PRATAPGARH (Princely State)

(15 gun salute)

LOCATION: Rajasthan AREA: 2,302 km² VILLAGES: 413 POPULATION: 52,025 (1901) RELIGION: Hindu
AGENCY: part of Mewar Residency 1818/1906 under Rajputana Agency 1817/1948 PRIVY PURSE: Rs 102,000

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharawat JAI SINGH, 24th and present Maharawat of Pratapgarh since 2017
born 13th February 1961, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot (1972); installed upon the gadi of his ancestors on 11th December 2017, married 1987, Yuvrani Ratna Kumari (now HH Maharani Ratna Kumari), daughter of Raja Dinesh Singh of Kalakankar, and his wife, Rani Neelima Kumari, and has issue. PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The predecessor state of Sadri later Kanthal and still later Deolia was founded in 1433 by Rawat Khemkaran Singh, second son of Maharana Mokal Singh of Mewar. The rulers were...
  1. Rawat KHEMKARAN SINGH, Rawat of Sagri and Kanthal 1433/1473, he was granted the Jagir of Sagri, later establishing his own Kingdom of Kanthal, married four wives, and had issue, four sons and one daughter. He died at the battle of Dadmipur circa 1473.

  2. Rawat SURAJ MAL, Rawat of Kanthal 1473/1530, he took possession of the Sadri and Dhariawad districts; married 1stly, Rani Shrantgar Kunwari, married 2ndly, Rani Takht Kunwari, married 3rdly, Rani Jadav Kunwari, and had issue. Died 1530.

  3. Rawat BAGH SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1530/1535, he sacrificed his life for the safety of Kunwar Udai Singh, son and heir of Maharana Sanga of Mear when Bahadur Shah of Gujarat attacked Chitor; married five wives and had issue. He died 1535 at Chitor.

  4. Rawat RAI SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1535/1552, married and had issue. He died 1552.

  5. Rawat BIKRAM SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1552/1561 and Deolia 1561/1564, born 1525, he left Mewar and lived at Giaspur near Deolia for some years when he defeated the Bhil ruler and founded the town of Deogarh or Deolia in 1561, later to become Pratapgarh, married four wives and had issue. He died 18th August 1564.

  6. Rawat TEJ SINGH, 6th Rawat of Deolia 1564/1593, married six wives and had issue. He died 1593.

  7. Rawat BHANU SINGH, 7th Rawat of Deolia 1593/1597, he provided shelter to Mahabat Khan when he was attacked by Emperor Jahangir and when Mahabat Khan was returned to favour, the latter remembred the kindness shown him in Deolia and furthered the cause of Hari Singh, the Rawats grand-nephew at the court of Delhi; married Rani Bhagwati Kunwari, daughter of Rao Narayandas of Idar. He was killed sp in 1597 (or 1604) in a battle against the Maharana of Chitor.

  8. Rawat SINHA SINGH, 8th Rawat of Deolia 1597/1627, married 13 wives and had issue. He died on 8th April 1627.

  9. Rawat JASHWANT SINGH, 9th Rawat of Deolia 1627/1628, married eight wives, including Rani Chanda Kunwari, and had issue. He was killed in 1628 by Maharana Jagat Singh of Mewar.

  10. Maharawat HARI SINGH, 10th Maharawat of Deolia 1628/1673, he was recognized as an independent ruler and was granted the title of Maharaj Dhiraj Maharawat by the Mughal Emperor along with the district of Kanthal, he gradually brought the whole tract under his control; married ten wives including (a) Maharani Manbhavnade Hadi, (b) Maharani Jas Kunwari Jhali, (c) Maharani Anoop Kunwari Rathod from Medta, (d) Maharani Ajabkuveri Goad (committed sati), (e) Maharani Anandkuveri Rathod (committed sati) and had issue. He died 1673.

  11. Maharawat PRATAP SINGH, 11th Maharawat of Deolia 1673/1698 and Pratapgarh 1698/1708, founded Pratapgarh in 1698, married 10 wives including (a) Maharani Prem Kunwari, daughter of Padam Singh of Bikaner, (b) Maharani Dharma Kunwari Goad, daughter of Thakur Vithaldas of Ajmer (she committed sati), (c) Maharani Vijay Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Sabal Singh Kachhawa, (she committed sati), and had issue. He died 30th November 1708.

  12. Maharawat PRITHVI SINGH, 12th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1708/1718, he was recived with much courtesy at delhi and was granted the privilege of minting his own coinage; married 9 wives including Maharani Vijay Kunwari, daughter of Kunwar Padam Singh of Bikaner, and had issue. He died 1718.

  13. Maharawat PAHAR SINGH, 13th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1718/1718, married and had issue. He died 1718.

  14. Maharawat SANGRAM SINGH, 14th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1718/1719. He died 1719 sp.

  15. Maharawat UMAID SINGH, 15th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1719/1721, married four wives including Maharani Kesar Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Kushal Singh Adjawat Kachhawa, and had issue. He died 1721.

  16. Maharawat GOPAL SINGH, 16th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1721/1756, married eleven wives and had issue. He died 1756.

  17. Maharawat SALIM SINGH, 17th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1756/1774 , married eleven wives including Maharani Kundan Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Lal Singh Rathod of Aamjhar, and had issue. He died 26th October 1774.

  18. Maharawat SAWANT SINGH, 18th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1774/1844, born 5th October 1767, during his reign the state was overrun by the Marathas and the state was only spared destruction by the payment of tribute to Maharaja Holkar still levied a 100 years later; a treaty was made with the British in 1804, later replaced by another in 1818 still in force in 1931; married 8 wives including (a) Maharani Swaroop Kunwari, daughter of Maharaja Bahadur Singh of Kishangarh, married (b), Maharani Daulat Kunwari, daughter of a Rathod Sardar of Medhta, married (c), Maharani Gulab Kunwar, daughter of Thakur Tej Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, married (d) Maharani Daulat Kunwar, daughter of Thakur Fateh Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, and had issue. He died 5th January 1844.

  19. Maharawat DALPAT SINGH, 19th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1844/1864, born 26th November 1808, adopted by Maharawal Jashwant Singhji of Dungarpur in 1820, but wasn't allowed to eventually succeed there in 1845. His own son died in 1845 and he therefore adopted Kanwar Udai Singh of Sabli who became the next Maharawal of Dungarpur, married 1stly, Maharani Daulat Kunwari of Namli in Ratlam, married 2ndly, Maharani Moti Kunwari of Kushalgarh, married 3rdly, Maharani Kesar Kunwari of Kushalgarh, married 4thly, Maharani Kalyan Kunwari of Keranya in Bansda, and had issue. He died 30th March 1864.

  20. HH Maharawat UDAI SINGH, 20th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1864/1890 , born 29th June 1848, married 1stly, HH Maharani Swaroop Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Takhat Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Juhaar Kunwari, daughter of Raja Duleh Singhji, Raja of Sailana, married 3rdly, HH Maharani Phool Kunwari, daughter of Raja Duleh Singhji, Raja of Sailana, and had issue, as well as an adopted son. He died 15th February 1890.

  21. HH Maharawat Sir RAGHUNATH SINGH Bahadur K.C.I.E., 21st Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1890/1929, born 29th December 1858, adopted from Arnod on 4th May 1890 by HH Maharani Swaroop Kunwari; K.C.I.E. [cr.1.12.1911], married 1stly, HH Maharani Ugam Kunwari, daughter of the Thakur of Khawasa (Pisangan) in Ajmer, died 6th December 1891, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Kesar Kunwari, daughter of Maharaj Bhawani Singh of Semlia in Sailana, died 28th April 1908, married 3rdly, 20th February 1892, HH Maharani Vraj Kunwari (sister of the first wife), and had issue. He died 11th January 1929 (#2).

  22. HH
                    Maharawat Sir RAM SINGH II Bahadur (1908-1949)HH Maharawat Sir RAM SINGH II Bahadur K.C.S.I., 22nd Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1929/1949, born 12th April 1908 (#3), he succeeded to the gadi on 18th January 1929 (#4 p.296); educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; he was created a K.C.S.I. on 1st January 1938 (#4 p.296), married 1stly 14th May 1924, HH Maharani Raj Kunwari, died 3rd January 1931 (#4 p.296), daughter of Rao Raja Sir Madho Singhji Bahadur of Sikar, married 2ndly, 20th April 1932 (#4 p.296), HH Maharani Meghraj Kumari, daughter of Hon. Maharaja Bahadur Sir Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon, married 3rdly, 16th May 1934 (#4 p.296), HH Maharani Mahendra Kumari, daughter of Major HH Maharana Shri Maharaja Shri Raj Sir Ghanshyamsinhji Ajitsinhji Sahib Bahadur of Dhrangadhra, and his third wife, HH Maharani Anand Kunwarba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 9th January 1949.

  23. HH Maharawat AMBIKA PRATAP SINGH, 23rd Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1949/2017, born 17th March 1940, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot (1957); married 1stly, 1960 (div. 1964), HH Maharani Mukund Kumari, daughter of HH Maharaja Jam Sahib Shri Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji of Nawanagar, and his wife, HH Maharani Gulab Kunwerba, married 2ndly, 1965, HH Maharani Parveen (née Shamsher Ali), daughter of the Nawab of Mamdot, and niece of the Nawab of Loharu, and had issue. He died 2017.

  24. HH Maharawat JAI SINGH, 24th and present Maharawat of Pratapgarh (see above)
The help of MS D.P.S. Sisodia is gratefully acknowledged, 2000.
1. ref. IOR/F/4/1514/59681 - date: Jun 1833-Nov 1834
2. He died 18th November 1929 according to "Who Was Who 1929-1940" ; Volume III ; London 1944 ; Adam & Charles Black; p.1048
3. "Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage" ; 1939 ; p.2876
4. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1939", corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.