|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY:
The eponymous ancestor was Chief
Morolong who may have lived in the 15th century.
He was possibly succeeded by Morare, Mabe,
Mabudi, Moloto, Mabeo, Modiboa, Tshesebat Setlhare,
Masspe, Mokgopha-a-Masepe, Thibels and Tau (see below). Split at various times, leaving 4 main
sections. The baRolong booRatshidi are in Botswana,
other branches in South Africa. Rulers were...
- Kgosikgolo TAU,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong, married (a), Kgamanae
Morakile, married (b), Kabasana Mabule, married (c),
Motshwabange Mabule, married (d), Moswaana, and had
issue, at least ten sons. He died ca1760 at Taung.
- Kgosikgolo Ratlou (by Kgamanae) (qv)
- Kgosikgolo Tshidi (by Kabasana) (qv) (baRolong booRatshidi)
- Kgosikgolo Makgetla (by Motshwabange or Kgamanae)
- Kgosikgolo Seleka (by Moswaana) (baRolong baSeleka)
- Kgosikgolo Rapulana (by Moswaana) (baRolong baRapulana)
- Kgosi Modise (by Kgamanae)
- Kgosi Maleme (by Motshwabange)
- Kgosi Ganakgomo (by Motshwabange)
- Kgosi Masetlha (by Motshwabange)
- Kgosi Ramhitshana (by Moswaana)
baRolong baRatlou booSetshiro
(Senior branch)(at Khunwana):
baRolong baRatlou booMariba
- Kgosi RATLOU,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong ca1760/ca1775, married
and had issue. A disagreement between Tau's sons
resulted in Ratlou leaving home. Several of Ratlou's
younger brothers planned to kill him for leaving.
However, Tau's third son Makgetla persuaded them to
abandon their plan out of respect for Ratlou as he was
their senior brother Ratlou was therefore reluctantly
allowed to leave with his followers. Soon afterwards
Seleka also left home. Later, both Tshidi and Makgetla
(now known as the peacemaker) left home but continued
to live at the same place together with their
respective followers - a situation regarded as
- Kgosikgolo Setshiro (baRolong
- Kgosi Modirwagale
- Kgosikgolo Mariba
- Kgosikgolo Mokalala (baRolong
baRolong baSeleka (at Thaba
Nchu): Incorporated into Orange Free State
in July 1884.
baRolong baRapulana (at
baRolong booRatshidi (at
- Kgosi SEATLHOLO
-/2002, Kgosi of the baRolong baRapulana booSeatlholo,
married Kgosigadi Anthea (Seatlholo). He died 2002.
- Kgosigadi Anthea
- Kgosikgolo TSHIDI,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong ca1760/ca1775, married
(a), Maetswana, married (b), Khukhu, married (c),
Khukhwana. He died in a battle with the Dihoja tribe
near Mamusa about the year 1775 (#6).
- Kgosikgolo Thutlwa (by Maetswana) (qv)
- Kgosi Mojankuyana (by Maetswana)
- Kgosi Mokgothu (by Maetswana)
- Kgosi Leshomo (by Khukhu) (qv)
- Kgosi Mabina (by Khukhu)
- Kgosi Thatane (by Khukhwana)
- Kgosi Mangwegape (by Khukhwana)
- Kgosi THUTLWA, Paramount
of the baRolong ca1775/ca1785, married (a), Morwa
Makgetla, married (b), Morwanyana Makgetla, married
(c), Motshidisi Makgetla, married (d), Mmu Maetso,
married (e), Serai, married (f), Kefalotse Motlhaku,
married (g), Masukutswane Nthufa and had issue. He
- Kgosi Tau (by Morwa), died sp young, so, a
variation of a 'levirate' was arranged by the tribe
between Tawana and his maternal cousin Sebodio, who
was a daughter of Phetlhu Makgetla who was the
brother of Tawana's mother Morwanyane. This was
arranged for the sole purpose of providing a son for
the deceased Tau in order, once again, to perpetuate
the line of chieftainship. Therefore, although
Sebodio was Tawana's third wife she was to be
regarded as his principal wife and her children as
- Kgosikgolo Tawana (by Morwanyana)(qv)
- Koto (f) (by Morwanyana), died 6th August 1832.
- Kotonyana (f) (by Morwanyana), died 6th August
- Kgosi Moshoela (by Motshidisi), had issue.
- Kgosi Mmamorena (by Motshidisi)
- Kgosi Mamlorolo (by Motshidisi)
- Kgosi Masetlha (by Mmu Maetso)
- Kgosi Lekgetho (by Serai)
- Kgosi Legae (by Kefalotse)
- Kgosi Lekone (by Kefalotse), had issue.
- Kgosi Phatudi, died September 1852.
- Kgosi Matsheka (by Masukutswane), living 1818.
- Kgosi MAKGETLA, Acting Chief of the
baRolong 1785/1790, married and had issue. He was
killed ca1790 in a battle with the Bahurutshe booManyana.
- Morwa (f), married Kgosi Thutlwa (qv).
- Morwanyana (f), married Kgosi Thutlwa (qv).
- Motshidisi (f), married Kgosi Thutlwa (qv).
- Kgosi Phetlhu, married and had issue.
- Sebodio (f), married Kgosi Tawana and had issue.
She died 6th August 1832.
- Kgosi Mokgweetsi, married and had issue. He died
11th June 1890.
- Kgosi Ratlhagana Mokgwetsi, married and had
- Kgosi Marumo Mokgwetsi, married and had
- Kgosi Nakedi Nelson Mokgwetsi, married
Kelebogile Matlapeng, born 9th May 1929,
died 11th May 2009 in Lobatse, daughter of
Herman Matlapeng, and his wife, Caroline
Menoe, and had issue.
- Neo Mokgwetsi [Mohumagadi Neo
Gaseitsewe], married (as his second wife),
His Excellency Kgosikgolo Seepapitso
Bathoen Gaseitsiwe, Paramount Chief of the
and had issue. She died 24th March 2010 at
the Princess Marina Hospital,
- Kgosi Phetlhu Mokgwetsi, born 5th June
1957 in Mafeking, married and had issue.
He died 11th May 2002 in Lobatse.
- Kgosi LESHOMO, Regent of the baRolong 1790/1815,
by 1814, when Tawana was aged 30 and already had
several wives, Leshomo refused to hand over the
chieftainship to him. A serious dispute developed
between the two which split the Ratshidi clan into two
factions, the larger faction under Leshomo remained at
Gatshebethwane near Disaneng while the smaller faction
under Tawana fled further westwards - first to
Loporung and Mmakgori beyond Phitsane Molopo, and then
north across the Molopo to Tsoaneng and Moshaneng,
south west of Kanye in Botswana, married and had
issue. He died 1818.
- Dikgang (f), married Kgosi Tawana, and had issue.
She died 6th August 1832.
- Kgosikgolo TAWANA,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong 1815/1849, born
ca1775, established his capital at Phitsane in 1815,
with the help of Chief Makaba's Bangwaketse, now
allies of the Ratshidi, he drove out Leshomo from
Gatshebethwane eastwards into Bahurutshe territory
where, in 1818, Leshomo was killed, in June 1823,
Tawana's Ratshidi were forced to leave Phitsane in
order to avoid attack by the Batlokwa and their allies
who had just devastated Kaditshwene. The Ratshidi
found refuge with the Ratlou clan at Khunwana until,
on the 6th August 1832, the town was destroyed and
many of its inhabitants killed by Mzilikazi's Ndebele
warriors. The survivors under Tawana fled south
eastwards to Thaba Nchu. He married 1stly,
Dikgang Leshomo, she died 6th August 1832, married
2ndly, Mosela-a-Molekane of the Rapulana clan, she
died 6th August 1832, married 3rdly, Sebudio, daughter
of Phetlhu (see above), she died 6th August 1832,
married (a), Letshane, daughter of Dingoko, she died
6th August 1832, married (b), MmaSefera, daughter of
Chief Makaba of the Bangwaketse, married (c), Senaanye
Molekane, died 6th August 1832, married (d), Mojanku
Marumulwa, married (e), Mojankunyana Marumulwa
(married Kgosi Tshosa of the baNgwaketse and Nco
Dingoko, by both of whom she had issue), and had
issue. He died October 1849 and was buried in
- Morwanyana (f) (by Dikgang)
- Motshidisi (f) (by Dikgang)
- MmaMorena (f) (by Dikgang)
- Manca (f) (by Dikgang)
- Kgosi Seetsela (by Mosela), died 1818.
- Kgosi Tlala (by Mosela), married Nkhabele
Palo (married 2ndly, Kgosikgolo Moroka II),
and had issue. He died 1832
- Moutlwatsi (f)
- Kgosi Setlogelo, living 1878.
- Kgosikgolo Samuel
TshipinareE of the baRolong
- Kgosi Motshegare (by Mosela), had issue.
- Gaeshele Motshegare (f), married 1870,
Kgosikgolo Montshiwa (qv), and had issue. She died
after October 1896.
- Kgosi Mokholokholo Motshegare, died August 1881.
- Kgosi Molema (by Mosela), born 1817 in Phitsane,
he was converted to Christianity in the 1820's by
the Wesleyan missionaries based at Thaba Nchu; he
scouted the area along the Molopo river in 1857 and
afterwards settled at Mafikeng, though Montshiwa did
not feel safe there and led his followers to
Moshaneng in the territory of the Bangwaketse in
present-day Botswana, only returning to Mefeking in
1876 after negotiations with his brother; married
(amongst others), Baitlhoi Lekoma, and had issue. He
died 21st January 1882.
- Kgosi Joshua Molema, fl.1917
- Kgosi Israel Molema, died March 1896.
- Kgosi Tawana Molema, died 31st July 1884.
- Kgosi Silas Thelesho Molema (by Baitlhoi), born
1852, educated at Heraldtown Industrial Training
Institute in the former Transkei; between 1882 and
1896, he was translator, secretary and chief
advisor to Chief Montshiwa as well as a farmer and
businessman; he established the first school for
the baRolong and during the Boer War 1899-1902, he
served the British by commanding a Rolong
detachment under General Baden-Powell during the
siege of Mafikeng, and engaged in a successful
ambush of the Boers in May 1900; he gave financial
backing to Solomon Plaatje’s newspaper, Koranta ea
Becoana, and was also responsible for the
editing and production; married Molalanyana
Mamhula Motlhabani, and had issue. He died 1929 or
in September 1927.
- Kgosi Dr. Silas Modiri Molema, born in
February 1891 in Mafikeng, educated at Lovedale
Institution (Matriculation), worked as a teacher
in Kimberly until 1914 when he moved to Europe,
admitted into the Medical School of Glasgow
University (graduating in 1919); President of
the African Races Association of Glasgow;
elected as National Secretary of the African
National Congress in December 1940; served on
the African Advisory Council, Joint Advisory
Council, and the Constitutional Committee;
served as a member of Legislative Council;
author of "The
Bantu Past and Present: An Ethnographical and
Historical Study of the Native Races of South
Africa" (1920); "Montshiwa
1815-1896: BaRolong Chief and Patriot"
(1966), and "Chief
Moroka: His Life, His Country and His People"
(1987); he married 1stly, 1927, Anna Moshoela
(sister of Ella Moshoela, wife of Kgosi Tshekedi
Khama), and daughter of Rev. M. J. Moshoela,
one-time secretary, councillor and friend of the
late Chief Montshiwa, married 2ndly, Lucretia
Hommel, a nurse from King Edward’s Hospital in
Durban, and had issue (by 2nd wife). He died on
13th August 1965 in Mafikeng. (#3)
- Rene Lesedi Molema
- Warada Molema
- Kgosi Phetogane (by Mosela)
- Majang (f) (by Mosela), married 1839, Kgosikgolo
Montshiwa, and had issue. She died January 1891.
- Kgosikgolo Montshiwa (#7)
(by Sebudio) (qv)
- Kgosi Marumulwa (by Sebudio), had issue.
- Kgosi Lekoko, living 1915, acting chief (see
- Kgosi Selere (by Sebudio), married and had issue.
He died November 1881.
- Kgosi Tiego Tawana, Acting Chief (see below)
- Kgosi Seru (by Sebudio), living 1896.
- Kgosi Montshiwane (by Letshane)
- Kgosi Rabodietso (by MmaSefera)
- Kgosi Saane (by MmaSefera), married Mosadikwena,
born 1837, died 1940. He died after 1896.
- Keethufile (f) (by Senaanye)
- Kgosikgolo MONTSHIWA,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong 1849/1896, born
August 1815 in Tswaneng, married (amongst others) (a)
ca1837 at Thaba Nchu, Motshidisi Mokgwetsi, married
(b), 1839 at Thaba Nchu, Majang Tawana (see above),
married (c) at Thaba Nchu, Tshadinyana, daughter of
Kgosikgolo Tshosa of the baNgwaketse and Mojankunyana
Marumulwa (see above), married (d), Onyana Nco
(married Kgosi Segotshane of the baNgwaketse), daughter
of Nco Dingoko and Mojankunyana Marumulwa (see above),
married (e), 1870, Gaeshele Motshegare, married (f),
Gadibusanye, daughter of Kgosi Senthufe of the
baNgwaketse, married (g), Mosidi Bopalamo, and had
issue. He died 19th October 1896 in Mafikeng.(4)(5)
- Kgosi Sekgoro, born ca1838, died 1853 in
- Buku (f) (by Majang), born 1840, married Kgosi
- Kgosi Kebalepile (by Tshadinyana), born 1850,
married and had issue. He died May 1891.
- Kgosikgolo Lotlaamoreng I (qv)
- Kgosi Besele I (by Tshadinyana)(qv)
- Kgosi Tawana (by Tshadinyana)
- Kgosi Makgetla (by Onyana)
- Kgosi Badirile (by Gaeshele) (qv)
- Moledi (f) (by Gaeshele)
- Kgosi Ketshedile (by Gaeshele)
- Kgosi Bakolopang (by Gaeshele)(qv)
- Kgosi Mosarwa (by Gadibusanye)
- Kgosi Taufele (by Gadibusanye)
- Kgosi Sefularo (by Gadibusanye)
- Kgosi Barolong (by Mosidi)
- Kgosi Koto
- Kgosi Koakae
- Kgosi Morobela
- Kgosi BESELE I, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1896/1903, married and had issue.
He died 1903.
- Kgosi BADIRILE, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1903/1911, died 1911
- Kgosi LEKOKO MARUMULWA, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1911/1915 and Chief of Lekoko
- Kgosi JOSHUA MOLEMA, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1915/1917
- Kgosi BAKOLOPANG, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1917/1919, died 1919
- Kgosikgolo LOTLAAMORENG
I, Paramount Chief of the baRolong 1919/1954,
married and had issue.
- Kgosikgolo Kebalepile [Kebalepile Montshioa] (qv)
- Kgosikgolo Besele II [Besele Montshioa](qv)
- Kgosi TIEGO TAWANA, Acting Chief of the baRolong 1954/1956
- Kgosikgolo KEBALEPILE,
Paramount Chief of the baRolong 1956/1970, born 1924,
he supported the Governments Bantu Authorities Act,
but his tribe felt that he was spending too little
time attending to the needs of the Tshidi-Barolong
themselves, in response, he created a number of
internal committees to administer aspects of the
chiefdom’s needs, in the areas of finances, health,
education etc., a measure that failed and which made
evident that the chiefdom was heavily in debt; a
strong council administration was created that
rectified the situation, in which he participated
successfully towards the end of his life; married
(amongst others) Kgosigadi Neonyana (see below), and
had issue. He died in September 1970.
- [Kgosi Setumo
Stephen Montshiwa -/2000, Paramount Chief of the
baRolong booRatshidi in South Africa, married and
had issue. He died 2nd July 2000 in Victoria
Hospital, Mafikeng, aged 45, buried 7th July 2000
in Mmabatho Cemetary.
- Kgosi Ratshidi Montshioa, a claimant for the
title in 2000.]
- Kgosi Jeffrey Kgotleng Montshiwa 2000/-, installed
as Paramount Chief of the baRolong booRatshidi in
South Africa, on 25th April 2001, confirmed as
rightful heir of the baRaolong booRatshidi by a
Mafikeng High Court judgement on 6th February 2003.
- Kgosigadi Neonyana
Montshioa, Regent of the baRolong 1970/1974
- Thshipikgano Motlhatledi,
Administrator of of the baRolong Tribal Authority 1977/1982
- Kgosikgolo BESELE
II, Paramount Chief of the baRolong 1971/1977
and 1982/2001, married and had issue. He died 17th
- Kgosikgolo Lotlaamoreng II (qv)
- Kgosikgolo LOTLAAMORENG
Paramount Chief of the baRolong (see above)
- Kealeboga Motshegare, Deputy Chief
- Montshioa Dick Montshioa
- Sydwell Molelekasilo Montshioa
- Boikhutso Tawana
- Gaongalelwe Motshegare
- Peter Molema
- Solomon Molema
- Kgang Tawana
- Thapelo Phetlhu
- Mmilenyane Modise
- Tlotio Seru
- Mokopi Lekoko
- Kgosi Othusitse Israel Motshegare, appointed Acting
Chief of the baRolong in South Africa in 1999, by
Kgosi Setumo, due to his illness.