|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
From 1836 to 1867, the Creek Nation was divided between
the Lower Towns and the Upper Towns. A Principal Chief was
elected to head the Creek Nation in December 1867.
National self-government comes to an end on 24th April
1906, but tribal government is restored in 1971. Principal
- HENEHA MICCO,
Principal Chief of the Lower Towns 1836/1837
- RODERICK McINTOSH
[Roley McIntosh I], Principal Chief of the Lower Towns
1837/1859, born 1783, married and had issue. He died
- Anisi McIntosh, born 1826, died 1895.
- Anohi McIntosh, born 1828, died 1895.
- Leah McIntosh, born 1830.
- MOTEY CANARD
[Motey Kennard], Principal Chief of the Lower Towns
1859/1863, born 1790's, son of Nobel Kennard, and his
wife, Loueza, married and had issue. He died 1865.
- Lt.-Col. SAMUEL
CHECOTE, Principal Chief of the Lower Towns
1863/1867, born 1821 in Alabama, educated at the
Asbury Manual Labor School near Ft. Mitchel, Alabama
1828/-, and at Harrell's Academy at Muskogee; he
became a Methodist minister at an early age; he
entered the Confederate service as captain of Company
B of the First Regiment of Creek Mounted Volunteers,
on 13th August 1861, he was promoted on 19th August
1861, to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel; elected
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation in December 1867,
married and had issue (see below). He died at Okmulgee
on 3rd September 1884 at Okmulgee and is buried there.
- NEHATHLUCCO HOPOIE
[Little Doctor], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns
- HUPUIHILTH YAHOLA
[Opothle Yahola], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns
- TAMARTHLA MICCO,
Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 18xx/18xx
- TUCKABATCHEE MICCO,
Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 18xx/1859 and
- ECHO HARJO,
Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 1859/1863
- OKTARHARSARS HARJO
[Sands], Principal Chief of the Upper Towns 1865/1867,
- Lt.-Col. SAMUEL
CHECOTE [Chocote], Principal Chief of the
Creek Nation 1867/1875 and 1879/1883, married 1stly,
Priscilla or Silla, died between 1867 and 1874,
married 2ndly, Lizzie, and had issue. He died at
Okmulgee on 3rd September 1884 at Okmulgee and is
- Martha Checote (by Silla), born 1855, died 1901.
- Martin Checote (by Silla), born 1859, died 1899.
- Melissa Checote (by Silla), died young.
- Rachel Checote (by Silla), born 1867/1870, died
- Hettie Chectote (by Silla), born 1873.
- LOCHAR HARJO,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1875/1876, he was
removed from office on 15th December 1876 for
"dictatorial conduct", married Sakhatup Hokey, died
after 1879. He died 1879 at Newyorker town, buried
23rd February 1879 at Okmulgee .
- WARD COACHMAN,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1876/1879, born
1827 in Wetumka, Alabama, son of Mustaushobie
Coochman, and hsi wife, Mary "Pollie" Durant; educated
in local schools in Macon county; he served as clerk
of the district court of Deep Fork District in 1868
and as a member and speaker of the House of Warriors
in 1875; he was court clerk of the Wewoka District in
1873/1874, and served as a member and President of the
House of Kings in 1888; selected as Second Chief in
1875; married 1stly, 1851, Lizzie Carr, died 1864,
married 2ndly, Lizzie Yohler [Yahola], and had issue.
He died 13th March 1900 in Wetumka.
- Peter Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1852,
married Nancy Yahola.
- Visey Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1854.
- Charles Coachman (by Lizzie Carr), born 1856,
married about 1883, Anna Yahola, and had issue.
- Guy Coachman, born 1894.
- Agatha Coachman, born 1896 in Oklahoma.
- C. Hobson Coachman, born 1898.
- Bryan Coachman, born 1899.
- Albert Coachman, born 10th June 1907.
- Jay Gould Coachman, born 1st November 1909.
- George Coachman (by Lizzie Yohler)
- JOSEPH MOSES
PERRYMAN, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation
1883/1887, born 1833, son of Moses Perryman, and his
wife, Elsie, married and had issue. He died 18th
- Ellen Perryman, born 1854, married (as his third
wife), Roley McIntosh III, born 1841, died 30th
November 1908, and had issue.
- LEGUS CHOUTEAU
PERRYMAN, Principal Chief of the Creek Nation
1887/1895, born 1st March 1838 in Sodom, Wagoner,
Indian Territory, son of Lewis Perryman, and his wife,
Ellen Winslett; married 1stly, 1871, Lucinda Eshoya
Starr, died 1879 in Coweta, Wagoner, daughter of Bean
Starr, and his wife, Sathanakee, married 2ndly, 1884
in Fort Gibson, Jennie Arparye Miller, born 1848, died
7th January 1904 in Tulsa, daughter of Enfalote Miller
Harjo, and his wife, Sathanakee, and had issue. He
died 5th February 1922 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
- Andrew J. Perryman (by Lucinda), born 14th
December 1871, married Kizzie Partridge, born 17th
November 1874, died 27th February 1895, daughter of
Sarnokitchee Partridge, and his wife, China
Perryman, and had issue. He died 30th October 1894
in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
- Homer Winslett Perryman, born 19th March 1893 in
Big Spring, Wagoner, Oklahoma, died 24th April
- HOTULKE EMARTHLA
[Edward Bullet], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation
in 1895 (25th November to 5th December)
[Ispaheche or Spahecha] (PHOTO), Principal
Chief of the Creek Nation 1895/1899, born 1829 into
the Tiger clan, son of Yardeka Tustannugga, and his
wife, Kecharte (born in the old Creek Nation back in
Alabama in 1829), both were full blood Creek Indians,
of the Lower or McIntosh faction of the tribe, married
1stly, 185x, Pollkissut, a daughter of Poskofa,
married 2ndly (sep. according to Creek custom), Lucy
Barnett, died 31st August 1886, married 3rdly, 4th
June 1884 (div. 28th November 1891), Alma Harrover,
born 1857, married 4thly, 26th March 1896, Cindoche
Sixkiller, born 1865, died 14th June 1931. He died
22nd December 1902.
- Washington (by Pollkissut)
- Sarwarhee (by Lucy), died 10th July 1910.
- Annie (by Lucy)
- Gabreil (by Lucy)
- Kizzie (by Lucy)
- General PLEASANT PORTER
[Talof Harjo], Principal Chief of the Creek Nation
1899/1907, born 26th September 1840 in Clarksville,
Alabama into the Bird clan, son of Benjamin Edward
Porter, and his wife, Phoebe Tuskanukkee (a daughter
of an influential Creek Chief); educated in the
Presbyterian Indian Mission school, at Tullahassee; he
entered the Confederate Army as a private and rose to
the rank of Lieutenant; After the war he made most of
his living as a merchant and rancher; he was appointed
superintendent of Creek public schools and developed a
national school system; from 1872 he represented his
nation in Washington, D.C., and after 1897 chaired a
Creek commission that negotiated with the federal
government on land allotment; he also served twelve
years in the Creek national council; towards the end
of his life he helped organize the Indian Central
Railway in 1906; married 1stly, 25th November 1872,
Mary Ellen Keys, born 6th April 1854, died 15th
January 1886 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, daughter of Judge
Riley Keys, married 2ndly, 26th May 1886, Mattie
Leonora Bertholf, a cousin of his first wife, born
18th August 1861, died 10th July 1929, and had issue.
He died 3rd September 1907 in Vinita, Oklahoma and was
buried in the Porter family cemetery near Wealeaka and
Leonard, in Tulsa County.
- William Adair Porter (by Mary), born 1876, married
Mildred Margaret Fears, born October 1876 in
Grayson, Texas, died 1968 in Tulsa, and had issue.
He died 1951 in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
- Pleasant Porter, born 2nd January 1896 in Indian
Territory, Oklahoma, married 1919, Mildred Tucker,
born 1898. He died May 1974 in Little Rock,
- Pleasant Porter Jr. (by Mary), born 11th December
1879 in Indian Territory, Oklahoma, died 22nd August
- Annetta Mary Porter (by Mary)
- Leonora Porter (by Mattie), married Ed. C.
Bothwell of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- MOTY TIGER,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1907/1917, born
1840, married 1stly, a full blood Creek woman, married
2ndly, Kizzie Shaw, and had issue, three children (by
1st marriage). He died 1921.
- GEORGE WASHINGTON GRAYSON [Tulwa
Tustunugge (Wolf Warrior)], Principal Chief of the
Creek Nation 1917/1920, born 12th May 1843 at Possum
Creek near North Fork Town, Oklahoma into the Tiger
clan, son of James and Jane Wynne Grayson; he was also
a Creek scholar, writer, merchant, rancher, newspaper
publisher of the Indian Journal, and ardent Creek
nationalist; educated at a local school from 1849,
then at the Asbury Manuel Labor School from 1855, and
finally at Arkansas College in Fayetteville from 1858
to 1860; he briefly served as a Confederate captain
during the American Civil War, leading a company of
the Second Creek Mounted Volunteers; after the war he
opened a general store known as the Grayson &
Bros. General Store with two of his brothers and
operated the Indian Journal Printing Company; elected
as Chief Diplomat for Creek Indian Affairs till 1920;
he advised several principal chiefs, served as
national treasurer, and was a member of the House of
Warriors and House of Kings; he represented the Creek
Nation at the Okmulgee and Sequoyah constitutional
conventions, before the federal government in
Washington, D.C., and in the Dawes Commission
negotiations; he was also one of the founders of the
city of Eufaula, Oklahoma; married 29th July 1869,
Georgeanna 'Annie' Stidham, and had issue. He died 2nd
- WASHINGTON GRAYSON,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1921/1923, born
1883 in Eufala, Oklahoma, son of George 'Wash'
Washington Grayson, and his wife, Georgeanna 'Annie'
- GEORGE W. HILL,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1923/1928
- HENRY HARJO,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1930 (one day)
- PETER EWINGS,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1931 (one day)
- ROLEY CANARD,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1935/1939 and
- ALEX NOON,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1939/1943, born
13th September 1900, died in Jun 1967.
- JOHN DAVIS,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1951/1955
- ROLEY BUCK,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1955/1957
- TURNER BEAR,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1957/1961, born
9th September 1904, married and had issue. He died
- WALDO EMERSON
"Dode" McINTOSH, Principal Chief of the Creek
Nation 1961/1971, born 26th February 1892 in Carthage,
Tennessee, son of Albert 'Cheesie' Gallatin McIntosh,
and his wife, Mollie F. Boulton, educated at Checotah
High School and in Eufala; served in WWI, employed
with Ketchana Lumber Co.; Chairman of the Democratic
Party of Ottawa County for 8 years; he was appointed
to the All-American National Indian Education
Committee; he served two terms as President of the
Inter-tribal Council of the Five Civilized Tribes;
Member of the board of Directors of the Oklahoma
Historical Society; Member, Board of Directors,
Gilcrease Museum; Chairman of the Historical Sites
Committee; Member of the Honey Springs Battle
Commission; 35th President of the Pioneers
Association; Received Special Western Heritage Award
for contributions to the Betterment of the American
Indian; he patented 'Creek Indian Braid'; he donated
over 6,000 books from his personal library to various
Creek libraries; married 18th July 1914, Lulu Emily
Vance, born 3rd April 1893 in Harrison, Arkansas, died
1986 in Tulsa, Oklahoma, and had issue. He died 28th
August 1991 in Checotah, Oklahoma.
- Waldo Emerson McIntosh, born 28th February 1915 in
Checotah, died 26th June 1941 in California.
- Nocus McIntosh
- Chinnubbi McIntosh
- Willie McIntosh-Lee
- CLAUDE A. COX,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1971/1991
- BILL FIFE,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1991/1995
- R. PERRY BEAVER,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation 1996/-
- GEORGE TIGER,
Principal Chief of the Creek Nation (see above)