ORCHHA (Princely State)

(15 gun salute)

 
AREA: 5,387 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 185,300Rs
ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
STATE: Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY: Bundela RELIGION: Hindu
  POPULATION: 321,364 (1901) REVENUE: 700,000Rs 
     
PRESENT RULER: HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri MADHUKAR SHAH Ju Deo Bahadur, 27th and present Maharaja of Orchha
born 8th December 1944, educated at Doon School, Dehra Dun, Uttaranchal, and graduated in 1964 from St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, married 1973 in New Delhi, HH Maharani Snehlata Devi, born 1947, daughter of HH Maharaja Pratap Singh Malvinder Bahadur of Nabha, and has issue, three daughters and a son.
  • Maharajkumari Vindeshwari Shah, born 2nd November 1975, married 25th November 2007 in New Delhi, Yuvraj Kamlendra Singh of Jhabua.
  • Maharajkumari Rajeshwari Shah, born 15th October 1977.
  • Maharajkumari Bijeshwari Shah, born 12th August 1980
  • Raja Bahadur Rudra Pratap Shah, born 26th May 1983.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Founded in about 1250. Rulers were ...
  • Raja Hem Karan, Raja of Mahoni 1048/1071, married and had issue.
    • Raja Virbhadra Singh (qv)
  • Raja Virbhadra Singh, Raja of Mahoni 1071/1087, married and had issue.
    • Raja Karanpal Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Randhir Singh
    • Kunwar Hirashah
    • Kunwar Hansraj
    • Kunwar Kalyanshah
  • Raja Karanpal Singh, Raja of Mahoni 1087/1112, married and had issue.
    • Raja Kinnar Shah (qv)
    • Raja Shaukan Dev (qv)
    • Raja Nanak Dev (qv)
    • Kunwar Vir Singh, married and had issue.
      • Raja Mohanpal Singh (qv)
      • Raja Abhaybhupati Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Naunakdev
    • Kunwar Jamshah
    • Kunwar Udayshah
  • Raja Kinnar Shah, Raja of Mahoni 1112/1130
  • Raja Shaukan Dev, Raja of Mahoni 1130/1152
  • Raja Nanak Dev, Raja of Mahoni 1152/1159
  • Raja Mohanpal Singh, Raja of Mahoni 1159/1197
  • Raja Abhaybhupati Singh, Raja of Mahoni 1197/1215, married and had issue.
    • Raja Arjunpal (qv)
    • Kunwar Maheshpal
  • Raja Arjunpal, Raja of Mahoni 1215/1231, married and had issue.
    • Raja Virpal (qv)
    • Raja Sohanpal (qv)
    • Kunwar Dayapal, he settled at Etaura, and subsequent generations occupied Gurha in Bihat State, and finally Bihat itself. (cf. below)
  • Raja Virpal, Raja of Mahoni 1231/1251
  • Raja Sohanpal, Raja of Orchha 1251/1259, married and had issue.
    • Raja Sahjendra Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Ram Singh
    • Kunwar Indrajit Singh, ancestor of the later Rajas of Bihat.
      • Kunwar Parasram, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Narayandas, married and had issue.
          • Kunwar Rupshah, married and had issue.
            • Kunwar Manshah, married and had issue.
              • Kunwar Jamshah, married and had issue.
                • Kunwar Sabha Singh, married and had issue.
                  • Kunwar Khuman Singh, married and had issue.
                    • Rao Aparbal Singh, 1st Rao of Bihat, married and had issue, the Rao Sahebs of Bihat.
                    • Kunwar Sardar Singh
                    • Kunwar Sakhat Singh
                    • Kunwar Sabdal Singh
                • Kunwar Narendra Singh
                • Kunwar Makhanju Singh
              • Kunwar Achal Singh
              • Kunwar Maharaj Singh
          • Kunwar Bhimsen
  • Raja Sahjendra Singh, Raja of Orchha 1259/1283
    • Raja Nanak Dev II (qv)
  • Raja Nanak Dev II, Raja of Orchha 1283/1307, married and had issue.
    • Raja Prithviraj Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Indraraj
  • Raja Prithviraj Singh, Raja of Orchha 1307/1339, married and had issue.
    • Raja Ram Singh (qv)
  • Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Orchha 1339/1375, married and had issue.
    • Raja Ramchandra Singh (qv)
    • Raja Mednepal Singh (qv)
  • Raja Ramchandra Singh, Raja of Orchha 1375/1384
  • Raja Mednepal Singh, Raja of Orchha 1384/1437, married and had issue.
    • Raja Arjun Dev (qv)
  • Raja Arjun Dev, Raja of Orchha 1437/1468, married and had issue.
    • Raja Malkhan Singh (qv)
  • Raja Malkhan Singh, Raja of Orchha 1468/1501, married and had issue.
    • Kunwar Kharag Singh
    • Kunwar Jagjit Singh
    • Raja Rudra Pratap (qv)
    • Kunwar Jait Singh
    • Kunwar Shah Diwan
    • Kunwar Devi Singh
  1. Raja RUDRA PRATAP, 1st Raja of Orchha 1501/1531, he managed to increase his lands considerably during the confusion caused by Padshah Baber's invasion; married and had issue. He died 1531.
    • Kunwar Kirat Shah
    • Kunwar Bhupat Shah
    • Raja Bharti Chand (qv)
    • Raja Madhukar Shah (qv)
    • Kunwar Anand Das
    • Kunwar Chandan Das
    • Kunwar Durga Das
    • Kunwar Ghanshyam Das
    • Kunwar Prayag Das
    • Kunwar Bhairon Das
    • Kunwar Khande Rai
    • Kunwar Udyajit Singh of Mahewa, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Ragho Das
      • Kunwar Kosi Das
      • Kunwar Ganga Das
      • Kunwar Hridaya Narayan
      • Kunwar Bharti Chandra, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Bhagwat Das, married and had issue.
          • Kunwar Chandju
          • Kunwar Kharag Rai
          • Kunwar Champat Rai, married and had issue. He died 1661.
            • Kunwar Gopal Rai
            • Kunwar Sarvahan
            • Kunwar Anand Rai
            • Maharajadhiraja Chhatrasal, Raja of Mahewa, born 1649, married and had issue, 22 sons as well as a further 30 natural sons. He died 1731.
              • Kunwar Rajaraj
              • Kunwar Jagatraj [Raja Jagatraj Singh of Jaitpur], married and had issue (see Jaitpur). He died 1757.
              • Kunwar Hirde Shah [Raja Hirde Shah of Panna], married and had issue (see Panna). He died 1739.
              • Kunwar Unoop Singh
              • Kunwar Bharti Chand [Dewan Bharti Chand of Jaso], married and had issue (see Jaso).
              • Kunwar Padam Rao [Rao Padam Rao of Jigni], married and had issue (see Jigni)
              • Kunwar Govind Das
              • Kunwar Umrood Singh
              • Kunwar Sher Singh, married and had issue.
                • Kunwar Rai Singh
              • Kunwar Man Singh
              • Kunwar Mohan Singh
              • Kunwar Dalpat Singh
              • Kumari (name unknown) Devi, married Thakur Sabha Singh Panwar, on his marriage , he was granted the village of Salaiyah in Pargana Panwari, as well as the title of Rao, and had issue.
                • generations
                  • Rao Nawal Singh, Thakur of Salaiyah, married and had issue.
                    • generation
                      • Rao Aman Singh, Thakur of Salaiyah, born 14th August 1876. 
            • Kunwar Ratan Shah
          • Kunwar Sujan Rai, died 1661.
        • Kunwar Kunwar Sen
        • Kunwar Man Shah, ancestor of the Garrauli Royal Family.
      • Kunwar Prem Chandra

  2. Raja BHARTI CHAND, 2nd Raja of Orchha 1531/1554, he unsuccessfully tried to oppose Sher Shah on his march to Kalinjar in 1545. He died 1554

  3. Raja MADHUKAR SHAH, 3rd Raja of Orchha 1554/1592, a religious recluse who allowed the fortunes of the state to decline from this time; the Mughal forces invaded Orchha for the first time in 1577 when Sadik Khan managed to take Orchha after a severe fight; in 1591 the Raja seized some parganas near Gwalior and was attacked and defeated by the Imperial troops forcing him to flee to the jungles, where he died soon afterwards of a natural death; married and had issue. He died 1592.
    • Kunwar Horal Deo, died 1577.
    • Raja Ram Shah (qv)
    • Raja Bir Singh Deo [Virsingh Dev] (qv)
    • Kunwar Indrajit Singh
    • Kunwar Pratap Singh
    • Kunwar Har Singh Deo, ancestor of the Bhasnai branch, to which belonged HH Maharaja Lokendra Sir Bhawani Singh Bahadur of Datia.

  4. Raja RAM SHAH, 4th Raja of Orchha 1592/1605 (deposed), and Raja of Chanderi 1608/1612, sued for pardon and was allowed to succeed, but he was a weak ruler and was unable to keep his brothers in check; Padshah Akbar deposed the Raja and placed his brother on the gadi; he was imprisoned in Delhi for a short time, but was eventually released and granted the fiefs of Chanderi and Banpur in 1608; married and had issue.
    • Kunwar (name unknown) Singh, married and had issue.
      • Raja Bharat Shah of Chanderi 1612/1646, married and had issue.
        • Raja Devi Singh of Chanderi 1646/1717, married and had issue.
          • Raja Duraj Singh of Chanderi 1717/1733, married and had issue.
            • Raja Durjan Singh of Chanderi 1733/-, married and had issue.
              • Raja Man Singh of Chanderi -/1760, married and had issue.
                • Raja Anirudh Singh of Chanderi 1760/1774, married and had issue.
                  • Raja Ram Chand of Chanderi 1778/1802, married and had issue.
                    • Raja Parjapal of Chanderi 1802
                    • Raja Mur Pahlad of Chanderi 1802/1842, married and had issue.
                      • Raja Mardan Singh of Chanderi 1842/1858, the state lapsed with his death and was annexed by the ruler of Gwalior.
                • Raja Hati Singh of Chanderi 1774/1778

  5. Raja BIR SINGH DEO, 5th Raja of Orchha 1605/1627, a ruler of strong principles and no scruples, he amassed great wealth and property; he was not only a great warrior but an enthusiastic builder, leaving many monuments, forts and temples; married and had issue. He died 1627.
    • Kunwar Chandrabhan
    • Kunwar Narhari Das
    • Raja Jhujhar Singh (qv)
    • Raja Pahar Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Tulsi Das
    • Kunwar Beni Das
    • Raja Bhagwan Rao of Datia.
    • Kunwar Kishan Singh
    • Kunwar Hardaul of Baragaon, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Bejani Shah of Baragaon, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Pratap Singh of Baragaon, married and had issue.
          • Kunwar Diwanrai Singh of Baragaon, married and had issue.
            • Kunwar Umaid Singh, ancestor of the Banka Pahari Royal Family.
            • Kunwar Hindu Singh, ancestor of the Tori Fatehpur Royal Family.
            • Kunwar Samant Singh, received Bijna around 1690 and was the ancestor of the Bijna Royal Family.
            • Kunwar Mokham Singh, ancestor of the Durwai Royal Family.
            • Kunwar Aman Singh, ancestor of the Chirgaon Royal Family.

  6. Raja JHUJHAR SINGH, 6th Raja of Orchha 1627/1635, a weak and turbulent ruler, he soon plunged his state into difficulties; after serving the Mughal Emperor in the Deccan, he returned home and suspected his brother of adultery with his wife, he forced his brother to drink poison and whose name later became exalted into a local deity; he went into open rebellion against the Mughal forces in 1634-1635, but was  pursued and driven into the jungles where he was killed; married and had issue. He died 1635.
    • Kunwar Dirghban
    • Kunwar Bikramajit, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Durjan Sal

  7. Raja DEVI SINGH, 7th Raja of Orchha 1635/1641

  8. Raja PAHAR SINGH, 8th Raja of Orchha 1641/1653, of Kaniyadana, married and had issue.
    • Raja Sujan Singh I (qv)
    • Raja Indramani Singh (qv)

  9. Raja SUJAN SINGH I, 9th Raja of Orchha 1653/1672

  10. Raja INDRAMANI SINGH, 10th Raja of Orchha 1672/1675, married and had issue.
    • Raja Jashwant Singh (qv)

  11. Raja JASHWANT SINGH, 11th Raja of Orchha 1675/1684, married and had issue.
    • Raja Bhagwat Singh (qv)

  12. Raja BHAGWAT SINGH, 12th Raja of Orchha 1684/1689, married and had issue.
    • Raja Udwat Singh (qv)
    • Diwan Rai Singh, married and had issue.
      • Diwan Man Singh (fourth son), ancestor of the Diwan Sahebs of Dhurwai.

  13. Raja UDWAT SINGH, 13th Raja of Orchha 1689/1735, married and had issue.
    • Raja Prithvi Singh (qv)
    • Raja Aman Singh, founder of Khaniadhana.

  14. Raja PRITHVI SINGH, 14th Raja of Orchha 1735/1752, during his rule, more of his territories were lost to the Marathas.

  15. Raja Mahendra SANWANT SINGH, 15th Raja of Orchha 1752/1765, he was granted the title of Mahendra by Padshah Alamgir.

  16. Raja Mahendra HATI SINGH, 16th Raja of Orchha 1765/1768

  17. Raja Mahendra MAN SINGH, 17th Raja of Orchha 1768/1775

  18. Raja Mahendra BHARTI CHAND, 18th Raja of Orchha 1775/1776, adopted from Bijna State.

  19. Raja Mahendra VIKRAMAJIT, 19th Raja of Orchha 1776/1817 (abdicated) and in 1834, adopted from Bijna State, he entered into relations with the British authorities in 1812, later abdicated in favour of his son, but resumed power on his death, married and had issue. He died 1834.
    • Raja Mahendra Dharam Pal (qv)

  20. Raja Mahendra DHARAM PAL, 20th Raja of Orchha 1817/1834, died sp in 1834.

  21. Raja Mahendra TEJ SINGH, 21st Raja of Orchha 1834/1842, adopted from Bijna State, died sp in 1842.

  22. Raja Mahendra SUJAN SINGH II, 22nd Raja of Orchha 1842/1848, adopted from Bijna State, married and had issue. He died 1854
    • HH Maharaja Mahendra Hamir Singh (qv)
    • HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri Sir Pratap Singh Bahadur Ju Deo (qv)

  23. HH Maharaja Mahendra HAMIR SINGH, 23rd Maharaja of Orchha 1848/1874, Maharaja [cr.1865], he received a sanad of adoption in 1862. He died 15th March 1874.

  24. HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri Sir PRATAP SINGH Bahadur Ju Deo G.C.S.I., 24th Maharaja of Orchha 1874/1930, born 1854, K.C.S.I. [cr.1900], G.C.S.I. [cr.1906], K.C.B.(mil)[cr.1901], G.C.I.E. [cr.1900], K.C.I.E [cr.1894], Hon. A.D.C. to His Majesty, The King; he was granted the title of Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand [cr.1882], granted a personal salute of 17 guns; married and had issue. He died 3rd March 1930 (#1).
    • Raja Bahadur Bhagwant Singh, Yuvaraj Saheb of Orchha; married (as his third wife), the third daughter of Rana Padam Chand of Jubbal, she had issue, one daughter, and had issue, four sons and one daughter. He died vp.
      • HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri Sir Vir Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
      • Rao Raja Karan Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue.
        • Rajkumari Jayanti Devi [Rani Jayanti Devi of Koti], married Rana Devesh Chand of Koti in Himachal Pradesh, and had issue. She died 10th March 2010.
        • Rao Raja Narendra Singh Ju Dev, married and has issue, one daughter and two sons.
          • Rajkumari Gita Rathod
          • Rajkumar Dhruv Singh Dev
          • Rajkumar Rudra Singh Dev, born 1957, married 14th December 1987, Rajkumari Manjari Kumari, daughter of Raja Vishwaraj Pratap Singh of Kawardha, and his wife, Rani Shashi Prabha Devi (now the Rajmata Sahiba of Kawardha).
        • Rao Raja Gyanendra Singh Ju Dev [Ginny Raja], he entered politics when he was elected to the Madhya Pradesh state legislature in 1962 from Tikamgarh constituency as an independent, in 1967, he represented the same Assembly seat as the Congress nominee; married and had issue, three daughters and one son. He died 15th October 2000 of meningitis aged 71 years at Tikamgarh, Madhya Pradesh.
          • Rajkumari Gauri Parikh
          • Rajkumari Hema Devi [Rani Hema Chand of Manaswal], married (as his second wife), Rana Yatendra Chand of Manaswal.
          • Rajkumari Maya Rana
          • Rajkumar Vishwajeet Singh Dev
      • Rao Raja Jayanendra Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue.
        • Rao Raja Praduman Singh Ju Dev, married and has issue, three sons.
          • Rajkumar Brijraj Singh Dev
          • Rajkumar Mrigendra Singh Dev
          • Rajkumar Shivraj Singh Dev
        • Rajkumari Usha Kumari
      • Rao Raja Mahendra Singh Ju Deo, married and had issue, three daughters and one son.
        • Rajkumari Ila Raghuvanshi
        • Rao Raja Dinesh Singh Ju Dev, married and has issue, one daughter and two sons.
          • Rajkumari Abha Singh
          • Lt.-Col. Rajkumar Abhay Singh Dev
          • Rajkumar Ajay Singh Dev
        • Rajkumari Gayatri Kumari
        • Rajkumari Kumud Singh
      • Rajkumari Saraswati Devi [HH Rani Saraswati Devi of Khilchipur], married HH Raja Rao Bahadur Yashodar Singh, Raja of Khilchipur, and had issue.
    • Kunwar Sawant Singh, second son, adopted into Bijawar in 1898, as HH Bharat Dharmendra Maharaja Sawai Sir Sawant Singh Bahadur of Bijawar.
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown) [HH Maharani Sahiba of Chhatarpur], married 1884 (as his first wife), HH Maharaja Sir Vishwanath Singh Bahadur of Chhatarpur. She died sp in 1920.

  25. HH Maharaja
                    Mabindra Sawai Shri Sir VIR SINGH Deo Bahadur
                    (1899-1956)HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri Sir VIR SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur K.C.S.I., 25th Maharaja of Orchha 1930/1956, born 14th April 1899, succeded to the gadi on 3rd March 1930 (#2); married 1stly, 1919, a daughter of HH Thakore Sahib Shri Jaswantsinhji Becharsinhji of Wadhwan in Kathiawar, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Kamlaba Sahiba, daughter of HH Maharajah Shri Bhojrajjisinhji Bhagwatsinhji Sahib of Gondal in Kathiawar, and his wife, HH Maharani Raj Kunverba Saheb, and had issue, one son and one daughter. He died 1956.
    • HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri Devendra Vijay Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (by 1st marriage) (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Sudha Kumari (by Maharani Kamlaba), born 22nd November 1930, married (as his second wife), Kanwar Ratan Singh of Dhami, and had issue. She died 25th February 1978.

  26. HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri DEVENDRA VIJAY SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 26th Maharaja of Orchha 1956/-, born 1919.

  27. HH Saramad-i-Rajha-i-Bundelkhand Maharaja Mahendra Sawai Shri MADHUKAR SHAH Ju Deo Bahadur, 27th Maharaja of Orchha (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
  • Rani Mahendra Kumari, married (as his first wife), Raja Surendra Bikram Singh of Itaunja.
  • Rao Raja Meherban Singh, married Rani Sheela Devi, and had issue.
    • Rajkumari Kamlesh Kumari, born 1958, married Kanwar Dushyant Singh of Dhami, and has issue.
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, July 2011.
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1. "Whitaker's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage", 1916 London; p.625
2. "Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage" ; 1939 ; p.2873