HAWAI'I (Kingdom)

TITLE: HM King (Moi) ANNEXATION: 1893

DYNASTY: House of Kawananakoa (from 1917)


HRH Prince Quentin Kuhio
                KawananakoaPRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE: HRH Prince Quentin Kuhio Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i (1997/-)
born 28th September 1961, Attorney and former Member of the House of Representatives (Hawai'i), married Elizabeth Broun [HRH Princess Elizabeth of Hawai'i], and has issue.
  • Prince Kincaid Kawananakoa
  • Prince Riley Kawananakoa, born December 1999.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: An independent Kingdom, founded in 1795. Provisional Government 1893/1894, Republic 1894/1900 and then part of the United States. Rulers were...
  1. HM King KAMEHAMEHA I, (PHOTO) 1st King of Hawai'i 1795/1819, born February 1753 at Kapakai in Kokoiki, Kohala (#1), initially King of North Hawai'i 1782/1795, later King of an united Hawai'i 1795/1819, he married many times (21 wives) including, (a), Ali'i nui Kaneikapolei, (b) 1785, HM Queen Elizabeth Ka'ahumanu, born about 1773 at Kauiki, Hana, Maui, died 5th June 1832 in Manoa Valley, Honolulu, 1st Kuhina Nui 1819/-, daughter of Ali'i nui Ke'eaumoku Papaiahiahi, High Chief of Kauai, and his wife, Ali'i nui Namahana'i'Kaleleokalani, married (c) Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie, born 1778, died 16th January 1842 in Lahaina, Maui, another daughter of Ali'i nui Ke'eaumoku Papaiahiahi, High Chief of Kauai, and his wife, Ali'i nui Namahana'i'Kaleleokalani, married (d), 1795, Ali'i nui Keopuolani, born about 1778 in Pahoehoe, Maui, died 16th September 1823 in Kaluaokila, Lahaina, Maui, daughter of Ali'i nui Kiwala'o, Mo'i of Hawai'i Island, 3rd Ali'i of Ka'u, and his wife, Ali'i nui Keku'iapoiwa Liliha, married (e), Ali'i nui Kelikipa'a, married (f), Ali'i nui Manuha'aipo, daughter of Ali'i nui Kekaulike, 23rd Mo'i of Maui, and his wife, Ali'i nui Holau, married (g), Ali'i nui Pele'uli Kekela, daughter of Ali'i nui Kamanawa I, High Chief of Maui, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kekelaokalani, married (h), Ali'i nui Kekauluohi, married (i), Ali'i nui Manono, married (j), Ali'i Kalola'akumuko'a, and had issue. He died 8th May 1819 in Kamakahonu, Kailua.
    • Ali'i Pauli Ka'oleioku (by Kaneikapolei), (#2) born about 1777, married (a), Ali'i Keouawahine, married (b), Ali'i Kahailiopua Luahine, born 1790, died 1873, daughter of Ali'i Ha'o, Chief of Kona, and his wife, Ali'i Ka'ilipakalua, and had issue. He died 19th February 1818.
      • Ali'i nui Kalanipauahi (by Keoua), born about 1804, married 1stly (div. 182x) 182x, HM King Kamehameha II (see below), married 2ndly, 28th November 1825, H.E. Ali'i Matai'o Kekuanaoa, born about 1791, died 24th November 1868 in Honolulu, Governor of Oahu 1834/1868, son of Ali'i Ki'ilaweau, High Chief of Kona, and his wife, Ali'i Inaina, and had issue. She died 17th June 1826 in Honolulu.
      • Ali'i nui Laura Konia Pauli (by Kahailiopua Luahine), born about 1808, married Ali'i nui Abner Kuho'oheiheipahu Paki, born about 1808, died 13th June 1855, son of Ali'i nui Kalanihelemai'iluna Paki, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kawao, and had issue. She died 2nd July 1857 in Honolulu.
        • Ali'i nui Bernice Pauahi Paki, born 19th December 1831 in Honolulu, married 4th June 1850 in the Royal School, Hawaii, Charles Reed Bishop, born 25th January 1822 in Glens Falls, New York, died sp 7th June 1915 in Berkeley, California. She died sp 16th October 1884 in Honolulu.
    • HRH Prince Kamehameha Kapuaiwa (by Kalakua Kaheiheimalie) born 1801, he died young.
    • HM Queen Kamehamalu Kekuaiwaokalani (by Kalakua Kaheiheimalie), born about 1802 in Kawaihae, married (her step-brother), HM King Kamehameha II (see below). She died sp 8th July 1824 in London, England.
    • HRH Princess Elizabeth Kinau Ka'ahumanu II [Kalani Ahumanu II Kaliko'o Iwi Kauhipuaokinau] (by Kalakua Kaheiheimalie), born 1805/1807, Kuhina Nui of Hawai'i 1832/1839, married 1stly, Ali'i nui Kahalai'a, son of Ali'i nui Kala'imamahu, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kahikuha'akoi, High Chief of Kaua'i, died 27th April 1826, married 2ndly, 19th September 1827, H.E. Ali'i Matai'o Kekuanaoa, born about 1791, son of Ali'i nui Ki'ilaweau, and his wife, Ali'i nui Inaina, Governor of Oahu 1834/1868, died 24th November 1868 in Honolulu, and had issue. She died 4th April 1839 in Honolulu.
      • Ali'i nui David Kamehameha (by Kahalai'a), died young.
      • HRH Prince Moses Kekuaiwa (by Matai'o), born 20th July 1829, died unmarried 24th November 1848 in Honolulu.
      • HM King KAMEHAMEHA V (by Matai'o) (see below)
      • HM King KAMEHAMEHA IV (by Matai'o) (see below)
      • HRH Princess Victoria Kamamalu (by Matai'o), born 1st November 1838 in Honolulu, died 29th May 1866 in Honolulu.
    • HM King KAMEHAMEHA II (by Keopuolani) (qv)
    • HM King KAMEHAMEHA III (by Keopuolani) (qv)
    • HRH Princess Harriet Nahi'ena'ena (by Keopuolani), born about 1815, married 25th November 1835, Ali'i William Pitt Leleiohoku, born 31st March 1821 in Kailua, son of Ali'i William Pitt Kalaimoku, and his wife, Ali'i Kiliwehi, died 21st October 1848 in Honolulu, Oahu. She died sp 30th December 1836 in Lahaina, Maui.
    • HRH Princess Kalanikauiokikile (by Kalola'akumuko'a)
    • HRH Prince Kalaniulumoku (by Manuha'aipo), married Ali'i Kuali'i and had issue.
      • Ali'i Loleau (w)
    • HRH Princess Maheha Kapulikoliko (by Pele'uli Kekele), died young.
    • HRH Prince Kahoanoku Kinau (by Pele'uli Kekele), married Ali'i nui Kahikuha'akoi, daughter of Ali'i nui Kekuamanoha, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kamakahukilani, and had issue.
      • HH Princess Anna Keahikuni'ikekau'onohi, born about 1805, Governor of Maui 1840/1845, Member of the House of Nobles 1840/1847; married 1stly (div. 182x), 182x, HM King Kamehameha II (see below), married 2ndly, Ali'i nui Keali'iahonui, High Chief of Kauai, married 3rdly, Ali'i Levi Ha'alelea, and had issue by her third husband. She died 1847.
        • Ali'i William Pitt Kinau
    • HRH Prince Kaiko'okalani (by Pele'uli Kekele), married Ali'i nui Lydia Ha'aheo Kaniu, died 1843, daughter of Ali'i Keawe'aimoku, and his wife, Ali'i Kalailua.
    • HRH Princess Kiliwehi (by Pele'uli Kekele), married Ali'i Kamehamehakauokoa, and died sp.


  2. HM King KAMEHAMEHA II [Kalaninuikualiholiho], 2nd King of 1819/1824, (PHOTO) born about 1797 on Hilo, married 1stly (his step-sister), HM Queen Kamehamalu Kekuaiwaokalani, born about 1802 in Kawaihae, died sp 8th July 1824 in London, England, daughter of HM King Kamehameha I, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie, married 2ndly (div.) (his niece), Ali'i nui Kalanipauahi, died 17th June 1826 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i Pauli Ka'oleioku, and his wife, Ali'i Keoua, married 3rdly (div.) (his niece), HH Princess  Keahikuni Kekau'onohi, died 1847, daughter of HRH Prince Kahoanoku Kinau (see above), and his wife, Ali'i nui Kahikuha'akoi, married 4thly (div.), Ali'i nui Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi, born about 1794, died 7th June 1845 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i nui Kala'imamahu (see Kohala), and his wife, Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie. He died sp 14th July 1824 in London, England.

  3. HM King KAMEHAMEHA III [Kalanikuaikeaouli], 3rd King of Hawai'i 1824/1854 (PHOTO), born 17th March 1813 in Keauhou, Kona, married 1stly, 2nd February 1837, HM Queen Kalama Hakaleleponi Kapakuhaili, born about 1817 at Ka'elehulu near Kailua, died 20th September 1870 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i Naihe Kukui, and his wife, Ali'i Ikape'ekukai Moanawahine, and had issue, as well as further issue by Jane Lahilahi Young, daughter of John Young, and his wife, Ali'i Ka'oana'eha. He died 15th December 1854 in Honolulu.
    • HRH Prince Keaweaweulai (by Kalama), died young.
    • Honourable Albert Kuka'ilimoku Kuniiakea (by Jane), born 15th June 1851, Member of the House of Representatives for Oahu in 1880; married 4th April 1878, Mary Poli. He died sp 10th March 1903.
    • Honourable Keoua (by Jane), born 15th June 1851, he died young 185x.

  4. HM King KAMEHAMEHA IV [Alexander Liholiho Iolani], 4th KIng of Hawai'i 1854/1863 (PHOTO), born 9th February 1834, married 19th June 1856 in Kawaiahao Church, Hawaii, HM Queen Emma Kaleleonalani Na'ea (#3), born 2nd January 1836 in Honolulu, died 25th April 1885 in Honolulu, buried at Mauna'Ala, daughter of Ali'i George Na'ea (see Kohala), and his wife, Ali'i Fanny Kekelaokalani Young, and had issue. He died 30th November 1863 in Honolulu, buried at Mauna'Ala.
    • HRH Crown Prince Albert Edward Kauikeaouli [Albert Edward Leiopapa a Kamehameha], born 20th May 1858 in Honolulu, died 27th August 1862 in Honolulu, buried at Mauna'Ala.

  5. HM King KAMEHAMEHA V [Lot Kapu'aiwa], 5th King of Hawai'i 1863/1872 (PHOTO), born 11th December 1830 in Honolulu, died unmarried 11th December 1872 in Honolulu.

  6. HM King LUNALILO [William Charles Lunalilo], 6th King of Hawai'i 1872/1874 (PHOTO), born 1835, educated at the Chief's Childrens School, he was a good student, winning many scholastic awards. His keen memory, love of his people and a deep sense of justice were among his best assets. Upon the death of King Kamehameha V, Lunalilo was nominated for king. His birthright was enough to claim the throne, but he wanted the people to choose their ruler. His handsome features, gracious manners and intelligence endeared him to all and he was affectionately called Lokomaika'i, (merciful or gracious). He was elected overwhelmingly by the people, unanimously by the legislature and installed as king at Kawaihao Church, on 9th January 1873. Noted for simplicity, he sat on the throne covered with the feather cape, symbol of Hawaiian Royalty. This was the ancient act of coronation. His reign began in the middle of an economic depression, but the greatest problem he inherited was the enforcement of the law to prevent the spread of leprosy. His pain for lepers separated from their families and friends and his commitment to protect the uninfected population weighed deeply upon his conscience. The arrival of Father Damien in 1873, was one answer to his fervent prayer. Unable to cope with the changing times and deeply burdened by the dwindling of his native people, he became addicted to alcohol. He died unmarried 3rd February 1874, of tuberculosis at his home in Waikiki.

  7. HM King KALAKAUA [David La'amea Kamanakapu'u Mahinulani Nalaiaehuokalani Lumialani Kalakaua], 7th King of Hawai'i 1874/1891 (PHOTO), born 16th November 1836 in Honolulu, son of Ali'i nui Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa'akea, and his wife, Ali'i nui Analea Keohokalole, married 19th December 1863 in Honolulu, Ali'i nui Esther Kapiolani II, born 31st December 1834, died 24th June 1899 in Waikiki, daughter of Ali'i nui Kuhio Kalaniana'ole of Hilo, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kekaulike Kinoiki of Kauai. He died sp 20th January 1891 in san Francisco.

  8. HM Queen Liliu'okalani [Lydia Kamaka'eha Liliu'okalani], 8th Queen of Hawai'i 1891/1917 (PHOTO), born 2nd September 1838 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i nui Caesar Kaluaiku Kapa'akea, and his wife, Ali'i nui Analea Keohokalole, Queen of Hawai'i 1891/1893 and Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i 1893/1917, married 16th September 1862 in Honolulu, His Excellency John Owen Dominis, born 10th March 1832 in Shenectady, New York, Governor of Maui [9.9.1878] - [1886], died spl 27th August 1891 in Honolulu. She died sp 11th November 1917 in Honolulu.

  9. HRH Prince David La'amea Kalakaua Kawananakoa [Prince Koke], Head of the Royal House of Hawaii 1917/1954 (PHOTO), born 10th March 1904, son of HH Prince David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa, and his wife, Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell, married 27th October 1949, HRH Princess Cecilia Kuliaikanu'uwaialeale Waipa, daughter of Robert Kame'eiamoku Parker Waipa, and his wife, Madaline Kekuakapuokane. He died sp 20th May 1954 in Honolulu.

  10. HRH Princess Abigail Kapiolani Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawaii 1954/1961, born 14th March 1903, daughter of HH Prince David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa, and his wife, Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell, married 1922, Andrew Anderson Lambert, born 25th March 1900 in Honolulu, died 15th March 1966 in Honolulu, and had issue. She died 8th April 1961.
    • HRH Prince Edward Abnel Keli'iahonui Kawananakoa (qv)
    • HRH Princess Virginia Po'omaikolani Kawananakoa, born 29th November 1926, she founded Hui Hanai, an auxiliary of the Queen Liliuokalani Children's Center, in 1969 to support the centre's activities to help children in need. She also served as president of the Hawaiian Civic Club of Honolulu in the late 1960s. In 1976, she founded Mana Publishing Co., and later formed Angel Inc. She died unmarried 9th November 1998.
    • HRH Princess Esther Kapiolani Kawananakoa, born 1928, married and has issue.

  11. HRH Prince
                    Edward Abnel Keli'iahonui KawananakoaHRH Prince Edward Abnel Keli'iahonui Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawaii 1961/1997, born 2nd October 1924 in San Francisco, educated at the University of Southern California, served as a regent for Hale o na Ali'i o Hawai'i Benevolent Society and was a longtime member of the Prince Kuhio Hawaiian Civic Club, Ali'i Nui of Kaua'i and Ni'ihau [cr.1969]; married 1stly 1946 (div. 1960), Lila de Clark Whitaker, born 23rd April 1925, married 2ndly, Carolyn Willison Branch, and had issue. He died 29th July 1997 in Honolulu.
    • HRH Princess Regina Abigail Mary Kawananakoa, born 16th July 1947, married Ali'i Henry James Bartels, born 25th July 1945, died 20th April 2003, Curator and Managing Director of I'olani Palace.
    • HRH Prince Edward Keli'iahonui Kawananakoa, born 7th January 1949, passed over in the succession.
    • HRH Prince David Claren Kaumuali'i Kawananakoa, born 7th March 1952, renounced his succession rights, married Eleonore Lendt.
    • HRH Prince Quentin Kuhio Kawananakoa (qv)
    • HRH Prince Andrew Pi'ikoi Kawananakoa, born 7th October 1964, Proprietor and Manager of Construction Supervisors and Keauhou Kona Farms; married 25th November 1989, Tania Adlawan, Proprietor and Manager of Isle in Style Realty, and has issue.
      • Prince Andrew Kaeokulani Kawananakoa, born 11th April 1989 in San Francisco.
      • Prince Jonah Keali'iokalani Kawananakoa, 29th May 1991 in Honolulu.

  12. HRH Prince Quentin Kuhio Kawananakoa (see above)
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1. The year of birth is unknown, with estimates ranging from 1740 to 1758. Number of children varies from 24 to 50.
2. There is some doubt as to Pauli's paternity and legitimacy. One source suggests he was son of Kalaniopu'u.
3. Upon the death of young Prince Albert Leiopapa a Kamehameha, Queen Emma took the name "Kaleleokalani", meaning 'the flight of the chief', the following year, upon the death of King Kamehameha IV, she changed it to "Kaleleonalani", meaning'the flight of the chiefs' (plural).