PRATAPGARH (Princely State)

(15 gun salute)

AREA: 2,303 km² PRIVY PURSE: Rs 102,000 ACCESSION: 7th April 1949
STATE: Rajasthan DYNASTY: Sisodia RELIGION: Hindu

POPULATION: 52,025 (1901)

PRESENT RULER: HH Maharawat AMBIKA PRATAP SINGH, 23rd and present Maharawat of Pratapgarh since 1949.
born 17th March 1940, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot (1957); married 1stly, 1960 (div. 1964), HH Maharani Mukund Kumari, daughter of HH Maharaja Jam Sahib Shri Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji of Nawanagar, and his wife, HH Maharani Gulab Kunwerba, married 2ndly, 1965, HH Maharani Parveen (née Shamsher Ali), daughter of the Nawab of Mamdot, and niece of the Nawab of Loharu, and has issue.
  • Yuvraj Jai Singh, born 13th February 1961, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot (1972); married 1987, Yuvrani Ratna Kumari, daughter of Raja Dinesh Singh of Kalakankar, and his wife, Rani Neelima Kumari, and has issue.
    • Bhanwar Bhuvanyu Singh, educated at The Doon School, Dehradun and at the University of Delhi (B.A. in Economics and Political Science), has also completed the Certified Course for Real Estate Agents, Sales Persons and Direct Sale and Home Loan Agents (recognized by the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi); Member of the Indian National Congress Party; Member of the Delhi Gymkhana Club and The Cricket Club of India; Director of A.B.R. Security Associates; Director at R.D.S. College of Management, affiliated to I.M.T., Ghaziabad; Director of Bhumishree Farming and Farm Products; Founder of
    • Baisa Tanushree Kumari, born 24th February 1992.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The predecessor state of Sadri later Kanthal and still later Deolia was founded in 1433 by Rawat Khemkaran Singh, second son of Maharana Mokal Singh of Mewar. The rulers were...
  1. Rawat KHEMKARAN SINGH, Rawat of Sagri and Kanthal 1433/1473, he was granted the Jagir of Sagri, later establishing his own Kingdom of Kanthal, married four wives, and had issue, four sons and one daughter. He died at the battle of Dadmipur circa 1473.
    • Kunwar Ranvir Singh
    • Rawat Suraj Mal (qv)
    • Kunwar Shekhgar Singh
    • Kunwar Raisal Singh
    • Baisa Pep Kunwari
    • Rani Chander Kanwar [?daughter of Rawat Bar Singh of Deolia-Pratapgarh?], married Rao Dudaji, Rao Saheb of Merta, and had issue (see Jodhpur).

  2. Rawat SURAJ MAL, Rawat of Kanthal 1473/1530, he took possession of the Sadri and Dhariawad districts; married 1stly, Rani Shrantgar Kunwari, married 2ndly, Rani Takht Kunwari, married 3rdly, Rani Jadav Kunwari, and had issue. Died 1530.
    • Rawat Bagh Singh (by Shrantgar Kunwari) (qv)
    • Kunwar Randhir Singh (by Shrantgar Kunwari)
    • Kunwar Sahasmal Singh (by Takht Kunwari), in 1535 he aettled at Nimbahera; he was granted the Jagir of Dhamotar, married and had issue, the Shahawat clan.
      • Kunwar Kamal Singh, in 1571 he was granted a jagir in Panthal He died 18th June 1576 at Haldighati.
    • Kunwar Ranmal Singh (by Takht Kunwari), he was granted the Jagir of Kalyanpura, married and had issue, the Ranmalot clan. He died 1541.
      • Thakur Sultan Singh of Kalyanpura.
    • Kunwar Kaala Singh (by Jadav Kunwari)
    • Kunwar Rajghar Singh (by Jadav Kunwari)
    • Kunwar Jaagoji Singh (by Jadav Kunwari)

  3. Rawat BAGH SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1530/1535, he sacrificed his life for the safety of Kunwar Udai Singh, son and heir of Maharana Sanga of Mear when Bahadur Shah of Gujarat attacked Chitor; married five wives and had issue. He died 1535 at Chitor.
    • Rawat Rai Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Jetmal Singh
    • Kunwar Barmal Singh
    • Kunwar Kanha Singh
    • Kunwar Khanji Singh, he was granted the Jagirs of Ambirama and Badi Sakthali; married and had issue, the Khanawat clan.
    • Kunwar Manji Singh
    • Baisa Ram Kunwari
    • Baisa Shyam Kunwari

  4. Rawat RAI SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1535/1552, married and had issue. He died 1552.
    • Rawat Bikram Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Udaikaran Singh
    • Kunwar Aaskaran Singh
    • Kunwar Puranmal Singh
    • Baisa Kishan Kunwari

  5. Rawat BIKRAM SINGH, Rawat of Kanthal 1552/1561 and Deolia 1561/1564, born 1525, he left Mewar and lived at Giaspur near Deolia for some years when he defeated the Bhil ruler and founded the town of Deogarh or Deolia in 1561, later to become Pratapgarh, married four wives and had issue. He died 18th August 1564.
    • Rawat Tej Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Surjan Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Raipur, married and had issue.
      • Thakur Ram Das of Raipur, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Man Singh of Manpura
        • Kunwar Kan Singh of Kangarh
    • Rajkumar Sardul Singh, he was granted the Jagirs of Sidhpura and Veragaon.
    • Rajkumar Kishan Das, he was granted the Jagir of Jhantla (or Barlia).
    • Baisa Kishan Kunwari
    • Baisa Lal Kunwari

  6. Rawat TEJ SINGH, 6th Rawat of Deolia 1564/1593, married six wives and had issue. He died 1593.
    • Rawat Bhanu Singh (qv)
    • Rawat Sinha Singh (qv)

  7. Rawat BHANU SINGH, 7th Rawat of Deolia 1593/1597, he provided shelter to Mahabat Khan when he was attacked by Emperor Jahangir and when Mahabat Khan was returned to favour, the latter remembred the kindness shown him in Deolia and furthered the cause of Hari Singh, the Rawats grand-nephew at the court of Delhi; married Rani Bhagwati Kunwari, daughter of Rao Narayandas of Idar. He was killed sp in 1597 (or 1604) in a battle against the Maharana of Chitor.

  8. Rawat SINHA SINGH, 8th Rawat of Deolia 1597/1627, married 13 wives and had issue. He died on 8th April 1627.
    • Rawat Jashwant Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Jaganath Singh
    • Rajkumar Mahav Singh
    • Baisa Sada Kunwari
    • Baisa Raj Kunwari

  9. Rawat JASHWANT SINGH, 9th Rawat of Deolia 1627/1628, married eight wives, including Rani Chanda Kunwari, and had issue. He was killed in 1628 by Maharana Jagat Singh of Mewar.
    • Rajkumar Maha Singh, he was killed in 1628 by Maharana Jagat Singh of Mewar.
    • Maharawat Hari Singh (qv)
    • Rajkumar Man Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Arnod.
    • Rajkumar Kesari Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Jhantla.
    • Rajkumar Udai Singh
    • Baisa Rup Kunwari
    • Baisa Suraj Kunwari

  10. Maharawat HARI SINGH, 10th Maharawat of Deolia 1628/1673, he was recognized as an independent ruler and was granted the title of Maharaj Dhiraj Maharawat by the Mughal Emperor along with the district of Kanthal, he gradually brought the whole tract under his control; married ten wives including (a) Maharani Manbhavnade Hadi, (b) Maharani Jas Kunwari Jhali, (c) Maharani Anoop Kunwari Rathod from Medta, (d) Maharani Ajabkuveri Goad (committed sati), (e) Maharani Anandkuveri Rathod (committed sati) and had issue. He died 1673.
    • Maharawat Pratap Singh (by Maharani Manbhavnade Hadi)(qv)
    • Maharaj Amar Singh (by Maharani Jas Kunwari Jhali), he was granted the Jagir of Sakthali.
    • Maharaj Mokham Singh (by Maharani Anoop Kunwari), he was granted the Jagir of Salimgarh.
    • Maharaj Madhav Singh (by Maharani Ajabkuveri Goad), he was granted the Jagir of Achlavda.
    • Maharaj Anand Singh (by Maharani Anandkuveri)
    • Maharajkumari Kalyan Kunwari (by Maharani Anandkuveri), married Kunwar (later Maharaja) Anup Singh Rathore of Bikaner.
    • Maharajkumari Sobhaya Kunwari (by Maharani Anandkuveri)

  11. Maharawat PRATAP SINGH, 11th Maharawat of Deolia 1673/1698 and Pratapgarh 1698/1708, founded Pratapgarh in 1698, married 10 wives including (a) Maharani Prem Kunwari, daughter of Padam Singh of Bikaner, (b) Maharani Dharma Kunwari Goad, daughter of Thakur Vithaldas of Ajmer (she committed sati), (c) Maharani Vijay Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Sabal Singh Kachhawa, (she committed sati), and had issue. He died 30th November 1708.
    • Maharawat Prithvi Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Kirti Singh
    • Maharaj Bhim Singh
    • Maharaj Daulat Singh
    • Maharaj Inder Singh
    • Maharajkumari Bane Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Sobhagya Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Phool Kunwari

  12. Maharawat PRITHVI SINGH, 12th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1708/1718, he was recived with much courtesy at delhi and was granted the privilege of minting his own coinage; married 9 wives including Maharani Vijay Kunwari, daughter of Kunwar Padam Singh of Bikaner, and had issue. He died 1718.
    • Maharawat Pahar Singh (qv)
    • Maharawat Umaid Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Padam Singh
    • Maharaj Kalyan Singh
    • Maharawat Gopal Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Guman Singh
    • Maharani Kalyan Kunwari, married Maharaja Ajit Singh of Jodhpur.
    • Maharani Anoop Kunwari, married Maharaja Ajit Singh of Jodhpur.
    • Maharajkumari Padam Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Ratan Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Suraj Kunwari

  13. Maharawat PAHAR SINGH, 13th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1718/1718, married and had issue. He died 1718.
    • Maharawat Sangram Singh (aka Ram Singh) (qv)

  14. Maharawat SANGRAM SINGH, 14th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1718/1719. He died 1719 sp.

  15. Maharawat UMAID SINGH, 15th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1719/1721, married four wives including Maharani Kesar Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Kushal Singh Adjawat Kachhawa, and had issue. He died 1721.
    • Maharajkumari Amrut Kunwari

  16. Maharawat GOPAL SINGH, 16th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1721/1756, married eleven wives and had issue. He died 1756.
    • Maharaj Bakhtawar Singh
    • Maharawat Salim Singh (qv)
    • Maharaj Ratan Singh
    • Maharaj Jait Singh
    • Maharajkumari Suraj Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Ajan Kunwari

  17. Maharawat SALIM SINGH, 17th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1756/1774 , married eleven wives including Maharani Kundan Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Lal Singh Rathod of Aamjhar, and had issue. He died 26th October 1774.
    • Maharawat Sawant Singh (see below)
    • Maharajkumar Rod Singh, died at a young age.
    • Maharajkumar Vijay Singh, died at a young age.
    • Maharajkumar Gaj Singh, died at a young age.
    • Maharaj Lal Singhji, he was granted the Jagir of Arnod, married and had issue.
      • Maharaj Arjun Singhji, Thakur Saheb of Arnod, married and had issue.
        • Maharaj Kushal Singhji, Thakur Saheb of Arnod, born 1819, married a daughter of the Rao of Asind in Mewar, and had issue. He died 1856.
          • Kunwar Raghunath Singh, adopted by Maharawat Udai Singh and succeeded as HH Maharawat Sir Raghunath Singhji Bahadur of Pratapgarh (see below)
    • Maharajkumar Mehtab Singh, died at a young age.
    • Maharajkumari Maya Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Rup Kunwari

  18. Maharawat SAWANT SINGH, 18th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1774/1844, born 5th October 1767, during his reign the state was overrun by the Marathas and the state was only spared destruction by the payment of tribute to Maharaja Holkar still levied a 100 years later; a treaty was made with the British in 1804, later replaced by another in 1818 still in force in 1931; married 8 wives including (a) Maharani Swaroop Kunwari, daughter of Maharaja Bahadur Singh of Kishangarh, married (b), Maharani Daulat Kunwari, daughter of a Rathod Sardar of Medhta, married (c), Maharani Gulab Kunwar, daughter of Thakur Tej Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, married (d) Maharani Daulat Kunwar, daughter of Thakur Fateh Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, and had issue. He died 5th January 1844.
    • Yuvrani Pran Kunwari (by Swaroop Kunwari), married Yuvaraj Shri Umaidsinhji Gambhirsinhji Sahib Bahadur of Idar.
    • Rani Chiman Kunwari (by Daulat Kunwari Rathodji), married 1821, Rana Fatehsinhji Solanki of Lunawada.
    • Maharaj Padam Singh
    • Maharajkumar Dip Singh, married 1stly, Rani Raaj Kunwari, daughter of Raja Udaibhan Singh of Bhinai, married 2ndly, a Rani from Fatehgarh in Kishangarh, and had issue. He died 21st May 1826 (1823).
      • Bhanwar Kesri Singh (by Rani Raaj Kunwari), born 8th November 1808, he died sp under mysterious circumstances in 1834 (#1).
      • Maharawat Dalpat Singh (by 2nd wife) (qv)
      • Maharani Pratap Kunwari (by 2nd wife), married 12th February 1833, Maharaja Sardar Singh of Bikaner.
    • Maharaj Sardar Singh
    • Maharajkumari Ajab Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Chandan Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Takhat Kunwari
    • Maharajkumari Ratan Kunwari

  19. Maharawat DALPAT SINGH, 19th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1844/1864, born 26th November 1808, adopted by Maharawal Jashwant Singhji of Dungarpur in 1820, but wasn't allowed to eventually succeed there in 1845. His own son died in 1845 and he therefore adopted Kanwar Udai Singh of Sabli who became the next Maharawal of Dungarpur, married 1stly, Maharani Daulat Kunwari of Namli in Ratlam, married 2ndly, Maharani Moti Kunwari of Kushalgarh, married 3rdly, Maharani Kesar Kunwari of Kushalgarh, married 4thly, Maharani Kalyan Kunwari of Keranya in Bansda, and had issue. He died 30th March 1864.
    • HH Maharawat Udai Singh (qv)

  20. HH Maharawat UDAI SINGH, 20th Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1864/1890 , born 29th June 1848, married 1stly, HH Maharani Swaroop Kunwari, daughter of Thakur Takhat Sinhji of Namli in Ratlam, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Juhaar Kunwari, daughter of Raja Duleh Singhji, Raja of Sailana, married 3rdly, HH Maharani Phool Kunwari, daughter of Raja Duleh Singhji, Raja of Sailana, and had issue, as well as an adopted son. He died 15th February 1890.
    • Yuvraj Hamir Singh (by 1st wife), born 29th March 1865, died 1869.
    • Yuvraj Arjun Singh (by 2nd wife), born 1st March 1887, died young.
    • (A) HH Maharawat Sir Raghunath Singh Bahadur (qv)

  21. HH Maharawat Sir RAGHUNATH SINGH Bahadur K.C.I.E., 21st Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1890/1929, born 29th December 1858, adopted from Arnod on 4th May 1890 by HH Maharani Swaroop Kunwari; K.C.I.E. [cr.1.12.1911], married 1stly, HH Maharani Ugam Kunwari, daughter of the Thakur of Khawasa (Pisangan) in Ajmer, died 6th December 1891, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Kesar Kunwari, daughter of Maharaj Bhawani Singh of Semlia in Sailana, died 28th April 1908, married 3rdly, 20th February 1892, HH Maharani Vraj Kunwari (sister of the first wife), and had issue. He died 11th January 1929 (#2).
    • Yuvraj Pratap Singh (by Maharani Ugam Kunwari), died 19th September 1890.
    • Yuvraj Man Singh (by Maharani Ugam Kunwari), born 13th April 1886, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; in charge of the administration of the state from 1905; married 1stly, 18th February 1903, Yuvrani Chandra Kumari of Khetri, married 2ndly, 13th October 1910, Yuvrani Bhuvaneshwari Devi of Tehri-Garhwal, died 9th August 1913, married 3rdly, 1913, Yuvrani Maya Kunwarba Sahiba of Dhrangadhra, and had issue. He died 29th October 1918.
      • HH Maharawat Sir Ram Singhji II Bahadur (qv)
      • Rani Mohan Kumari, born 24th July 1911 (or 26th August 1912 (#4 p.296)), married 2nd December 1929, Maharaj Dr. Raghunath Singh of Sitamau.
    • HH Maharani Vallabh Kunwari (by Maharani Ugam Kunwari), married HH Maharaja Ganga Singh of Bikaner. She died 19th August 1906.
    • HH Maharani Raj Kunwari (by Maharani Vraj Kunwari), married 1909, HH Maharaja Dileep Singhji of Sailana.
    • Maharaj Goverdhan Singhji (by Maharani Vraj Kunwari), born 1900, he was granted the Jagir of Arnod on 4th September 1901.

  22. HH
                    Maharawat Sir RAM SINGH II Bahadur (1908-1949)HH Maharawat Sir RAM SINGH II Bahadur K.C.S.I., 22nd Maharawat of Pratapgarh 1929/1949, born 12th April 1908 (#3), he succeeded to the gadi on 18th January 1929 (#4 p.296); educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; he was created a K.C.S.I. on 1st January 1938 (#4 p.296), married 1stly 14th May 1924, HH Maharani Raj Kunwari, died 3rd January 1931 (#4 p.296), daughter of Rao Raja Sir Madho Singhji Bahadur of Sikar, married 2ndly, 20th April 1932 (#4 p.296), HH Maharani Meghraj Kumari, daughter of Hon. Maharaja Bahadur Sir Keshav Prasad Singh of Dumraon, married 3rdly, 16th May 1934 (#4 p.296), HH Maharani Mahendra Kumari, daughter of Major HH Maharana Shri Maharaja Shri Raj Sir Ghanshyamsinhji Ajitsinhji Sahib Bahadur of Dhrangadhra, and his third wife, HH Maharani Anand Kunwarba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 9th January 1949.
    • HH Rani Devendra Kumari, born 16th February 1925 (#4 p.296), married HH Raja Lakshman Singh of Chamba, and had issue, three sons and two daughters. She died 27th June 2004 at King Rashid Hospital in Dubai, cremated at Chamba.
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), born 18th May 1929 (#4 p.296).
    • Maharajkumari Indira Kumari, born 19th April 1933, married to Vasna (Gujarat).
    • Maharajkumari Urmila Kumari, born 4th August 1937, married Maharajkumar Balram Singh of Datia.
    • Maharajkumari Kusum Kumari, born 17th July 1939, married in Dewas.
    • Rani Kumud Kumari, born 17th July 1939, married Rao Sahib Virendra Singh Ju Deo of Bihat, and has issue.
    • Maharajkumari Kanak Kumari, born 1940, married.
    • Kaurani Ila Kumari, born 1942, married Kumar Shri Ranjit Singh of Bilkha, and has issue.
    • Maharaj Prakaram Singh, married Rani Bhanu Kumari, daughter of HH Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Tej Singhji Dev Bahadur of Alwar.
    • Maharaj Ranjit Singh, married Rani Subh Kumari, daughter of Rawat Kuber Singh of Dhula, and has issue, one daughter.
      • Rajkumari Jyotsana Kumari
    • Thakurani Yeshwant Kumari, born 23rd February 1938, married Thakur Raghuraj Singh of Badnore, and has issue.
    • HH Maharawat Ambika Pratap Singh (qv)
    • Maharani Maheshwari Devi, born 9th April 1941, married December 1956 (divorced), HH Maharao Brijraj Singh of Kotah.
    • Maharaj Durgapratapsinh, born 25th December 1945, educated at Rajkumar College, Rajkot (1963); married 8th February 1973, Rani Meenakshidevi from Dera Ismail Khan, born 20th February 1946, died 10th February 2005, and has issue.
      • Baijilal Rajkumari Ambikadevi, born 13th November 1975.
      • Rajkumar Dhruvadityasinh, born 16th May 1979.

  23. HH Maharawat AMBIKA PRATAP SINGH, 23rd Maharawat of Pratapgarh (see above)
The help of MS D.P.S. Sisodia is gratefully acknowledged, 2000.
1. ref. IOR/F/4/1514/59681 - date: Jun 1833-Nov 1834
2. He died 18th November 1929 according to "Who Was Who 1929-1940" ; Volume III ; London 1944 ; Adam & Charles Black; p.1048
3. "Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage" ; 1939 ; p.2876
4. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1939", corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.