TONK (Princely State)

(17 gun salute)


AREA: 6,612 km2 PRIVY PURSE: 278,000Rs ACCESSION: 7th April 1949
STATE: Rajasthan DYNASTY: Buner Pathan
RELIGION: Muslim



PRESENT RULER: HH Nawab Hafiz AFTAB ALI KHAN, 9th and present Nawab of Tonk since 4th September 1994.
married 1983, HH Nawab Begum Azra Khan, and has issue, two daughters and one son.
  • Nawabzadi Aalia Khan, born 1985.
  • Nawabzada Junaid Ali Khan, born 1986.
  • Nawabzadi Amreen Khan, born 1987.

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The Ruling family are Pathans of the Buner tribe. In the reign of Emperor Mohammad Shah Ghazi, one Tola Khan or Taleh Khan left his home in the Buner country and took service in Rohilkhand withA li Mohammad Khan, a Rohilla of distinction. His son, Hayat Khan, became possessed of some landed property in Sarai Tarin in the district of Moradabad, and to him, in 1768, was born Amir Khan, the founder of Tonk in 1817 by a grant of land by the ruler of Indore. Rulers were ....
  1. HH Nawab AMIR ALI KHAN, 1st Nawab of Tonk 1818/1834, born 1768, he began life as a petty mercenary leader, and rose in 1798 to be Commander of a large independent army in the service of Jaswant Rao Holkar and was employed in the campaigns against Scindia, the Maratha Peshwa and in assisting to levy the contribution exacted from Rajputana and Malwa, in 1806, Holkar granted to him, the pargana of Tonk, and he had previously received the division of Sironj, that same year, he transferred his allegiance to the Maharaja of Jaipur, then at war with the Maharaja of Jodhpur, and after crusking the latter, changed sides and reduced the former; having plundered both states, in 1809, he proceeded against the Raja of Nagpur but was warned off by the British Government and returned to Rajputana for more plunder, in 1817, the Marquess of Hastings, offered him the sovereignty of all tracts bestowed on him by Maharaja Holkar, on condition of his disbanding his army, finding resistance would be useless, he acquiesced and some of his troops enlisted in the British service, while Rampura fort and the division of Aligarh Rampura were presented to him as a free gift, these arrangements were embodied in a treaty in 1817; married and had issue, nine sons and seven daughters. He died 1834.
    • HH Wazir-ud-daula Nawab Haafiz Muhammed Wazir Khan Bahadur (qv)
    • Sahibzada Ibadullah Khan

  2. HH Wazir-ud-daula Nawab Haafiz MUHAMMED WAZIR KHAN Bahadur, 2nd Nawab of Tonk 1834/1864, during the 1857 mutiny, he repulsed with comparatively few men, an attack made on the Tonk Fort, by the combined forces, numbering some 17,000 men of the Nawab of Banda and Tantia Topi; in recognition of his bravery displayed on this occasion, the Nawab's salute was raised from 15 to 17 guns, he also received a sanad guaranteeing the Tonk succession according to the Muslim law of succession on the failure of natural heirs; married and had issue. He died 1864.
    • HH Nawab Muhammed Ali Khan (qv)
    • Iftikhar ul-umra Fakhr ul-mulk Sahibzada Sir Muhammed Obaidullah Khan Firuz Jang, Jagirdar of Sop, C.S.I., C.I.E. [cr.1900], Minister, married and had issue. He died October 1900.
      • Fakhr ul-umra Iftikhar ul-mulk Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Alim Khan Firuz Jang
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdur Rahman Khan
    • HH Nawab Auliya Begum Sahiba, married (as his first wife), 1837, HH Mautashim-ud-daula Nawab Ghaus Mohammed Khan Bahadur Shaukat Jung, Nawab of Jaora.

  3. HH Nawab MUHAMMED ALI KHAN, 3rd Nawab of Tonk 1864/1867, he was deposed for his complicity in the attack made on the uncle and followers of the Thakur Saheb of Lawa, one of the chief feudatories of the state, the salute was reduced to 11 guns and he was exiled to Benares where he died, having been granted an annual stipend of Rs 60,000; married and had issue. He died at Benares in 1895.
    • HH Amin-ud-daula Wazir-ul-mulk Nawab Sir Hafiz Muhammed Ibrahim Ali Khan Bahadur Saulat-i-Jang (qv)
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Ishaq Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk, Nazim Civil Court and Kharkhanejat; appointed Nazim of Tonk on 1st August 1903; awarded at various times the following titles, Azam ul-Umra, Wiqar ul-Mulk, Khan Bahadur and Sitwat-i-Jang by the Darbar. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Samad Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk, has been conferred the titles of Muin ul-Umra, Mumtaz ul-Mulk, Khan Bahadur and Ghazanfar-i-Jang by the State, married and had issue. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Rahim Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk and jagirdar of Loharwala (8,400Rs), Nazim of Sironj Pargana, he served as Chief of the Army and as Home Member of the State Council; he has been conferred with the titles of Afzal ul-Umra, Mumtaz ul-Mulk, Khan Bahadur and Muzaffar-i-Jang by the State. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Wahab Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk and jagirdar ofBaori (8,400Rs), Nazim of the Criminal Court and Muhammedan Law Court, Judicial Member of the State Council; he has been conferred with the titles of Najm ul-Umra, Ihtisham ul-Mulk, Khan Bahadur and Safdar-i-Jang by the State. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Hamid Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk, he has been conferred with the titles of Wiqar ul-Umra, Aitemad ul-Mulk, Khan Bahadur and Dilawar-i-Jang by the State. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Shafiullah Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Rafiq Khan, a Tazimi Sardar of Tonk. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzadi (name unknown), married a nephew of Nawab Kalb Ali Khan of Rampur.
    • Sahibzadi Rafaqat Zamani Begum, married Shahzada Mirza Surayya Jah of the Mughal Imperial Family, and had issue.

  4. HH Amin-ud-daula Wazir-ul-mulk Nawab Sir Hafiz MUHAMMED IBRAHIM ALI KHAN Bahadur Saulat-i-Jang G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., 4th Nawab of Tonk 1867/1930 born 8th November 1849, he succeeded to the gadi on 20th December 1867 on the deposition of his father, during his minority the administration was carried on by a Council of Regency of five members, presided over by Sahibzada Obeidullah Khan and assisted by Captain J. Blair, an assistant to the Honorable the Agent to the Governor-General in Rajputana; he was invested with ruling powers on 1st January 1870; he attended the Coronation Darbars at Delhi on 1st January 1903 and 12th December 1911; G.C.I.E. [cr.1890], G.C.S.I. [cr. Jan-1913], married 6 wives (3 of the Tonk family (Senior wife, died in April 1907), 1 of a Pathan family and 1 from Rampur, daughter or niece of Nawab Kalb Ali Khan), and had issue, 21 sons and 14 daughters, as well as further issue, about 60 children in all. He died 23rd June 1930 (#2 p.289).
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Hafiz Khan Bahadur, born 1876, Heir Apparent, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer, and at the Muhammedan Anglo Oriental College, Aligarh; married and had issue, one son. He died in March 1927.
    • HH Saiduddaula Wazir ul-Mulk Nawab Hafiz Sir Muhammed Sa'adat Ali Khan (qv)
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdur Rashid Khan, born 17th March 1880, died after 1930.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdullah Khan, born 23rd March 1880, died after 1930.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Abdul Wahid Khan, born 28th June 1884, Superintendent of Forests in Tonk State. He died after 1930.
    • HH Mumtaz ud-daula Wazir ul-mulk Nawab Hafiz Muhammed Faruq Ali Khan Sahib Bahadur Sowlat-i-Jang (qv)
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Masud Ali Khan, born 17th August 1886, Superintendent of Gardens and Karkhanejats in Tonk State. He died after 1914.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Turab Ali Khan, born 1887
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Iftikhar Ali Khan, born 5th November 1887, he has been conferred the titles of Mafkhar ul-Umra, Muin ul-Mulk and Samsam-i-Jang by the State. He died after 1930.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Zabr Ali Khan, born 1888
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Usman Ali Khan, born 1889
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Ismail Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Yusuf Ali Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Yunas Ali Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Ghiyasuddin Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Alauddin Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Sadik Ali Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Iftikhar Ali Khan, died vp before 1893.
    • HH Nawab Hafiz Muhammed Ismail Khan (qv)
    • HH Nawab Hafiz Muhammed Massoom Ali Khan (qv)
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Yakub Ali Khan, born 1910 or 3rd June 1930, last (in 1989) living son of Tonk’s fourth ruler, Nawab Muhammad Ibrahim Ali Khan; educated at Mayo College, Ajmer.

  5. HH Saiduddaula Wazir ul-Mulk Nawab Hafiz
                    Sir MUHAMMED SA'ADAT ALI KHAN (1879-1947)HH Saiduddaula Wazir ul-Mulk Nawab Hafiz Sir MUHAMMED SA'ADAT ALI KHAN Sahib Bahadur Saulat-i-Jang G.C.I.E., 5th Nawab of Tonk 1930/1947, born 13th February 1879 (#2 p.289), G.C.I.E. [cr. 1.1.1934], married and had issue, two sons and four daughters. He died 31st May 1947.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Sadiq Ali Khan, born 18th September 1913.
    • Sahibzada Muhammed Mazhar Ali Khan, born 3rd August 1920.

  6. HH Mumtaz ud-daula Wazir ul-mulk Nawab Hafiz MUHAMMED FARUQ ALI KHAN Sahib Bahadur Saulat-i-Jang, 6th Nawab of Tonk 1947/1948, born 8th August 1885, married and had issue, died 1948.

  7. HH Nawab Hafiz MUHAMMED ISMAIL ALI KHAN, 7th Nawab of Tonk 1948/1974, born 31st January 1917, married HH Nawab Begum Batool Bi, daughter of Nawabzada Ubaidullah Khan of Bhopal, and had issue. He died 1974.
    • ?Nawabzada Muhammed Hebat Ali Khan, married (div.), Samina Hyat (married 2ndly, Shahzada Shakirullah Khan Durrani, and had further issue), and had issue.
      • Sahibzadi Rubina Begum, born 1951.

  8. HH Nawab Hafiz MUHAMMED MASOOM ALI KHAN, 8th Nawab of Tonk 1974/1994, born 1923, educated at Mayo College, Ajmer; he was granted the titles of Rasul ul-Umara, Taj ul-Mulk, Sujat-i-Jang; married and had issue, five sons and three daughters. He died on 4th September 1994.
    • Nawabzadi Muzaffar-un-nisa Begum
    • HH Nawab Hafiz Aftab Ali Khan (qv)
    • Nawabzada Mumtaz Ali Khan
    • Nawabzada Ibrahim Ali Khan
    • Nawabzada Mohammad Ali Khan
    • Nawabzada Hamid Ali Khan
    • Nawabzadi Sarwat Khan
    • Nawabzadi Ishrat Khan

  9. HH Nawab Hafiz AFTAB ALI KHAN, 9th Nawab of Tonk (see above)
OTHER MEMBERS:
  • Sahibzada Sardar Muhammed Khan, born 22nd May 1886, first cousin of the Nawab of Tonk, educated at Mayo College (Class Captain 1907/1910), joined Bombay Provincial Civil Service in 1910, Collector and District Magistrate 1931, second member of the State Council of Junagadh 1936, J.P., Diwan, President of the State Council of Junagadh 1939; married and had issue, three sons.
    • Sahibzada Mohammad Wazir Khan
    • Sahibzada Mohammad Iqbal Khan
    • Sahibzada Mohammad Shamsher Khan
  • Sahibzada Abdul Munim Khan, Class-Captain at Mayo College, Ajmer 1917/1918
  • Sahibzada Abdul Hdi. Khan, Class-Captain at Mayo College, Ajmer 1937/1938
  • Sahibzada Shuja'at Ali Khan, Class-Captain at Mayo College, Ajmer 1938/1939
  • Sahibzada Ahmed Ali Khan, Class-Captain at Mayo College, Ajmer 1939/1940
1. As of 1989, there were 470 registered living Nawabi descendants. [Outlook India, 20th September 2009]
2. "Memoranda on The Indian States 1939", corrected up to 2nd January 1939, Published by the Manager of Publications, Delhi. Government of India Press, New Delhi. 1939.