PANNA (Princely State) (11 gun salute)
LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh
AREA: 6,723.64 km²
VILLAGES: 1,008 + 1 town (1901)
POPULATION: 192,986 (1901)
REVENUE: Rs 500,000
ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
AGENCY: Bundelkhand Agency
1902 - 1948PRIVY PURSE: Rs147,300
PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja Mahendra
RAGHVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 16th and present
Maharaja of Panna since 8th October 2009 (Raj
Mandir Palace, Panna, Madhya Pradesh, India)
born 7th April 1968 in Bombay, married 11th
December 1998 in Jaipur, HH Chota Rajrajeshwari Maharani
Jeeteshwari Ju Devi, born 30th September 1971 in Jaipur,
second daughter of Thakur Shri Shivprakash Singh of Sewar,
and his wife, Thakurani Narendra Kunwar, only daughter of
Thakur Jaswant Singh, Thakur
Sahib of Dhanla, and his
first wife, Thakurani Mahendra Kanwar, and has issue.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
Predecessor state founded about 1450, the modern state of
Panna was founded in 1731, becoming the capital of
Maharaja Chhatar Sal. Champat Rai, a descendant of Raja
Rudra Pratap of Orchha, rebelled against the Mughals,
later his fourth son, Maharaja Chhatar Sal, became the
most prominent Bundela leader, as well as being a good
administrator and a brave warrior, who led a revolt in
1671 against the Mughal Empire and soon captured Naugaon
in present-day Chhatarpur District. In 1680 he conquered
Mahoba, and went on to control much of Bundelkhand, ruling
from Panna. He formed an alliance with the Maratha Peshwa
Baji Rao I, who was challenging the Mughals for control of
central India, and in 1729, Baji Rao sent a Maratha army
to aid Chhatar Sal against the Marathas. Upon his death in
1731, his kingdom was divided amongst his sons, with
one-third (including Mahoba, Banda, and Jhansi) going to
his ally, the Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I. The portion
containing Panna went to Harde Sah, the eldest son of
Chhatar Sal, other descendants ruled the states of Panna,
Ajaigarh (founded 1765), Charkhari (founded 1765),
Chhatarpur (went to the Ponwar Rajputs in 1785), and Jaso.
In the early 19th century, Panna became a princely state
of British India, and gained control of the states of
Sohawal and Nagod. Raja Nirpat Singh assisted the British
in the Revolt of 1857, and the British rewarded him with
the title of Maharaja. Maharaja Mahendra Yadvendra Singh
acceded to the Government of India on 1st January 1950,
and the former Princely State became Panna District of the
new Indian state of Vindhya Pradesh. Vindhya Pradesh was
merged into Madhya Pradesh on 1st November 1950. Rulers
- Bari Mahendra Rajkumari Medhavi Ju Devi
- Choti Mahendra Rajkumari Ayuchita Ju Devi
- Mahendra Maharajkumar Chatrasaal Ju Dev
- Raja HARDE SAH, 1st Raja of Panna 1731/1739,
eldest son of Maharaja Chhatarsal, he received Panna
his father, valued at Rs39 lakhs annually in 1731, he
sacked the Rewah Kingdom in about 1731, and captured
Rewah town, retaining it till 1739, and causing Raja
Avadhoot Singh to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh, he also
seized Birsinghpur which thereafter remained with Panna, married
and had issue, eight sons as well as an illegitimate
son. He died in January 1739 aged 32 years (sic.) (Magh Sudi 9th, Samvat 1795).
- Raja Sabha Singh [aka Subhag Singh] (qv)
- Rajkumar Prithvi Singh, claimed the succession
after his father's death, and with the help of the
Marathas managed to take control of the Shahgarh
area of Panna state, becoming its first Raja around
1744, married and had issue.
- Raja Hari Singh
- Raja Kishen Singh, married and had issue.
- Raja Mardan Singh, Raja of Garhakotah fl.1810,
married and had issue. He died about 1810.
- Raja Arjun Singh of Shahgarh, died 1842.
- Thakur Jawahar Singh, married and had issue.
- Raja Bakht Bali Singh, Raja of Shahgarh,
he joined the Mutiny in 1857, but later gave
himself up and was imprisoned. He died after
- Kunwar Khet Singh
- Kunwar Narayan Singh
- Kunwar Amar Singh
- Kunwar Medni Mal
- Raja Salam Singh, Raja of Loogasi.
- Kunwar Shankar Singh
- Kunwar Samar Singh
- Kunwar Gandharp Singh
- Kunwar Anup Singh
Raja SABHA SINGH, 2nd Raja of Panna
1739/1752, he was a tyrannical ruler in whose day, the
power of the state declined; married and had issue. He died in May 1752
(Asarh Badi 11th, Samvat 1809).
- Raja Aman Singh (qv)
- Raja Hindupat Singh (qv)
- Kunwar Khet Singh, he was confined by his brother and afterwards killed, in order to make Hindupat Singh more secure on the gadi.
Raja AMAN SINGH, 3rd Raja of Panna 1752/1758,
he was remembered for his lavish generosity; constructed a palace at Fort Kalinjer, donated Alipura
pargana to Rao Mukund Singh, a sardar of Panna. He was killed
in 1758 at Durga Talao, murdered by his brother.
Raja HINDUPAT SINGH, 4th Raja of Panna
1758/1776, constructed Jugal Kishore Temple at Panna,
the Maharajganj fort near Bijawar and a palace on Kalinjar Fort;
he granted territory of Maihar to his Minister Beni
Hujoori [Hazuri] in 1776, married and had issue. He
died in November 1776 (Aghan Badi 9th, Samvat 1833).
- Raja Anirudh Singh (qv)
- Raja Dhokal Singh (qv)
- Thakur Sarnat Singh, he was forced to leave the
state after his father's death and retired to his jagir at Rajnagar near
Chhatarpur, married and had issue.
- Thakur Harai or Hira Singh, he succeeded to the jagir of Rajnagar,
but as he was only a minor at his father's death, the jagir was seized
in 1785 by his guardian, Kunwar Sone Shah, an officer in the state army;
married and had
Raja ANIRUDH SINGH , 5th Raja of Panna
1776/1780, succeeded his father after an older brother
was overlooked in the succession, being a minor, the
state was managed by Beni Hazuri and Khemraj Chaube, a
Brahmin, and Sonesah Ponwar, who as a result of their
jealousy and suspicions of each other, caused the
state to fall into civil war which was intensified by
the death of the Raja, and the rivalry of numerous
claimants. During this period the area of Panna State
was much reduced as these three carved out for
themselves Maihar, Paldeo and Chhatarpur respectively,
as free states. Ultimately Dhokal Singh, brother of
Raja Anirudh Singh was able to establish himself on
He died 1780.
Raja DHOKAL SINGH, 6th Raja of Panna
1785/1798, married and had issue.
Raja KISHOR SINGH, 7th Raja of Panna
1798/1834, confirmed in his possessions by sanads
granted in 1807 and 1811, constructed Jaggananth ji
temple at Panna, was awarded control of Sohawal state
and Nagod state by the British authorities, however
his oppressive rule necessitated British intervention on several
occasions; in 1832, he made over the administration of the state to
Kunwar Pratap Singh of Chhatarpur, with the assent of Government,
however two yrats later in 1834, it was found necessary to remove him
from the State and replace him with his son as Regent; married
and had issue.
- Raja Harbans Singh Ju Deo Bahadur [Harbans Rai]
- Maharaja Mahendra Nirpat Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- Raja Devi Prasad Singh Ju Deo
Raja HARBANS SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 8th Raja
of Panna 1834/1849, he died sp in 1849.
Maharaja Mahendra NIRPAT SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
9th Maharaja of Panna 1849/1870, he succeeded his
brother to the gadi but was only recognized as the Raja when he
abolished sati; assisted the British
during the mutiny, by holding the fort of Kalinjar
and clearing Damoh District of rebels, for which he
was rewarded with a khilat worth 20,000Rs, and
the Samaria pargana, and in 1869 was granted
the title of Maharaja as a personal distinction. In
1862 a sanad of adoption was granted him, and
in 1863 he ceded the land required for the East Indian
Railway, constructed Lokpal Sagar (Tank) near Panna,
developed the commercial area in Panna known as Bada
Bajar, constructed the Ram Janki temple at Panna,
married a sister of Kunwar Shamle Ju Dev, and had issue. He died 1870.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Rudra Pratap Singh Ju Deo
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Lokpal Singh Ju Deo Bahadur
- Kunwar Lakshman Singh Ju Deo, adopted by Rao
Bhopal Singh of Jigni and succeeded there as Rao
Lakshman Singh II Bahadur of Jigni.
- Rao Raja Khuman Singh Ju Deo, married a sister of
Diwan Shobha Singh, and had issue. He was murdered
in June 1901 (1902?).
- Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Yadvendra Singh
Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
- Majhle Raja Raghvendra Singh Ju Deo, born 1896,
educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; Revenue Minister.
- Nanay Raja Bharatendra Singh Ju Deo, born 1898,
- HH Maharani Padmini Kunverba Sahiba, born 1902, married
18th June 1917, Lt.-Col. HH Maharana Shri Sir
Vijaysinhji Chhatrasinhji Sahib, Maharaja of Rajpipla, and had
- Rajkumari (name unknown), married the Thakur of Basela in Hamirpur District.
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) Kumari, married Diwan Shriman
Kunwar Shoba Singh, and had issue.
- Rani Nawal Kunwar, married (as his 1st
wife), Rao Bir Singh Ju Deo, Rao of Bihat, and had
issue, one daughter.
HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir RUDRA PRATAP SINGH Ju
Deo Bahadur, 10th Maharaja of Panna 1870/1893,
born 10th July 1848, succeeded 9th June 1870 (#1), K.C.S.I. [cr.1876],
granted the title of Maharaja, which was made
hereditary, and received an addition of 2 guns to his
salute as a personal honour in 1877, one of the best
rulers of Panna, he constructed Baldeoji Temple and
Govindji Temple, constructed many roads and cavelets
and a bridge over the river in Panna, also constructed
the Ajaigarh ghat; married (a), Maharani Bari Sarkar Bagia, married (b), a sister of Diwan Jangjit
Singh, Jagirdar of Bahraich. He died sp.
HH Maharaja Mahendra LOKPAL SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
11th Maharaja of Panna 1893/1898, married (amongst
others), HH Maharani Sujan Kanwar, she died after
1934, and had issue. He died 9th March 1898.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Madho Singh Ju Deo Bahadur
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) Kumari, married (as his 2nd wife),
Rao Raghuraj Singh, 7th Rao Saheb of Beri.
HH Maharaja Mahendra MADHO SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur,
12th Maharaja of Panna 1898/1902 (deposed),
constructed the Mahendra Bhavan Palace in Panna,
deposed for complicity in the murder of his uncle, Rao
Raja Khuman Singh, married and had issue. He died
after 1925 (#2).
Col. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir
YADVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur K.C.S.I.,
K.C.I.E., 13th Maharaja of Panna 1902/1963, born 31st
January 1893, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer and with
the Imperial Cadet Corps, Dehra Dun from 1913; he
succeeded to the gadi on 20th June 1902 and was
invested with full ruling powers on 4th February 1915,
appointed UpRaj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh after the
merger of his state into the Indian Republic; he was
made a K.C.I.E. on 1st January 1922 and a K.C.S.I. on
1st January 1932, he was well-known sportsman and polo
player in his day; married 1stly, on 2nd December 1912
in Bhavnagar, HH Maharani Shri Manhar Kunverba, died
1927, daughter of HH Maharaja Raol Shri Bhavsinhji II
Takhatsinhji of Bhavnagar,
and his first wife, HH Maharani Dev Kunverba Sahiba,
she had issue, two sons and six daughters, married
2ndly, 1928, HH Maharani Shri Gopal Kumari, daughter
of Thakur Saheb Sawai Singhji, Raja Saheb of Isarda, and his wife,
Thakurani Sugan Kunwar, she had issue, two daughters,
and had issue, two sons and eight daughtesr. He died
4th August 1963.
- HH Maharani Kanchan Prabha Devi (by HH Maharani
Shri Manhar Kunverba), born 28th May 1914, the
eldest daughter, married 28th May 1931 in Panna,
Capt. HH Bisam-Samar-Bijayi Mahamahodya
Pancha-Srijukta Maharaja Manikya Sir Bir Bikram
Kishore Dev Varman Bahadur of Tripura.
- Maj. HH Maharaja Mahendra Narendra Singh Ju Deo
Bahadur (by HH Maharani Shri Manhar Kunverba) (qv)
- Maj. Maharaj Pushpendra Singh (by HH Maharani Shri
Manhar Kunverba), born 25th October 1916 in Panna,
educated at Mayo College, Ajmer (Class-Captain
1935/36) and at Daly College, Indore.
- Maharajkumari Indira Kumari (by HH Maharani Shri
Manhar Kunverba), born 10th March 1918, died
unmarried 16th June 2006 at Rajmandir Palace, Panna.
- Maharajkumari Pushpa Kumari Devi (by HH Maharani
Shri Manhar Kunverba), born 1920, married 11th
February 1940, Maharaj Kumar Nagendra Singh of Dungarpur. She died
11th August 1996.
- Maharajkumari Sarla Kumari (by HH Maharani Shri
- Maharajkumari Kamla Kumari (by HH Maharani Shri
- Maharajkumari Chandra Kumari (by HH Maharani Shri
Gopal Kumari), born 30th January 1929.
- Maharajkumari Nirmala Devi (by HH Maharani Shri
Gopal Kumari), born 1931, married 30th November
1951, Rana Ramchandra Pal Singh of Bhajji, and had issue.
She died 2002.
Maj. HH Maharaja Mahendra NARENDRA SINGH Ju Deo
Bahadur, 14th Maharaja of Panna 1963/-, born
29th May 1915, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer and at
Daly College, Indore; Vice-President of the State
Council; Member of the Legislative Assembly of Madhya
Pradesh in 1957, 1962 and 1967; Member of Parliament
(Lok Sabha) in 1971 from Satna; Member of Parliament
(Lok Sabha) in 1977, from Damoh; Social worker and
founder of many educational institutions in Panna;
married 24th February 1937 at Kathmandu in Nepal, HH
Maharani Durga Rajya Laxmi Devi, daughter of Lt.-Gen.
Maharajkumar Shingha Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana of
Lambjang and Kaski in Nepal,
and had issue.
- HH Maharaja Mahendra Manvendra Singh Ju Deo
- Maharaj Lokendra Singh, born 1945, Member of the
Legislative Assembly (Madhya Pradesh) in 1977 and
1993, Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha) in 1989,
married Rani Nishi Kumari [née Baisa Indira Kumari],
daughter of Major Apji Abhay Singh of Palaitha, and his wife,
Rani Chand Kumari, and has issue, two daughters.
- Rajkumari Kamaksha Kumari Devi, married Rajkumar
Preetendra Singh of Nagod.
- Rajkumari Sulakshana Kumari [Yuvrani Sahib
Sulakshana Kumari of Bhinga], married (as his
first wife), 22nd January 1995, Yuvaraj Rudramani
Kant Singh of Bhinga.
She died sp
on 29th July 1998.
- Maharajkumari Kumkum Kumari, married Yuvaraj
Balwant Singh of Chhatarpur,
died 1990, and has issue, one son.
HH Maharaja Mahendra MANVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo
Bahadur, 15th Maharaja of Panna -/2009, born
26th June 1939 in Mussoorie, educated at Mayo College,
Ajmer; married 23rd May 1967 in Bhavnagar, HH Maharani
Dilhar Kunverba, fourth daughter of HH Maharaja
Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavsinhji of Bhavnagar, and his
wife, HH Maharani Vijayba Sahiba, and had issue, one
son and one daughter. He died 8th October 2009.
- Yuvaraj Raghvendra Singh (succeeded as HH Maharaja
Mahendra Ragvendra Singh Ju Deo Bahadur) (qv)
- Maharajkumari Krishna Kumari, born 13th June 1972
in Bombay, married 4th February 1995 in Panna (div.
May 2004), Kunwar Purujit Singh, born 10th July
1970, son of Rajkumar Tara Singh of Koti.
HH Maharaja Mahendra RAGHVENDRA SINGH Ju Deo
Bahadur (see above)
- Capt. Kunwar Hira Singhji, born in November 1891, son of Rao Sahib Trilok Singhji, maternal
uncle to the Maharaja of Panna (in 1938); he was made a Single Tazimi
Sardar of Jammu and Kashmir State in 1932; awarded the King's Silver Jubilee
Medal in 1935.
1. 'The Golden Book of India'; by Roper Lethbridge, MacMillan & Co., 1893 p. 401
- Diwan Raghuraj Singh, Jagirdar of Kurra Rampur (Rs 6,218 p.a.), and a nephew of Capt. HH Maharaja Mahendra Sir Yadvendra Singh
Ju Deo Bahadur,
3. "Eastern States (Bundelkhand) Gazetteer". Vol.VI-A.-Text. Compiled by Capt. C. E. Luard M.A. 1907.
2. "The Maharaja of Panna was
deposed by the Government of India who acting under the powers
given to it by Reg. III of 1818 directed that the ex-Maharaja
should be confined as a State prisoner in Bellary". Source:
Satraji Dongerchand Firm By Partner Rangunathamul vs Madho Singh
And Ors. Madras High Court, 14.12.1926.