LOCATION: Madhya Pradesh AREA: 1,794.87 kmē VILLAGES: 206 POPULATION: 107,321 (1931) RELIGION: Hindu
REVENUE: Rs 10,00,000 DYNASTY/LINEAGE: Rathore - Ratansinghot SEAT: xx ACCESSION: 15th June 1948
AGENCY: Malwa Agency PRIVY PURSE: Rs 1,50,000
PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja (name unknown) SINGH Bahadur, present Maharaja of Ratlam and recognized Head of the Rathore Rajputs in Central India. (The Palace, Ratlam - 457001, Madhya Pradesh, India)
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Maharaja Udai Singh of Jodhpur granted his fourth son (or seventh of seventeen), Kunwar Dalpat Singh, the Pargana of Pisangan in the Ajmer district of Rajasthan. His great grandson, Raja Ratan Singh, founded Ratlam in 1652. Rulers were....
- Maharaja RATAN SINGH, 1st Maharaja of Ratlam 1652/1658, born 1618 or 1629, courageous in youth, he gained Padshah Shah Jahans notice by calming the Emperors favourite elephant which had run amok in the Agra Palace Garden, he fought for the Emperor against the Persians in Kabul and Qandahar, later in 1652, the Emperor substituted Jalore for the pargana of Ratlam and many other areas, and he became the first Raja of Ratlam, in 1658 a false rumour of the death of the Emperor resulted in a frenzied scramble for succession to the throne amongst his sons. Dara Shikoh who was officiating for his father, sent a combined army of Rajputs and Muslims under the command of Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Jodhpur, against his brother Aurangzeb. The Maharaja, as head of the Rathore clan, was persuaded to hand over command of the Imperial army to Maharaja Ratan Singh. Non-cooperation by the Muslim commanders resulted in the army sustaining heavy losses in the fierce battle at Dharmat, as well as the death of Ratan Singh (said to have sustained 80 sword wounds on his body), he married (amongst others), Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar Shekhawat Ji Sahiba, daughter of Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar [Shekhawati], and had issue. He died 20th April 1658 in battle at Dharmat near Ujjain.
- Maharaja Ram Singh (qv)
- Maharaj Rai Singh, he received the estate of Kachhi-Baroda.
- Maharaj Sakat Singh, he received the estate of Multhan.
- Maharaj Akhairaj Singh, married and had issue, the
Ambao family in Jaora.
- Maharaja Chhatrasal (fifth son) (qv)
- Maharani Pratap Kanwar, married Maharawal Amar Singh, Maharawal of Jaisalmer 1661/1702.
- Maharaj Kesri Singh
- Maharaj Hate Singh of Patlasi in Sitamau
- Maharaja Shiv Singh (qv)
- Maharaja Keshav Das (qv)
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) Kanwar, married Maharajkumar Sardar Singh of Udaipur.
- Maharaj Hati Singhji, married 1stly, Rani Chandra Kanwar, a daughter of Maharaj Bhagwan Das of Udaipur, married 2ndly, Rani Swaroop Kanwar, daughter of Mokam Singhji Rajawat of Jaipur, married 3rdly, Rani Pooran Kanwar, daughter of Anand Singhji Jhala of Bari Sadri in Udaipur, married 4thly, Rani Har Kanwar, daughter of Hukam Singhji Saktawat of Sakthali in Pratapgarh, and had issue. He died 1709 in the battle of Panhela.
- Maharaj Bairi Sal, lawful heir of his
grandfather, he was granted the estate of Dhamnod
as his share instead of succeeding as Maharaja of
Ratlam as was his right, his uncle, Maharaja
Kesari Singh took advantage of his minority to
forcibly amalgamate Dhamnod with Dharad, his
mother then fled with her son to Udaipur for their
safety, on attaining his majority he approached
the Mughal Emperor and was granted the pargana of
Hisar in the Punjab for his maintainance, unable
to retain Hisar, he surrendered it to the Emperor
and left for Malwa, but at Jaipur he was received
by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, to whom he was
related (married to his cousin), who promised
military support in taking back his lost
territory, married 1stly, Rani Mirdha Kanwar,
daughter of Rawal Kushal Singhji, married 2ndly,
Rani Bakhat Kanwar, daughter of Nirbhey Singhji
Hada of Bundi, married 3rdly, Rani Mam Kanwar,
daughter of Chatra Singhji Geor of Rajgarh,
married 4thly, Rani Bakhat Kanwar, daughter of Rai
Rudra Singhji Chandrawat of Rampura, and had
issue. He died spm
and was succeeded by his youngest brother.
- Rajkumari Anop Kanwar, married Kunwar Chatrasalji, son of Thakur Jaswant Singhji of Jhalai.
- Rajkumari Ganga Kanwar, married Raghunath Singhji of Jhalai.
- Rajkumari Indra Kumari, married Hati Singhji,
son of Devi Singhji of Jhalai.
- Maharaja Achal Singh, married and had issue, one son.
- Kunwar Sangram Singh, a warrior of note, he
was successful in clearing the the Nimbaj area
at the request of Maharaja Bijaya Singh of
Jodhpur, for which he was granted the jagir of
Rohel in the Indrana area of Jodhpur in addition
to the jagir of Samore near Dausa, in Jaipur. He
was also responsible for arranging patties of
special measurements for the Hawa Mahal of
Jaipur at the request of the Jaipur Dewan. He
enjoyed the confidence of the rulers of Jodhpur
and Jaipur, as well as their former enemy, the
Maharaja of Baharatpur.
- Raja Abhay Singh, tried many times to win back
his territory by approaching the Mughal Emperor,
but Delhi, following the death of Aurangzeb, was
in turmoil and unable to help, however in 1747,
Maharaja Sawai Ishwari Singh of Jaipur granted
some large jagirs in Jaipur including the fertile
lands of Naroli, when Maharaja Jawahar Mal of
Bharatpur attacked Jaipur in 1766, 150 men of
Naroli sacrificed their lives in battle against
the Bharatpur ruler, in gratitude, the Jaipur
ruler added further land to Naroli which was
renamed Sirkati, married 1stly, Rani Bakhat Kanwar
Chundawatji of Salumber in Udaipur, married 2ndly,
a daughter of Amar Singhji of Dharnaode, she
1766 in Gwalior, and had issue. He died 1766.
- Raja Fateh Singh, granted some villages in
Jaipur for his help in the battle of Maonda,
succeeded his father in Sirkati, his matami
ceremony was performed by Maharaja Sawai Madho
Singh I of Jaipur, who presented him with the
usual coloured Saropaos, married 1stly, Rani
Amar Kanwar, daughter of Zorawar Singhji Ranawat
of Thikana Dhunas in Udaipur, married 2ndly,
Rani Swaroop Kanwar, daughter of Berisalji
Chundawat of Thikana Hamirgarh in Mewar, and had
issue. He died in battle against the Marathas at
Tunga near Lalsot, where his chatri
- Raja Sajet Singh, fought with his father
against the Marathas at Tunga and was
victorious, for which he was granted further
villages to add to his territory; he was
successful in a further battle with the
Scindia Marathas at Sainthal near Dausa,
pursuing them all the way to Lakheri near
Bundi, he was further rewarded with a personal
11 gun salute as well as a presentation of an
elephant, horses, swords, saropaos and
jewellry when he arrived at Purana Ghat, the
gateway to Jaipur City, he was held in great
esteem by the defeated Scindia ruler, and
though he had seized Naroli, he restored it to
Raja Sajet Singh as well as promising military
help in reclaiming Dhamnod, married 1stly,
Rani Gulab Kanwar, daughter of Inder Singhji
Rajawat, married 2ndly, Rani Zorawar Kanwar,
daughter of Inder Singhji Rajawat (sister of
the first wife), and had issue. He died near
- Raja Sumer Singh, succeded his father in
their Ratlam territory; a haughty and short
tempered individual, though brave and
direct, he earned the enmity of the Dewan of
Jaipur, who, for some unknown reason, made
false and exaggerated complaints against the
Raja, who abruptly left Jaipur in anger and
frustration and offered his services to the
Holkar ruler of Indore, the major portion of
his Thikana was placed under temporary zabti,
leaving only a few villages for the
maintainence of the staff left behind, he
led the Holkar army in a battle in the
Chambal Ghati area, assisted by many nobles,
including the Rao of Amjhera and the Chief
of Raghogarh (now known as Soma Barkhera and
situated near Baghli), in this battle the
Raja was killed and the Rao was executed by
the British authorities, married 1stly, Rani
Lad Kanwar, daughter of Shiv Singh Jirajawat
of Jaipur, married 2ndly, Rani Rajawatji,
daughter of Raja Pep Singhji of Lawan in
Jaipur. He died sp.
- Maharaj Goverdhan Singh of Barwaha, married and had issue.
- Raja Pep Singh, adopted by Raja Sumer Singh and succeeded to the estate, he was unsuccessful in reclaiming the jagir in Jaipur, and died soon after in frustration, he married and had issue.
- Raja Karan Singh, succeeded his father in the estate, he too made efforts to recover the jagir but was advised by the Maharaja of Jaipur, to go to Delhi and to attend the Darbar of Lord Ripon in 1866, he was assured of Jaipur's help in the restoration of Dhamnod, through a dialogue with the Maharaja of Ratlam's representative, as well as the Thakur of Sarwan and the Thakur of Namli, however the Jaipur ruler became displeased with Raja Karan Singh and placed the Ratlam jagir under temporary zabti, which remained in place till Independence, he was offered another jagir on the proviso that he give up any claim to ratlam state, which was rejected. He retired in frustration to Indore, where he was maintained by the Indore ruler who still supported his claim to Dhamnod, married 1stly, a daughter of Kesri Singhji in Malwa, married 2ndly, a daughter of the Thakur of Chittora in Jaipur, married 3rdly, Rani (name unknown) . He died sp in Indore, having first adopted his nephew, Kunwar Bhom Singh from Barwaha.
- Maharaj Swaroop Singh of Barwaha, married and had issue.
- Raja Bhom Singhji (Photo),
adopted by his uncle and succeeded to
his estate in Jaipur, very
self-respecting and uncompromising in
his principles, he made every effort
for the restoration of the large
portion of the Jaipur jagir which was
still under zabti, he was
appointed Deputy Superintendent of
Police by HH Sawai Maharaja Madho
Singh II of Jaipur, and was also
promised support for his claim but the
Maharaja soon died and a minor ruler
succeeded in Jaipur. Raja Bhom Singh
resigned his post in 1924, and again
approached the new Maharaja of Jaipur
for restoration of Naroli, but the
Raja died suddenly of a heart attack
and the papers remained unsigned, he
married 1stly, Rani Kalianotji of
Thikana Sungari in Jaipur, married
2ndly, Rani Rajawatji of Thikana
Piplia in Sewar, Jaipur, married
3rdly, Rani Rasel Kanwar
Jagannathotji, daughter of Raja Saheb
Toda Bheem, Jaipur, and had issue. He
died 2nd August 1932.
- Raja Amar Singh (+), D.I.G. Police (retired); married Rani Vidyawatiji, daughter of Thakur Naraian Singh of Pacchaongaon in Etawah, and had issue.
- Raja Raghuveer Singhji, married
Rani Malti Devi of Dehad, Seharsa
in Bihar (Jadon Rajput of
Karauli), and had issue, two sons
and two daughters.
- Maharaj Chanderveer Singhji,
married Kaurani Prakash Kanwar
Sodha ji of Amarkot,
and had issue, one son and two
- Maharaj Pushpender Singhji M.A. (Arts), senior most Tourist escort in Jaipur and promoter of tourism and arts in Jaipur, prominent designer worked in stained glass, for which he was awarded the Maharana of Mewar Foundation Award; married Kaurani Yatan Kanwar Khinchiji of Naulana in Indore, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
- Rajkumar Mahaveer Singhji, married Kaurani Sengharji from Gwalior and has issue, one daughter.
- Rajkumari Baiji Raj Kiwi
- Rajkumari Pushpa Kumari, married Kunwar Rajendra Singhji Nana of Nana Beda in Jodhpur.
- Maharaj Raj Singh (+)
- Maharaj Vikram Singhji (Photo) (by Rani Rasel Kunwar), born 6th April 1932 in Jaipur, an Arts graduate, and retired from the post of Assistant Commercial Taxes Officer in 1991, representative of the senior line of the Ratlam Rajya, married 1956 in Kanpur, Rani Radha Kumari Kushwaha (Photo), daughter of Thakur Mardan Singhji of Khutila Puredan, Bindki; Senior Superintendent of Police, Kanpur; and had issue, one son and two daughters. He died 25th November 2007.
- Shree Ji Maharaj Natwar Singhji, born 2nd March 1957, has undertaken a course in Hotel Management (1976) and is presently working in a Senior Management position in the hotel industry, married Kaurani Brijesh Gaurji (Photo), daughter of Thakur Arjun Singhji of Dhimrai in Etawah, and has issue, two daughters. (Ratlam House 2nd, C-262, Bhabha Marg, Tilak Nagar, Jaipur-302004, Rajasthan, India)
- Rajkumari Baiji Lal Tanishkha
presently (2006) studying at
Sawai Man Singh Vidyalaya in
- Rajkumari Baiji Lal Siddita Rathore (Photo), presently (2006) studying at Sawai Man Singh Vidyalaya in Jaipur.
- Rajkumari Tej Kanwar, married Shri Pradeep Kumar Singh of Kurra in Mainpuri.
- Rajkumari Divya Kumari, married Kunwar Janak Singhji Rajawat of Bhajera in Jaipur.
- Rajkumari Raj Kanwar, married Rao
Saheb Shambhu Singhji of Bagunia
near Garoth (Rampura).
- Maharaj Hindu Singh
- Maharaj Roop Singh
- Maharaj Gaj Singh
- Rajkumari Daulat Kanwar, married into the Thikana of Beler in Jaipur.
- Maharaj Shivdan Singh, married and had issue
- Maharaj Vijay Singh of Patlasi.
- Rajkumari (name unknown) Kunwar, married 15th May 1761 (as his sixth wife), HH Sri Sawai Maharaja Madho Singh I of Jaipur. (The Toran Ceremony was performed in the old Ratlam Haveli on Amber Road, Jaipur)
- Maharaj Nirbhey Singh, married and had issue,
one son. He died in battle in 1766 at Maonda [NOTE]
The Chhatris (Memorial cenotaphs) of Maharaj Nirbhey Singh and his son, Kunwar Kesari Singh are still visible at Maonda, whilst the Chabutras of the Ranis of Nirbhey Singh, who had become sati
in Naroli on the death of their husband, are still present on the banks
of the Naroli River. Maharaj Nirbhey Singh today is today revered as a Bhomia
and is worshipped by the Ratlam family in Jaipur. Songs in his memory
are sung on all ceremonial occassions and a small temple of Bhomia ji is still maintained in old Ratlam Haveli.
- Kunwar Kesari Singh, died sp in battle in 1766 at Maonda.
- Rajkumari Gulab Kanwar, married 1767, HH Sri
Sawai Maharaja Pratap Singhji of Jaipur.
- Maharaj Ajab Singh, also left for Malwa, but unable to recover Dhamnod, settled in Barwaha in Indore, and was granted some landed property there.
- Raja Man Singh (qv)
- Raja Jai Singh, second son, took revenge against his uncle for the murder of his father, and with his elder brother they shared the three estates amongst themselves, with his brother receiving Dharad (Ratlam) and Dhamnod, whilst he retained the state of Sailana, becoming its first ruler in 1736.
- Raja Prithvi Singh (eldest son) (qv)
- Maharaj Deep Singh, received Jadwasa (Jharwasa), as his share of his father's property; married and had issue.
- Maharaj Ram Singh, Thakur Saheb of Jawasa, married and had issue.
- Maharaj Bhim Singh, Thakur Saheb of Jawasa, married and had issue.
- Maharaj Sardar Singh, Thakur Saheb of Jawasa, married and had issue.
- Maharaj Bhawani Singh, Thakur Saheb of Jawasa, married and had issue.
- Maharaj Fateh Singh, Thakur Saheb of Jawasa, the estate escheated to the State.
- Kunwar Bhairon Singh, he was adopted by Raja
Balwant Singh, and succeded as Raja Bhairon
Singhji, 12th Raja of Ratlam (see below)
- Maharaj Devi Singh, he received Palsoda, as his
share of his father's property, but it subsequently
escheated to the State.
- Maharaj Kushal Singh, received Amlatha (Amleta), as his share
of his father's property.
- Raja Padam Singh (qv)
- Rajkumari Saras Kunwar, married at Ratlam, the Maharana of Udaipur, who died on the wat back to Udaipur.
- Rajkumari Sardar Kunwar, married at Ratlam, a nephew of the Maharana of Udaipur, he succeeded his uncle.
- Raja Parbat Singh (qv)
Balwant Singh (Rani Chundawatiji) (qv)
- Thakur Bijay Singh (by Rani Jhaliji)
- (A) Raja
Bhairon Singhji (qv)
- HH Raja Sir Ranjit Singhji (qv)
- Rajkumari (name unknown) Kunwar, married HH Shri Sawai Maharaja Sir Mangal Singh Virendra Shiromani Dev of Alwar.
- Rajkumari (name
unknown) Kunwar, married 1875, Yuvaraj Khuman Singh, Yuvaraj Sahib of Dungarpur.
- Maj.-Gen. HH Maharaja Sir Sajjan Singhji Bahadur (by Rani Jhaliji I)(qv)
- Rajkumari (name unknown) Kunwar (by Rani Jhaliji I), married HH Maharaja Sir Venkatraman Singhji Ju Deo Bahadur of Rewah. She died 1913.
- Rajkumari Gopal Kunwar [HH Maharani Gopal Kunwar
of Sirohi] (by Rani Jhaliji II), married 1912 (as his second wife), HH
Maharajadhiraj Maharao Shri Sir Sarup Ram Singhji
Bahadur of Sirohi.
- HH Maharaja Lokendra Singh Bahadur (by 2nd wife) (qv)
- HH Maharaja Ranbir Singh Bahadur (qv)
- Maharajkumari (name unknown) Kunwar, born 16th June 1923, married in April 1938, Col. HH Maharao Raja Bahadur Singh Sahib Bahadur of Bundi, and had issue.
- Maharajkumari Chandra Kunwar
- Maharajkumari Lakshmi
Kumari Sahiba, married and has issue, one son.