JIMMA (Kingdom)

STATE: Ethiopia ANNEXATION: 1932
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The Gibe state of Kaka Jimma was founded about 1790. It was renamed as Jimma 'Aba Jifar in 1830. Incorporated into Ethiopia in 1932. During the reorganization of the provinces in 1942, Jimma was absorbed into Kaffa Province. Rulers were... 
  • Moti ABBA FARO, 1st Chief of Jimma ca1790/-
  • Moti ABBA MAGAL, 2nd Chief of Jimma 1800/1830, originally ruler of the Hirmata region, in a series of wars he extended his authority over what later became Jimma, a process continued by his sons, married and had issue.
    • Moti Abba Jifar I (qv)
    • Moti Abba Bok'a (qv)
    • Abba Bulgu
    • Abba Tiki
  • Moti ABBA RAGO, 3rd Chief of Jimma in 1830
  • Moti ABBA JIFAR I [Moti Sana], 4th Moti of Jimma 1830/1855, became a Muslim convert in 1830, and is reckoned as the first independent King of Jimma, married and had issue. He died 1855 in a palace east of Jiren.
    • Abba Gommol, elder son and heir, dispossed by his younger brother and exiled to Kafa.
    • Moti Abba Rebu (qv)
  • Moti ABBA REBU, 5th Moti of Jimma 1855/1859, married and had issue. He died 1859.
    • Abba Dula, Governor of Mandera-Set'o.
  • Moti ABBA BOK'A, 6th Moti of Jimma 1859/1862 , married (amongst others), a lady of the Busase line of Kafa, and had issue. He died 1862.
    • Moti Abba Gommol (by the Busase lady) (qv)
    • Abba Bulgu, Governor of Saraddo.
  • Moti ABBA GOMMOL, 7th Moti of Jimma 1862/1878, conquered the Kingdom of Garo which became the southeast portion of his kingdom; married (amongst others), Queen Gumiti of Guma, died after 1898, and had issue. He died 1878.
    • Moti Abba Jifar II (by the Gumiti Queen) (qv)
    • Abba Jobir, Governor of part of Dedo.
    • Abba Waji, married and had issue.
      • Abba Meca, Governor of part of Dedo.
    • Abba Diga, Governor.
    • Abba Jilca, married and had issue.
      • Abba Gole, Prime Minister, married and had issue.
        • Abba Garo
        • Abba D'Asa, Governor
    • Daughter, married Abba Gibe, Governor of Hirmata.
    • Daughter, married Abba Busan Busase, Governor of Abelti.
    • Daughter, married Abba Jilca, son of Abba Cubsa of Limmu, Governor of K'ank'ati.
    • Daughter, married Abba Roro, Governor of Nada, son of Abba Bilo of Gurrdi, and had issue.
      • Abba Diga, War Minister, Governor of Beyyum, married and had issue. He died 1920's.
        • Abba Bilo, War Minister.
  • Moti ABBA JIFAR II [Moti Tulu], 8th Moti of Jimma 1878/1932, born 1861, sometime in the 1880's he conquered a part of Janjero State and added it to his kingdom; in 1884 he submitted to Emperor Menelik II and paid tribute from 1886 onwards, ensuring the autonomy of his kingdom until his death; he was removed from power in 1930 but was allowed to retain the title of Negus, he conveerted to Islam under the name of Muhammad ibn DaŽud; married (amongst other) (a), Queen Limmiti of Limmu, married (b), Queen Minjiti of Kaffa, married (c), Queen Sapertiti of the Sapera family of Limmu (#1 p.77), and had issue. He died 1932.
    • Abba Dula, Governor, married and had issue.
      • Moti Abba Jobir [Abba Jofir] (qv)
      • Abba Bilo, he joined with Haile Selassie and converted to Christianity, being given the name, Kegnazmach Berhane Selassie, married and had issue.
        • Assefa Berhane Selassie
    • Abba Dikko, Governor of Kusaro, removed from office because of corruption.
    • Daughter, married after 1916 (as his third wife), H.I.M. Emperor Iyasu V of Ethiopia.
  • Moti ABBA JOBIR, 9th Chief of Jimma in 1932, deposed for defying the authority of the central power, installed as Sultan by the Italian fascist occupation, and then fled to Saudi Arabia following the liberation of Ethiopia in 1941, married and had issue. He died in exile after 1960.
  • Ras DESTA DAMTEW, Governor of Jimma 1930/-, born 1896, Governor of Kaffa, educated privately, he served at the Imperial Palace in Addis Ababa as page to Emperor Menelik II and Empress Taitu Betul, and then the Empress after her husband's death, he supported Ras Tafari Makonnen against Lij Iyasu V in 1916, who was deposed and imprisoned but escaped and recaptured by him in 1920, he was a modernizer on the Imperial pattern, but distrusted foreigners; he was appointed Governor of Kaffa with the title of Dejazmatch by 1928 and later elevated to the title of Ras in 1932, later the same year was appointed Governor of Sidamo Province and of Borena; he visited America in 1933, as representative of Emperor Haile Sellassie, and was greeted with royal honours, later lunching with President Roosevelt; he commanded troops along the southern border of Ethiopia during the Second Italo-Ethiopian War in 1935, and was defeated by the Italian General, Rodolfo Graziani at the Battle of Ganale Dorya in January 1936, he reorganized his survivors to resist the Italian advance, even after the the Emperor left the country and continued to elude the Italians until he and and a dwindling number of soldiers were defeated in the Battle of Gogetti in 1934, he was wounded, captured and executed; following the liberation of Ethiopia from Italian occupation in 1941, the remains of Ras Desta Damtew were disinterred from the grave they were buried in by the Italians and moved to the Imperial family tombs in the crypt of the Holy Trinity Cathedral; married 16th November 1924 in Addis Ababa, H.I.H. Princess Tenagne Worq, daughter of H.I.M. Emperor Haile Selassie I, Emperor of Ethiopia, and his wife, H.I.M. Empress Menen, and had issue. He died 25th February 1937.
    • HH Princess Aida Desta, born 8th April 1927, married 1946, HH Leul Ras Mangasha Seyum, Hereditary Prince of Tigray, and has issue.
    • Lij Amha Desta, born 21st August 1928, died 3rd November 1944.
    • HH Princess Hiruta Desta, born 20th April 1930, she was one of a number of Royal Princess who were prisoners of the Derg regime from 1974 to 1988; married General Dejazmatch Nega Tegagne, born 1930, Governor of Begamder and Semien.
    • HH Princess Sabla Wangel Desta, born 29th August 1931, married in January 1959, Dejazmatch Kassa Wolde Maryam, born 1932, and had issue, one son and four daughters.
    • HH Princess Sofya Desta, born 1st January 1933, married in January 1959, Captain Derege Haile Maryam, born 1937, died 16th December 1960 in Addis Ababa, and had issue, one daughter.
      • Woizerit Hanna Mihreta Derege, born 1961.
    • HH Prince Iskander Desta, born 6th August 1934, married HH Princess Sofya Amanuel, and had issue, one daughter. He was killed by the Derg on 23rd November 1974 in Addis Ababa.
      • HH Princess Naomi Iskander

1. "A Galla Monarchy: Jimma Abba Jifar, Ethiopia" by Herbert S. Lewis, Univeristy of Wisconsin Press, 1965, 148pp