HAWAI'I ISLAND (Kingdom)


TITLE: Ali'i 'aimoku
DYNASTY: Pili
STATE: Hawai'i AREA: 10,433 km2
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Rulers were...
  • Ali'i nui KAUHOLANUIMAHU, 10th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married Ali'i Neula of Maui, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui KIHANUILULUMOKU (qv)
  • Ali'i nui KIHANUILULUMOKU, 11th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married (a), Ali'i nui Waoialea, married (b), Ali'i Makaoku , married (c), Ali'i Hinaopio, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui LILOA (qv)
  • Ali'i nui LILOA, 12th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married (amongst others) (a), Ali'i nui Akahi-a-kuleana, married (b), Ali'i Pinea, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui 'UMI-a-LILOA (by Akahiakuleana) (qv)
    • Ali'i nui HAKAU (by Pinea) (qv)
    • Ali'i Kapulaninui [Kapukini] (by Pinea), married (her half-brother), Ali'i nui 'Umi-a-Liloa, and had issue (see below).
  • Ali'i nui HAKAU, 13th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island
  • Ali'i nui 'UMI-a-LILOA, 14th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married (amongst others) (a), Ali'i nui Pi'ikea-a-Pilani'i, daughter of Ali'i Pi'ilani, 15th Ali'i nui of Maui, married (his half-sister) (b), Ali'i Kapulaninui [Kapukini], married (c), Ali'i Kalamea II [Kulamea], married (d), Ali'i Ohenahena [Henahena], married (e), Ali'i Haua, married (f), Ali'i Makauhualeiakea [Mokuahualeiakea], married (g), Ali'i Maka'alua, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui KEALI'IOKALOA (by Kapulaninui) (qv)
    • Ali'i nui KEAWENUI (by Kapulaninui) (qv)
    • Ali'i nui Kapukini II (w)(by Kapulaninui)
    • Ali'i 'ai moku KUMALAENUIAUMI (by Pi'ikea), 1st Ali'i of Hilo.
    • Ali'i nui Aihakoko (by Pi'ikea)
    • Ali'i nui Kamolanui (w)(by Ohenahena)
    • Ali'i nui Napunanahuanui (by Kalamea)
    • Ali'i nui Nohowa'a (by Maka'alua)
  • Ali'i nui KEALI'IOKALOA, 15th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married Ali'i nui Makuawahineapalaka, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Kuka'ilani (k) (by Makuawahineapalaka), he was still quite young when his father died, and his place in the succession was usurped by his uncle, Keawenui; married (his half-sister), Ali'i nui Kaohukiokalani, and had issue.
      • Ali'i nui Kaikilani [Kaikilani-Nui-Ali'i-Wahine-o-Puna ] (w) (qv)
      • Ali'i nui Makakauali'i [Kamakakakauali'i], he married (a), Ali'i nui Kalanikauanakikilani, married (b), Ali'i nui Ka'akauauwao, maried (c), Ali'i nui Kapukamola, and had issue.
        • Ali'i Uwaikikilani (w), married Ali'i Kuwaluluka, and had issue.
          • Ali'i Kalima'alualu [Nalima'alualu] (k), married Ali'i Ka'aoao, and had issue.
            • Ali'i Nakai-a-Kalima'alualu, she married Isaac Davis, born 1758, died April 1810, and had issue (see Oahu).
        • Ali'i nui Uminuikukailani (k) (by Ka'akauauwao), he married Ali'i nui Kalani-o-Umi, and had issue.
          • Ali'i nui Kaneloakapulehu [Kanaloaikaiwilenakapulehu](k), married (his first cousin), Ali'i nui Keakealaniwahine, 20th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island (see below), and had issue.
            • Ali'i nui KEAWE'IKEKAHI'ALI'IOKAMOKU II [Keawe II] (by Keakealaniwahine) (qv)
        • Ali'i nui Iwikauikaua (by Kapukamola), he married (a), Ali'i nui Keakamahana, 19th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island (see below), married (b), Ali'i nui Kauakahikua'ana'auakane, daughter of Ali'i nui Kaihikapu, Chief of Ewa, and his wife, Ali'i nui Ipuwai of Ko'olau, and had issue.
          • Ali'i nui Keakealaniwahine (by Keakamahana), 20th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island (qv)
          • Ali'i nui Kaneikaiwilani (by Kauakahikua'ana'auakane), he married (his half sister), Ali'i nui Keakealaniwahine, 20th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, and had issue.
            • Ali'i nui Kalanikauleleiaiwi, she married 1stly, Ali'i nui Kaulahea II of Maui, married 2ndly, Ali'i nui Keawe'ikekahi'ali'iokamoku II [Keawe II] (see below), 21st Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, married 3rdly, Ali'i nui Kauaua-a-Mahi of Kohala, married 4thly, Ali'i Lonoikahaupu of Kauai, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Kaohukiokalani, married (her half-brother), Ali'i nui Kuka'ilani, and had issue (see above).
  • Ali'i nui KEAWENUI, 16th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island
  • Ali'i nui Kaikilani, 17th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, she married Ali'i Kanaloa-Kua'ana of Hawai'i Island, and had issue.
    • Ali'i Keakealani-Kane (qv)
    • Ali'i nui Keali'iokalani, she married (her brother), Ali'i nui KEAKEALANI-KANE, 18th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, and had issue (see below).
  • Ali'i nui KEAKEALANI-KANE, 18th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, he married (a), Ali'i Ka-La'a-I-Kaheana, married (b) (his sister), Ali'i nui Keali'iokalani, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Kalaninuikauleleiaiwi, she married (a), Ali'i nui Kaulahea II, Ali'i 'aimoku of Maui, married (b), Ali'i nui Keawe II, Ali'i 'aimoku of Hawai'i Island, married (c), Ali'i nui Lonokahaupu, Ali'i 'aimoku of Kauai, and had issue.
    • Ali'i Moana-Kane-Kuhi-a-Ili, he married Ali'i Pi'ilani-a-Kapo, and had issue.
      • Ali'i Iliki-a-Moana, she married Ali'i Kauhi-a-Haki, and had issue.
        • Ali'i Moana-wahine, she married Ali'i Palila, and had issue.
          • Ali'i Nohomuaolani-a-Palila, he married Ali'i Kaumaka-o-Kapa'a, and had issue.
            • Ali'i I-Kapeekukai, she married Ali'i Naihe-Kukui, died 8th February 1825 in Valparaiso, Chile, buried at sea, and had issue.
              • Ali'i nui Kalama Hakaleleponi Kapakuhaili [HM Queen Kalama of Hawaii], born 1817 at Ka'elehulu near Kailua, married 2nd February 1837, HM King Kamehameha III of Hawaii, and had issue. She died 20th September 1870 in Honolulu and was buried in the Royal Mausoleum.
          • Ali'i Kaleimano
          • Ali'i Kauwa, she married Ali'i Eia, and had issue.
            • Hon Ali'i Charles Kana'ina, born about 1801, married 1834, Ali'i nui Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi, born 1794, died 7th June 1845, daughter of Ali'i nui Kala'imamahu, and his wife, Hon. Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie, and had issue.
              • Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie [HM King Lunalilo of Hawaii](qv)
    • Ali'i nui Keaka-mahana (by Keali'iokalani) (qv)
  • Ali'i nui Keaka-mahana, 19th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, she married Ali'i nui Iwikauikaua, and had issue (see above).
  • Ali'i nui Keakealani-wahine, 20th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, she married (a) (her first cousin), Ali'i nui Kaneloakapulehu [Kanaloaikaiwilenakapulehu], married (b) (her half-brother), Ali'i nui Kaneikauaiwilani, and had issue (see above).
    • Ali'i nui Kalani-Kauleleiaiwi (by Kaneikauaiwilani), married (her half-brother), Ali'i nui Keawe II, and had issue (see below).
  • Ali'i nui KEAWE'IKEKAHI'ALI'IOKAMOKU II [Keawe II], 21st Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, born about 1665, married (a), Ali'i nui Lonoma'aikanaka, married (b) (his maternal half-sister), Ali'i nui Kalani-Kauleleiaiwi, daughter of Ali'i nui Kaneikauaiwilani (see above), and his wife, Ali'i nui Keakealaniwahine, 20th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, and had issue. He died about 1725.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku KALANIKE'EAUMOKUNUI (by Kalani-Kauleleiaiwi), 1st Ali'i of Kona.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku KAI'INAMAO KALANINUI'IAMAMAO, 1st Ali'i of Ka'u.
    • Ali'i Kauhi'ololi, he married Ali'i Kaianimuki, and had issue.
      • Ali'i Na'aieono, he married Ali'i Kanu'okalani, and had issue.
        • Ali'i Makole, he married Ali'i Haupa, daughter of Ali'i Kalanihiapo II, and his wife, Ali'i Niau II, daughter of Ali'i Ehukai, and his wife, Ali'i Niau I (she married 1stly, Ali'i 'ai moku Mokulani, 6th Ali'i of Hilo), and had issue.
          • Ali'i Kalua Makoleokalani, born 1836, married 1854, William Slocum Wilcox, born 1814 in Newport, Rhode Island, and had issue (the Wilcox family).
          • Ali'i John Napua
          • Ali'i J. M. Kelelua
  • Ali'i nui ALAPA'INUIAKAUAUA, (22nd) Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island -/1751, nephew of Ali'i nui Keawe'ikekahi'ali'iokamoku; married (a), Ali'i nui Keakakauhiwa, married (b), Ali'i nui Kamaka'imoku, daughter of Ali'i nui Ku'a Nu'uanu, and his wife, Ali'i Umi'ulaika'ahumanu'u  and had issue. He died about 1751.
    • Ali'i nui KEAWEOPALA (by Keakakauhiwa) (qv)
    • Ali'i Manona (by Kamaka'imoku), married Ali'i nui Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui, High Chief of Kohala, and had issue.
  • Ali'i nui KEAWEOPALA, (23rd) Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island 1751/1752, married Ali'i Moana'akauhi, High Priestess from Kona, daughter of Ali'i nui Kauhi-a-Haki, and his wife, Ali'i nui Iliki-a-Moana, and had issue. He died about 1752.
    • Ali'i nui Kana'inanui, married 1stly, (his step-sister) Ali'i nui Hakau, daughter of Ali'i Heulu, and his wife, Ali'i Moana'akauhi, High Priestess from Kona, married 2ndly, Ali'i Kalanikukaulala'a, and had issue. He died 14th February 1779.
      • Ali'i nui Ka'uhi (k) (by Hakau)
      • Ali'i nui Kalani'ele (w) (by Hakau)
      • Ali'i nui Wahine (w) (by Hakau)
      • Ali'i nui Ha'o (k) (by Hakau), married Ali'i Ka'ilipakalua, and had issue.
        • Ali'i Kahailiopua Luahine, born 1790, married Ali'i nui Pauli Ka'oleioku, and had issue (see Hawai'i). She died 1873.
      • Ali'i nui Ha'iho (k) (by Hakau)
      • Ali'i nui Ki'ilaweau ( bvy Kalanikukaulala'a), married Ali'i Inaina, and had issue.
        • His Excellency Ali'i Matai'o Kekuanaoa, born about 1791, Governor of Oahu 1834/1868; married 1stly, 28th November 1825, Ali'i nui Kalanipauahi, born about 1804, died 17th June 1826, daughter of Ali'i nui Pauli Ka'oleioku, and his wife, Ali'i Keouawahine, married 2ndly, 19th September 1827, HRH Princess Elizabeth Kinau [Ka'ahumanu II], born 1805, died 4th April 1839, daughter of HM King Kamehameha I of Hawai'i, and his wife, Hon. Ali'i nui Kalakua Kaheiheimalie, and had issue. He died 24th November 1868 in Honolulu,
          • HH Prince Moses Kekuaiwa (by Ka'ahumanu), born 20th July 1829, died 24th November 1848 in Honolulu.
          • HM King Kamehameha V (by Ka'ahumanu), 5th King of Hawai'i.
          • HM King Kamehameha IV (by Ka'ahumanu), 4th King of Hawai'i.
          • HH Princess Victoria Kamamalu (by Ka'ahumanu), born 1st November 1838 in Honolulu, died 29th May 1866 in Honolulu.
        • Ali'i Kahoukua
    • Ali'i nui Keholo (k)
  • Mo'i KALANI'OPU'U, 24th Mo'i of Hawai'i Island (South) 1778/1782 (#1), 2nd Ali'i of Ka'u 17xx/1782, 4th Ali'i of Kona 1754/1782.
  • Mo'i KEOUAKUAHU'ULA, 4th Ali'i of Ka'u and Puna 1782/1791, 25th Mo'i of Hawai'i Island 1782/1791, 9th and last Ali'i of Hilo 1790/1791,
NORTH HAWAI'I
  • Ali'i nui KIWALA'O, 3rd Ali'i of Ka'u [xx.4.1782] - [xx.7.1782], 7th Ali'i 'aimoku of Kohala [xx.4.1782] - [xx.7.1782], 5th Ali'i of Kona [xx.4.1782] - [xx.7.1782], Ali'i 'aimoku of Hawai'i Island (North) [xx.4.1782] - [xx.7.1782]
  • Ali'i nui KAMEHAMEHA 1782/1795, brough all islands under his control in 1795 (Kauai succumbed in 1810), becoming the first King of an united Hawai'i.

GOVERNORS OF HAWAI'I ISLAND

  • Hon. JOHN YOUNG, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1802/1812, born 17th March 1744 in Lancashire, married 1stly, Ali'i Namokuelua, born 1780, married 2ndly, 1805, Ali'i Ka'oana'eha Mele Kuamo'o, born about 1786, died 22nd January 1850 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i Kaleipaihala Kalanikuimamao, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kaliko'okalani, and had issue. He died 17th December 1835 in Kawaihae, Kohala.
    • Robert Young (by Namokuelua), born 14th February 1796 in Kawaihae, he joined the American Navy at age 16 and served in the War of 1812 where he was captured by the British and taken as prisoner, and sent to the island of Bermuda, where nothing definite was ever heard from him again. He died 1813? in Bermuda.
    • Hon. James Kanehoa Young (by Namokuelua), born 7th August 1797 in Kawaihae, Governor of Maui [1842/1844] - [1.10.1851] , educated at school in the United States; he became a merchant mariner and sailed between Philadelphia, his home port, and England; he was the translator for the Hawai'ian Royal party that travelled to England to meet with King George IV; he served as a member of the House of Nobles, and from 1846, he was a member of the first Board of Land Commissioners under Kamehameha III; married 1stly, Sarah Kaniaulono Davis, born 15th January 1797 in Waimea, daughter of Isaac Davis, and his first wife, Nakai'akalima'alualu, married 2ndly, Ha'ale, and had issue. He died  1st October 1851 in Honolulu.
      • Jane Lahilahi Young (by Ha'ale), married Nu'uanu, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Fanny Kekelaokalani Young (by Ka'oana'eha), born 21st July 1806 in Kawaihae, married 1stly, Henry Coleman Lewis, married 2ndly, 1835, Ali'i George Naea (see above), and had issue, one daughter. She died 4th September 1880 in Honolulu, buried in the Royal Mausoleum.
      • Mary Polly Pa'a'aina [later known as Mary 'I'i, after her adoption by John Papa 'I'i and his wife Sarai], born about 1833, educated at Royal School, married  21st December 1851 in Honolulu, J. A. Griswold, and had issue. She died 28th May 1853 in Honolulu.
        • Pa'a'aina Griswold, born 1853, died 1860.
    • Ali'i nui Grace Kama'iku'i Young (by Ka'oana'eha), born 8th September 1808 in Kawaihae, married 1stly, 1821, Hon. Ali'i George Cox Kahekili [Ke'eaumoku II] (see above), Governor of Maui, married 2ndly, 1830, Dr. Thomas Charles Byrd Rooke, born 18th May 1806, died sp 28th November 1858 in Kailua. She died sp 1866 in Honolulu, buried in the Royal Mausoleum.
    • Ali'i nui John Kaleipaihala Young [Keoni Ana 'Opio] (by Ka'oana'eha), born 12th March 1810 in Kawaihae, 4th Kuhina Nui of the Hawai'i Kingdom [10.6.1845] - [16.1.1855]; he served as Member of the House of Nobles 1841/1856, Member of the Privy Council 1845/1857, Minister of the Interior, a Judge of the Supreme Court, and Chamberlain in the household of Kamehameha III. He adopted his nephew, Peter Young Kaeo in 1836; married, 1stly, Ali'i Julia Alapa'i, born 1802, elder daughter of Nahili, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kauwa'a, younger daughter of Ali'i nui Alapainui, married 2ndly, Ali'i nui Hikoni, married 3rdly, Ali'i nui Ulumaheihei, daughter of Ali'i nui Waipa, by his wife, Ali'i nui Kekaikuihala, daughter of Ali'i Nuhi of Waimea, and Ali'i nui Kaohelelani of Hana. He died sp 18th July 1857 in Honolulu, buried in the Royal Mausoleum.
    • Ali'i nui Jane Lahilahi Young (by Ka'oana'eha), born May 1813 in Kawaihae, married, Ali'i nui Joshua Kaeo, and had issue, as well as further issue by HM King Kamehameha III. She died 12th January 1862 in Honolulu, buried in the Royal Mausoleum.
  • HM King KAMEHAMEHA I, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1812/1819
  • HM Queen Regent Elizabeth Ka'ahumanu I, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1819/1820
  • Hon. Ali'i JOHN ADAMS KI'IPALAOKU KUAKINI, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1820/1844, Acting Governor of Oahu 1831/1833, born about 1789 on Maui, son of Ali'i nui Ke'eaumoku Papaiahiahi, Governor of Maui, and his wife, Ali'i nui Namahana'i'Kaleleokalani; Member of the House of Nobles 1843/1844. He was appointed Acting Governor of Oahu in order to put down a potential rebellion there, which was uncovered on 1st April 1831, he remained at Fort Honolulu serving as the Commander in Chief, for one or two years; married 1stly, Ali'i Keouawahine, daughter of Ali'i Kauhiwawaeono, and his wife, Ali'i Loewahine, married 2ndly, Ali'i nui Lydia Ha'aheo Kaniu, daughter of Ali'i Keawe'aimoku, and his wife, Ali'i Kalailua, married 3rdly, Ali'i Analea Keohokalole, born 1816, died 6th April 1869, daughter of Ali'i Aikanaka, and his wife, Ali'i Kama'eokalani. He died without surviving issue on 9th December 1844 in Kailua.
    • Ali'i Keouakane (k) (by Keouawahine), died young.
    • Ali'i nui Mele Kamanele (by Keouawahine), born 1814, died 1834.
  • His Excellency Ali'i WILLIAM PITT LELEIOHOKU I, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1844/1846
  • His Excellency GEORGE LUTHER KAPEAU, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1846/1855, Member of the Privy Council [24.9.1847] - [1854]; Member of the House of Nobles 1848/1856; appointed Governor of Hawai'i Island on 29th July 1850; appointed Judge of the Third Circuit Court on 7th May 1855.
  • HRH Princess Ruth Keelikolani, Governor of Hawai'i Island [15.1.1855] - [1874]
  • His Excellency SAMUEL KIPI, Governor of Hawai'i Island [2.3.1874] - [29.3.1879], Member of the House of Representatives (Hawai'i) ten times starting from 1853 to 1874; appointed Land Aprraiser for Hawai'i on 22nd August 1873; appointed to be a Member of the House of Nobles on 15th April 1878; appointed Boundary Commissioner, Fourth Judicial Circuit on 29th October 1878.
  • HRH Princess Miriam Likelike, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1879/1880
  • HRH Princess Victoria Kinoke Kekaulike, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1880/1884
  • HRH Princess Virginia Po'omaikelani, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1884/1886
  • Her Excellency ULULANI LEWAI BAKER, Governor of Hawai'i Island 1886/1888, born 1858, daughter of Ali'i nui Noah Peleioholani, married 1874, John Tamatoa Baker, later Governor of Hawai'i Island (see below), and had issue. She died 1902.
  • VACANT 188/1892
  • His Excellency JOHN TAMATOA BAKER, Governor of Hawai'i Island [8.2.1892] - [25.2.1893], born 1852 in Wailupe, Honolulu, son of Adam Baker, and his wife, Luka Pruvia, daughter of Pupuhi, a Tahitian missionary, and his wife, Milia, married 1874, Ululani Lewai Peleioholani, born 1858, died 1902, daughter of Ali'i Noah Peleioholani, and his wife, Kamanu, and had issue. He died 7th September 1921.
ADDITIONS, CORRECTIONS, SUGGESTIONS? ... Click_here.
Back to WORLD OF ROYALTY or INDIAN PRINCELY STATES

1. Possibly son of Kalanikeeaumoku, son of Keawe II
2. Upon the death of young Prince Albert Leiopapa a Kamehameha, Queen Emma took the name "Kaleleokalani" - the flight of the chief, the following year, upon the death of King Kamehameha IV, she changed it to "Kaleleonalani" - the flight of the chiefs (plural).