TEHRI-GARHWAL (Princely State)

( 11 gun salute)


AREA: 11,655 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 300,000 Rs
ACCESSION: 1st August 1949
STATE: Uttar Pradesh DYNASTY: Panwar (Shah) RELIGION: Hindu



PRESENT RULER: HH Maharaja MANUJENDRA SHAH Sahib Bahadur, 7th and present Maharaja of Tehri-Garhwal since 7th January 2007. (Tehri Garhwal House, 5 Bhagwandas Road, New Delhi - 110 001, India)
HH
                Maharaja MANUJENDRA SHAH Sahib Bahadurborn 1948, educated at Modern School, New Delhi, and graduated from St. Stephen's College, New Delhi, passing out in 1969, the raj tilak ceremony as successor to the gadi was performed on 16th April 2007; married to a princess of Nepal, and has issue, one daughter.
  • Maharajkumari Sheerja Kumari, born 1976 at New Delhi, married Shri Arora, and has issue, one daughter.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Predecessor state of Garhwal, was founded in 823AD and lasted till 1804, when the Gurkhas invaded the area, remaining in control until 1815. Rulers were...
  1. Raja SUDARSHAN SHAH (Photo), 1st Raja of Tehri-Garhwal 1815/1859, born 1784, he built the Puranadarbar Palace in 1815, the first after the Gurkha invasion; married (amongst others), (a), a daughter of Raja Karam Prakash II, Raja of Sirmur, married (b), a daughter of Raja Sansar Chand II of Kangra, married (c), another daughter of Raja Sansar Chand II of Kangra, and had issue. He died 7th June 1859.
    • Rajkumar Surjan Shah, died young.
    • Raja Bhawani Shah (qv)

  2. Raja BHAWANI SHAH (Photo), 2nd Raja of Tehri-Garhwal 1859/1871, married (amongst others), the daughter of Mian Udai Singh of Mandi, and had issue. He died December 1871.
    • Raja Pratap Shah (qv)

  3. Raja
                    PRATAP SHAH 1871/1887Raja PRATAP SHAH, 3rd Raja of Tehri-Garhwal 1871/1887, born 1850, founder of the township of Pratap Nagar, married (amongst others) Rani Guleriya, a daughter of Raja Jai Singh of Guler, she was Regent of Tehri-Garhwal 1886/1892, and had issue. He died in February 1887.
    • HH Swasti Sir Raja Kirti Shah (qv)
    • Rajkumar Surendra Shah, married and had issue.
      • Kunwar Dev Indra Shah, died 1908 in a hunting accident.
    • Rajkumar Vichatra Shah (Photo), he was granted the Puranadarbar Palace and a jagir consisting of the lands of Uttarkash, Dhanolti, Chamba and Gansali in 1893, he married and had issue.
      • Capt. Rao Shoor Beer Singhji (Photo), served as Magistrate within the state, and, after the merger in 1949, he served as an I.A.S. Officer in the United Provinces; he married and had issue.
        • Rao Samar Beer Singhji (Photo), I.P.S., D.G. of Police, Rajasthan, served in the Royal Garhwal Rifles with the rank of Captain, married Rani Preeti Kumari, daughter of Thakur Umaid Singh of Peelwa Pana 2, and had issue. He died 1999.
          • Rao Kirti Pratap Singhji (Photo)
          • Thakur Bhawani Pratap Singhji B.A. (Photo), born 13th June 1977, educated at Rajasthan Universirty (B.A.); with his brother, he is a hotelier in Uttarakhand and co-owner of the Puranadarbar Palace; married 6th February 2006 in Udaipur, Thakurani Neha Singh of Thikana Thana in Mewar, and has issue.
            • Kanwar Nilay Pratap Singh Panwar
    • Kumari (name unknown), married Raja Baldev Singh of Guler, and had issue.

  4. HH
                    Swasti Sir Raja KIRTI SHAH 1887/1913HH Swasti Sir Raja KIRTI SHAH, 4th Raja of Tehri-Garhwal 1887/1913, born 19th January 1874, married (amongst others), HH Rani Nepaliya, daughter of Cdg. Gen. Maharajkumar Padma Jung Bahadur Rana (see Lambjung and Kaski), and had issue. He died 25th April 1913.
    • Lt.Col. HH Sir Maharaja Narendra Shah Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • HH Maharani Rukmini Devi, married 1907, HH Sawai Maharaja Punya Pratap Singhji of Ajaigarh, son of HH Sawai Maharaja Bhopal Singhji, and his wife, HH Maharani Beni Kunwar, and had issue.
    • HH Maharani Shri Tej Kunwar, married 1916, HH Maharajadhiraj Shri Himmat Singhji Saheb of Idar, son of Lt.Col. HH Maharaja Sir Daulat Singhji Sahib of Idar, and had issue.
    • Raj Kumari Sashi Prabha Kumari [Rani Sashi Prabha Kumari of Baghat] (by HH Rani Nepaliya), born 1905, married 28th November 1917, Raja Durga Singh of Baghat. She died spm in April 1947.



  5. Lt.Col. HH Sir Maharaja NARENDRA SHAH Sahib
                    Bahadur 1913/1946Lt.-Col. HH Sir Maharaja NARENDRA SHAH Sahib Bahadur, 5th Maharaja of Tehri-Garhwal 1913/1946, born 3rd August 1898 and succeeded 25th April 1913 (#2), created Maharaja in 1913, C.S.I. [cr.1.1.1922], K.C.S.I. [cr.1.1.1932], LL.D. (Benares), educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; abdicated 26th May 1946, but allowed to retain the use of his title, His Highness, entitled to a personal salute of 11 guns, founded the new township of Narendra Nagar; married 1stly, February 1916, Rajkumari Kamlendu Mati Devi [HH Maharani Kamlendu Mati Devi Sahiba of Tehri-Garhwal], born 20th March 1901, died 15th July 1999, daughter of Raja Bijey Sen of Keonthal, married 2ndly, February 1916, HH Maharani Indu Mati Devi Sahiba, born 1902, died in an automobile accident in 1932, daughter of Raja Bijey Sen of Keonthal, married 3rdly, Rani Gulbadan, married 4thly, Rani Krishna Devi Bist, married 5thly, Rani Uma, and had issue, seven sons and nine daughters. He died 22nd September 1950.
    • Lt.-Col. HH Maharaja Manabendra Shah Sahib Bahadur (by Maharani Indu Mati Devi) (qv)
    • H.E. Lt.-Col. Maharajkumar Shardul Bikram Shah (by Maharani Kamlendu Mati Devi) (Photo), born 29th May 1921, as a young Captain, he joined the armoured Corps (Hodsons Horse and then the 19th Lancers), and fought the Japanese in Burma during World War II; later he was appointed Military Attache to General Sir Roy Boucher, Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Indian Army; joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1947 and served as Indian Ambassador to Ireland, Laos, Ghana, Finland, Spain and Turkey, also served as Chief of Protocol in New Delhi; married Rani Jaya Rajya Lakshmi, daughter of General Shri Tunga Shumshere Jung Bahadur Rana of Nepal, and had issue, five sons. He died 2003.
      • Rajkumar Sagar Bikram Shah, married December 1966 at Hyderabad House in New Delhi, Rajkumari Mahima Kumari, daughter of Raja Saheb Maheshwari Prasad Singh, Talukdar of Makrai in Uttar Pradesh, and his wife, Rani Bimla Kumari, daughter of Maharaja Bahadur Chandra Mouleshwar Prasad Singh of Gidhaur in Bihar, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
        • Kanwar Nripendra Bikram Shah, married 30th May 1999, Kanwarani Geetanjali Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Kesari Singh of Mandawa Junior, and has issue, three children.
        • Kumari Neerja Shah, married and has issue, two children.
      • Flt. Lt. Rajkumar Samar Bikram Shah
                        VrC.Flt. Lt. Rajkumar Samar Bikram Shah VrC., VM (IAF) Ret'd., B.Sc. (Aero.), born 21st April 1945 in Mussoorie; recipient of the Vayu Sena Medal in 1970; only member of the Garhwal Royal family to be awarded the Vir Chakra Medal in 1971 for having served in two India-Pakistan wars and for downing an enemy aircraft during the conflict; served as Staff Officer to the Chief of Air Staff 1973; married 19th May 1967 in New Delhi, Mrs. Persis Shah, and has issue.
        • Kanwar Shaurya Bikram Shah, Senior Constable of Police with the South Australian Police Force in South Australia; married Kanwarani Vicky Shah (née Vicky Lester), and has issue.
          • Kumari Kavita Bikram Shah, born 30th October 1996.
          • Kanwar Navin Bikram Shah, born 23rd April 2000.
        • Kanwar Nakul Bikram Shah
        • Kumari Shalini Bikram Shah
      • Rajkumar Sanat Bikram Shah, born 1948, educated at Scindia School, Gwalior, M.P., graduated in 1969, from St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, married Rajkumarani Meera (Shah), and has issue, three daughters.
        • Kumari Sneh Shah, married and has issue, two children living in Nepal.
        • Kumari Namrata Shah, married and has issue, two children living in U.S.A.
        • Kumari Shreya Shah, married and has issue, two children living in India.
      • Rajkumar Vigyan Bikram Shah, born 8th February 1949 in New Delhi, educated at St. George's College, Mussoorie, at Scindia School, Gwalior and graduated in 1969 from Colegio San Juan, Barcelona, Spain; undertook a Hotel Management Course (three years) from Barcelona, Spain; married 14th June 1990 in Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, Kunwarani Anju Shah, and has issue, two children.
        • Kumari Aakriti Shah, born 16th October 1992.
        • Kanwar Vishal Bikram Shah, born 13th December 1993.
      • Rajkumar Narvir Shah, born 1952, married and has issue, a son and a daughter.
        • Kumari Smriti Shah, born 31st March 1979, married and has issue, two children.
        • Kunwar Vivekraj Shah, born 27th January 1981, married 4th December 2011 at Lucknow, Kunwarani Charu Pratap of Rampur Mathura, U.P.
    • Maharajkumar Balendu Shah (by Maharani Kamlendu Mati Devi), born 1923, joined the French foreign legion in 1946, served in Saigon and later joinedAir India and was Regional Director in HongKong; a versatile cricketer, he captained Uttar Pradesh in the Ranji Trophy in 1954; married Rani Prabha Rajya Laxmi of Nepal, and had issue. He died 1998.
      • Rajkumar Jai Vikram ShahRajkumar Jai Vikram Shah, born 1942 at Narendra Nagar Palace, Tehri-Garhwal in Uttarakhand, educated at Welham Preparatory School, Dehra Dun, at The Scindia School, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh, at St. Xaviers. College, University of Bombay (B.Sc. (Hons.)) and at the University of Liverpool, U.K.; employed with Air-India International, Marketing Division 1967/1971; then General Manager for GULF AIR, for India and S.E. Asia 1971/1981; Regional Manager for ALITALIA for Western India 1981/1992; he was Congress Candidate for M.L.A. Vidhan Sabha Elections from Dev Prayag in 1994; he was elected NCP President for Uttarakhand in the State's first elections, and was Candidate for Narendra Nagar Constituency from 2002 to the present time; he is very active in the promotion of the well-being of the residents of the Hill Area of Uttarakhand, as well as in Environment and Social welfare; elected to the Balloting and Disciplinary Committee of the Willingdon Sports Club, Mumbai, India, for the year 2010-2011; married Rajkumari Shrimant Ujjwala Raje Bikram Shah (née Gaekwad), daughter of Major Maharaj Udaysinghrao Shivajirao Gaekwad of Baroda, and his wife, Ranisaheb Shrimant Sharda Raje Gaekwad (née Patankar), and has issue, one son and two daughters.
        • Kanwar Raviraj Vikram Shah, married Kanwarani Smriti Kumari of Sailana, and has issue, one son.
          • Jagat Vikram Shah
        • Kumari Nayana Kumari Shah
        • Kumari Menaka Kumari Shah, apppointed Country Head-India,for Christies, the UK auctioneering firm, from 1st of April 2009.
      • Rajkumari Kumodini Shah, born 1945, married Admiral (retd.) Thakur Manvendhra Singh of Chomu, and has issue.
      • Rajkumar Abhaya Vikram Shah, married and has issue.
        • Kumari Anisha Shah
      • Rajkumar Nirbhey Shah, married 19th April 1980 (div.), Rajkumari Rajeshwari Kumari, born March 1959, daughter of Raja Saheb Shri Mahendra Palji Bahadur of Kutlehar, and his first wife, Rani Lalita Devi, and had issue.
        • Rajkumari Roopangana Shah, born 1982.
        • Rajkumar Leeneshwar Vikram Shah, born 9th February 1984.
    • Thakur Kishore Singh (by Rani Gulbadan)
    • Thakur Man Singh (by Rani Krishna Devi), born 6th April 1935, educated at Welham School in Dehra Dun 1942/1946, then at St. Georges College, Mussoorie 1946/1952; he spent a brief year on the T.S. Dufferin as an Officer cadet but was given a medical discharge due to illness; he later joined the Travel Trade in Delhi as Asst. Manager of Mercury Travels then as General Manager of Indtravels; he emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1970 and set up his own company in 1972, which became successful and was the winner of several awards for promoting Tourism to India and other Asian countries; married 1958, Smriti Bose [Thakurani Dr. Smriti Singh], she died in April 2016, she had the distinction of being the only person in the Tehri Family who has done her Doctorate, and that too from a foreign university, namely at Columbia University in New York where she was teaching as a Professor retiring, and has issue.
      • Kanwar Madhav Singh
      • Kanwar Manoj Singh, married and has issue, one son and one daughter.
        • Bhanwar Manav S. Panwar, born 29th March 1992 in New Jersey, U.S.A.
        • Kumari Manika Panwar, born 21st September 1995 in New Jersey, U.S.A.
    • Thakur Yogendra Singh (by Rani Uma)
    • Thakur Niranjan Singh (by Rani Uma), married Thakurani Promila Singh-Panwar, and has issue, three children.
      • Kumari Kartika Panwar
      • Kunwar Samar Singh-Panwar, married Kunwarani Sallie Panwar, and has issue, two sons.
        • Bhanwar Jaidev Singh-Panwar
        • Bhanwar Jatin Singh-Panwar
      • Kunwar Dr. Rohan Singh-Panwar, married Kunwarani Catherine Panwar, and has issue, one daughter.
        • Kumari Devyani Panwar
    • Maharani Girija Kumari (by Maharani Indu Mati Devi), born 1920, married Maharaj Bahadur Chandra Chur Singh of Gidhaur, and had issue. She died 2002.
    • Shrimati Rani Neelima Kumari (by Maharani Indu Mati Devi), married Raja Dinesh Singh of Kalakankar.
    • Shrimati Rani Shailendra Kumari (by Maharani Kamlendu Mati Devi), married Raja Dhruv Dev Chand of Kangra-Lambagraon, and has issue.
    • Kumari Masanti Devi (by Rani Gulbadan) [Shrimati Kanwarani Shanta Devi of Sirmur], married Kanwar Jitendra Singh of Sirmur, and had issue.
    • Kumari Rameshwari Devi (by Rani Gulbadan)
    • Kumari Hari Devi (by Rani Gulbadan)
    • Shrimati Rani Padma Devi (by Rani Krishna Devi), born 2nd August 1933, married Rao Raja Devi Singh of Idar, and has issue.
    • Shrimati Rani Sudha Devi (by Rani Krishna Devi), born 15th June 1936 in Narendra Nagar, Tehri-Garhwal, married 1947 in Narendra Nagar, Rao Raja V. B. Rathore, and has issue, one son and five daughters.
    • Kumari Usha Devi (by Rani Uma)

  6. Lt. Col. HH Maharaja MANABENDRA SHAH Sahib
                    BahadurLt. Col. HH Maharaja MANABENDRA SHAH Sahib Bahadur, 6th Maharaja of Tehri-Garhwal 1946/2007, born 26th May 1921 in Pratapnagar, Tehri-Garhwal District, Uttar Pradesh and succeeded 1946 on his fathers abdication; educated at Government College, Lahore (now in Pakistan) and I.C.S. Camp, Dehradun, Uttar Pradesh; he served as an Honorary Lieutenant Colonel in the Bengal Engineer Group (formerly, the King George Vs Own Bengal Sappers and Miners Group, Royal Indian Engineers, and prior to that, the 1st Prince of Wales Own Bengal Sappers and Miners); Member of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th Lok Sabha. Chairman of the Committee on Health and Drinking Water for the Hills, member of the Committee on Estimates; and Chairman of its Sub-Committee on Estimates, member of the Committee on Finance 1991/93 and 1995/96, member of the Consultative Committee, Ministry of Surface Transport 1991/96, Member of the Committee on Public Undertakings and Committee on External Affairs and Consultative Committee, Ministry of Power 1996/97, Chairman of the Committee on Public Undertakings and member of the General Purposes Committee and the Committee on Transport and Tourism and the Consultative Committee, Ministry of Defence 1998/99, member of the Committee of Home Affairs 1999/2004. Ambassador to Ireland 1980-83, Patron of the Badri-Kedar Shrines, President of the Temple Board of Management, Tehri Garhwal. Trustee of the Maharaja Narendra Shah Trust and the Maharaja Kirti Shah Trust. Interests include reading, photography and travelling, member of the following sports clubs.. Cricket Club; Gymkhana Club; Golf Club; Army Golf Club; National Sports Club; Royal Western India Turf Club; and Rotary Club. Married 4th February 1937, HH Maharani Suraj Kanwar, daughter of HH Sri Raj-i-Rajan Maharawal Sir Prithvi Singhji Bahadur of Banswara, and had issue, one son and three daughters. He died 5th January 2007 in New Delhi after a long illness, and was accorded a state funeral at Narendranagar, Tehri-Garhwal on the 7th January 2007.
    • HH Maharaja Manujendra Shah Sahib Bahadur (qv)
    • Maharajkumari Anupama Kumari, born 1939, married 1963, Maharajkumar Jai Singh of Dungarpur.
    • HH Maharani Nirupama Kumari, married HH 108 Sri Maharaj Adhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Ravi Kula Bushana-Mahi Mahindra Yavadarya Kula Kamaldhivakara Chattis Rajkul Singar Maharana Shri Mahendra Singhji Bahadur Hindua Suraj Hindupati of Udaipur, and has issue.
    • HH Maharani Swarupa Kumari, married 4th April 1968 at New Delhi, HH Maharaja Rana Shri Indrajit Singhji of Jhalwar, and has issue.

  7. HH Maharaja MANUJENDRA SHAH Sahib Bahadur, 7th Maharaja of Tehri-Garhwal (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
  • Yuvrani Bhuvaneshwari Devi, married 13th October 1910, Yuvraj Man Singh of Pratapgarh. She died 9th August 1913.
1. Also sometimes given as HH Maharani Kamlendu Mati, born 1902, died 15th July 1999 in Dehra Dun and HH Maharani Indu Mati.
2. "Indian Annual Register" , N. N. Nitra, Calcutta 1945