|SHORT HISTORY: Following
is a brief historical and genealogical outline of the
being one of the 65 branches of the Kachhawa ruling clan
of Jaipur, and
the most prominent of all the Kachhawas, and are the
great Rajput warrior, Rao Shekhaji (BIOGRAPHY).
rulers paid allegiance to
overlords, the rulers of Amber, but Rao Shekhaji declared
in 1471 and established a separate principality for his
The Shekhawats ruled over the Shekhawati region for over
500 years and
are honoured with the hereditary title of “Tazimi
Sirdars”, whom HH the
Maharaja of Jaipur receives by rising from his seat. The
rulers built more then 50 forts and Palaces during their
rule over the
Shekhawati region [land of Shekhawat rulers], which was
the largest Nizamat
[District] within Jaipur
State, almost the whole of which is occupied by
Shekhawats, Col. J.C.
Brooke in his book, Political
of India, wrote that “For the recruitment of
there is no region in India at par with Shekhawati.”
Shekhawat is a
very common surname in the Indian military. Many members
of the clan
have won gallantry awards including the Param Veer Chakra
Indian award for bravery in a time of war), the Mahaveer Chakra, etc.
Sub clans or septs of the
Shekhawat clan with their Thikanas:
Ancient sites of the
- Bhojraj Ji Ka
- Jhajhar, founded by Kunwar Purshottamdas, elder
- Gudhagaurji, founded by Thakur Jhunjhar Singh.
- Chirana, site of a magnificent castle.
Thakur Salehdi Singh 1687-1767): Kedh,
founded by Kunwar Gopal
Singh son of Thakur Jagram Singh.
- Nangali, founded by Thakur Saledhi Singh.
- Khirod, founded by Kunwar Amar Singh and Kunwar
Singh, sons of Salehdi Singh, they built a castle
- Moonwari [Mohanwari], founded by Thakur Saledhi
- Paunkh etc.
- Panch Pana
Thakur Shardul Singh, had six sons (see below),
who received shares of their fathers estate. One son
died young, and
his share was divided equally amongst his brothers
(these five shares
known as Panch Pana), another son died without issue
and his share was
given to the surviving brothers.
- (Descendants of
Thakur Zorawar Singh): Chowkari, founded
Thakur Bakhat Singh in 1745, son of Thakur
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a castle.
Thakur Maha Singh in 1745, son of Thakur Zorawar
Jhunjhunu, started the construction of Malsisar
Fort in 1762.
Thakur Daulat Singh in 1751/1791, third son of
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a fort.
- Chanana, founded by Thakur Ranjit Singh, son of
Daulat Singh, he constructed the
Fort of Chanana.
- Gangiyasar, granted to Thakur Medh Singh. Site
- Tain, founded by Thakur Salim Singh, son of
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a fort.
- Sirohi, founded by Thakur Salim Singh, son of
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu. Site of a fort.
- Dabdi, founded by Thakur Kirat Singh, son of
Zorawar Singh of Jhunjhunu.
of Thakur Kishan Singh): Khetri,
founded by Thakur Kishan Singh in 1742, second
largest Thikana in
Sikar. Site of the kaleidoscopic Bhopalgarh Fort,
Bagore Fort and
a Palace. Thakur Bhopal Singh constructed the
Khetri Mahal in
- Alsisar I, site
fort, founded by
Thakur Chattar Singh in 1853.
- Alsisar II,
Thakur Ganpat Singh in 1853.
Thakur Ramnath Singh. Thakur Pahar Singh
constructed the fort of Heerwa
Thakur Mehtab Singh, site of a small Castle.
- Arooka, site of a
the estate was founded by
Thakur Duleha Singh in 1796.
- Badangarh, site of a fort, the estate was
Thakur Badan Singh.
of Thakur Nawal Singh): Nawalgarh,
founded by Thakur Nawal Singh in 1737 at the
of Rohili. Nawalgarh has two forts, Bala Kila
Fort, built in 1737, and
Fatehgarh or Kachiagarh Fort, as well as Roop
- Mandawa, founded
1791 by the third and fourth sons of Thakur
Narsinghdas of Nawalgarh in
1791. Castle Mandawa was built by Thakur Nawal
Singh, in 1755.
1768 by Thakur Nahar Singh, second son of Thakur
Nawal Singh of Nawalgarh. Mahensar has a
- Parasrampura, founded by Thakur Bhawani Singh,
Singh. Site of a small Castle.
site of a
fort, the estate founded
by Thakur Mukand Singh in 1859, son of Thakur
Nathu Singh of Nawalgarh.
- Dorasar, founded by Kunwar Prem Singh.
- Pacheri, founded by Kunwar Prem Singh.
- Kolinda etc.
of Thakur Kesari Singh); Dundlod,
founded by Thakur Kesari Singh, who constructed
Dundlod Fort in 1750.
The fort has the majestic Diwan Khana.
- Bissau, founded
by Thakur Kesari Singh, site of a fort.
- Surajgarh, founded in 1778 by Thakur
Surajmal.Site of a
- Ugarsen Ji Ka
- Gopal Ji Ka
- Achaldas Ji Ka
- Jahota, granted to
Achaldas, son of Thakur Bhagwan Das.
- Bhairo Ji Ka
- Tejsi Ji KA
- Khejroli, granted to Kunwar Bharmal, younger son
- Milakpur, granted to Kunwar Trilok, younger son of
- Girdhar Ji Ka
- Khandela Senior,
the Bara Pana Fort, the estate was founded
by Raja Udai Singh in 1697.
- Khandela Junior,
Chhota Pana Fort, the estate was founded
by Raja Fateh Singh in 1683.
- Danta, founded
Thakur Amar Singh, later Thakur Bhawani
constructed the fort of Danta in 1754; Danta was in
Sambhar Nizamat of
- Khood, site of a
estate was founded by Thakur
- Surera, site of a Castle.
- Ramgarh (near Danta), site of a strategic Fort,
Guman Singh Shekhawat [Ladkhani] in 1733AD.
- Bawari etc.
- Rao Ji Ka
- Sikar, site of a
fort and a
palace, namely the Madho Niwas Palace, the estate
was founded in 1687
Rao Daulat Singh, son of Rao Jaswant Singh of Kasli.
- Kasli, founded by
Tirmal, who was granted the title of Rao and the
parganas of Nagore
and Kasli (84 villages).
- Sarwari etc.
site of a fort, the estate was granted to Thakur Lad
Singh in 1618.
Khachariawas was in Sambhar Nizamat of Jaipur.
- Khatu, founded by
Kesari Singh, son of Thakur Lad
Singh of Khachariawas.
- Lamia, site of a fort, the estate was founded by
Maya Singh, grand son of Thakur
Lad Singh of Khachariawas.
- Pachar, site of a fort.
- Bidoli etc.
- Hariram Ji Ka
- Lasada, some of these thikanas are also Bhomias.
- Parasram Ji Ka
- Jhunjhunu - was taken over by the Thakur Shardul
the Kayamkhani Nawabs. Jhunjhunu has three forts,
Jorawargarh Fort, Akhegarh Fort, as well as a Palace,
- Laxmangarh - founded in the early 19th century by
Laxman Singh of
Sikar. Rao Raja of Sikar, Laxman Singh constructed a
kaleidoscopic fort on the hill in 1862. He also
town, naming it after himself, as Laxmangarh in 1864.
This town was
styled after the Jaipur Town planning system.
- Raghunathgarh - site of two Forts on the hill, built
Raja Devi Singh
of Sikar in 1791.
- Devigarh - site of a fort on the hill, built by Rao
Devi Singh of Sikar
- Fatehpur - established in 1451 as a capital for
Kayamkhani Nawabs, but was
taken by the Shekhawat Rajputs in the 18th century.
- Ramgarh - founded by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in
- Raja UDAYAKARAN,
Raja of Amber
and had (with other issue).
- Rao BALOJI,
Barwara 1389/1430, third son, received his patrimony
and had issue.
- Rao Mokalji (qv)
- Rao Khemrajji, his descendants were one of the bara
- Rao Kharudji, married and had issue.
- Rao Kumanji, ancestor of the Kumawat clan (said
- Rao MOKALJI,
Barwara 1430/1445, married 4 wives, including, 4thly,
and had issue. He
- Rao Shekhaji (by Rani Nirbanji) (qv)
- Rao SHEKHAJI,
of Barwara 1445/1460 and Rao of Amarsar 1460/1488,
born 1433, founder
of Amarsar in
1460, he declared himself independent in 1471 and
separate Kingdom of his descendants; married
six wives, and had issue, 12 sons. He died 1488 in the
battle of Ghatwa.
- Kunwar Durga, ancestor of the Gadh Taknet clan. He
1488 in the battle of Ghatwa.
- Kunwar Ratna, ancestor of the Ratnawat clan.
- Kunwar Puran Mal, died sp 1488 in the
- Kunwar Abha
- Kunwar Achala
- Kunwar Trilok, he was given Mallikpur jointly with
and their descendants are known as Mallikpuria.
- Kunwar Kumbha
- Kunwar Ridmal
- Kunwar Bharmal, he was given Khejroli jointly with
and their descendants are known as Khejroliya.
- Rao Raimal (qv)
- Rao RAIMAL,
Amarsar 1488/1537, married seven wives, and had
He died 1537.
- Rao Suja Singh (qv)
- Kunwar Tej Singh, killed shortly after 1525 by Rao
Jaimalji of Uniara.
- Kunwar Sahas Mal, he was granted the jagir of
- Kunwar Jagmal
- Kunwar Sheo Singh
- Kunwar Sultan Singh
- Baisa (name
married Rao Bida, Thakur of Bidasar,
and had issue.
- Rao SUJA SINGH,
of Amarsar 1537/1548, married and had
issue, six sons.
- Rao Lunkaran of Amarsar (qv)
- Rao Raisal (qv)
- Rao Gopal Singh, had descendants at Jharli and
- Kunwar Chanda Singh of Mahanpur.
- Kunwar Bhairon Singh of Bassi.
- Kunwar Ram Singh, died sp.
- Rao LUNKARAN, Rao
of Amarsar 1548/1584, which comprised some 360
was overshadowed by the Junior lines some 200 years
later, granted a
of 2000 sawars by Akbar, appointed Faujdar of Sambhar
in 1571, married
(amongst others), Rani Hansa Bai, daughter of Raja
Maldeo of Marwar,
and had issue. He died 1584.
- Rao Manohar (by Rani Hansa Bai), founder of
later renamed Shahpura.
- Kunwar Natha Singh
- Kunwar Narsingh Das
- Thakur Bhagwan Das of Reengus - Mehroli, married
- Thakur Achal Das, founder of the Achaldasji ke
Shekhawat clan, ancestor
of the Thakurs of Jahota
- Kunwar Jagganath Singh, died in Dhauli battle.
- Kunwar Sanwal Das
- Kunwar Kishan das
- Kunwar Dule Harai
- Kunwar Ishwar Das
- Kunwar Kalyan Das
- Kunwar Chitar Das
The help of Bhanwar Ajit Karan Singh Shekhawat of
gratefully acknowledged, 2007.
- Raja RAISAL Darbari, Rao
of Amarsar 1584/1614, born about 1538, he was
granted the jagir of
Lamiya, he was also granted the title of Raja and a mansab of 1250 sawars later
married 1stly, Rani Kesar Kumari, daughter of Raja
of Devati, married 2ndly, Rani Kisnawati, daughter of
Raja Peetha, the
Raja of Khandela,
adding that territory to his own, married 3rdly. Rani
Kumari, committed sati
1614, daughter of Rao Jagmal of Merta,
married 5thly, Rani Lad Kanwar, daughter of Raja
Kumbha Gaur of Maroth,
married 6thly, Rani Indrawati, daughter of Rao Man
Singh Songara of
Pali, and had issue, 12 sons, the Raisalot clan,
the Sadhani sub-clan. He died about 1614.
- Thakur Lad Singh of Khachariawas
(better known as Lad Khan) (by Rani Kesar Kumari),
of the Ladkhani sub-clan of the Shekhawat.
- Thakur Virbhan Singh (by Rani Lad Kanwar)
- Rao Tirmal (by Rani Mertanji), granted the title
the parganas of
Nagore and Kasli (84
- Rao Gangaram of Kasli, married and had issue,
He died at Renwal.
- Rao Bhojraj (by Rani
Kumari) 1621/1640, born 1567,
he represented his father, in the battle of Kangra
he received the
of Kosambi in 1608 as his jagir, it was later
renamed Udaipur, granted
a mansab of 800 zat and 400 sawars, later raised to
1000 zat and 500
sawars; in 1596, the year of famine, he started the
construction of a
tank, namely the “Bhoj Sagar” for the relief of
married eleven wives, and had issue, the “Bhojraj Ji
Ka” sub clan. He
died about 1640
at Khandela where his cenotaph was built.
- Raja Todar Mal (by Rani Anop Kanwar Yadaviji),
his father as the Raja Sahib
of Udaipurwati 1640/1658,
a generous and noble person, he served as Finance
Minister and Prime
Minister, and was considered to be one of the nine
Gems of India during
Padshah Akbar’s reign. He was one of the closest
associates of the
Mughal emperor Akbar, who sought his services
during the conquest of
Bengal in 1576. He also led the military campaign
against Chitor in
1568. He was famous for his land revenue
settlement known as Zabti or regulation system. He
divided the cultivable land into four classes on
the basis of the
fertility of the soil and frequency of
cultivation. Once he gave a
unique reception and showed hospitality to Bareth
Haridas (the Kavi of
Maharana Jagat Singh of Udaipur), after testing
his generosity, Bareth
remarked - Two
glorious,two givers are unhesitating; one is
Rana Jagat Singh and
another is Raja Todermal; he married
1stly, Rani Sher Kanwar,
daughter of Thakur Kalyan Das Nirban of Kharkada,
married 2ndly, Tara
Devi, daughter of Thakur Raghunath Singh Baghel of
3rdly, Parsawati Bidawatiji, daughter of Thakur
Dhuraj of Chappar,
married 4thly, Rani Sewag Tanwariji, daughter of
Thakur Kishan Singh,
married 5thly, Rani Udawatiji, daughter of Thakur
Kalyan Das of
Jaitaran, married 6thly, Rani Chauhaniji, daughter
of Thakur Jhujhar
Singh of Rampura, and had issue, six sons. He died
- Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar in Rajasthan
married Kunwarani Phool Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba
of Kuchaman, and had
issue, two sons and a daughter.
- Thakur Hari
married but died sp.
- Thakur Prithvi Singh (Photo),
married 1stly, Thakurani Biki Ji, married
2ndly, Thakurani Biki Ji,
Thakurani Udawat Ji, and had issue, four sons.
He died in the battle of
Devli and Heerapura, north of Sambhar.
- Thakur Fateh Singh, [Fateh Singh Ji Ka
Jhajhar], married and had issue.
- Thakur Padam Singh, [Padam Singh Ji Ka
Jhajhar] married and had issue.
- Thakur Sabha Singh, [Pana Malam Singh
Sabhasinghot, Jhajhar], married and had
- Thakur Karan Singh, [Karan Singh Ji Ka
Jhajhar], married and had issue, two sons.
- Thakur Badan Singh, married and had
- Thakur Devi Singh, married and had
- Thakur Bhairo Singh, he was granted
jagir, later named as “Bhairobas” Raola
of Jhajhar; married and had
- Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar, married Maharaja
SINGH of Ratlam.
She committed sati in 1658.
- Kunwar Shyam Singh of Chapoli.
- Kunwar Himmat Singh of Kari.
- Kunwar Bhim Singh of Moondawarra, Rawao and
- Raja Jhujhar Singh, Thakur
of Udaipurwati 1658/1687, married 1stly, Rani
Lakh Kanwar Gauriji,
married 2ndly, Rani Rup Kanwar Bidawatiji,
married 3rdly, Rani Suhag
Kanwar Tanwariji, daughter of Rao Kesar Singhji,
married 4thly, Rani
Deep Kanwar Jodhiji, married 5thly, Rani Ajab
Kanwar Nirbaniji, married
6thly, Rani Kusum Kanwar Tanwariji, and had
issue, eighteen sons and
two daughters. He died
- Thakur Jagram Singh, Thakur
of Udaipurwati 1687/-, married 1stly, Rani
Kandhlotiji, daughter of
Thakur Pratap Singh of Rawatsar, married
2ndly, Thakurani Kundan
Kanwar, and had issue.
- Kunwar Kushal Singh of Badao (by Rani
- Kunwar Gopal Singh of Udaipur (by Rani
- Kunwar Sukh Singh of Panchlangi (by Rani
Kandhlotiji), died 1719.
- Thakur Sardul Singh
Thakurani Kundan Kanwar), born
1681, Thakur of Parasrampura from 1715, he
territory of the Kaimkhani
Nawabs of Jhunjhunu in October 1730, married
1stly, 1698, Thakurani
Sahaj Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Manroop
Bika of Nathasar, married 2ndly, Thakurani
Sirey Kanwar, daughter of
Thakur Mohakam Singh of Nathasar, married
3rdly Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar Mertaniji,
daughter of Thakur Devi Singh
of Poonota, and had issue. He died 17th
- Thakur Zorawar Singh (by Thakurani Sahaj
at Kant, married 1stly, Thakurani Hansa
Kanwar, married 2ndly,
Thakurani Kesar Kanwar, daughter of Thakur
Surat Singh Jodha, married
3rdly, Thakurani Jeev Kanwar, daughter of
Thakur Himmat Singh Nirban of
Jasrapur, married 4thly, Thakurani Akhaya
Kanwar, daughter of Thakur
Shyam Singh Mertia, and had
issue, eight sons. He died 1745.
- Kunwar Bakhat Singh of Chowkri and
- Kunwar Maha Singh of Malsisar.
- Kunwar Daulat Singh of Mandrella.
- Kunwar Jait Singh, died sp in
- Kunwar Salim Singh of Taien, Sirohi.
- Kunwar Medh Singh of Gangiyasar.
- Kunwar Hathi Singh of Sultanu.
- Kunwar Kirat Singh of Dabri Dheer.
- Thakur Kishan Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
ancestor of the families
- Kunwar Bahadur Singh (by Thakurani
- Thakur Nawal Singh Bahadur (by Thakurani
ancestor of the families
Narsinghani and Mandawa.
He died 24th February 1780.
- Thakur Keshri Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
ancestor of the families
Surajgarh and Bissau,
4th and youngest son, died 1768.
- Thakur Akhey Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat
- Rani Guman Kanwar (by Thakurani Sahaj
married Rao Chattar Singh
Indergarh in Kotah.
- Thakur Saledhi Singh of Moonwari and
Thakurani Kundan Kanwar),
born 1687, married five wives, and
issue, thirteen sons and three daughters. He
died about 1767.
- Kunwar Ajit Singh, died 1785.
- Baisa Lad Kanwar, married Apji Inder Singh
- Baisa Hasta Kanwar
- Baisa Shab Kanwar, married Apji Megh Singh
- Baisa Janak Kanwar, married Apji Amar Singh
- Baisa Sukh Kanwar, married Maharaj Shivnath
- Kunwar Harnath Singh of Rasulpur.
- Kunwar Kesari Singh (by Rani Parag Kanwar
- Kunwar Raghunath Singh (by Rani Parag Kanwar
- Kunwar Puras Ram of Bae (by Rani Kesar Kumari)
- Thakur Hari Ramji of Mundurri or Munduru (by Rani
and had issue, six sons. He died in battle.
- Thakur Hardaya Ramji, married and had issue.
- Baisa Sone Kanwar, married Thakur Sahib Khanji
- Kunwar Biharimal (by Rani Kisnawati), he died sp
- Kunwar Taj Khan (by Rani Kesar Kumari), he died sp.
- Raja Girdhar Singh (by Rani Mertanji), 7th son, he
jagir of Khandela,
by Padshah Jahangir of Delhi.
- Kunwar Kushal Singh (by Rani Indrawati), married
- Ladi Kanwar, married Amar Singh Rathore, became
on 26th July