MUSKOGEE (CREEK) NATION of Oklahoma


STATE: Oklahoma POPULATION:
   
Principal Chief George TigerPRESENT PRINCIPAL CHIEF: Principal Chief George Tiger, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation since 2012
he was sworn in as Principal Chief on 7th January 2012,
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: From 1836 to 1867, the Creek Nation was divided between the Lower Towns and the Upper Towns. A Principal Chief was elected to head the Creek Nation in December 1867. National self-government comes to an end on 24th April 1906, but tribal government is restored in 1971. Principal Chiefs were...

LOWER TOWNS:
  • HENEHA MICCO, Principal Chief of the Lower Towns 1836/1837
  • RODERICK McINTOSH [Roley McIntosh I], Principal Chief of the Lower Towns 1837/1859, born 1783, married and had issue. He died 1863.
    • Anisi McIntosh, born 1826, died 1895.
    • Anohi McIntosh, born 1828, died 1895.
    • Leah McIntosh, born 1830.
  • MOTEY CANARD [Motey Kennard], Principal Chief of the Lower Towns 1859/1863, born 1790's, son of Nobel Kennard, and his wife, Loueza, married and had issue. He died 1865.
  • Lt.-Col. SAMUEL CHECOTE, Principal Chief of the Lower Towns 1863/1867, born 1821 in Alabama, educated at the Asbury Manual Labor School near Ft. Mitchel, Alabama 1828/-, and at Harrell's Academy at Muskogee; he became a Methodist minister at an early age; he entered the Confederate service as captain of Company B of the First Regiment of Creek Mounted Volunteers, on 13th August 1861, he was promoted on 19th August 1861, to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel; elected Principal Chief of the Creek Nation in December 1867, married and had issue (see below). He died at Okmulgee on 3rd September 1884 at Okmulgee and is buried there.
UPPER TOWNS:
  • NEHATHLUCCO HOPOIE [Little Doctor], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 1836/18xx
  • HUPUIHILTH YAHOLA [Opothle Yahola], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 18xx/18xx
  • TAMARTHLA MICCO, Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 18xx/18xx
  • TUCKABATCHEE MICCO, Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 18xx/1859 and 1863/1865
  • ECHO HARJO, Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 1859/1863
  • OKTARHARSARS HARJO [Sands], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 1865/1867, died 1872.
  • Lt.-Col. SAMUEL CHECOTE [Chocote], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1867/1875 and 1879/1883, married 1stly, Priscilla or Silla, died between 1867 and 1874, married 2ndly, Lizzie, and had issue. He died at Okmulgee on 3rd September 1884 at Okmulgee and is buried there.
    • Martha Checote (by Silla), born 1855, died 1901.
    • Martin Checote (by Silla), born 1859, died 1899.
    • Melissa Checote (by Silla), died young.
    • Rachel Checote (by Silla), born 1867/1870, died 1900.
    • Hettie Chectote (by Silla), born 1873.
  • LOCHAR HARJO, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1875/1876, he was removed from office on 15th December 1876 for "dictatorial conduct", married Sakhatup Hokey, died after 1879. He died 1879 at Newyorker town, buried 23rd February 1879 at Okmulgee .
  • WARD COACHMAN, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1876/1879, born 1827 in Wetumka, Alabama, son of Mustaushobie Coochman, and hsi wife, Mary "Pollie" Durant; educated in local schools in Macon county; he served as clerk of the district court of Deep Fork District in 1868 and as a member and speaker of the House of Warriors in 1875; he was court clerk of the Wewoka District in 1873/1874, and served as a member and President of the House of Kings in 1888; selected as Second Chief in 1875; married 1stly, 1851, Lizzie Carr, died 1864, married 2ndly, Lizzie Yohler [Yahola], and had issue. He died 13th March 1900 in Wetumka.
    • Peter Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1852, married Nancy Yahola.
    • Visey Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1854.
    • Charles Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1856, married about 1883, Anna Yahola, and had issue.
      • Guy Coachman, born 1894.
      • Agatha Coachman, born 1896 in Oklahoma.
      • C. Hobson Coachman, born 1898.
      • Bryan Coachman, born 1899.
      • Albert Coachman, born 10th June 1907.
      • Jay Gould Coachman, born 1st November 1909.
    • George Coachman (by Lizzie Yohler)
  • JOSEPH MOSES PERRYMAN, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1883/1887, born 1833, son of Moses Perryman, and his wife, Elsie, married and had issue. He died 18th December 1896.
    • Ellen Perryman, born 1854, married (as his third wife), Roley McIntosh III, born 1841, died 30th November 1908, and had issue.
  • LEGUS CHOUTEAU PERRYMAN, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1887/1895, born 1st March 1838 in Sodom, Wagoner, Indian Territory, son of Lewis Perryman, and his wife, Ellen Winslett; married 1stly, 1871, Lucinda Eshoya Starr, died 1879 in Coweta, Wagoner, daughter of Bean Starr, and his wife, Sathanakee, married 2ndly, 1884 in Fort Gibson, Jennie Arparye Miller, born 1848, died 7th January 1904 in Tulsa, daughter of Enfalote Miller Harjo, and his wife, Sathanakee, and had issue. He died 5th February 1922 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
    • Andrew J. Perryman (by Lucinda), born 14th December 1871, married Kizzie Partridge, born 17th November 1874, died 27th February 1895, daughter of Sarnokitchee Partridge, and his wife, China Perryman, and had issue. He died 30th October 1894 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
      • Homer Winslett Perryman, born 19th March 1893 in Big Spring, Wagoner, Oklahoma, died 24th April 1975.
  • HOTULKE EMARTHLA [Edward Bullet], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation in 1895 (25th November to 5th December)
  • ISPARHECHER [Ispaheche or Spahecha] (PHOTO), Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1895/1899, born 1829 into the Tiger clan, son of Yardeka Tustannugga, and his wife, Kecharte (born in the old Creek Nation back in Alabama in 1829), both were full blood Creek Indians, of the Lower or McIntosh faction of the tribe, married 1stly, 185x, Pollkissut, a daughter of Poskofa, married 2ndly (sep. according to Creek custom), Lucy Barnett, died 31st August 1886, married 3rdly, 4th June 1884 (div. 28th November 1891), Alma Harrover, born 1857, married 4thly, 26th March 1896, Cindoche Sixkiller, born 1865, died 14th June 1931. He died 22nd December 1902.
    • Washington (by Pollkissut)
    • Sarwarhee (by Lucy), died 10th July 1910.
    • Annie (by Lucy)
    • Gabreil (by Lucy)
    • Kizzie (by Lucy)
  • General PLEASANT PORTER [Talof Harjo], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1899/1907, born 26th September 1840 in Clarksville, Alabama into the Bird clan, son of Benjamin Edward Porter, and his wife, Phoebe Tuskanukkee (a daughter of an influential Creek Chief); educated in the Presbyterian Indian Mission school, at Tullahassee; he entered the Confederate Army as a private and rose to the rank of Lieutenant; After the war he made most of his living as a merchant and rancher; he was appointed superintendent of Creek public schools and developed a national school system; from 1872 he represented his nation in Washington, D.C., and after 1897 chaired a Creek commission that negotiated with the federal government on land allotment; he also served twelve years in the Creek national council; towards the end of his life he helped organize the Indian Central Railway in 1906; married 1stly, 25th November 1872, Mary Ellen Keys, born 6th April 1854, died 15th January 1886 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, daughter of Judge Riley Keys, married 2ndly, 26th May 1886, Mattie Leonora Bertholf, a cousin of his first wife, born 18th August 1861, died 10th July 1929, and had issue. He died 3rd September 1907 in Vinita, Oklahoma and was buried in the Porter family cemetery near Wealeaka and Leonard, in Tulsa County.
    • William Adair Porter (by Mary), born 1876, married Mildred Margaret Fears, born October 1876 in Grayson, Texas, died 1968 in Tulsa, and had issue. He died 1951 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
      • Pleasant Porter, born 2nd January 1896 in Indian Territory, Oklahoma, married 1919, Mildred Tucker, born 1898. He died May 1974 in Little Rock, Arizona.
    • Pleasant Porter Jr. (by Mary), born 11th December 1879 in Indian Territory, Oklahoma, died 22nd August 1896.
    • Annetta Mary Porter (by Mary)
    • Leonora Porter (by Mattie), married Ed. C. Bothwell of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
  • MOTY TIGER, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1907/1917, born 1840, married 1stly, a full blood Creek woman, married 2ndly, Kizzie Shaw, and had issue, three children (by 1st marriage). He died 1921.
    • Kate Shaw Ahrens
  • GEORGE WASHINGTON GRAYSON [Tulwa Tustunugge (Wolf Warrior)], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1917/1920, born 12th May 1843 at Possum Creek near North Fork Town, Oklahoma into the Tiger clan, son of James and Jane Wynne Grayson; he was also a Creek scholar, writer, merchant, rancher, newspaper publisher of the Indian Journal, and ardent Creek nationalist; educated at a local school from 1849, then at the Asbury Manuel Labor School from 1855, and finally at Arkansas College in Fayetteville from 1858 to 1860; he briefly served as a Confederate captain during the American Civil War, leading a company of the Second Creek Mounted Volunteers; after the war he opened a general store known as the Grayson & Bros. General Store with two of his brothers and operated the Indian Journal Printing Company; elected as Chief Diplomat for Creek Indian Affairs till 1920; he advised several principal chiefs, served as national treasurer, and was a member of the House of Warriors and House of Kings; he represented the Creek Nation at the Okmulgee and Sequoyah constitutional conventions, before the federal government in Washington, D.C., and in the Dawes Commission negotiations; he was also one of the founders of the city of Eufaula, Oklahoma; married 29th July 1869, Georgeanna 'Annie' Stidham, and had issue. He died 2nd December 1920.
    • Washington Grayson (qv)
  • WASHINGTON GRAYSON, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1921/1923, born 1883 in Eufala, Oklahoma, son of George 'Wash' Washington Grayson, and his wife, Georgeanna 'Annie' Stidham.
  • GEORGE W. HILL, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1923/1928
VACANT 1928/1935
  • HENRY HARJO, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1930 (one day)
VACANT 1930/1931
  • PETER EWINGS, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1931 (one day)
VACANT 1931/1935
  • ROLEY CANARD, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1935/1939 and 1943/1951
  • ALEX NOON, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1939/1943, born 13th September 1900, died in Jun 1967.
  • JOHN DAVIS, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1951/1955
  • ROLEY BUCK, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1955/1957
  • TURNER BEAR, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1957/1961, born 9th September 1904, married and had issue. He died March 1972.
    • Turner Bear Jr.
  • WALDO EMERSON "Dode" McINTOSH, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1961/1971, born 26th February 1892 in Carthage, Tennessee, son of Albert 'Cheesie' Gallatin McIntosh, and his wife, Mollie F. Boulton, educated at Checotah High School and in Eufala; served in WWI, employed with Ketchana Lumber Co.; Chairman of the Democratic Party of Ottawa County for 8 years; he was appointed to the All-American National Indian Education Committee; he served two terms as President of the Inter-tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes; Member of the board of Directors of the Oklahoma Historical Society; Member, Board of Directors, Gilcrease Museum; Chairman of the Historical Sites Committee; Member of the Honey Springs Battle Commission; 35th President of the Pioneers Association; Received Special Western Heritage Award for contributions to the Betterment of the American Indian; he patented 'Creek Indian Braid'; he donated over 6,000 books from his personal library to various Creek libraries; married 18th July 1914, Lulu Emily Vance, born 3rd April 1893 in Harrison, Arkansas, died 1986 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and had issue. He died 28th August 1991 in Checotah, Oklahoma.
    • Waldo Emerson McIntosh, born 28th February 1915 in Checotah, died 26th June 1941 in California.
    • Nocus McIntosh
    • Chinnubbi McIntosh
    • Willie McIntosh-Lee
  • CLAUDE A. COX, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1971/1991
  • BILL FIFE, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1991/1995
  • R. PERRY BEAVER, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1996/-
  • GEORGE TIGER, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation (see above)
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