Zamindari in Bihar

A table showing the growth of numbers of estates in Bihar arranged by district

NAME OF DISTRICT 1882-18831862-1863 1892-18931901-19021911-1912 1921-1922 1935-1936

BHAGALPUR 3,594 4,210 4,585 4,741 4,800 4,948
CHAMPARAN † † † † † †
DARBHANGA 7,521 23,581 30,447 34,172 37,515 39,801
GAYA 4,936 5,595 6,121 7,674 8,430 9,950
MONGHYR 3,539 5,732 7,118 7,901 8,452 9,219
MUZAFFARPUR ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡
PATNA 5,015 8,182 10,322 12,814 13,649 15,707
SANTAL PARGANAS xx xx xx xx xx xx 468 ƒ
SARAN 4,183 5,225 6,042 6,688 7,440 8,451
SHAHABAD 4,186 5,912 7,607 9,922 10,717 12,406

TOTALS 32,974 58,437 72,242 83,912 91,033 100,482

† - the figures for Champaran and Saran districts are combined
‡ - the figures for Darbhanga and Muzaffapur districts are combined
ƒ - comprising 449 Class I, 2 Class II and 17 Class III estates.

The total number of estates in all districts of the province excluding Sambalpur, at the end of 1911-1912,  was 101,622 while the total number of estates in all districts, including Sambalpur at the end of 1921-22, was 113,435.

Estates were classified into three classes....
CLASS I - permanently settled estates, which includes, all estates so settled whether -

  1.  estates were settled from the date of the dicennial settlement
  2.  resumed revenue-free estates settled in perpetuity
  3. estates formerly the property of Government, the proprietary right in which, has been sold to private persons, subject to a revenue fixed in perpetuity
  4. estates once the property of Government, the proprietary right in which, has been sold to private persons, subject to a revenue liable to to periodical revision
CLASS II - temporarily settled estates, which includes -
  1. those settled for periods with the proprietors
  2. private estates leased to farmers for periods
  3. Government estates leased to farmers for periods
CLASS III - estates held direct by Government, which includes -
  1. those managed for proprietors
  2. those owned by Government as proprietor

A table showing a much abbreviated list of estates in Bihar arranged alphabetically

NAME OF ZAMINDARI AREA km² DISTRICT VILLAGES REVENUE DYNASTY/LINEAGE TITLE

AMAWAN xx Patnaxxxxxx Raja Bahadur
ANAPUR xx Allahabad xx xx Bhumihar Brahmin Babu Shri
ANANDPUR487.36SinghbhumRathoreThakurxxxx
ANGAUTAxx Siwanxxxxxxxx
ASANTALAxxSinghbhumxxRajaxxxx
BADKAGARH KUTTExxRanchi xx xxxxxx
BAGDAxxHazaribagh xx xxxxxx
BAHARDURPUR see Shakarpura xx Monghyr Parmar see Shakarpura xx xx
BANAILIxx (#1) BhagalpurMaithil Brahmin Rajaxxxx
BANDGAON55.08SinghbhumxxThakurxxxx
BANKAxx Bhagalpurxx Thakur Sahebxxxx
BANKI300.00 xxDhal Rajaxxxx
BARAHIYAxxxxxx Babu Shrixxxx
BARHxx Patnaxx Babu Shrixxxx
BARWARIxxxxxxxxxxxx
BENDIxxPurulia xx xxxxxx
BETTIAH4,724.00 Champaran Bhumihar Brahmin Rajaxxxx
BHANDAR LEDO GADIxxHazaribagh (Giridih) Bhumihar Brahmin Babu Shrixxxx
BHARATKHANDxx Bhagalpurxx xxxxxx
BINDRA NAWAGARHxx Raipurxxxxxxxx
BISHRAMPUR618.70 Palamau ChauhanRaja Sahebxxxx
CHAIBASAxxxx xx xxxxxx
CHAINPUR27.09 Singhbhumxx Raja Sahibxxxx
CHAKLIxxSambalpur xx xxxxxx
CHAUGAIN113 villages ShahabadParmar Rana Sahibxxxx
DEOxxGaya Sisodia Rajaxxxx
DHARAHARAxx Muzaffarpur xxxxxxxx
DUMARIAxxxxxxxxxxxx
EKONAxxArrah xx xxxxxx
GIDHAURxx Monghyr ChandelMaharaja Bahadurxxxx
HATHWA2,072.00 Saran Bhumihar Brahmin Rajaxxxx
ICHAxxSeraikella Princely State xx xxxxxx
JAGANNATHPURxxRanchi xx xxxxxx
JHARIA (Jaria)xx Ranchi or ManbhumxxRaja Sri Srixxxx
JOGINIxx MuzaffarpurBhumihar BrahminThakurxxxx
KASHI NARESHxxxx xx xxxxxx
KERA and HATIA194.40SinghbhumRathoreThakurxxxx
KHIJRIxxRanchi xx xxxxxx
KUNDAxxHazaribaghxxSri Sri Rajaxxxx
KURSELAxxPurneaSisodiaRajaxxxx
LACHMIPURxx BhagalpurSurajbansi Thakurxxxx
LADIGARHxx Palamauxx Rajaxxxx
?LAINGxxRajgangpur xx xxxxxx
LATMAxxxx xx xxxxxx
LOHARIA xx xx xx Kunwar xx xx
MADHUBANxxxx Bhumihar Brahminxxxxxx
MAHESHMAxxRanchi xx xxxxxx
MAHESHPURxxxx xx xxxxxx
MAKSUDPUR360 villagesGaya Bhumihar Brahmin Rajaxxxx
MANATUxx Palamauxxxxxxxx
MANJHI144 villagesxx xx xxxxxx
MUNGERxx (Monghyr)MonghyrxxRajaxxxx
NAGARUNTARIPalamauxxxx Bhaiyaxxxx
NAVAJAIPURxx Palamauxxxxxxxx
NAYAGAONxxxxxxxxxxxx
NAZARGUNJxxPurneaLall ChowdhuryRajaxxxx
NUAGARHxxPurulia xx xxxxxx
NUAPACCAxxSeraikella Princely State xx xxxxxx
PAHLEZA2,000 bighasGaya Bhumihar Brahmin Babu24 maujhasxx
PAKRAxxBhagalpur Bhumihar Brahminxxxxxx
PALGANJxxHazaribagh xx Rajaxxxx
PALKOTxxxx xx xxxxxx
PANCH PADUAxxPalamau xx xxxxxx
PANDOOIxxxx Bhumihar Brahmin xxxxxx
PATKUMxxxx xx xxxxxx
PATNAxxxxxxxxxxxx
PORAHAT1,331.77SinghbhumRathoreRajaxxxx
RAMNAGAR xx Champaran Shah (Sisodia) Rajaxxxxxxxx
RANKA 484 villages Palamau Gor (Surwar Rajput) Rajaxxxx
RASIMALAxxxx xx xxxxxx
RATUxxxx Nagbansi Maharajaxxxx
RATWALxxWest Champaran Solanki Raosahebxxxx
RATWARAxxxx Bhumihar Brahmin xxxxxx
RINGRINxxSinghbhumxxxxxxxx
SAMBEYxxGaya xx Babuxxxx
SAMROMxxxx xx xxxxxx
SERAMPURxxHazaribagh xx Rajaxxxx
SHAMBHU PATTIxxxxxxxxxxxx
SHAKARPURA212.38Monghyr Parmar Rajaxxxx
SHEOHARxx MuzaffarpurBhumihar BrahminRajaxxxx
SONBARSAxxBhagalpurxxRaja Bahadurxxxx
SUMMHA DEORHIxxxxxxxxxxxx
SURSANDxxMuzaffarpur xx xxxxxx
TAMKUHIxx Deoria, U.P.xx Rajaxxxx
TIKARI7,500.00 Gaya Bhumihar Brahmin Rajaxxxx
THAKURGAONxxRanchixx Thakur Sahebxxxx
TUPUDANAxxxx xx xxxxxx
xxxxxx xx xxxxxx