh (qv)
    • Raja Chaurajit Singh (qv)
    • Raja Ganavira Singh [Gambhir Singh] (qv)
    • Raja Marjit Singh (qv)
  • Raja ROHINCHANDRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1798/1801, married and had issue. He died 1801.
    • Rajkumar Hirachandra Singh
  • Raja MADHUCHANDRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1801/1806, married and had issue. He died 1806.
  • Raja CHAURAJIT SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1806/1812, married and had issue. He died 1812.
    • Rajkumar Ram Singh
    • Rajkumar Narendrajit Singh, died after 1857.
  • Raja MARJIT SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1812/1819, married and had issue. He died 1824.
    • Rajkumar Kanai Singh, he made an attempt to gain the throne in 1852. He died after 1865.
    • Rajkumar Durjai Singh
    • Rajkumar Jogindra Singh
  • Raja SHUBOL, Raja of Manipur 1819/1823
  • Raja PITAMBARA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1823/1824
  • Raja GANAVIRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1824/1834, married and had issue. He died 9th January 1834 (#1).
    • Raja Chandrakirti Singh (qv)
  • Raja CHANDRAKIRTI SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1834/1844 and 1850/1886, born 1831, he was deposed in 1844, after his mother tried to poison the Regent, who then succeeded in his own right; he succeeded to the gadi on 12th July 1850; married six wives (amongst others), (a) Rani Chongtham Chanu Kouseswari Devi, married (b), Rani Chongtham Chanu Naha Lukeswari, married (c), Rani Haobam Chanu, and had issue, ten sons. He died on 20th May 1886.
    • Raja Surachandra Singh (by 1st Rani) (qv)
    • Raja Kulachandra Singh (by 2nd Rani)(by Chongtham Chanu Naha Lukeswari), second son (qv)
    • Rajkumar Tikendrajit Singh (by 3rd Rani)(by Chongtham Chanu Kouseswari Devi), third son, born 29th December 1856, Kotwal, Senapati (during the period of Surachandra) and Yuvraj (during the period of Kulachandra), born 1858, married eleven wives and had issue. He died 13th August 1891 at Pheida Pung (#2).
      • Rajkumar Chaoba Singh.
    • Rajkumar Pakasana Singh (by 1st Rani), fourth son.
    • Rajkumar Gandhar Singh (by 2nd Rani)
    • Rajkumar Kesharjit Singh (by 1st Rani), sixth son.
    • Rajkumar Bhairabjit Singh
    • Rajkumar Jhalakirti Singh (by 4th Rani)
    • Rajkumar Angousana Singh (by 5th Rani)(by Haobam Chanu), fifth son, born about 1866, Senapati since October 1890.
    • Rajkumar Gopalsanaq Singh (by 1st Rani), seventh son.
    • Rajkumar Zila Ngamba Singh (by 6th Rani)
  • Raja NARA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1844/1850, Regent of Manipur 1834/1844; born 6th May 1792, a great grandson of Raja Gharib Nawaz, married and had issue, three sons. He died 1850.
    • Rajkumar Borachaoba Singh, the eldest son, he made an attempt to take the throne in 1886, but failed and was captured and exiled to Hazaribagh, along with his two brothers and a son.
    • Rajkumar Bhuban Singh
    • Rajkumar Setu Singh
    • generation (one of above?)
      • [Chowbi Yaima], married and had issue.
        • Rajkumar Chandrahas Singh, married and had issue.
          • Kumari Khominsana Devi, married Hijam Irabot, born 30th September 1896, a Manipuri Freedom Fighter.
        • HH Maharaja Sir Churachandra Singh (qv)
  • Raja DEVENDRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur in 1850 for three months, married and had issue. He died 1871.
    • Rajkumar Gokul Singh, he perpetrated a raid in Manipur in 1866, which failed, he escaped but two years later he was captured and sentenced to seven years imprisonment.
    • Rajkunwar Nirjit Singh
  • Raja SURACHANDRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1886/1890, he succeeded his father to the gadi in May 1886, but abdicated on 22nd September 1890, he died 3rd December 1891.
  • Raja KULACHANDRA SINGH, Raja of Manipur 1890/1891 (deposed), died 26th January 1934 at Radhakund, Uttar Pradesh.
  • HH Maharaja Sir CHURACHANDRA SINGH K.C.S.I. C.B.E., Maharaja of Manipur 1891/1941, born 15th April 1885 and succeeded 18th September 1891 (#3), a great grandson of Raja Nar Singh, K.C.S.I., C.B.E.(civil) [cr.1917], married six wives (amongst others) 1stly, Maharani Dhanamanjuri Devi (the Ngangbi Maharani), she played a major role in giving modern education to her children, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Shyamasakhi Ibemma Apambi [Chingakham Ningol], married 3rdly, HH Maharani Priya Sakhi (younger sister of the first wife), married 4thly, Rani Lilabati (Haobam Ningol) and had issue, twelve children, five sons and seven daughters. He died in September 1941.
    • HH Maharaja Bodhachandra Singh (by Maharani Shyamasakhi) (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Tampha Sana (by Maharani Dhanamanjuri), born in February 1909.
    • Maharajkumar Priyobrata Singh, born 17th February 1911, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur 1920/1922 and at Mount Pleasant School near Bournemouth 1922/-, before graduating from Allahabad University, member of the Manipur State Durbar 1936/1941, 1st Chief Minister of Democratic Manipur 1947/1949, served with the Indian Army, Managing Trustee of Charles Frederik Jeffery Memorial Education Trust, a great lover of peace and painter in his own right, a naturalist and environmentalist, with more than 100 papers and articles related to different aspects of life in Manipur to his credit, Manipur University recognised and honoured his contribution by conferring a Doctorate on 14th May 1988. He died unmarried 29th October 2005.
    • Maharajkumar Lokendra Singh (by Rani Lilabati), born 1913, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur 1925/-
    • Maharajkumar Jai Singh (by Maharani Priyasakhi)
    • Maharajkumari Binodini Devi [Princess Wangol](fifth and youngest daughter, by Maharani Dhanamanjuri), born 7th February 1922 in Manipur, a novelist and a writer of short stories, essays, plays and award-winning screenplays, lyrics and ballet scripts; educated at Pine Mount School, Shillong, at Tamphasana Girls High School, Imphal, at St. Mary’s College, Shillong, at Vidyasagar College, West Bengal and at Tagore’s Viswa Bharati University in Santiniketan (where she studied Art and became Manipur's first female graduate); President and Founder of Leikol, the organization of women writers in Manipur; in 1976, she took the first all-Manipuri dance troupe on a tour of Latin America, North America and Europe; her performance film Sangai, Dancing Deer of Manipur won the British Film Institute’s Outstanding Film of the Year Award in 1984; Member of the Legislative Assembly (Manipur); awards include ... National Book Award, India (the Sahitya Akademi Award 1979), Eminent Senior Writer Award (2007), Jamini Sunder Guha Gold Medal (1966), Kumari Barooah Foundation Award for Culture (2002), Padma Sri (1976) for her contribution to music, drama, dance, film and literature; she married in 1950, Dr. L. Nanda Babu Roy, a surgeon, and had issue, two sons. She died 17th January 2011 in Manipur.
      • L. Debabrata Roy
      • L. Somi Roy
  • HH Maharaja BODHACHANDRA SINGH, Maharaja of Manipur 1941/1955, born 24th July 1908, educated at Rajkumar College, Raipur 1919/1927; crowned 1st December 1944, her married seven or nine wives, including 1stly, 1929 (div. 1941) HH Srimati Maharani Tharendra Kishori [Rajkumari Ram Priya Devi], died 1942, third daughter of Sri Raja Krupamaya Ananga Bhima Kesari Gajapathi Dev, Raja of Bodo Khimedi, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Ishwari Devi, daughter of Raja Mohan Bikram Shah of Ramnagar, and his wife, Rani Sita Rajya Lakshmi Devi, married 3rdly, HH Maharani Kamini Devi [Keishampat Rani], born as Khumallambam Ningol Ibempishak, died 29th December 2013, at the age of 81 years; married 4thly, 1944, Maharani Kamlabati Devi [Sangani Maharani], a Manipuri dancing girl, and had issue, five sons and one daughter. He died 9th December 1955 or 26th November 1955.
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), born 26th November 1941.
    • HH Maharaja Okendrajit Singh (by 3rd marriage) (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Sana Yaima Devi, died 1949.
  • HH Maharaja OKENDRAJIT SINGH, Maharaja of Manipur 1955/1996, born 1951, succeeded to the gaddi of Manipur on 9th December 1955. He died 1996.
  • HH Maharaja SANAJAOBA LEISEMBA, Maharaja of Manipur (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
  • RK Dorendra Singh, born 3rd September 1934, son of RK Tombisana Singh; M.A., LL.B.; Speaker of the Manipur Legislative Assembly 1961/1965; Member of the Manipur Legislative Assembly 1974/1988; Chief Minister of Manipur 1974/1977 and 1980; Member of the Rajya Sabha 1988/1990; General Secretary of the Socialist Party, Manipur 1964/1966; President of the Manipur Congress 1978/1980, married Shrimati S. Shanta Devi, and has issue, three sons and two daughters. (Moiranghom, Imphal, Manipur, India)
  • RK Jaichandra Singh, born 28th February 1942, son of Shri RK Birchandra Singh, M.A, LL.B; Member of the Rajya Sabha 1984/1988, Union Minister of State holding portfolios of Youth Affairs and Sports and Chemicals and Petro-Chemicals 1984/1988, married Shrimati Sarojini Devi, and has issue, two sons and two daughters. (Sagolband Road, Vijai Govind, Imphal, Manipur, India)
1. ref. IOR/F/4/1506/59032 - date: Dec 1832-Dec 1834
2. "Dictionary of National Biography" ; Sen, S.P. (Ed.) Calcutta 1972 Vols.1-4 ; Institute of Historical Studies ; vol.4/p.231
3. "Indian Annual Register" , N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945