REWAH (Princely State)

(17 gun salute)

AREA: 33,670.00 km˛ PRIVY PURSE: Rs10,00,000
ACCESSION: 1st January 1950
STATE: Madhya Pradesh DYNASTY: Baghela RELIGION: Hindu
VILLAGES: xx REVENUE: Rs60,00,000 (1934) POPULATION: 1,820,445 (1941)
AGENCY: Rewah Agency 1857/1862; Bundelkhand Agency 1862/1871; Bagelkhand Agency 1871/1933; Indore Residency 1933/1947

PRESENT RULER: HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja PUSHPRAJ SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, 36th Maharaja of Rewah and Head of the Baghela Rajputs since 20th November 1995. (Rewa House, Mumbai, India)
born 3rd July 1960, as a Member of M.P. Legislature, he took up issues of environment in 1990 and was later appointed to the State Wild Life Board in 1994; he became a Minister in 1997 for Urban Development and Local Self Government; he formed the Bandhavgarh Foundation in 1997; while his main focus is on wildlife conservation, his interest in heritage conservation has lead to major repairs of the Rewah Fort, which had been neglected for many years; as Minister for School Education, he opened a school in the Fort named Bandhav Public School, currently (2014) he is the M.P. State Co-convener for INTACH org. and Chairman of the Bandhavgarh Foundation (Member Indian Wild Life Board, Government of India); married HH Maharani Ragini Singh, and has issue.
  • Yuvraj Divyaraj Singh, born 11th March 1985 in Mumbai, educated at Lawrence School, Sanawar, at Sydenham College, Mumbai (B.Com.) and at Cesar Ritz College, Brig, Switzerland (M.B.A. in Hospitality and Tourism); married 30th January 2013, Yuvrani Vasundhara Rajlaxmi.
  • Rajkumari Mohena Kumari
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Predecessor state was founded circa 1140. The chiefs of Rewa were Baghel Rajputs descended from the Solanki clan which ruled over Gujrat from the tenth to the thirteenth century. Vyaghra Deo, brother of the ruler of Gujarat, is said to have made his way into northern India about the middle of the thirteenth century and obtained the fort of Marpha, 18 miles north-east of Kalinjar. His son Karandeo married a Kalchuri (Haihaya) princess of Mandla and received in dowry the fort of Bandhogarh which, until its destruction in 1597 by Akbar was the Baghel Capital. In 1298, Ulugh Khan, acting under orders of emperor Alauddin drove the last Baghel ruler of Gujrat from his country and this is believed to have caused a considerable migration of the Baghels to Bandhogarh. Until the 15th century the Baghels of Bandhogarh were engaged in extending their possessions and escaped the attention of the Delhi kings, in 1498-9, Sikandar Lodi failed in his attempt to take the fort of Bandhogarh. A Political officer was attached to the Rewah Darbar in 1857, five years later, in 1862, the Political agent in Bundelkhand was made responsible also for Baghelkhand, but in 1871, a separate agency was established at Satna, in Rewah territory. This agency was abolished as a measure of retrenchment with effect from 1st December 1931, and the Rewah State came into direct relations with the Agent to the Governor-General  in June 1933. Rulers were...
  1. Maharaja SHAKTIVAN Deo, Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1495/1500

  2. Maharaja VEER SINGH Deo, Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1500/1540, married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Virbhan Singh Deo (qv)
    • Thakur Nadbhanu [Horildeo], third son, he received the estate of Beerha as his patrimony in 1550, he was appointed a mansabdar with the title of Horilshah by Emperor Humayun of Delhi, married and had issue.

  3. Maharaja VIRBHAN SINGH, Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1540/155, married and had issue.
    • Maharaja Ramchandra Singh (qv)

  4. Maharaja RAMCHANDRA SINGH, Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1555/1592, born about 1537, he gave shelter to Gaji Khan, the Governor of Soor, after he was attacked by Sardar Asaf Khan, which angered Padshah Akbar, who now ordered an attack on Gahora, which, together with Kasauta, fell to the Mughals; the Maharaja had in the meantime fled to Bandhogarh which became his new capital; afterwards he was granted the title of Rajendra Shiromani and the area of Itawah as a gift; married Maharani Yashoda Devi, granddaughter of Raja Kirti Singh Gaur, and had issue. He died 1592.
    • Maharaja Duryodhan Singh [Virbhadra Singh] (qv)

  5. Maharaja VIRBHADRA SINGH, 19th Maharaja of Bandhogarh 1593/1618 (deposed), his accession gave rise to disturbances, and Padshah Akbar of Delhi intervened, captured and dismantled the Bandhogarh fort in 1597 after a siege of eight months; married 1618, a natural daughter of Raja Badan Singh of Bhadawar, because of which he was expelled and retired to Bhadawar, and had issue.
    • Maharaja Vikramaditya Deo (qv)

  6. Maharaja VIKRAMADITYA DEO, 21st Maharaja of Rewah 1618/1630, after the capture of the Fort of Bandhogarh, the town of Rewa, was founded by Raja Vikramaditya in 1618 (which perhaps means that he undertook the construction of palaces and other buildings there because the place had already assumed importance in 1554 when it was held by Jalal Khan son of emperor Shershah), and started gaining in importance; married and had issue, four sons.
    • Maharaja Amar Singh II (qv)
    • Kunwar Indra Singh, he was granted Pathrehi or Patharhat Estate.
    • Kunwar Sarup Singh, he was granted Panasi Estate.
    • Kunwar Angad Rai, he was granted Chandiya Estate.

  7. Maharaja AMAR SINGH II, Maharaja of Rewah 1630/1643, married (amongst others), Maharani Chandra Kanwar, daughter of Maharaja Gaj Singhji I, Maharaja of Jodhpur, and had issue. He was killed in 1643 by Rao Amar Singh of Nagaur.
    • Maharaja Anoop Singh (qv)
    • Raja Fateh Singh, he rebelled against his father and established himself in Sohawal.

  8. Maharaja ANOOP SINGH, Maharaja of Rewah 1643/1660, married and had issue, three sons.
    • Maharaja Bhao Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Yashwant Singh, he was granted the Jagir of Gudh, married and had issue, two sons.
      • Kunwar Mukund Singh, he was granted the estate of Semariya.
      • Kunwar Anirudh Singh, adopted by his uncle and succeeded as Maharaja Anirudh Singh (qv)
    • Kunwar Jhujhar Singh, he was granted the estate of Ramnagar Itwan; married and had issue, the Thakur Sahebs of Ramnagar Itwan and Deora.

  9. Maharaja BHAO SINGH Ju Deo, Maharaja of Rewah 1660/1690 or 1676/1695, born 1651, he constructed the Mahamritunjay Temple in Rewah Fort; married 1stly, Maharani Ajab Kunwar, daughter of Maharana Raj Singhji I of Udaipur, married 2ndly, 1668, Maharani Kunj Kumari, a daughter of Raikwar Thakur Sadan Singh of Nadan in Rewah State, and had adoptive issue. He died sp in 1690 or 1695.
    • (A) Maharaja Anirudh Singh (qv)

  10. Maharaja ANIRUDH SINGH, Maharaja of Rewah 1690/1700, born as Kunwar Anirudh Singh, son of Thakur Yashwant Singh of Gudh, adopted by his uncle; married and had issue, one son.
    • Maharaja Avadhut Singh (qv)

  11. Maharaja AVADHUT SINGH, Maharaja of Rewah 1700/1755, the state was sacked by Hirde Shah of Panna in about 1731, causing the Raja to flee to Pratapgarh in Oudh; married (amongst others), (a), Maharani Ratan Kumari Devi, married (b), Maharani Sagun Kunwar, daughter of Umara-i-Uzzam Maharaja Mahendra Gopal Singh of Bhadawar, and his fifth wife, the daughter of Raja Madho Singh Sirnet of Bansi, and had issue, one son.
    • Maharaja Ajit Singh (qv)

  12. Maharaja AJIT SINGH, Maharaja of Rewah 1755/1809, married Maharani Kundan Kunwar, died 1802, daughter of Chandel Thakur Vikram Singh of Silpatra, and had issue, one son. He died 1809.
    • Maharaja Jai Singh (qv)

  13. Maharaja JAI SINGH, Maharaja of Rewah 1809/1835, born 4th January 1765; in 1812 a body of Pindaris raided Mirzapur from Rewa territory, and he was was called upon to agree to a treaty, in which he acknowledged the protection of the British Government, and agreed to refer all disputes with neighbouring chiefs to their arbitration and to allow British troops to march through or be cantoned in his territories; married 1stly, a daughter of Gaharwar Raja Udhhat Singh of Manda, married 2ndly, a daughter of Dikshit Raja Madhav Singh of Goraiya, and had issue, three sons and one daughter. He died 1835.
    • Maharaja Vishwanath Singh Bahadur (by the Goraiya Rani)(qv)
    • Babu Laxman Singh, he was granted the estate of Madhavgarh estate, married and had issue, two sons.
      • Kunwar Ran Bahadur Singh, married a daughter of Sirnet Raja Prakash Singh of Bansi in U.P. He died sp.
      • Kunwar (name unknown), succeeded his brother in Madhavgarh, died without issue, and the estate was merged into Rewah.
      • Kumari (name unknown), married Maharana Jawan Singhji of Udaipur.
      • Kumari (name unknown), married 1834, Maharana Jawan Singhji of Udaipur.
    • Babu Balbhadra Singh, he was granted the estate of Amarpatan; married Rani Chhavinath Kunwari, daughter of Gaharwar Thakur Manbodh Singh of Kaithaha estate in Rewah (a relation of the Raja Saheb of Manda in U.P.), and had issue.
      • Kumari (name unknown), married 1837, Maharaja Sardar Singhji of Bikaner.
    • Maharajkumari Sahodar Kunwar, married 1823, Maharana Jawan Singhji of Udaipur.

  14. Maharaja VISHWANATH SINGH Bahadur, Maharaja of Rewah 1835/1854, born 1789, he was author of a number of works including the first Hindi drama, "Anand Raghunandan"; married and had issue, one son and three daughters. He died 1854.
    • HH Maharaja Raghuraj Singh Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaja Ram Singhji II of Jaipur.
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown), married Maharaj Mahabat Singh of Jodhpur.
    • Maharajkumari Subhadra Kumari, married 2nd July 1821, Yuvraj (later) Maharana Jawan Singhji Bahadur of Udaipur.

  15. Lt.Col. HH
                    Maharaja Sir VENKATARAMAN SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur
                    (1876-1918)HH Maharaja RAGHURAJ SINGH Bahadur, 30th Maharaja of Rewah 1854/1880, born 1831 (or 1834), Maharaja Raghuraj Singh helped the British in quelling the uprisings in the neighbouring Mandla and Jabalpur districta in the mutiny of 1857, and in Nagod which is now a part of Satna district, for this, the Maharaja was rewarded by restoration to him of the Sohagpur (Shahdol) and Amarkantak parganas, which had been seized by the Marathas in the beginning of the century, Maharaja [cr.1857]; married eight wives, including 1stly, 1845, daughter of Bisen Raja of Bhadri in Oudh, married 2ndly, 1851, HH Maharani Sobhag Kanwar, daughter of Maharana Sardar Singhji Bahadur of Udaipur, married (a), HH Maharani Chandeliji, a daughter of the Chandel ruler of Silpara, and had issue, one son and several daughters. He died 5th February 1880.
    • Lt.-Col. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Sir Venkat Raman Ramanuj Prasad Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (by Maharani Chandeliji)(qv)
    • Maharajkumari Vishnuprasad Kunwar, born 1846, married 1864, Maharaj Kishore Singh of Jodhpur.
    • Maharajkumari (name unknown) [HH Maharani (name unknown) Sahiba of Bundi], married 2nd February 1903, Colonel HH Maharao Raja Shri Sir Raghubir Singhji Sahib Bahadur of Bundi. She died 31st December 1904 in Bundi.

  16. Lt.-Col. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Sir VENKAT RAMAN RAMANUJ PRASAD SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur G.C.S.I., 31st Maharaja of Rewah 1880/1918, born 23rd July 1876, G.C.S.I. [cr.1897], married 1stly, 1892, HH Maharani Shivraj Kumari Devi, died 1917, daughter of Maharaja Sir Radha Prasad Singhji Bahadur of Dumraon in Bihar, married 2ndly, HH Maharani Gulab Kumari, died 1913, daughter of HH Maharaja Sir Ranjit Singhji of Ratlam, married 3rdly, 1904, HH Maharani Keerat Kumari, daughter of General Thakur Bakhsh Singh Parihar of Thikana Jhagarpur in U.P., and had issue, two sons and one daughter. He died 3rd November 1918 (#1).
    • Major-General HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhvesh Shri Maharaja Sir Ghulab Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumar Ravendra Ramanuj Prasad Singh (by Maharani Keerat Kumari), born 10th January 1917; died 10th June 1940.
    • HH Maharani Sudarshan Prasad Kumari, born 5th September 1906, married 18th April 1922, HH Maharajadhiraj Sri Sadul Singhji of Bikaner, and had issue. She died 19th December 1971.

  17. Major-General HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur G.C.I.E., K.C.S.I., 32nd Maharaja of Rewah 1918/1946 (deposed 30th January 1946), born 12th March 1903, educated at Daly College, Indore and by European tutors at Rewah; he succeeded his father to the gadi as a minor on 31st October 1918, he was ivested with full ruling powers on 31st October 1922 by His Excellency, the Viceroy; he constructed an orphanage in 1924, founded the Bank of Baghelkhand in 1935, and had electricity installed at this time as well; he was made a K.C.S.I on 1st January 1927 and a G.C.I.E. on 1st January 1931; married 1stly, 25th June 1919 (#2), HH Bandhveshwari Shri Maharani Sahiba Samrajyi Kunwar, born 1903, died 1954, daughter of HH Maharaja Dhiraj Maharaja Sri Sir Sardar Singhji Bahadur of Jodhpur, married 2ndly, 18th February 1925 (#2), HH Maharani Ballabh Kumari, daughter of Lt.-Col. HH Umdae Rajhae Buland Makan Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sir Madan Singhji Bahadur of Kishangarh, and had issue, one son. He died 13th April 1950 as a result of a fall at Bikaner House, Bombay.
    • HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Martand Singhji Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)

  18. HH Bandhvesh Maharaja Sir GHULAB SINGH
                    Bahadur (1903-1950)HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja MARTAND SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Rewah 1946/1995, born 15th March 1923, educated initially privately then at Daly College, Indore (1935/1939) and at Mayo College, Ajmer (1939/1941); elected to the Fifth, Seventh and Eighth Lok Sabha representing Rewa Parliamentary Constituency of Madhya Pradesh during 1971-1977 and 1980-1989. An agriculturist and businessman by profession, he was Raj Pramukh of Vindhya Pradesh. He was a very popular and active social worker. As a philanthropist, he built hospitals, dispensaries and organised camps for providing medical aid to indigent and sick people. He donated his palace at Satna and other properties for establishment of educational institutions like Banaras Hindu University and College in Satna. A widely travelled person, he evinced keen interest in the fields of sports, education, photography, archaeology and wildlife preservation. He established and developed National Park at Bandhogarh. He had served as a member of All India Wildlife Preservation Board and as the Director of Madhya Pradesh Udyog Vikas Nigam, Bhopal. He also made special efforts for development of irrigation, industries, transport, electrification and rail services in his area, President of the General Council (Daly College) 1948/1949; married 1943, HH Maharani Praveen Kunverba, born 1926, daughter of HH Maharajadhiraj Mirzan Maharao Shri Vijayarajji Khengarji Sawai Bahadur of Kutch, and his wife, HH Maharani Shri Padmakunwar Ba Sahiba, and had issue. He died 20th November 1995 at Rewah.
    • HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja Pushpraj Singh Ju Deo Bahadur (qv)

  19. HH Samrajya Maharajadhiraja Bandhresh Shri Maharaja PUSHPRAJ SINGH Ju Deo Bahadur, Maharaja of Rewah (see above)
The help of Deepak Aggarwal is gratefully acknowledged, June 2009.
1. "Who Was Who 1916–1928" ; Volume II, London 1930 ; Adam and Charles Black ; p.883
2. "Burke's Peerage,Baronetage and Knightage" ; 1939 ; p.2981