|SHORT HISTORY: Following is
a brief historical and genealogical outline of the
Shekhawat clan, being one of the 65 branches of the
Kachhawa ruling clan of Jaipur, and the most prominent of
all the Kachhawas, and are the descendants of great Rajput
warrior, Rao Shekhaji (BIOGRAPHY).
The early rulers paid allegiance to their overlords, the
rulers of Amber, but Rao Shekhaji declared himself
independent in 1471 and established a separate
principality for his descendants. The Shekhawats ruled
over the Shekhawati region for over 500 years and are
honoured with the hereditary title of “Tazimi Sirdars”,
whom HH the Maharaja of Jaipur receives by rising from his
seat. The Shekhawat rulers built more then 50 forts and
Palaces during their rule over the Shekhawati region [land
of Shekhawat rulers], which was the largest Nizamat [District]
within Jaipur State, almost the whole of which is occupied
by Shekhawats, Col. J.C. Brooke in his book, Political History of India,
wrote that “For the recruitment of Horse-army there is no
region in India at par with Shekhawati.” Shekhawat is a
very common surname in the Indian military. Many members
of the clan have won gallantry awards including the Param Veer Chakra
(the highest Indian award for bravery in a time of war),
the Mahaveer Chakra,
Sub clans or septs of the
Shekhawat clan with their Thikanas:
Ancient sites of the
- Bhojraj Ji Ka
- Jhajhar, founded by Kunwar Purshottamdas, elder
son of Raja Todarmal.
- Gudhagaurji, founded by Thakur Jhunjhar Singh.
- Chirana, site of a magnificent castle.
of Thakur Salehdi Singh 1687-1767): Kedh,
founded by Kunwar Gopal Singh son of Thakur Jagram
- Nangali, founded by Thakur Saledhi Singh.
- Khirod, founded by Kunwar Amar Singh and Kunwar
Ram Singh, sons of Salehdi Singh, they built a
castle in 1825 samwat.
- Moonwari [Mohanwari], founded by Thakur Saledhi
- Paunkh etc.
- Panch Pana
- Thakur Shardul Singh, had six sons (see below), who received
shares of their fathers estate. One son died young,
and his share was divided equally amongst his
brothers (these five shares were known as Panch
Pana), another son died without issue and his share
was given to the surviving brothers.
- (Descendants of Thakur Zorawar Singh): Chowkari, founded
by Thakur Bakhat Singh in 1745, son of Thakur
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a castle.
founded by Thakur Maha Singh in 1745, son of
Thakur Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu, started the
construction of Malsisar Fort in 1762.
founded by Thakur Daulat Singh in 1751/1791, third
son of Thakur Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of
- Chanana, founded by Thakur Ranjit Singh, son of
Thakur Daulat Singh, he constructed the Fort of
- Gangiyasar, granted to Thakur Medh Singh. Site
of a fort.
- Tain, founded by Thakur Salim Singh, son of
Thakur Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a fort.
- Sirohi, founded by Thakur Salim Singh, son of
Thakur Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a fort.
- Dabdi, founded by Thakur Kirat Singh, son of
Thakur Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu.
- (Descendants of Thakur Kishan Singh):
Khetri, founded by
Thakur Kishan Singh in 1742, second largest
Thikana in Jaipur after Sikar. Site of the
kaleidoscopic Bhopalgarh Fort, Bagore Fort and a
Palace. Thakur Bhopal Singh constructed the Khetri
Mahal in 1770.
- Alsisar I, site
of a fort, founded by Thakur Chattar Singh in
- Alsisar II,
founded by Thakur Ganpat Singh in 1853.
founded by Thakur Ramnath Singh. Thakur Pahar
Singh constructed the fort of Heerwa in 1763.
founded by Thakur Mehtab Singh, site of a small
- Arooka, site of a
fort, the estate was founded by Thakur Duleha
Singh in 1796.
- Badangarh, site of a fort, the estate was
founded by Thakur Badan Singh.
- (Descendants of Thakur Nawal Singh):
founded by Thakur Nawal Singh in 1737 at the
village site of Rohili. Nawalgarh has two forts,
Bala Kila Fort, built in 1737, and Fatehgarh or
Kachiagarh Fort, as well as Roop Niwas Palace.
- Mandawa, founded
in 1791 by the third and fourth sons of Thakur
Narsinghdas of Nawalgarh in 1791. Castle Mandawa
was built by Thakur Nawal Singh, in 1755.
founded in 1768 by Thakur Nahar Singh, second son
of Thakur Nawal Singh of Nawalgarh. Mahensar has a
- Parasrampura, founded by Thakur Bhawani Singh,
son of Thakur Nahar Singh. Site of a small Castle.
site of a fort, the estate founded by Thakur
Mukand Singh in 1859, son of Thakur Nathu Singh of
- Dorasar, founded by Kunwar Prem Singh.
- Pacheri, founded by Kunwar Prem Singh.
- Kolinda etc.
- (Descendants of Thakur Kesari Singh);
by Thakur Kesari Singh, who constructed Dundlod
Fort in 1750. The fort has the majestic Diwan
- Bissau, founded
in 1746 by Thakur Kesari Singh, site of a fort.
- Surajgarh, founded in 1778 by Thakur
Surajmal.Site of a fort.
- Ugarsen Ji Ka
- Gopal Ji Ka
- Achaldas Ji Ka
- Jahota, granted to
Thakur Achaldas, son of Thakur Bhagwan Das.
- Bhairo Ji Ka
- Tejsi Ji KA
- Khejroli, granted to Kunwar Bharmal, younger son
of Rao Shekha.
- Milakpur, granted to Kunwar Trilok, younger son of
- Girdhar Ji Ka
- Khandela Senior,
site of the Bara Pana Fort, the estate was founded
by Raja Udai Singh in 1697.
- Khandela Junior,
site of Chhota Pana Fort, the estate was founded by
Raja Fateh Singh in 1683.
- Danta, founded
by Thakur Amar Singh, later Thakur Bhawani Singh,
constructed the fort of Danta in 1754; Danta was in
Sambhar Nizamat of Jaipur.
- Khood, site of a
fort, the estate was founded by Thakur Shyam Singh.
- Surera, site of a Castle.
- Ramgarh (near Danta), site of a strategic Fort,
built by Guman Singh Shekhawat [Ladkhani] in 1733AD.
- Bawari etc.
- Rao Ji Ka
- Sikar, site of a
fort and a palace, namely the Madho Niwas Palace,
the estate was founded in 1687 by Rao Daulat Singh,
son of Rao Jaswant Singh of Kasli.
- Kasli, founded by
Rao Tirmal, who was granted the title of Rao and the
parganas of Nagore and Kasli (84 villages).
- Sarwari etc.
site of a fort, the estate was granted to Thakur Lad
Singh in 1618. Khachariawas was in Sambhar Nizamat
- Khatu, founded by
Kunwar Kesari Singh, son of Thakur Lad Singh of
- Lamia, site of a fort, the estate was founded by
Kunwar Maya Singh, grand son of Thakur Lad Singh of
- Pachar, site of a fort.
- Bidoli etc.
- Hariram Ji Ka
- Lasada, some of these thikanas are also Bhomias.
- Parasram Ji Ka
- Jhunjhunu - was taken over by the Thakur Shardul
Singh in 1730 from the Kayamkhani Nawabs. Jhunjhunu
has three forts, namely Badalgarh Fort, Jorawargarh
Fort, Akhegarh Fort, as well as a Palace, Khetri
- Laxmangarh - founded in the early 19th century by
Raja Laxman Singh of Sikar. Rao Raja of Sikar, Laxman
Singh constructed a beautiful kaleidoscopic fort on
the hill in 1862. He also founded a town, naming it
after himself, as Laxmangarh in 1864. This town was
styled after the Jaipur Town planning system.
- Raghunathgarh - site of two Forts on the hill, built
by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in 1791.
- Devigarh - site of a fort on the hill, built by Rao
Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in 1787.
- Fatehpur - established in 1451 as a capital for
Muslim Kayamkhani Nawabs, but was taken by the
Shekhawat Rajputs in the 18th century.
- Ramgarh - founded by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in
- Raja UDAYAKARAN,
Raja of Amber
1367/1389, married and had (with other issue).
- Rao BALOJI,
Rao of Barwara 1389/1430, third son, received his
patrimony of Barwara, married and had issue.
- Rao Mokalji (qv)
- Rao Khemrajji, his descendants were one of the bara
- Rao Kharudji, married and had issue.
- Rao Kumanji, ancestor of the Kumawat clan (said
to be nearly extinct in 1823).
- Rao MOKALJI,
Rao of Barwara 1430/1445, married 4 wives, including,
4thly, Rani Nirbanji, and had issue. He died 1445.
- Rao Shekhaji (by Rani Nirbanji) (qv)
- Rao SHEKHAJI,
Rao of Barwara 1445/1460 and Rao of Amarsar 1460/1488,
born 1433, founder of Amarsar in 1460, he declared
himself independent in 1471 and established a separate
Kingdom of his descendants; married six wives, and had
issue, 12 sons. He died 1488 in the battle of Ghatwa.
- Kunwar Durga, ancestor of the Gadh Taknet clan. He
died 1488 in the battle of Ghatwa.
- Kunwar Ratna, ancestor of the Ratnawat clan.
- Kunwar Puran Mal, died sp 1488 in the
battle of Ghatwa.
- Kunwar Abha
- Kunwar Achala
- Kunwar Trilok, he was given Mallikpur jointly with
his two older brothers, and their descendants are
known as Mallikpuria.
- Kunwar Kumbha
- Kunwar Ridmal
- Kunwar Bharmal, he was given Khejroli jointly with
his two older brothers, and their descendants are
known as Khejroliya.
- Rao Raimal (qv)
- Rao RAIMAL,
Rao of Amarsar 1488/1537, married seven wives, and had
issue, six sons. He died 1537.
- Rao Suja Singh (qv)
- Kunwar Tej Singh, killed shortly after 1525 by Rao
Jaimalji of Uniara.
- Thakur Sahas Mal, he was granted the jagir of
Siwar; married and had issue.
- Baisa Madalsha Kanwar [Rani Shekhawatiji
Madalsha Bai of Kelwa], married (as his second
wife), Rawat Pattaji, 2nd Rawat Saheb of Kelwa,
and had issue (see Amet).
- Kunwar Jagmal
- Kunwar Sheo Singh
- Kunwar Sultan Singh
- Baisa (name
unknown), married Rao Bida, Thakur of Bidasar, and had
- Rao SUJA SINGH,
Rao of Amarsar 1537/1548, married and had issue, six
- Rao Lunkaran of Amarsar (qv)
- Rao Raisal (qv)
- Rao Gopal Singh, had descendants at Jharli and
- Kunwar Chanda Singh of Mahanpur.
- Kunwar Bhairon Singh of Bassi.
- Kunwar Ram Singh, died sp.
- Rao LUNKARAN, Rao of Amarsar 1548/1584, which
comprised some 360 villages which was overshadowed by
the Junior lines some 200 years later, granted a
mansab of 2000 sawars by Akbar, appointed Faujdar of
Sambhar in 1571, married (amongst others), Rani Hansa
Bai, daughter of Raja Maldeo of Marwar, and had issue.
He died 1584.
- Rao Manohar (by Rani Hansa Bai), founder of
Manoharpur later renamed Shahpura.
- Kunwar Natha Singh
- Kunwar Narsingh Das
- Thakur Bhagwan Das of Reengus - Mehroli, married
and had issue.
- Thakur Achal Das, founder of the Achaldasji ke
Shekhawat clan, ancestor of the Thakurs of Jahota in Jaipur.
- Kunwar Jagganath Singh, died in Dhauli battle.
- Kunwar Sanwal Das
- Kunwar Kishan das
- Kunwar Dule Harai
- Kunwar Ishwar Das
- Kunwar Kalyan Das
- Kunwar Chitar Das
The help of Bhanwar Ajit Karan Singh Shekhawat of
Jhajhar is gratefully acknowledged, 2007.
- Raja RAISAL Darbari, Rao of Amarsar
1584/1614, born about 1538, he was granted the jagir
of Lamiya, he was also granted the title of Raja and a
later raised to 3000, married 1stly, Rani Kesar
Kumari, daughter of Raja Lakhdheer Badgujar of Devati,
married 2ndly, Rani Kisnawati, only daughter of Raja
Peetha (Nirvan), the Raja of Khandela, adding that
territory to his own, married 3rdly. Rani Mertanji,
daughter of Rao Bitthaldasji, son of Rao Jaimal of
Merta (see Jodhpur),
married 4thly, Rani Hansa Kumari, committed sati in 1614,
daughter of Rao Jagmal of Merta,
married 5thly, Rani Lad Kanwar, daughter of Raja
Kumbha Gaur of Maroth, married 6thly, Rani Indrawati,
daughter of Rao Man Singh Songara of Pali, and had
issue, 12 sons, the Raisalot clan, including the
Sadhani sub-clan. He died about 1614.
- Thakur Lad Singh of Khachariawas
(better known as Lad Khan) (by Rani Kesar Kumari),
ancestor of the Ladkhani sub-clan of the Shekhawat.
- Thakur Virbhan Singh (by Rani Lad Kanwar)
- Rao Tirmal (by Rani Mertanji), granted the title
of Rao and the parganas of Nagore and Kasli (84 villages),
married and had issue.
- Rao Gangaram of Kasli, married and had issue,
the Raos of Sikar.
He died at Renwal.
- Rao Bhojraj (by Rani Hansa Kumari) 1621/1640, born
1567, he represented his father, in the battle of
Kangra in 1582; he received the village of Kosambi
in 1608 as his jagir, it was later renamed Udaipur,
granted a mansab of 800 zat and 400 sawars, later
raised to 1000 zat and 500 sawars; in 1596, the year
of famine, he started the construction of a tank,
namely the “Bhoj Sagar” for the relief of famine
sufferers; married eleven wives, and had issue, the
“Bhojraj Ji Ka” sub clan. He died about 1640 at
Khandela where his cenotaph was built.
- Raja Todar Mal (by Rani Anop Kanwar Yadaviji),
succeded his father as the Raja Sahib of
Udaipurwati 1640/1658, a generous and noble
person, he served as Finance Minister and Prime
Minister, and was considered to be one of the nine
Gems of India during Padshah Akbar’s reign. He was
one of the closest associates of the Mughal
emperor Akbar, who sought his services during the
conquest of Bengal in 1576. He also led the
military campaign against Chitor in 1568. He was
famous for his land revenue settlement known as Zabti or
regulation system. He divided the cultivable land
into four classes on the basis of the fertility of
the soil and frequency of cultivation. Once he
gave a unique reception and showed hospitality to
Bareth Haridas (the Kavi of Maharana Jagat Singh
of Udaipur), after testing his generosity, Bareth
remarked - Two
Udaipurs are glorious,two givers are
unhesitating; one is Rana Jagat Singh and
another is Raja Todermal; he married
1stly, Rani Sher Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Kalyan
Das Nirban of Kharkada, married 2ndly, Tara Devi,
daughter of Thakur Raghunath Singh Baghel of
Kusambhi, married 3rdly, Parsawati Bidawatiji,
daughter of Thakur Dhuraj of Chappar, married
4thly, Rani Sewag Tanwariji, daughter of Thakur
Kishan Singh, married 5thly, Rani Udawatiji,
daughter of Thakur Kalyan Das of Jaitaran, married
6thly, Rani Chauhaniji, daughter of Thakur Jhujhar
Singh of Rampura, and had issue, six sons. He died
- Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar in Rajasthan
Kunwarani Phool Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba of
Kuchaman, and had issue, two sons and a
- Thakur Hari Singh, married but died sp.
- Thakur Prithvi Singh (Photo),
married 1stly, Thakurani Biki Ji, married
2ndly, Thakurani Biki Ji, married 3rdly,
Thakurani Udawat Ji, and had issue, four sons.
He died in the battle of Devli and Heerapura,
north of Sambhar.
- Thakur Fateh Singh, [Fateh Singh Ji Ka
Pana, Jhajhar], married and had issue.
- Thakur Padam Singh, [Padam Singh Ji Ka
Pana, Jhajhar] married and had issue.
- Thakur Sabha Singh, [Pana Malam Singh
Sabhasinghot, Jhajhar], married and had
- Thakur Karan Singh, [Karan Singh Ji Ka
Pana, Jhajhar], married and had issue, two
- Thakur Badan Singh, married and had
- Thakur Devi Singh, married and had
- Thakur Bhairo Singh, he was granted
the jagir, later named as “Bhairobas”
Raola of Jhajhar; married and had issue.
- Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar, married Maharaja
RATAN SINGH of Ratlam.
She committed sati in 1658.
- Kunwar Shyam Singh of Chapoli.
- Kunwar Himmat Singh of Kari.
- Kunwar Bhim Singh of Moondawarra, Rawao and
- Raja Jhujhar Singh, Thakur of Udaipurwati
1658/1687, married 1stly, Rani Lakh Kanwar
Gauriji, married 2ndly, Rani Rup Kanwar
Bidawatiji, married 3rdly, Rani Suhag Kanwar
Tanwariji, daughter of Rao Kesar Singhji,
married 4thly, Rani Deep Kanwar Jodhiji, married
5thly, Rani Ajab Kanwar Nirbaniji, married
6thly, Rani Kusum Kanwar Tanwariji, and had
issue, eighteen sons and two daughters. He died
- Thakur Jagram Singh, Thakur of Udaipurwati
1687/-, married 1stly, Rani Kandhlotiji,
daughter of Thakur Pratap Singh of Rawatsar,
married 2ndly, Thakurani Kundan Kanwar, and
- Kunwar Kushal Singh of Badao (by Rani
- Kunwar Gopal Singh of Udaipur (by Rani
- Kunwar Sukh Singh of Panchlangi (by Rani
Kandhlotiji), died 1719.
- Thakur Sardul Singh
(by Thakurani Kundan Kanwar), born 1681,
Thakur of Parasrampura from 1715, he
conquered the territory of the Kaimkhani
Nawabs of Jhunjhunu in October 1730, married
1stly, 1698, Thakurani Sahaj Kanwar,
daughter of Thakur Manroop Singh Bika of
Nathasar, married 2ndly, Thakurani Sirey
Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Mohakam Singh of
Nathasar, married 3rdly Thakurani Bakhat
Kanwar Mertaniji, daughter of Thakur Devi
Singh of Poonota, and had issue. He died
17th April 1742.
- Thakur Zorawar Singh (by Thakurani Sahaj
Kanwar), born 1700 at Kant, married 1stly,
Thakurani Hansa Kanwar, married 2ndly,
Thakurani Kesar Kanwar, daughter of Thakur
Surat Singh Jodha, married 3rdly,
Thakurani Jeev Kanwar, daughter of Thakur
Himmat Singh Nirban of Jasrapur, married
4thly, Thakurani Akhaya Kanwar, daughter
of Thakur Shyam Singh Mertia, and had
issue, eight sons. He died 1745.
- Kunwar Bakhat Singh of Chowkri and
- Kunwar Maha Singh of Malsisar.
- Kunwar Daulat Singh of Mandrella.
- Kunwar Jait Singh, died sp in
- Kunwar Salim Singh of Taien, Sirohi.
- Kunwar Medh Singh of Gangiyasar.
- Kunwar Hathi Singh of Sultanu.
- Kunwar Kirat Singh of Dabri Dheer.
- Thakur Kishan Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
Kanwar), born 1709, ancestor of the
families of Khetri,
- Kunwar Bahadur Singh (by Thakurani
Bakhat Kanwar), born 1712, died 1732.
- Thakur Nawal Singh Bahadur (by Thakurani
Bakhat Kanwar), born 1715, ancestor of the
families of Nawalgarh,
Narsinghani and Mandawa. He
died 24th February 1780.
- Thakur Keshri Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
Kanwar), born 1729, ancestor of the
families of Dundlod,
Surajgarh and Bissau,
4th and youngest son, died 1768.
- Thakur Akhey Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
Kanwar), died sp 1750.
- Rani Guman Kanwar (by Thakurani Sahaj
Kanwar), born 1699, married Rao Chattar
Singh of Indergarh in Kotah.
- Thakur Saledhi Singh of Moonwari and
Nangali (by Thakurani Kundan Kanwar), born
1687, married five wives, and had issue,
thirteen sons and three daughters. He died
- Kunwar Ajit Singh, died 1785.
- Baisa Lad Kanwar, married Apji Inder Singh
- Baisa Hasta Kanwar
- Baisa Shab Kanwar, married Apji Megh Singh
- Baisa Janak Kanwar, married Apji Amar Singh
- Baisa Sukh Kanwar, married Maharaj Shivnath
Singh of Sitamau.
- Kunwar Harnath Singh of Rasulpur.
- Kunwar Kesari Singh (by Rani Parag Kanwar
- Kunwar Raghunath Singh (by Rani Parag Kanwar
- Kunwar Puras Ram of Bae (by Rani Kesar Kumari)
- Thakur Hur Ramji of Mundurri or Munduru (by Rani
Kisnawati), married and had issue. He died in
- Thakur Hardaya Ramji, founder of Thikana Mundru
in or about 1621; married and had issue, six sons
and one daughter (see Mundru).
- Kunwar Biharimal (by Rani Kisnawati), he died sp
- Kunwar Taj Khan (by Rani Kesar Kumari), he died sp.
- Raja Girdhar Singh (by Rani Mertanji), 7th son, he
was granted the jagir of Khandela, by Padshah
Jahangir of Delhi.
- Kunwar Kushal Singh (by Rani Indrawati), married
and had issue.
- Ladi Kanwar, married Amar Singh Rathore, became
sati on 26th July 1644.