HILO (High Chiefdom)


TITLE: Ali'i 'ai moku ANNEXATION: 1791
STATE: Hawaii (Hawai'i Island) DYNASTY:

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Rulers were...
  • Ali'i 'ai moku KUMALAE, 1st Ali'i of Hilo, son of Ali'i 'ai moku Umi'aliloa, 14th Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, and his wife, Ali'i nui Pi'ikea; married Ali'i nui Kunu'unupuawalau, and had issue.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku MAKUANUI (qv)
  • Ali'i 'ai moku MAKUANUI [Makuakaumanamana], 2nd Ali'i of Hilo, married Ali'i nui Kapohelemai, and had issue.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku 'I (qv)
  • Ali'i 'ai moku 'I, 3rd Ali'i of Hilo, married (a), Ali'i nui Kuwalu, married (b), Ali'i Ka'ouiliko'okeakalani, married (c), Ali'i nui Akahikame'enoa, and had issue.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku KUA'ANA (qv)
    • Ali'i Ahua-a-'I, he married (a), Ali'i Kaoui, married (b), Ali'i nui Pi'ilani-wahine, daughter of Ali'i nui Kalanikaumakaowakea, 20th Ali'i 'aimoku of Maui, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kaneakauhi, and had issue.
      • Ali'i Kapaihia'ahukane (by Kaoui), he married (his cousin), Ali'i Umi'ulaika'ahumanu'u (see below), and had issue.
        • Ali'i Heulu, married 1stly, Ali'i Moana'akauhi, daughter of Ali'i nui Kauhi-a-Haki, and his wife, Ali'i nui 'Iliki-a-Moana, married 2ndly, Ali'i Ikua'ana, and had issue.
          • Ali'i Hakau (by Moana), married 1stly (her step brother), Ali'i Kana'inanui (see Hawai'i Island), died 14th February 1779, married 2ndly, Moi Kalaniopu'u, Moi of Hawai'i Island, and had issue.
          • Ali'i Keaweaheulu Kalua'apana (by Ikua'ana), Ali'i in Waianae, married Ali'i nui Ululaninui (see below), 7th Ali'i wahine of Hilo, and had issue.
            • Hon. Ali'i  Naihe, Governor of Hawai'i Island in 1831, married Ali'i nui Kapiolani I, born 1781, died 6th May 1841 in Honolulu, daughter of Ali'i 'ai moku Keawema'uhili, 8th Ali'i of Hilo (see below). He died sp 29th December 1831.
            • Ali'i Keouakeahohiwa, married Ali'i nui Kepo'okalani, and had issue (see Hawai'i Island).
      • Ali'i nui Lonoma'aikanaka (w) (by Pi'ilani-wahine), she married Ali'i nui Keaweikekahiali'iokamoku [Keawe II], 21st Ali'i 'ai moku of Hawai'i Island, and had issue.
    • Ali'i Kalanikumaikiekie (w) (by Ka'ouili), married (her full brother), Ali'i Keaweikekahimakaoi, and had issue.
      • Ali'i 'ai moku MOKULANI (qv)
    • Ali'i Kaupekamoku (w) (by Ka'ouili)
    • Ali'i Kanaloa (w) (by Ka'ouili)
    • Ali'i Keaweikekahimakaoi (k) (by Ka'ouili), married (his full sister), Ali'i Kalanikumaikiekie, and had issue.
      • Ali'i 'ai moku MOKULANI (qv)
    • Ali'i nui Nu'uanu (by Akahikame'enoa), he married and had issue.
      • Ali'i Ku-a-Nu'uanau [Ku'anu'uanau], Ali'i of Waianae, he married his cousin, Ali'i Umi'ulaika'ahumanu'u (see below), and had issue.
        • Ali'i nui Kamaka'imoku, she married (a), Ali'i nui Kalanike'eaumokunui of Hawai'i Island, married (b), Ali'i nui Kai'inamao Kalaninui'iamamao, 1st Ali'i of Ka'u, married (c), Alai'i nui Alapa'inuiakauaua, 22nd Ali'i Aimoku of Hawai'i Island and 2nd Ali'i of Kona, and had issue.
        • Ali'i nui Naili, Ali'i of Waianae.
    • Ali'i nui Kanekuka'ailani (by Akahikame'enoa), she married Ali'i Mahiolole, Chief of Kohala, and had issue.
      • Ali'i Umi'ulaika'ahumanu'u, she married 1stly (her cousin), Ali'i Kapaihia'ahukane, Ali'i of Hilo and of Waianae (see above), married 2ndly (her cousin), Ali'i Ku'a Nu'uanu, and had issue (see above).
  • Ali'i 'ai moku KUA'ANA'A'I, 4th Ali'i of Hilo
  • Ali'i 'ai moku KUAHUI, 5th Ali'i of Hilo
  • Ali'i 'ai moku MOKULANI, 6th Ali'i of Hilo, married (a), Ali'i Papaikaniaunui (former wife of Ali'i  nui Kaulahea, Moi of Maui), married (b), Ali'i nui Niau I, daughter of Ali'i Kuimeheua, and his wife, Ali'i Kanlanikuiwalomo, and had issue.
    • Ali'i 'ai moku Ululani (qv)
  • Ali'i 'ai moku Ululani (w), 7th Ali'i of Hilo, she married 1stly, Ali'i nui Keaweaheulu Kalua'apana, Ali'i in Waianae, married 2ndly, Ali'i nui Keawema'uhili, married 3rdly, Ali'i Imaka'aeae. son of Ali'i Imakakoloa, High Chief of Puna, and his wife, Ali'i Manono, and had issue.
    • Hon. Ali'i Naihe (by Keaweheulu), Governor of Hawai'i Island in 1831.
    • Ali'i Keouakeahohiwa (w) (by Keaweheulu), married Ali'i nui Kepo'okalani, and had issue.
    • Ali'i Keaweokahikona (k) (by Keawema'uhili), grandfather of S. L. K. Peleioholani.
    • Ali'i nui La'akea (k) (by Keawema'uhili), married Ali'i nui Po'omaikelani, and had issue.
      • Ali'i nui Kuhio Kalani'ana'ole, High Chief of Hilo, married Ali'i nui Kekaulike Kinoiki, daughter of Mo'i Kaumuali'i of Kauai, and his wife, Ali'i nui Ka'apuwai Kapua'amoku, and had issue.
        • Ali'i nui Esther Kapiolani II, born 31st December 1834 in Hilo, married 1stly, 8th March 1852, Ali'i Benjamin Namakehaokalani, born about 1799, died December 1860 in Honolulu, married 2ndly, 19th December 1863 in Honolulu, HM King David Lonoikamaka Keola Kalakaua, King of Hawai'i. She died sp 24th June 1899 in Waikiki.
        • Ali'i nui Virginia Kapo'oloku Po'omaikelani, born 7th April 1839, married 1874, Capt. Hiram Kahanawai, born 1835, died 7th August 1874. She died sp 22nd October 1895.
        • Ali'i nui Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike II, born 12th May 1843, married 1865, Ali'i nui David Kahalepouli Pi'ikoi, born 1845, died 1880, High Chief of Kaua'i, and had issue. She died 8th January 1884.
          • HH Prince David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa, born 19th February 1868 in Honolulu, married Princess Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell, born 1st January 1882 in Honolulu, daughter of James Campbell and Abigail Kuaihelani Maipinepine Parker, died 12th April 1945, and had issue. He died 2nd June 1908 in San Francisco.
            • HH Princess Abigail Kapiolani Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i.
            • HH Prince David La'amea Kalakaua Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i.
            • HH Princess Lydia Lili'uokalani Kawananakoa, born 1905, married William Jeremiah Ellerbrock, and had issue. She died 1969.
              • HH Princess Abigail Kinoiki Kekaulike Kawananakoa, born 23rd April 1926 in Honolulu, adopted by her maternal grandmother, President of the Friends of Iolani Palace Association 1971/1998, unmarried.
    • Ali'i Kilinahekeli'iokepa'alani (by Imaka'aeae), married Ali'i Ahulau, son of Ali'i Kaukalihoano, and his wife, Ali'i Pinea, and had issue.
  • Ali'i 'ai moku KEAWEMA'UHILI, 8th Ali'i of Hilo (joint); son of Ali'i 'ai moku Kai'inamao Kalaninui' Iamamao, 1st Aliʻi of Ka'u, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kekaulike; married 1stly, Ali'i nui Kelikipa'a (married 2ndly, HM King Kamehameha I), married 2ndly, Ali'i 'ai moku Ululani (see above), and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Kapiolani I (by Kelikipa'a), born 1781, married Hon. Ali'i Naihe, Governor of Hawai'i Island in 1831, died sp 29th December 1831. She died sp 6th May 1841 in Honolulu.
    • Ali'i Keaweokahikona (k) (by Keawema'uhili), grandfather of S. L. K. Peleioholani.
  • Ali'i 'ai moku KEOUA KUAHU'ULA, 9th and last Ali'i of Hilo 1790/1791, 4th Ali'i of Ka'u and Puna 1782/1791, Mo'i of Hawai'i Island 1782/1791, son of Mo'i Kalaniopu'u, 22nd Mo'i of Hawai'i Island, and his wife, Ali'i nui Kaneikapolei.





  • Ali'i nui La'akea, married Ali'i nui Po'omaikelani, and had issue.
    • Ali'i nui Kuhio Kalani'ana'ole, High Chief of Hilo, married Ali'i nui Kekaulike Kinoiki, daughter of Mo'i Kaumuali'i of Kauai, and his wife, Ali'i nui Ka'apuwai Kapua'amoku, and had issue.
      • Ali'i nui Esther Kapiolani II, born 31st December 1834 in Hilo, married 1stly, 8th March 1852, Ali'i Benjamin Namakehaokalani, born about 1799, died December 1860 in Honolulu, married 2ndly, 19th December 1863 in Honolulu, HM King David Lonoikamaka Keola Kalakaua, King of Hawai'i. She died sp 24th June 1899 in Waikiki.
      • Ali'i nui Virginia Kapo'oloku Po'omaikelani, born 7th April 1839, married 1874, Capt. Hiram Kahanawai, born 1835, died 7th August 1874. She died sp 22nd October 1895.
      • Ali'i nui Victoria Kinoiki Kekaulike II, born 12th May 1843, married 1865, Ali'i nui David Kahalepouli Pi'ikoi, born 1845, died 1880, High Chief of Kaua'i, and had issue. She died 8th January 1884.
        • HH Prince David La'amea Kahalepouli Kawananakoa, born 19th February 1868 in Honolulu, married Princess Abigail Wahi'ika'ahu'ula Campbell, born 1st January 1882 in Honolulu, daughter of James Campbell and Abigail Kuaihelani Maipinepine Parker, died 12th April 1945, and had issue. He died 2nd June 1908 in San Francisco.
          • HH Princess Abigail Kapiolani Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i.
          • HH Prince David La'amea Kalakaua Kawananakoa, Head of the Royal House of Hawai'i.
          • HH Princess Lydia Lili'uokalani Kawananakoa, born 1905, married William Jeremiah Ellerbrock, and had issue. She died 1969.
            • HH Princess Abigail Kinoiki Kekaulike Kawananakoa, born 23rd April 1926 in Honolulu, adopted by her maternal grandmother, President of the Friends of Iolani Palace Association 1971/1998, unmarried.
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