|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
Governed by the chiefs of the Moshulatubbee District, the Oklafalaya
District, and the Pushmataha District from 1834 to 1838, governed by
the chiefs of the Moshulatubbee District, the Apukshunnubbee
District, the Pushmataha District, and the Chickasaw District from 1838
to 1857, national self-government came to an end on 24th April 1906,
but tribal self-government was restored in 1971. Principal Chiefs
Chiefs of Moshulatubbee District: Eastern Division
Chief 1834/1836, born about 1770, he succeeded his maternal uncle as
the Chief of the
the eastern division in 1809, having earned that
right by distinguishing himself in becoming an accomplished warrior and
leader, signed a number of treaties ceding land to the American
government for which he was deposed and replaced by David Folsom in the
1820's, married (amongst others), Malleah, and had issue. He died of
smallpox 30th August 1838.
- Kiamiachi Moshulatubbee, married Nitachiki, died November
1846, a nephew of Pushmataha.
- James Madison King, born 1811, married Pikey, and had
- Anderson King, born about 1834.
- Charles King, born January 1812, married Wisey, and had
- David King, born about 1847.
- Hiram King, born January 1812, married Rachel Thomas, and
- McKee King, born 1818, married Eliza Folsom, daughter of
Adam Folsom, and had issue. He died 1878.
- Hiram Jefferson King
- James Madison King
- JOSEPH KINCAID,
- JOHN McKINNEY,
- NATHANIEL FOLSOM,
Chief 1842/1846, born 1804, son of Nathaniel Folsom, and his wife,
- PETER FOLSOM,
Chief 1846/1850, son of Edmund Folsom, and a Choctaw woman. died 9th
- CORNELIUS McCURTAIN,
1850/1854, born 5th March 1803 in Mississippi Territory, son of
Daniel McCurtain and Hannah Cole, married circa 1828, Mahayia Belvin,
30th April 1806 in Natchez Trace, Mississippi, died 23rd October 1872
in Kinta, San Bois Co., Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory, daughter of
John Belvin, and his wife, Miyahoke, and had
issue. He died 5th March 1871 in Oklahoma.
- Chief Jackson Frazier McCurtain (qv)
- Sina McCurtain, born 1831 in Mississippi, died 1833 in
McCurtain, born 1839 in Choctaw Nation, Indian
Territory, married 15th October 1865 (as his first wife), George
Washington Riddle, and had issue. She died 25th January 1873 in Choctaw
Nation, Indian Territory..
- Andrew Jackson Riddle, born 1870.
- Chief Edmund Aaron McCurtain (qv)
- David Cornelius McCurtain, born 1st April 1846 in Choctaw
Nation, Indian Territory, married 1870, Rebecca Krebs, born 17th
April 1846, died 3rd March 1936 in Oklahoma, daughter of Placide Krebs
and Rebecca Folsom, and had issue, two daughters. He died 6th March
in Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory.
- Joanna 'Zoe' McCurtain, born 1871 in Skullyville,
married Felix Marshal Leflore. She died 1950
- David Cornelius McCurtain, born 11th August 1874 in
Skullyville, married Kate Nitchell, and had issue. He died 3rd March
1936 in Oklahoma.
- Greenwood Mitchell McCurtain, born 3rd November 1904.
- Chief Greenwood McCurtain (qv)
- Robert McCurtain, born 25th December 1850 in Choctaw
Nation, Indian Territory, died 11th August 1874.
- Elsie McCurtain, born 1851 in Choctaw Nation, Indian
Territory, married about 1873 (as his second wife), George Washington
Riddle. She died 1st February 1875.
- DAVID McCOY, Chief
Chief of Okla Falaya District:
- THOMAS LEFLORE,
Chief 1834/1838 (see below)
Chiefs of Apukshunnubbee District:
- THOMAS LEFLORE,
Chief 1834/1838 and
1842/1850, born 1792, married Sookie, and had issue. He died about 1850.
- Clarissa Narcissy LeFlore, born 1812, married 1829 (as
his second wife), Chief George Washington Harkins (see below), and had
- Forbis LeFlore, born 1815.
- Wallace LeFlore, born 1816, married Judee, and had issue.
He died 3rd September 1864.
- Mack LeFlore, born 1849, married Roberta Hamilton
Kennedy, born 8th November 1864, and had issue.
- Matt Harris LeFlore Sr., married Ruth Hudo and had
issue. He died 27th May 1941.
- Lizzy LeFlore, born 15th June 1851, died 5th September
- Mary Susan LeFlore, born 1853, married (as his first
wife), Turner Brashears Daniels, and had issue. She died 1888.
- Sarah LeFlore, born 1818, married Cornelius Garland.
- Henrietta LeFlore, born 1825, married 1846, Noel Gardner.
She died 1871.
- Louisa Leflore, born 1832, married 1855 (as his second
wife), Chief Wilson Nathaniel Jones, Principal Chief of the
Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma 1890/1894 (see below), and had issue. She
- JAMES FLETCHER,
- GEORGE WASHINGTON
Chief 1850/1857, born 1810 in Mississippi, son of John Harkins, and his
wife, Louisa LeFlore, educated at Centre College, Danville, Kentucky
and at Cumberland University (Law); married 1stly, Bef 1829, Lily
Folsom, daughter of Chief David
Folsom and Rhoda Nail, married 2ndly, Clarissa Narcissy LeFlore,
daughter of Chief Thomas LeFlore, and his wife, Sookie (see above), and
had issue. He died 1861 in Oklahoma.
- Melvina Harkins (by Clarissa)
- Thomas Harkins (by Clarissa)
Chiefs of Pushmataha District:
- NITUKECHI, Chief
1834/1838 and in
1846, married Kiamiachi, daughter of Chief Moshulatubbee. He died
- PIERRE GABRIEL JUZAN,
1838/1841, born 1805, died August 1841.
- ISAAC FOLSOM,
- SILAS D. FISHER,
- GEORGE FOLSOM,
Chief 1850/1854, born 1795 (or 1807), a Presbyterian preacher and
blacksmith, married Eliza Hays, and had issue, two sons (died young)
and one daughter. He died 1887.
- NICHOLAS COCHNAUER,
Principal Chiefs of the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma:
Governor 1857/1858, born 1811 in Mississippi and emigrated to
LeFlore County, son of John Wade, he was educated at Choctaw Academy,
in as the first Governor of the Choctaw Nation in October 1857,
resigned 12th January 1858; married
1stly, Mrs. Wade, born 1820, died 1876, married 2ndly, a daughter of
Horace and Sarah Wood, and had issue. He died 13th March 1878 at
Wadesville near Talihina.
- Angelina Wade, married 1870, Chief Gilbert Wesley Dukes,
Principal Chief (see below).
- Col. TANDY
Governor 1858/1859, born 11th October 1814, in Mississippi, son of John
Walker of Virginia, and his wife, Mary Riddle; he served as a
commander during the Civil War, he also served as a lieutenant colonel
1861 of the First Regiment of Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles,
later became a colonel and took command of the regiment in January 1863
which was later reorganized as the Second Indian Cavalry
Brigade, married 1stly, Elzira, married 2ndly, Cillen Krebs, born 5th
December 1827, died 16th March
1884, daughter of Etienne Krebs, and his wife, Margaret "Polly"
Fillecutcha, and had issue. He died in 1877 at
Skullyville in present
day LeFlore County, Oklahoma.
- Elizabeth Walker, born 1845.
- Henderson Walker, born 1847.
- Robert A. Walker, born 9th August 1851, died 28th
- Susan R. Walker, born 22nd March 1855, married, John
Garrett Ainsworth, born 1849, died 1931, and had issue. She died 15th
- Tandy Krebs Walker, born 1858, married 1stly, 1881, Agnes
Hinch, born 1867, married 2ndly, 1888, Mattie White. He died 1942.
- Douglas G. Walker, born 11th Augsut 1865, died 4th
Governor 1859/1860, born 1810, son of Louis Leflore, by his second
wife, Rebecca Cravatt, educated at Choctaw Academy, emigrated to Indian
near Fort Towson, treasurer of the Choctaw
Nation in 1866, auditor 1876/1885, married Narcissa Fisher, and had
issue. He died October 1886 and
is buried in Choctaw
- Henry LeFlore, born 18th January 1846.
- GEORGE HUDSON,
Principal Chief 1860/1862, born 1808 in
Mississippi, son of a white man and a full blood
Choctaw, identified only as Widow Hudson; he practiced law before the
courts, served as a member of the Choctaw Council, and served as
presiding officer at the
Constitutional Convention at Doaksville in 1860, elected as the first
principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation under the Doaksville Constitution
in October 1860, died
Principal Chief 1862/1864, born December 1803 in Jasper
County, Mississippi, son of John Garland, educated at the Choctaw
Academy in Kentucky, elected Principal Chief in 1862, married 1828,
born 13th October 1811, died 31st March 1886, daughter of Major Chief
John Pitchlynn, and his second wife, Sophia Folsom, and had issue. He
20th May 1870 at home, and is buried in the family burial
plot on his plantation
- Crockett Garland, born 1832..
[Hat-choo-tuck-nee = The Snapping Turtle],
Principal Chief 1864/1866, born 30th January 1806 in Noxubee County,
Mississippi, son of Colonel John Pitchlynn, a white man, and Sophia
Choctaw; educated at a Tennessee boarding school and later at an
Academy in Columbia,
Tennessee; graduated from the University of Nashville; elected
Chief of the Choctaws in 1864 and served until
1866, retired in Washington, D. C. where he died, married 1stly, 1824,
Folsom (his cousin), born 1807, died March 1844, daughter of Nathaniel
Folsom and Ai-ne-chi-hoyo, married 2ndly, Mrs. Caroline M. Lombardy,
of Godfrey Eckloff, and had issue. He died 17th January 1881 in
Washington, D. C. and is buried in the Congressional
- Lavinia Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 21st December 1824,
died 19th March 1867.
- Melvina Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 7th April 1828,
married Loring S. W. Folsom, son of David Folsom, and his wife, Rhoda
- Lycurgus Pushmataha Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 18th July
1830, died 9th February 1867.
- Leonidas Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 4th October 1833,
died 4th July 1865.
- Lysander Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 19th January 1836,
died 21st September 1837.
- Peter Perkins Pitchlynn Jr. (by Rhoda), born 27th August
1838, died 23rd March 1865.
- Rhoda Mary Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 28th November 1840.
- Israel Folsom Pitchlynn (by Rhoda), born 8th March 1844,
died 5th May 1845.
- Samson Pitchlynn (by Caroline), born November 1857, died
- Thomas Pitchlynn (by Caroline), born 1859, died 28th
- Edward Everette Pitchlynn (by Caroline), born 1860 in
Washington, D.C., married Susan 'Sudie' Lane Maytubby, born March 1883,
died 1920, daughter of Peter Maytubby, Governor of the Chicasaw Nation, and his wife, Tabitha S.
Bailey, and had issue.
- Sophia Maytubby Pitchlynn, born 1902, she married John
Wesley 'Buck' Freeny, born 1896, died 1966, and had issue. She died
- Sophia C. Pitchlynn (by Caroline), born 1864, died 5th
- Lee Pitchlynn (by Caroline), born 1866, worked in the
Department for 35 years, a Mason and a member of a number of fraternal
organizations, married Florence N. Duff, and had issue. He died 6th
April 1936 aged 70, buried 8th April in the Congressional
- Caroline Pitchlynn (Mrs. Caroline Scott)
- Margaret Pitchlynn
- ALLEN WRIGHT
[Kilihote], Principal Chief 1866/1870, born November 1826 in Attla
County, Mississippi; educated at Pine Ridge Mission School near
Doaksville for four years, at Spencer Academy, at Delaware
College, Union College in New York and Union Theological Seminary in
New York City; ordained by the Presbyterian Church; principal
instructor at Armstrong Academy 1855/1856, member of the Choctaw
Council in 1856, elected treasurer of
the Choctaw Nation in 1859, member of the new Choctaw
Council in 1861; elected Chief of the Choctaw Nation in 1866, helped to
compile a Choctaw dictionary for use in tribal schools and translated
the book of Psalms from Hebrew into Choctaw, charter member of the
first Masonic Lodge in Oklahoma, married 1857, Harriet
Newell Mitchello. He died 2nd December 1885 and is buried at
Boggy Depot in Atoka County.
- WILLIAM J. BRYANT,
Principal Chief 1870/1874, born in the early 1800's in Mississippi, son
of a white man and a Choctaw woman, educated in neighborhood
schools early on and at the Choctaw Academy in Kentucky 1829/-,
came to Indian Territory about 1840, member of the Choctaw Council in
delegate to the Creek Convention in 1861, elected Supreme
District Judge in 1865, elected Principal
Chief of the Choctaws in 1870, re-elected in 1872, lost in 1876, also
acted as postmaster at
Pleasant Ridge, died at
Tushka Homma at an unknown date and was buried in the vicinity of
old Spring Station.
- COLEMAN COLE,
Principal Chief 1874/1878, born about 1800 in
Mississippi, son of Robert Cole and Sallie, a full blood Choctaw,
educated at Elliott Mission in Mayhew, Mississippi and
later at Georgetown, Kentucky; eventually moved to Indian Territory and
settled on lands some twenty miles
northeast of Antlers, elected Chief of the Choctaws in August 1874,
serving till October 1878, married 1stly, (name unknown), married
2ndly, Abbie, and had issue, 4 children (all died young). He died in
was buried in an unmarked grave near Stanley in Pushmataha County.
- ISAAC LEVI GARVIN,
Principal Chief 1878/1880, born 27th April 1832 in Mississippi,
moved with his parents to Oklahoma in 1834, educated at Norwalk and
Academies, became an attorney and later served as a county judge, a
judge and as presiding officer of the Choctaw Nation Supreme Court,
married and had issue. He died 20th February 1880 and is buried in
Waterhole Cemetary, Garvin. McCurtain Co., Oklahoma.
- (name unknown)
Garvin, married James Wood Kirk.
Principal Chief 1880/1884, born
4th March 1830 in Mississippi, son of Cornelius McCurtain and
Mahayia Nelson Belvin, arrived with his parents in Indian
Territory in 1833, educated at Spencer Academy for two years, elected
as representative from Sugar Loaf County to the National Council in
1859, enlisted in the First Regiment of Choctaw and Chickasaw
Mounted Rifles on 22nd June 1861, commissioned Captain of Company G in
the Confederate Army, promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of the
First Choctaw Battalion in 1862, elected Senator from Sugar Loaf County
in 1866, acting Principal Chief February 1880 to October 1880, elected
Principal Chief in October 1880 and re-elected in August 1882, married
1stly, 1850, Marie Riley, died before 1864, a sister of Judge James
Riley, married 2ndly, 28th
November 1865, Jane Frances Austin, born 1843, died 27th October 1925,
and had issue. He died 14th November 1885 and is
buried in the old cemetery in a marked grave.
- Sophia McCurtain (by Marie), born 28th February 1851,
died 11th December 1910.
- Cornelia Brunetta McCurtain (by Marie), died about 1890.
- Eliza McCurtain (by Jane), born 1868.
Principal Chief 1884/1886, born 4th June 1842 at Fort Coffee, Indian
Territory, son of Cornelius McCurtain and Mahayia Nelson Belvin,
granddaughter of Sho-ma-ka, educated at local schools to 1859, enlisted
Confederate Army in 1861 and served as a Second Lieutenant under the
command of his brother
Capt. J. McCurtain, he served as Judge of Sans Bois County, Trustee of
Representative to the National Council, and Superintendent of
Education, elected Senator from San
Bois County in August 1888, married 1stly, 1862, Susan King, married
2ndly, 1876, Harriet Austin, married 3rdly, 1881, Clarissa LeFlore,
daughter of Isaac LeFlore and Patsy, married 4thly, Lucy Webster, and
had issue. He
died 9th November 1890 at Skullyville and is buried at Skullyville.
- Pauline McCurtain (by Susan), born 17th August 1863, died
1st April 1902.
- Kitty McCurtain (by Susan), born 1865.
- Jennie McCurtain (by Susan), born 4th November 1871.
- George McCurtain (by Clarissa), born 1878.
- Louisa McCurtain (by Lucy), born 1883.
Principal Chief 1886/1888, possibly born around 1837, the oldest son of
Judge Mitanvbbi (Matenabi = To
Kill While He Is Coming), educated privately and at local schools, and
possibly at Spencer Academy, he was appointed a member of the Choctaw
1877, served as National Secretary for several years, served as
of the Choctaws from 1886 to 1888. He died 1889 at his home in
Wilburton and is buried in a log covered
grave three miles west of Wilburton.
Principal Chief 1888/1890,
born 1829, son of Elijah Smallwood, a white man from South Carolina,
Mary LeFlore, a sister to Thomas LeFlore; a member of the Choctaw
Council in 1863, sworn in as Principal Chief in October 1888, married
1stly, Abbie James, married 2ndly, 1849, Annie
Burney, died about 1863, a Chickasaw woman, married 3rdly, 1849, Sinai
LeFlore, and had issue. He died 15th December 1891 at Lehigh, Indian
Territory and is buried there.
- Daniel Smallwood (by Sinai), born 1850, married (his
cousin), Narcissa Willie Ann Olsen, born 27th July 1878, daughter of
Benjamin Bernt Olsen, and his wife, Sina Smallwood.
- Lorinda Smallwood (by Annie), born 1850, married 1868
Henry C. James.
- Michael Smallwood (by Annie), born 24th December 1852,
married 1875, Lucy Jane Tanner. He died 10th December 1877.
- Mary Jane Smallwood (by Annie), born 1856, married 1871,
Thomas L. Griggs Jr. She died 9th March
- Amelia Smallwood (by Annie), born 1860.
JONES, Principal Chief 1890/1894, born
1831 in Mississippi, son of Capt. Nathaniel Jones, an annuity captain
in charge of the payments to the tribe and a member of the Choctaw
council, and his wife, (first name
Battiest (from a French-Choctaw family), he belonged to the
Oklafalaya clan and moved with his family to
Indian Territory Oklahoma with their tribe in 1833, became successful
by raising cattle from 1849, trustee for the Pushmataha District
1884/-, elected treasurer of the Choctaw
Nation in 1887/1890, elected Principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation in
1890 and re-elected in 1892, established a number of schools during his
tenure, married 1stly, about 1851, Rachel Pickens, a daughter of Col.
Chief Edmond Pickens, a Chickasaw
chief, married 2ndly, 1855, Louisa LeFlore, born 1832, died 1864,
the district chief, Thomas
LeFlore, and his wife, Sookie, married 3rdly, before 1876, Martha L.
daughter of George Risener and Mary Rebecca Bonner, married 4thly,
1876, Isabell Heaston (formerly Mrs. Belle Curtis), daughter of Colonel
Heaston of Arkansas, and had issue, eight children (six died young). He
died 11th January 1901 and is
buried near his home place in Cade Community, Bryan County.
W. "Willie" Jones (by Louisa), born 22nd December 1860, married 1887,
Amelia McCauley, daughter of James McCauley, and his wife, Susan
Watkins, and had issue.
He died 26th January 1888.
- Nathaniel "Nat" Jones, fell to his death from the ninth
floor of an Oklahoma City Hotel. He died 1916.
- Annie Belle Jones (by Louisa), died in her senior year at
- Jackson Jones (by Martha)
- JEFFERSON GARDNER,
Principal Chief 1894/1896, born 12th July 1847 near Wheelock Academy,
son of Noel Gardner, and his wife, Hannah LeFlore, educated at
Norfolk in old Towson
County and at Spencer
academy, occupied in farming, stock raising and the mercantile business
before becomg Principal Chief, also served as Postmaster of
Eagletown for many years, and as county clerk, district clerk, and
representative in the
Tribal Senate, treasurer of the Choctaw Nation and as circuit judge of
the second judicial
district, elected Principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation in August
1894, married 1stly, 1862, Lucinda James, married 2ndly, 1864, Lucy
Ann Christy, married 3rdly, Julia Christy (sister of the second wife),
and had issue, He
died 6th April 1906 at Idabel and is buried in the Joe
Christy Cemetery near Eagletown.
- Jefferson Gardner Jr. (by 3rd marriage)
Principal Chief 1896/1900 and
1902/1910, born 28th November 1848 at Skullyville, LeFlore
Co.,Oklahoma; son of Cornelius McCurtain and
Mahayia "Amy" Belvin, a granddaughter of Sho-Ma-Ka of the
Sha-chi-homas, the family migrated to Indian Territory in 1833
and settled in Skullyville, and engaged in farming and stock raising,
served as school trustee,
Representative, Senator, District Attorney, national Treasurer, and
Delegate to Washington D.C. and Principal
Chief of the Choctaw Nation, married 1stly, 1872, Martha Ann Ainsworth,
born 11th November 1846, died 10th January 1904 in LeFlore County,
Oklahoma, married 2ndly, Rhoda Folsom, daughter of Reverend Willis
Franklin Folsom and Winnie (Sum-E-Cha-Che), married 3rdly, 15th January
1874 in Choctaw Nation, Kate Spring, born 28th February 1855, died 18th
May 1934, daughter of William Spring and Jane LeFlore, and had issue.
He died 28th December 1910 at
Kinta, Haskell Co., Oklahoma, USA.
- Judge David Cornelius McCurtain (by Martha), born 29th
1873 in Skullyville, married Kate Nickels Mitchell, born 12t June 1874,
died 1st September 1950. He died 27th January 1958 in Arlington,
- Benjamin Franklin McCurtain (by Rhoda), born 15th March
1874, married 26th September 1900, Clara Emma Hagood, born 29th July
1874, daughter of George McClure Hagood, and his wife, Anna Dorcas
Morrow, and had issue. He died 23rd June 1946 in Claremore, Oklahoma.
- Randolph Hagood McCurtain, born 14th June 1902, died
- James F. McCurtain (by Kate), born 18th December 1874 in
Skullyville, died 22nd September 1876 in Skullyville.
- Isabell McCurtain (by Kate), born 10th January 1877 in
Skullyville, died 12th August 1877 in Skullyville.
- Alice McCurtain (by Kate), born 8th February 1879 in
Choctaw Nation, married George W. Scott, and had issue. She died June
- Lena McCurtain (by Kate), born 9th August 1881 in
Skullyville, married 28th March 1900, Herbert McClain Moore. She died
24th June 1966.
- Napoleon B. McCurtain (by Kate), born 23rd February 1885
in Choctaw Nation, died 19th January 1888.
- Cora McCurtain (by Kate), born 25th September 1886, died
18th May 1931.
- Bertha Pauline McCurtain (by Kate), born 30th April 1890
in Choctaw Nation, died 18th June 1938.
- Lester McCurtain (by Kate), born 18th February 1893.
WESLEY DUKES, Principal Chief 1900/1902, born 21st
November 1849 at Lukfatah,
Boktuklo County in the Choctaw Nation, son of Joseph Dukes, and his
at Spencer Academy, admitted to
practice law before the United States Courts in Indian Territory,
elected sheriff of Wade County, member of the General Council, Judge of
the Supreme Court and a Circuit Judge of
the second district, National Auditor 1895/1897, elected Chief of the
Choctaw Nation in 1900, an elder in the Presbyterian Church, married
1stly, 1870, Angeline
Wade in 1870, daughter of Governor Alfred Wade (see above), married
2ndly, Isabella Woods,
daughter of Horace Woods. He died 26th
December 1919 and is buried in the Presbyterian Church Cemetery near
Post Oak in an
MURAT LOCKE Jr.,
Principal Chief 1910/1918, born 1876 at Doaksville, near Ft. Towson,
Oklahoma, son of Victor Moreau Locke, and his wife, Susan Priscilla
schools in White Church, Antlers Public Schools, the Jones Institute at
Paris, Texas; the Austin College, Sherman, Texas (1893) and the Drury
College, Springfield, Missouri; attained the rank of
Major in the Oklahoma National Guard ; Oklahoma delegate to the
Republican National Convention; married 1913, Mrs. Vivia Nail
Robertson, daughter of J. H. Nail. He died 7th January 1929 and is
buried in the Locke Family
Cemetery at Antlers, Oklahoma.
SEMPLE, Principal Chief 1918/1922, born
16th March 1883 at Caddo, Indian Territory, son of Charles Alexander
Semple, and his wife, Minnie Pitchlynn (daughter of Major
John Pitchlynn), educated at Jones Academy, graduated in 1907 from
Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia (Law), elected to
the House of Representatives, appointed District Attorney for the
Choctaw Nation, served as Council for the Bureau of Indian Affairs,
appointed Principal Chief in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, married
Clara Petty Semple, died 11th June 1966, buried in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and
had issue. He
died 1969, buried in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
- William Semple Jr. [? born 22nd January 1916, died 28th
- WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON,
Chief 1922/1929, born 1876 near Tamaha, Indian Territory, son
Mitchell and Louisa Harrison, educated at Spencer Academy, at Henry
Kendall College in Muskogee, Oklahoma and graduated in law in 1902 from
the Centre College, Danville, Kentucky; appointed District Attorney for
the Choctaw Nation, admitted to practice in the United States Supreme
Court in 1907, appointed Principal Chief of the Choctaw Nation in 1922
President Warren G. Harding, married 1908, Minette Roberts,
daughter of Dr. C. S. Roberts of Lee’s Summit, Missouri. He
25th September 1929 in Poteau.
- BEN H. DWIGHT,
Principal Chief 1929/1937, born 24th November 1890 near Mayhew, Indian
of Simon Timothy Dwight, a full blood Choctaw and Supervisor of Public
Instruction for the Choctaws, and his wife, Mary Jane Hunter; educated
Academy, Armstrong Academy, Caddo Public Schools, and graduated with
honors in 1908, from Honey Grove High School, graduated in 1913 from
Columbia University (B.A.), did his postgraduate at the University of
and the University of Oklahoma and completed his education at Leland
Stanford University at Palo Alto, California, graduating with a
Bachelor of Law Degree, also earned a Doctor of Jurisprudence title,
practised as an Attorney at Law in Bryan County, served as Durant City
Attorney and Assistant District Attorney for Bryan County, assigned to
the Intelligence Department at Fort Sam
Houston, Texas during WWI, first Chief of the Choctaw Nation to be
appointed by the
President of the United States and elected by the Choctaw Tribe, served
as Administrative Assistant to
the Governor in 1942, married 29th December 1916 in Durant Oklahoma,
Eileen Perkins, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas J. Perkins. He died
18th July 1953 in Oklahoma and is buried in
Memorial Cemetery, Oklahoma City.
- WILLIAM A. DURANT,
Principal Chief 1937/1948, born 18th March 1866 at Bennington, Indian
son of Sylvester Durant, a Presbyterian minister, and his wife, Martha
educated at local schools in Bennington and in Durant, graduated in
1886 from Arkansas College, Batesville, (M.A.), worked as a teacher
briefly before undertaking to study law, later he was licensed to
in the courts of the Choctaw and Chickasaw Nations and also in the
Federal Courts, served as Inspector of Academies, Superintendent of
Academy, Royalty Collector for his district and Special District Judge,
elected a member of the House of Representatives of the Choctaw
Legislature in 1890, chosen Speaker of the House in 1891, member of the
and third Oklahoma Legislatures, married 19th April 1892, Ida Mae
Corber, born 1st April 1873, died 16th January 1961, daughter of George
Corber, and his wife, Sarah Elizabeth Abbott. He died 1st August 1948
Homma, buried in Durant.
JAMES WATSON BELVIN, Principal Chief 1948/1975, born 11th
December 1900 in Boswell,
Indian Territory, son of Watson J. Belvin, and his wife Mabel Powers
educated at local schools in Boswell, graduated from Southeastern
College (B.Sc.), and from the University of
Oklahoma (M.Ed.), worked as a teacher for 15 years, County
Superintendent of Public Instruction in Bryan County
1941/1952, member of the Oklahoma Legislature for ten
years, member of the House of Representatives for six years and a
Senator for four years, first popularly elected Principal Chief of
the Choctaw Nation since August 1971; chosen Outstanding Indian of
outstanding American Indian
of Oklahoma and
Outstanding American Indian Citizen; received the Oklahoma Bankers
for Land Improvement and a Special Recognition Award from the American
Indian Institute; he was active in the Inter-Tribal Council of the five
the National Congress of American Indians, the American Indian
Institute, the Choctaw – Chickasaw Confederation, and the Oklahoma
Indian club; married 21st December 1922 in Boswell, Lucille
Brightwell, and had issue, one daughter.
He died 19th September 1986 in Bryan memorial Hospital, and is buried
in Highland Cemetery, Durant, Oklahoma.
- Louise Belvin (Mrs. Louise Frazier).
Principal Chief 1975/1978, born 22nd April 1940 at Boswell, Oklahoma,
son of Reverend Critten A. Gardner, and his wife, Ida Mae Jones, and a
relative of Chief Harry J. W. Belvin, he was educated at a local school
in Boswell, at Sulphur High School, at East Central State University,
Ada (B.A.) and at Southwestern State
University (M.A.) as well as at the University of Oklahoma, Norman,
Oklahoma, where he later taught briefly; served in the U.S. Navy
1958/1963, took office as Principal Chief on 26th August 1975, he was
one of the organizers of the Choctaw-Chickasaw Alliance, he rekindled
interest in the Choctaw language; married 27th August 1958, Carol
Jean Parker. He died 13th January 1978 in Durant, Oklahoma and was
buried the next day at Sulphur.
- HOLLIS E. ROBERTS,
Chief 1978/1997 (resigned), born 9th May 1943 at Hochatown, Oklahoma in
County, son of Darrell E. Roberts, and his wife, Laura Beam Roberts,
Elementary School for eight years, at Idabel High School, graduating in
1961; served as city
councilman at Hugo for fourteen years, member of the Choctaw County
Commerce, elected to the Oklahoma House of Representatives, member of
the Choctaw County Hospital Board, Secretary and Treasurer of the
Arkansas Riverbed Authority, elected in 1987 to serve a third term as
President of the
Inter-Tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes, elected Principal
Chief in April 1978, married 17th May 1963, Helen R. Rodriquez, and has
issue, three children, two
sons and one daughter.
- GREGORY ELI PYLE