MULTAN (Princely State)


VILLAGES: xx REVENUE: xx ACCESSION: 1818
LOCATION: Punjab DYNASTY: Afghan (Saddozai) RELIGION: Muslim



PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE:

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: After the conquest of Multan by the Sikhs in 1818 the family shifted to Lahore. Rulers were....
  • Saddo Khan, born 1558 in Kandahar, he succeeded his father as Chief of the Habibzai tribe, but he was a man of such bravery and ability that he was selected in 1598 by the Abdali tribe, living between Kanadahar and Herat to be their leader, he served the interests of Shahanshah Abbas of Persia, he recovered Kanadahar for the Shah in 1621, which had been lost to the Mughal Emperor in 1594, married and had issue, five sons, ancestors of the Saddozai branch of the Abdali tribe. He died 1626.
    • Khizar Khan, he succeed his father as Chief of the tribe, he was of a mild disposition and was unable to control his tribe, he therefore appointed his brother as the Chief in his place.married and had issue, the Khizar Khel, including the Durrani Kings of Afghanistan. He died 1626.
      • Khudadad Khan, with the help of Persian troops he took command of the area around Kandahar, causing his cousin and family to flee to India.
      • generations
        • Padshah Ahmad Shah [Durr-e Durran = Pearl of Pearls], born 1722, he adopted the name of Durrani for his tribe in 1747, married (amongst others) (a) Iffatunissa Begum, daughter of Shahzada Dawar Baksh of Delhi, married (b), a daughter of the Mughal Emperor, Padshah Muhammed Shah of Delhi, and had issue (see Afghanistan - Durrani). He died 16th October 1772.
    • Sultan Modud Khan, of a more determined chahracter than his elder brother, he kept his tribe in check, married and had issue. He was killed in a domestic brawl in or about 1643 at Saffa.
      • Shah Husain Khan, he succeed his father as Chief of the tribe but was opposed by his cousin, Khudad Khan, who claimed the succession, a battle was founght between them near Saffa, and his cousin was successful, he fled to Kandahar, raised a considerable force of troops and forced his cousin to flee to Ispahan, where he was well received by the Shah, Shahanshah Abbas II, together they retook Kandahar in 1648, before the army of Emperor Shah Jahan of Delhi, could arrive, afterwards in 1649, Prince Aurangzeb arrived with an army to retake Kandahar but it was too well defended and he had to raise the siege and return to Delhi, Shah Husain Khan and his family accompanied the Emperor to India, where he was granted the parganna of Sialkot in jagir, later exchanged for Rangpur, in 1654 he was appointed Governor of the Deccan, returning to Delhi the following year. He died sp at Rangpur.
      • Allahdad Khan, married and had issue, six sons. He died a few months before his brother.
        • Inayat Khan, he succeed to his uncle's estate, married and had issue.
          • Asghar Khan, he claimed the right of administration after the death of his uncle, Abid Khan, which brought him into conflict with his younger uncle, Lashkar Khan, who also claimed seniority, war was averted with the nomination of Zahid Khan as the successor.
          • Sher Muhammed Khan, he succeed his father to the estate, but was imbecilic, and unable to manage his affairs.
        • Abid Khan, he administered the affairs of the estate for his nephew, who was incompetent, married and had issue.
          • Nawab Zahid Khan (qv)
        • Lashkar Khan
    • Kamram Khan, married and had issue, the Kamram Khel.
    • Bahadur Khan, married and had issue, the Bahadur Khel.
    • Zafran Khan, married and had issue, the Zafran Khel.

  • Nawab Zahid Khan, 1st Nawab of Multan 1738/1747, an able man of gentle manners and considerable learning, he was appointed Nawab of Multan in 1738, when Nadir Shah invaded India, in 1747, Ahmad Shah Durrani invaded India and confirmed him in his appointment, but the Government in Delhi instead appointed Shahnawaz Khan to supercede as Governor, married and had issue. He died 1749.
    • Nawab Shakar Khan (qv)
    • Nawab Shuja Khan (qv)
  • Nawab Shah Nawaz Khan, Nawab on Multan 1749/- (Indian nominee), he was appointed the Nawab, but was attacked by Zahid Khan, but was killed in a skirmish with troops sent by the Governor of Lahore, who wanted his own representative, Raja Kura Mal, as Governor of Multan, but a new invasion by Ahmad Shah Durrani compelled him to flee, leaving Shakar Khan in charge of Multan.
  • Nawab Shakar Khan, 2nd Nawab of Multan, he allowed charge of Multan to go to Mir Manu, son of Kamruddin, Minister at Delhi, and remained on good terms with him, married and had issue.
    • Nawabzada Hasan Khan, he was a man of no ability and was overlooked in the succession, and Khwaja Yakut was appointed Governor by Delhi, he submitted at Ali Muhammed Khan, who was shortly afterwards replaced by Shakar Khan.
    • Nawabzada Husain Khan
  • Nawab Shuja Khan, 4rd Nawab of Multan, he was directed by Ahmad Shah Durrani to succeed as Governor of Multan, replacing the Indian nominee, Ali Muhammed Khan, who had usurped the position from Khwaja Yakut, Shuja Khan was unpopular, and was soon replaced by Ali Muhammed Khan, who imprisoned him, Ahmad Shah Durrani then attacked Multan in 1767, and put to death Ali Muhammed Khan and his son, and replaced him with Shuija Khan, who was then replaced by several other nominees, with the Bhangi finally taking control for eight years 1771/1779, married and had issue. He died 1774.
    • Nawab Muzaffar Khan (qv)
  • Nawab Haji Muzaffar Khan, last Saddozai Nawab of Multan 1779/1818, in 1779, Timur Shah Durrani, with a large force, recaptured Multan and place Muzaffar Khan in charge with the the title of Rukn ud-Daula, he was an able and energetic ruler and much improved the province, even though he was engaged in constant warfare for nearly forty years until his death, Maharaja Ranjit Singh attacked Multan on several occassions (1806 and 1807), and was bought of each time, until on 24th February 1810, when he took possession of the city, but were unable to take the fort, and they had to retire in April, more attacks followed in 1816, 1817 and finally on 2nd June 1818, when Multan fell to Maharaja Ranjit Singh, married and had issue. He was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818, with five of his sons, he was buried with honour at the Shrine of Bahauddin.
    • Nawab Sirafraz Khan (third son)(qv)
    • Nawabzada Zulfiqar Khan, he received cash pension from Lahore after the fall of Multan, married and had issue. He died 1847.
      • Abdul Khaliq Khan, married and had issue. He died 1848.
        • Abdul Majid Khan
      • Jhanagir Khan, born 1822, in receipt of a pension of 1,620Rs.
      • Muhammed Khan, died 1850.
      • Gulzar Khan, born 1837.
      • Ahmad Yar Khan, born 1842, in receipt of a pension of 1,440Rs.
    • Nawabzada Shah Nawaz Khan, married a Bamazai lady, daughter of Abdul Karim Khan (brother of Wazir Shah Wali Khan, Afghan Minister), former Governor of Derajat, and had issue. He was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818 and was buried with honour at the Shrine of Bahauddin.
      • Nawab Abdul Majid Khan, born 1817, educated privately, in receipt of a pension of 3,000Rs., he became a good Arabic and Persian scholar, with a great taste for history and poetry and was well versed in medicine; he was appointed an Honorary Magistrate and a member of the Municipal Committee, then later became the Vice-President of the Municipal Committee; elected Fellow of the Punjab University, he was granted the title of Nawab on 1st January 1865 and was awarded the C.S.I. in 1887. He died in 1890.
    • Nawabzada Mumtaz Khan, he was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818.
    • Nawabzada Azaz Khan, he was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818.
    • Nawabzada Haq Nawaz Khan, married and had issue. He He was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818.
      • Rab Nawaz Khan, married and had issue, descendants in Bahawalpur. He died after 1864.
    • Nawabzada Shahbaz Khan, he was killed while bravely defending the fort of Multan on 2nd June 1818.
    • Nawabzada Amir Baz Khan, married and had issue, descendants in Bahawalpur. He died after 1864.
  • Nawab Sirafraz Khan, Nawab of Multan 1818/1851, he was imprisoned in Lahore by Diwan Chand, and was well received by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who granted him a jagir at Sharakpur and Naolakha, afterwards commuted to a cash pension, at annexation, he had a jagir worth 1,100Rs, the village of Chamusa and a cash pension of 14,720Rs, the latter to be maintained for life, married and had issue, eight sons and seven daughters. He died 12th March 1851.
    • Nawabzada Firuzdin Khan (qv)
    • Nawabzada Sham Ali Khan
    • Nawabzada Mansur Ali Khan
    • Nawabzada Ahmad Ali Khan, born 1827, in receipt of a pension of 1,200Rs.
    • Nawabzada Akbar Ali Khan, died 1852.
  • Nawabzada Firuzdin Khan, Head of the Noble Family of Multan 1851/1855, he succeeded to the ownership of the village of Chamusa, which lapsed upon his death, married and had issue. He died 1855.
    • Sahibzada Qasim Ali Khan (qv)
    • Sahibzada Hashan Ali Khan, born 1834, married and had issue, descendants in Bahawalpur.
    • Sahibzada Sadiq Ali Khan, born 1838, in receipt of a pension of 360Rs.
    • Sahibzada Shamsher Ali Khan, born 1843, in receipt of a pension of 360Rs.
  • Sahibzada Qasim Ali Khan, Head of the Noble Family of Multan 1855/1881, born 1832, in receipt of a pension of 1,200Rs; married and had issue. He died 1881.
    • Sardar Muhammad Azam Ali Khan (qv)
  • Sardar Muhammad Azam Ali Khan, Head of the Noble Family of Multan 1881/- , married and had issue.
    • Muhammad Safdar Ali Khan, died 1933 aged 33 years.