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OTTOMAN TURKEY

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TITLE: HIM Grand Sultan
RELIGION: Sunni Muslim
STATE: Turkey DYNASTY: Ottoman ACCESSION: 19th November 1922

PRESENT RULER: HIH Crown Prince Shehzade OSMAN BAYAZID Efendi, 44th Head of the Imperial House of Turkey, since 23rd September 2009.
born 23rd June 1924 in Paris, France; if reigning, he would be Grand Sultan Bayezid III; he is the first member of the House of Osman to be born in exile, after his parents' separation, his father died in 1931, and his mother, remarried a US citizen, he moved to the United States with his family in 1941, served in the US Army and worked in a library in New York City. He has never married and has no children.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: For Predecessors, see here. Rulers were...
  • HM Grand Sultan Mahmud
                      II, 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman EmpireHM Grand Sultan MAHMUD II, Caliph of Islam and 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [15.11.1808] - [1.7.1839], born 20th July 1785, he succeeded his deposed brother in 1808, and early in his reign, his Governor of Egypt,  successfully reconquered the holy cities of Medina (1812) and Mecca (1813) from the First Saudi State; however Greece gain its independence following a rebellion that started in 1821, which marked the beginning of the gradual break-up of the Ottoman Empire;  he began preparations for the Tanzimat reforms in 1839 which was the start of modernization in Turkey, and had immediate effects on social and legal aspects of life in the Empire, such as European style clothing, architecture, legislation, institutional organization and land reform; his many reforms included the closing of the Court of Confiscations, which took away much of the power of the Pashas, a second firman removed punishment by death from the hands of the Pashas, Agas and other officers and delegated it to the Kadi; he relaxed the regulations on the drinking of alcohol; he abolished the  vexatious charges which public functionaries, when traversing the provinces, had long been accustomed to take from the inhabitants; many other financial improvements were effected, the administrative government was simplified and strengthened, and a large number of sinecure offices were abolished, he suppressed all titles without duties, and removed all salaried officials without functions; he put an end to a whole host of corruptions in the military hierarchy and established a modern Ottoman Army and also began rebuilding a strong Ottoman naval force after the Battle of Navarino in 1827; married (a), 1808, Haciye Pertev Piyale Nevfidan Kadin Efendi, born 4th January 1793, died 25th December 1855, married (b), 1808, Ashubican Kadin Efendi, born 1793, died 10th June 1870, married (c), Fatma Kadin Efendi, she died in February 1809, married (d), 1811, Haciye Hoshyar Kadin Efendi, died 1859 at Mecca, married (e),  Perestev Kadin Efendi, born in April 1803, died 16th February 1866, married (f), 1822, HH Bezmiâlem Valide Sultan, married (g), Lebrizifelek Hanim Efendi, born 1810, died 9th February 1865, married (h), Nurtab Kadin Efendi, born 1810, died 2nd January 1886, married (i), 1826, Tiryal Hanim Efendi, born 1810, died 1883, married (j), Hüsnimelek Hanim Efendi, born 1812, died in October 1886, married (k), Mislinayab Kadin Efendi, died 1825, married (l), Kameri Kadin Efendi, died 1825, married (m), Ebrireftar Kadin Efendi, died 1825, married (n), 1829, HH Pertevniyal Valide Sultan, born 1812, died 1883, married (o), Vuzlat Kadin Efendi, died 1830, married (p), Zernigar Kadin Efendi, died 1832, married (q), Alicenab Kadin Efendi, died 1839, married (r), Pervizifelek Kadin Efendi, died 21st September 1863, married (s), Zeyinifelek Hanim Efendi, died 20th December 1842, married (t), Gülcemal Hanim Efendi, and had issue, 43 children. He died 1st July 1839. 
    • HIH Princess Fatma Sultan, born 4th February 1809, died 5th August 1809.
    • HIH Princess Ayshe Sultan, born 5th July 1809, in February 1810.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Sultana, born 30th April 1810, died 7th May 1825.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdülhamid, born 6th April 1811, died 1815.
    • HIH Princess Saliha Sultana, born 16th June 1811, died 5th February 1843.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Murad, born 25th December 1811, died 14th July 1812.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Bayezid, born 27th March 1812, died 25th June 1812.
    • HIH Princess Shah Sultana, born 22nd May 1822, died in September 1814.
    • HIH Princess Mihrimah Sultan, born 10th June 1812, died 3rd July 1838.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdülhamid, born 6th March 1813, died 20th April 1825.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman, born 12th June 1813, died 10th April 1814.
    • HIH Princess Emine Sultan, born 12th June 1813, died 20th June 1814.
    • HIH Imperial Prince Shehzade Kemaluddin Efendi, born 1813, died 1814.
    • HIH Princess Shehzade Ahmed, born 25th July 1814, died 16th July 1815.
    • HIH Princess Emine Sultan, born 30th July 1814.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed, born 26th August 1814, died 28th October 1814.
    • HIH Princess Shah Sultan, born 14th October 1814, died 13th April 1817.
    • HIH Princess Emine Sultan, born 7th January 1815, died 29th September 1816.
    • HIH Princess Zeynep Sultan, born 18th April 1815, died 8th January 1816.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed, died 4th August 1816.
    • HIH Princess Hamide Sultan, born 14th July 1817, died before 1818.
    • HIH Imperial Prince Shehzade Suleiman Efendi, born 29th August 1817, died 14th December 1819.
    • HIH Princess Cemile Sultan, born 1818.
    • HIH Princess Hamide Sultan, born 4th July 1818, died 15th February 1819.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed, born 13th October 1819, died before 24th December 1819.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed, born 25th December 1819.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdullah, died 4th April 1820.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud, born 18th February 1822, died 23rd October 1822.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed, born 18th February 1822, died 23rd September 1822.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed, born 6th July 1822, died 9th April 1823.
    • HIM Grand Sultan Abdul Mejid I (by HM Bezmiâlem Valide Sultan) (qv)
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed, born 5th December 1823, died 1824.
    • HIH Princess Atiye Sultan, born 2nd January 1824, died 11th August 1850.
    • HIH Princess Munire Sultan, born 16th October 1824, died 23rd May 1825.
    • HIH Princess Hadice Sultan, born 6th September 1825, died 19th December 1842.
    • HIH Princess Adile Sultan, born 23rd May 1826, died 12th February 1899.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdülhamid, born 18th February 1827, died 15th November 1828.
    • HIM Grand Sultan Abdulaziz I (by HH Pertevniyal Valide Sultana)(qv)
    • HIH Princess Hayria Sultan, born 22nd March 1831, died 1832.
    • HIH Princess Hayria Sultan, born 12th January 1832, died 15th February 1833.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Nizameddin, born 6th December 1835, died 24th February 1838.
    • HIH Princess Refia Sultan, born in January 1836, died 24th January 1839.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Hafiz, born 1836, died 24th January 1839.

  • HM Grand Sultan Abdul
                      Majid IHM Grand Sultan ABDUL MAJID I, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques [2.7.1839] - [25.6.1861], 31st Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [2.7.1839] - [25.6.1861], born 25th April 1823 in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, he was given a European education, and was a fluent in French, he was also interested in literature and classical music and was an advocate of reforms; his reign was notable for the alliances with the major powers of Western Europe, and on 30th March 1856, the Ottoman Empire was officially included among the European family of nations; his biggest achievement was the announcement and application of the Tanzimat (Reorganization) reforms which were prepared by his father and which effectively started the modernization of the Ottoman Empire in 1839; his reforms included, the introduction of the first Ottoman paper banknotes (1840), reorganisation of the army, including the introduction of conscription (1842–1844), adoption of an Ottoman national anthem and Ottoman national flag (1844), reorganisation of the court system, establishing a system of civil and criminal courts with both European and Ottoman judges; creation of the Ministry of Education, establishment of modern universities and academies (1848), various provisions for the better administration of the public service and for the advancement of commerce, new land laws confirming the right of ownership (1858), decriminalisation of homosexuality (1858); his other achievements were, the restoration of the Hagia Sophia between 1847 and 1849, construction of the Dolmabahçe Palace, founding of the first French Theatre in Constantinople; he was made a Knight of the Order of the Garter in 1856 and was awarded teh Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword; married 1stly, 1835 in Constantinople, HH Hüsnicenan Hanim Efendi (Shapsug), born about 1818 in North Caucasus, died sp about 1843 in Constantinople, married 2ndly, 1837 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Servetsezâ Kadin Efendi (Circassian), born 11st September 1823 in Maykop, Russia, died sp on 24th September in Constantinople, daughter of Prince Mansur Bey Temryuko, and his wife, Princess Fülane Hanim Dadeshkeliani, married 3rdly, 1839 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Hoshyar Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born about 1824 in Zugdidi, Georgia, died about 1849 in Constantinople, daughter of Zurab Bey Tuskia, married 4thly, 1st August 1839 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Valide Sultana Chevkefza Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian), born 12th December 1820 in Poti, Georgia, died 13th November 1882 or 17th September 1889 in Ortakeuy, daughter of Mehmed Bey Zaurum, and his wife, Cemile Hanim, married 5thly, 10th November 1840 (1841) in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Tirimüjgan Kadin Efendi (Shapsug), born 16th August 1819 in Caucasus, died 3rd October 1852 or 2nd November 1853 in Constantinople, daughter of Bekhan Bey, and his wife, Almash Hanim, married 6thly, 27th March 1840 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi (Albanian), born 1826 in the Caucasus, died 16th November 1851 or 29th December 1895 in Ortakeuy, married 7thly, 17th December 1840 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Verdicenan Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Saliha Açba), born 1826 in Sukhumi, Abkhazia, died 9th December 1889 in Bechiktache Palace, daughter of Prince Kaytuk Giorgi Bey Açba, and his wife, Princess Yelizaveta Hanim, married 8thly, 1841 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Zerrin Melek Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian), born about 1824 in the North Caucasus, died sp in about 1842 in Constantinople, daughter of Prince Aslan Bey Kliç, and his wife, Princess Shasha Hanim Loo, married 9thly, 21st October 1841 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Nükhetsezâ Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Hatice Baras), born 2nd January 1827 in Abkhazia, died 15th May 1850 in Bechiktache, daughter of Hatuğ Bey Baras, and his wife, Ferhunde Hanim, married 10thly, 1842 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Düzdüdil Hanim Efendi (Ubykh, née Ayshe Dishan), born about 1825 in the North Caucasus, died 18th August 1845 in Constantinople, daughter of Shihim Bey Dishan, and his wife, Princess Fülane Hanim Çaçba, married 11thly, 1842 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Nesrin Hanim Efendi (Georgian, née Adile Asemiani), born about 1826 in Poti, Georgia, died 2nd May 1853 in Constantinople, daughter of Manuçar Bey Asemiani, and his wife, Mahra Hanim, married 12th, 1843 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Shayan Kadin Efendi (Ubykh), born about 1831 in Sochi, Russia, died sp on 1st January 1862 in Constantinople, daughter of Ahmed Bey Vozden, and his wife, Nurhan Hanim Kucha, married 13th, 1845 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Mehtab Kadin Efendi (Chechen, née Nuriye), born about 1830 in Makhachkala, Russia, died 1888 in Constantinople, daughter of Hisham Bey, and his wife, Malika Hanim, married 14th, 1847 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Ceylanyar Hanim Efendi (Ubykh, née Nafiye Berzeg), born about 1828 in Sochi, Russia, died 17th January 1855 in Constantinople, daughter of Mustafa Bey Berzeg, and his wife, Princess Daruhan Hanim Dudaruk, married 15th, 1847 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Nergizu Hanim Efendi (Natukhai), born about 1830 in Anapa, Russia, died 26th October 1848 in Constantinople, daughter of Albora Bey, and his wife, Dadüse Hanim, married 16th, 1848 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Navekivisal Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian), born about 1827 in the North Caucasus, died sp on 5th August 1854 in Constantinople, daughter of Prince Rustem Bey Biberd, and his wife, Princess Fatma Hanim Kizilbek, married 17th, 1849 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople (div.), HM Bezmican Kadin Efendi (Circassian), died 25th January 1909 in Constantinople, adoptive daughter of Isma'il Pasha (son of Muhammad Ali of Egypt), and his wife, Zehra Mislicenan Hanim Efendi, married 18th, 1850 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Nalanidil Haseki Hanim Efendi (Natukhai), born 1829 in the Caucasus, died 23rd December 1890 in Bechiktache, daughter of Prince Natikhu Bey Çipakue, married 19th, 1851 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Shayeste Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian), born about 1836 in Sukhumi, Abkhazia, died 11th February 1912 in Constantinople, daughter of Prince Tatash Bey İnalipa, and his wife, Sarey Hanim, married 20th, 1852 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Sarfiraz Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Aisha Liah), born 1837 in Abkhazia, died 9th June 1905 in Ortakeuy Palace, Ortakeuy, Constantinople, Turkey, daughter of Prince Osman Bey Liah, and his wife, Zeliha Hanim Tapsin, married 21st, in August 1854 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HM Gülistan Munire Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Fatma Çaçba), born 1831, died in May 1861 in Constantinople, daughter of Prince Tahir Bey Çaçba, and his wife, Afishe Hanim Lakerba, married 22nd, 20th January 1856 in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, HH Valide Sultana Perestu Kadin Efendi (Ubykh, née Rahime Gogen), born about 1830 in Sochi, Russia, died sp in 1904 in Maçka, Constantinople, daughter of Gök Bey Gogen, and his wife, Shah Hanim, married 23rd, 1858 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, HH Nev'eser Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, néee Esma Eshba), born 1841 in Abkhazia, died sp on 12th September 1889 in Yildiz Palace, daughter of Misost Bey Eshba, and his wife, Tulu Hanim Svamba, married 24th, 1858 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, HH Yildiz Hanim Efendi (Besleny, née Zijan Shermat), vorn about 1842 in the North Caucasus, died sp in about 1880 in Constantinople, daughter of Selim Bey Shermat, and his wife, Princess Rebiye Hanim, married 25th, 1859 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, HH Safderun Hanim Efendi (Circassian), born about 1845 in the North Caucasus, died sp in about 1893 in the Dolmabahçhe Palace in Constantinople, daughter of Battal Bey, and his wife, Princess İmrethan Hanim Jantemir, and had issue. He died 25th June 1861 in Constantinople, buried in Constantinople. 
    • HIH Mevhibe Sultan (by HM Hoshyar Kadin Efendi), born 8th or 31st May 1840, died 9th February 1841 or 2nd November 1841, buried in Bahçekapi.
    • HM Grand Sultan Murad V (by HM Valide Sultana Chevkefza Kadin Efendi) (qv)
    • HIH Princess Naime Sultan (by HM Tirimüjgan Kadin Efendi), born 11th October 1840, died 1st May 1843.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Sultan (by HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi), born 1st November 1840, died 26th August 1884.
    • HIH Princess Behiye Sultan (by HH Nesrin Hanim Efendi), born 22nd February 1841, died 3rd June 1847.
    • HIH Princess Neyyire Sultana, born 14th October 1841, died 19th December 1843.
    • HIH Princess Hatice Sultan (by HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi) (twin), born 7th February 1842 in Bechiktache Palace, died later the same year.
    • HIH Princess Refia Sultan (by HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi) (twin), born 7th February 1842 in Bechiktache Palace, died 4th January 1880 in Findikli Palace.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin Efendi (by HH Nesrin Hanim Efendi), born 10th December 1842 (or February), died 7th June 1845.
    • HM Grand Sultan Abdul Hamid II (by HM Tirimüjgan Kadin Efendi) (qv)
    • HIH Aliye Sultan (by HM Valide Sultana Chevkefza Kadin Efendi), born 20th October 1842, died 10th July 1845 (1844).
    • HIH Princess Cemile Sultan (by HH Düzdüdil Hanim Efendi), born 17th August 1843 in the Old Beylerbeyi Palace, Bosphorus, died 26th February 1915 in Erenköy.
    • HM Grand Sultan Mehmed V Reshad (by HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi) (qv)
    • HIH Princess Seniha Sultana (by HM Tirimüjgün Kadin Efendi), born 1843/1844, died 1877.
    • HIH Princess Munire Sultana (by HH Verdicenan Kadin Efendi), born 9th December 1844 in Constantinople, married 1stly, 31st July 1858 in Constantinople, H.E. Damad Ibrahim Ilhami Pasha Bey Efendi (see Egypt), married 2ndly, 1861 in Istanbul, H.E. Damad Ibrahim, son of Hasan Riza, Field Marshal, and had issue, one son (by second husband). She died on 29th June 1862 in Constantinople.
    • HIH Princess Samiye Sultan (by unknown), born 23rd February 1845, died 18th April 1845, buried in New Mosque, Constantinople.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Efendi (by HH Nükhetsezâ Hanim Efendi), born 5th June 1846, died 6th June 1846.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Nazime Sultan (by unknown), born 26th November 1847, died 1st December 1847.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Kemaleddin Efendi (by HH Verdicenan Kadin Efendi), born 3rd December 1847 in Old Çirağan Palace, Constantinople or 6th August 1848 in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, married 23rd April 1876 in Dolma Bagce, HH Fatma Sezadil Hanim Efendi, born 1856 in Adar Pasar, died 9th February 1943, and had issue. He died 26th April 1905 in Bechiktache Palace, Constantinople.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Atiyetullah Efendi, born 1878, died 1878.
      • HIH Princess Munire Sultana, born 17th May 1880 in Dolma Bagce, married 29th July 1907 in Bechiktache, General Damad Mehmed Salih Pasha Bey Efendi, born 1876, died 24th June 1913 in Constantinople, and had issue. She died 7th October 1939 in Nice, France.
    • HIH Princess Sabiha Sultan (by HM Mehtab Kadin Efendi), born 15th April 1848, died 27th April 1849.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Abid Efendi (by HM Tirimüjgan Kadin Efendi), born 22nd April 1848, died 7th May 1848.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Fuad Efendi (by HH Nergizu Hanim Efendi), born 7th July 1848, died 28th September 1848.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Burhaneddin Efendi  (by HH Nükhetsezâ Hanim Efendi), born 23rd May 1849 in the Old Beylerbeyi Palace, Bosphorus, married 4th May 1872 in Bechiktache, HH Mestinas Hanim Efendi, born 20th September 1851 in Tiflis, Georgia, died 20th April 1909 in Bechiktache, and had issue. He died 4th November 1876 in Bechiktache or Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Ibrahim Tewfik Efendi, born 24th September 1874 in Bechiktache, married 1stly, 2nd May 1893 in Yildiz, HH Fevziye Hanim Efendi, born 5th August 1876 in Batum, Caucasus, died 7th September 1898 in Yildiz, married 2ndly, 12th March 1894 in Yildiz, HH Tessrid Hanim Efendi, born 10th September 1874 in Poti, Caucasus, died 1945, married 3rdly, 5th May 1911 in Ortakeuy, Turkey (div. 1916), HH Emine Hanim Efendi, born 28th October 1890 in Adar Pasar, died 14th February 1953, married 4thly, 27th March 1919 in Bechiktache (div. 1930), Hadice Sadiye Hanim, born 1st April 1898 in Kabitache, died 9th August 1986, and had issue. He died 31st December 1931 in Nice, France.
        • HIH Princess Arife Kadria Sultana (by Fevziye Hanim Efendi), born 24th March 1895 in Yildiz, died 5th April 1933 in Nice, France.
        • HIH Princess Fatma Zehra Sultana (by Tessrid Hanim Efendi), born 28th May 1895 in Yildiz, died 26th May 1965 in Istanbul, Turkey.
        • HIH Princess Râbia Nilüfer Sultana (by Emine Hanim Efendi), born 22nd October 1912 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died 21st September 1997 in New York, USA.
        • HIH Princess Ayshe Fethiye Osmanoglou Sultana (by Emine Hanim Efendi), born 20th August 1916 in Courout-Chacme, married Rached Shafiq Bey, born 1911, and had issue. She died 1944 in Cairo, Egypt.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Burhaneddin Djem Efendi (by Hadice Sadiye Hanim), born 2nd February 1920 in Bechiktache, married 1951 in Paris, Princess Irene Starosselsky, born 30th September 1928, and had issue.
          • HIH Princess Nilüfer Djem Sultana, born 19th March 1953 in Monterey, California, USA.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Selim Djem Efendi, born 5th September 1955 in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman Bayazid Efendi (by Hadice Sadiye Hanim) (qv)
        • HIH Princess Fevziye Osmanoglou Sultana (by Hadice Sadiye Hanim), born 6th December 1928 in Paris, France, married Muhammed Husayn Hayri, born 23rd December 1924.
    • HIH Princess Rukiye Sultan (by HM Gülcemal Kadin Efendi), born possibly in 1850.
    • HIH Princess Mükbile Sultan (by unknown), born 22nd February 1850, died 10th March 1850.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Vamik Efendi (by unknown), born 19th April 1850, died 6th August 1850.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Bahaeddin (by HH Nesrin Hanim Efendi) (twin), born 24th June 1850, died 9th November 1852.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Nizameddin (by HH Nesrin Hanim Efendi) (twin), born 24th June 1850, died 28th May 1853.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Nureddin Efendi (by HM Mehtab Kadin Efendi), born 31st March 1852 in Çirağan Palace, died 30th October 1885.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Rüshdu Efendi (by HH Ceylanyar Hanim Efendi), born 31st March 1852, died 5th August 1852.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman Safiyeddin Efendi (by HH Sarfiraz Hanim Efendi), born 9th June 1852, died 2nd July 1855.
    • HIH Princess Seniha Sultan (by HH Nalanidil Haseki Hanim Efendi), born 22nd November 1852 in Çirağan Palace, died 15th September 1931 in Nice, France.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdullah Efendi (by HH Shayeste Hanim Efendi), born 3rd February 1853, died 3rd February 1853.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Abdülsamed Efendi (by HH Nalanidil Haseki Hanim Efendi), born 20th March 1853, died 5th May 1855.
    • HIH Princess Zekiye Sultan (by HM Gülistan Munire Kadin Efendi), born 24th February 1855, died 18th February 1856.
    • HIH Princess Fehime Sultan (by HM Gülistan Munire Kadin Efendi), born 24th February 1855, died 10th November 1856.
    • HIH Princess Mediha Sultan (by HM Gülistan Munire Kadin Efendi), born 31st July 1856 in Bechiktache, died 7th November 1928 in Nice, France.
    • HIH Princess Naile Sultan (by HH Shayeste Hanim Efendi), born 30th September 1856 in Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, died sp on 18th January 1882.
    • HIH Princess Bedia Sultan (by HH Sarfiraz Hanim Efendi), born in October 1857, died 12th July 1858.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Suleiman Selim Efendi (by HH Sarfiraz Hanim Efendi), born 12th January 1861 (or 25th July 1860 in Bechiktache) in Dolma Bagce Palace, Turkey, married 1stly, 1885, Filisan Kadin Efendi, born 1869, died 1947, married 2ndly, 1886, Amina Janidun Kadin Efendi, married 3rdly, 1893, Fatima Kadin Efendi, born 1871, died 1932, married 4thly, 4th May 1895, Ayscha Tarzandar Kadin Efendi, born 1880, died 1958 in Istanbul, and had issue. He died 16th June 1909 in Bebek Palace, Bosphorus.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Muhammed Abdul Halim Efendi (by Filisan Kadin Efendi), born 1894, married 1913, Samiya Khanum, born 1896, and had issue. He died 26th May 1926 in Paris.
        • HIH Princess Fatima Sultana, born 1920.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Chengis Efendi, born 1925 in Paris, died 10th October 1950.
      • HIH Princess Emine Naciye Sultana (by Ayscha Tarzandar Kadin Efendi), born 25th November 1898 in Ortakeuy, married 1stly, 5th March 1914, Ismail Enver Pasha, born 22nd November 1881, died 4th August 1922, Minister of War 1914-1918, married 2ndly, 30th October 1923, Mohammed Kamil Killigil, born 1900, died 1962, and had issue. She died 5th December 1957 in Nichantache.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Muhammed Sharifuddin Efendi (by Ayscha Tarzandar Kadin Efendi), born 19th May 1904 in Ortakeuy, married 1stly, 14th November 1923 in Nichantache (div. 1927), HIH Princess Hadice Sükriye Sultana, born 24th February 1906 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, died 1st April 1972 in Cairo, daughter of HIH Prince Shehzade Yusuf Izzeddin Efendi (see below), and his fourth wife, HH Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi,  married 2ndly, 1929 in Beirut (div. 1956), Semahat Kadin Efendi, born 1911, and had issue. He died 1966 in Beirut, Lebanon.
        • HIH Princess Mubachal Sultana (by Semahat Kadin Efendi), born 1929, died 1993.
    • HM Grand Sultan Mehmed VI Vahideddin (by HM Gülistan Munire Kadin Efendi) (qv)

  • HM Grand Sultan Abdul
                      AzizHM Grand Sultan ABDUL AZIZ, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [25.6.1861] - [30.5.1876] (deposed), born 18th February 1830 in the Eyüp Palace, Constantinople, married 1stly, 20th May 1856 at the Dolmabahçe Palace, HH Dürrünev Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born 15th March 1835 in Batumi, Caucasus, died 4th December 1892 in the Chamlica (Tchamlidcha) Palace, Üsküdar, married 2ndly, 1861 at the Dolmabahçe Palace, HH Edâdil Kadin Efendi, born 1845, died 12th December 1875 in the Dolmabahçe Palace, married 3rdly, 21st September 1866 at the Dolmabahçe Palace, HH Hayranidil Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born 2nd November 1846 in Kars, died 26th November 1898 in the Ortaköy Palace, married 4thly, 1868 at the Dolmabahçe Palace, HH Neşerek Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born 1848 in Tbilisi, died 11th June 1876 in the Ortaköy Palace, married 5thly, 1872, HH Gevheri Kadin Efendi (Circassian), born 8th July 1856 in the Caucasus, died 20th September 1894 in the Ortaköy Palace, married 6thly, HH Nesrin Kadin Efendi, born 1860 in Tiflis, Georgia, died 29th September 1895 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 7thly, HH Yildiz Kadin Efendi (a sister of HH Safinaz Kadin Efendi, wife of Sultan Abdul Hamid II), and had issue. He died 4th June 1876 in the Çirağan Palace, Constantinople, buried in Constantinople.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Yusuf Izzeddin Efendi (by Dürrünev Kadin Efendi), born 10th October 1857 in Dolma Bagce, Turkey, married 1stly, 1879, HH Çeşmiahu Hanim Efendi, died 1911, married 2ndly, 20th May 1885 in Bechiktache, HH Cavidan Hanim Efendi, born 12th January 1870 in Kars, Caucasus, died 1935, married 3rdly, 6th July 1886 in Bechiktache, HH Emine Nazikedâ Hanim Efendi, born 30th May 1872 in Sohoum, died 1946, married 4thly, 15th October 1892 in Bechiktache, HH Tazende Hanim Efendi, born 10th October 1875 in Poti, Caucasus, died 10th Haziran 1950 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 5thly, 4th February 1904 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, HH Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi, born 6th June 1888 in Batum, Caucasus, died 3rd August 1953 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, and had issue. He died 1st February 1916 in Istanbul.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Baharüddin Efendi (by Çeşmiahu Hanim Efendi), born in February 1883, died 8th July 1883.
      • HIH Princess Hadice Sükriye Sultana (by Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi), born 24th February 1906 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, married 1stly, 14th November 1923 in Nichantache (div. 1927), HIH Prince Shehzade Muhammed Sharifuddin Efendi, born 19th May 1904 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died 1966/1968 in Beirut, Lebanon, married 2ndly, 4th September 1935 in Cairo, Egypt (div. 1937), Shaikh Ahmad ibn Jabir al-Sabah, Shaikh of Kuwait 1921/1950, born 1885, died 29th January 1950 in Dasman Palace, Kuwait. She died sp 1st April 1972 in Cairo, Egypt. 
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Nizameddin Efendi (by Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi), born 10th January 1909, died 21st March 1933 in Orsellina, Italy, re-buried 1967 in Turkey. 
      • HIH Princess Mihriban Mihrishah Sultana (by Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi), born 1st June 1916 in Bechiktache, married 31st July 1948 in Alexandria, Egypt, HIH Prince Shehzade Omer Faruk Efendi, born 27th February 1898 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died 1969/1971 (see below). She died 25th January 1987 in Istanbul, Turkey. 
    • HIH Princess Saliha Sultana (by Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi), born 9th August 1862 in Dolma Bagce Palace, died 1941 in Cairo, Egypt.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud Celaleddin Efendi (by Edâdil Kadin Efendi), born 16th November 1862 in Dolma Bagce Palace, Turkey, died 1st September 1888.
    • HIH Princess Nazima Sultana (by Hayranidil Kadin Efendi), born 14th February 1866 in Dolma Bagce, Turkey, died 1947 in Beirut, Lebanon.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Selim Efendi (by Edâdil Kadin Efendi), born 28th September 1866, died 21st October 1867.
    • HIH Princess Emine Sultana (by Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi), born 30th November 1866, died 23rd January 1867.
    • HM Caliph Abdul Mejid II (by Hayranidil Kadin Efendi) (qv)
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Muhammed Shefket Efendi (by Nesrin Kadin Efendi), born 5th June 1872 in Bechiktache, married 3rd April 1890 in Yildiz, HH Fatma Ruhnaz Hanim Efendi, born 2nd January 1873 in Panderma, died 1935 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, and had issue. He died 22nd October 1899 in Ortakeuy, Turkey.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Muhammed Cemaleddin Efendi, born 28th October 1890 in Yildiz, married 2nd March 1913 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, Cemile Destaviz Hanim Efendi, born 13th August 1895 in Batum, Caucasus, and had issue. He died 18th November 1946 in Beirut, Lebanon.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud Husameddin Efendi, born 1st September 1916 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died 7th August 1966 in Beirut, Lebanon.    
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Suleyman Saadeddin Efendi, born 20th November 1917 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 1st April 1956 in Beirut, Lebanon, Lamia Baba Saoui, born 1930 in Beirut, Lebanon, and had issue. He died 8th May 1985. 
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Orhan Suleiman Saadeddin Efendi, born 16th July 1959 in Beirut, Lebanon.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Perihan Suleiman Saadeddin Efendi, born 2nd October 1963 in Beirut, Lebanon.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Gülhan Suleiman Saadeddin Efendi, born 30th January 1968 in Beirut, Lebanon.
    • HIH Princess Esma Sultana (by Nesrin Kadin Efendi), born 21st March 1873 in Dolma Bagce,Turkey, married 20th April 1889 in Yildiz, HH Damad Cerkes Mehmed Pasha Bey Efendi, born 1856 in Istanbul, Turkey, died 24th April 1909, and had issue. She died 7th May 1899.
    • HIH Princess Emine Sultana (by Nesrin Kadin Efendi), born 24th August 1874 in Dolma Bagce, Turkey, died 29th January 1920.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Seyfeddin Efendi (by Gevherin Kadin Efendi), born 21st September 1874 in Bechiktache, married 1stly, 4th December 1899 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, Necem Felek Hanim Efendi, born 5th January 1880 in Caucasus, died 1930 in Nice, France, married 2ndly, 23rd February 1902 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, HH Nervaliter Hanim Efendi, born 27th March 1885 in Poti, Caucasus, died 1935 in Nice, France, and had issue. He died 19th October 1927 in Nice, France.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdulaziz Mehmed Efendi (by Necem Felek Hanim Efendi) (qv)
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud Sevket Efendi (by Nervaliter Hanim Efendi), born 20th July 1903 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 4th May 1922 in Scutari, Albania, (div. 1928), HH Princess Adile Hanim Sultana, born 12th November 1900 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died February 1979, daughter of H.E. Damad Mehmed Kemaleddin Pasha Bey Efendi, and his wife, HIH Princess Naime Sultana (see below), and had issue. He died 1st February 1973. 
        • HIH Princess Hamide Nermin Nezahat Sultana, born 27th January 1923 in Scutari, Albania, died 7th November 1998.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Tevhid Efendi (by Nervaliter Hanim Efendi) (twin), born 30th November 1904 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, died 24th April 1966 in Beirut, Lebanon. 
      • HIH Princess Fatma Gevheri Sultana (by Nervaliter Hanim Efendi) (twin), born 30th November 1904 in Tchamlidcha-Scutari, died 10th December 1980.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Sultana (by Yildiz), born 1874, died 1875.
    • HIH Princess Munire Sultana (by Yildiz), born 1877, died 1877.

  • HM Grand Sultan Murad
                      VHIM Grand Sultan MURAD V, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [30.5.1876] - [31.8.1876], born 21st September 1840 in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, Turkey, he succeeded his deposed uncle in May 1876, and he was himself deposed on the supposition that he was mentally unsound, perhaps to enable his opponents to stop his implementation of democratic reforms, causing political instability; he was the first and only Sultan to be a member of the Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Turkey; married 1stly, 2nd January 1857 at the Beşiktaş Palace, HH Eleru Mevhibe Kadin Efendi (Georgian, née Tarkanişvili), born 6th August 1835 in Tbilisi, died 21st February 1936 in Chichli, daughter of Ahmed Bey Tarkanişvili, married 2ndly, 4th February 1859 at the Beşiktaş Palace, HH Reftaridil Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Hatko), born 5th June 1838 in North Caucasus, died 3rd March 1936 in the Ortaköy Palace, daughter of Hatkoyuko Bey Hatko, married 3rdly, 5th February 1869 at the Beşiktaş Palace, HH Şayan Kadin Efendi (Natukhai, née Zan), born 4th January 1853 in Anapa, Russia, died 15th March 1945 in Ortaköy, daughter of Batir Bey Zan, married 4thly, 8th June 1874 at the Ortaköy Palace, HH Meyliservet Kadin Efendi (Circassian), born 21st October 1854 in Batumi, died 9th December 1903 in the Ortaköy Palace, married 5thly, 2nd November 1877 at the Ortaköy Palace, HH Resan Hanim Efendi (Georgian), born 28th March 1860 in Artvin, died 31st March 1910 in gthe Ortaköy Palace, daughter of Ömer Bey, and his wife Fatma Hanim, married 6thly, 1879 at the Çirağan Palace, HH Cevherriz Hanim Efendi (Ubykh), born about 1862 in Sochi, Russia, died sp about 1940 in Istanbul, daughter of Halil Bey, married 7thly, 1880 at the Çirağan Palace, HH Nevdür Hanim Efendi (Georgian, née Nakashvilli), born about 1861 in Batumi, died sp about 1927 in the Beşiktaş Palace, Istanbul, daughter of Rüstem Bey Nakaşvili, and his wife, Fevziye Hanim, married 8thly, 1884 at the Çirağan Palace, HH Remişnaz Hanim Efendi (Bzhedug, née Topçu), born about 1864 in the North Caucasus, died sp about 1934 in Istanbul, daughter of Hasan Bey Topçu, married 9thly, 1887 at the Çirağan Palace, HH Filizten Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Çaabalurhva), born about 1865 in Pitsunda, Georgia, died sp about 1945 in Erenköy, Istanbul, daughter of Prince Şahin Bey Çaabalurhva, and his wife, Princess Adilhan Loo, and had issue, seven children. He died 29th August 1904 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, buried 30th August 1904 in Constantinople, Turkey. 
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Selaheddin Efendi (by HH Eleru Mevhibe Kadin Efendi) born 5th August 1861 in Dolma Bagce, Turkey, married 1stly, 13th March 1877, HH Dilazer Hanim Efendi, died 19th June 1880, married 7th July 1879 in Bechiktache, HH Naziknaz Hanim Efendi, born 24th December 1860 in Kars, Caucasus, died 17th February 1928 in Nice, France, married 3rdly, 27th February 1884 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, Tevhide Hanim Efendi, born 25th January 1864 in Batum, Caucasus, died 1st April 1894 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 4thly, 25th July 1885 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, HH Gülter Hanim Efendi, born 12th April 1867 in Tiflis, Georgia, died 18th December 1893 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 5thly, Dilbersan, married 6thly, 15th September 1891 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, HH Jalefer Hanim Efendi, born 19th August 1872 in Kars, Caucasus, died 7th April 1937 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 6thly, 1894, HH Cemile Dilbestan Hanim Efendi, born 1880, and had issue. He died 29th April 1915 in Fener Yolou, Scutari.
      • HIH Princess Ayshe Beyhan Sultana (by Dilazer Hanim Efendi), born 18th July 1878, died 17th December 1878.
      • HIH Princess Behiye Sultana (by Naziknaz Hanim Efendi), born 20th September 1881 in Bechiktache, died 5th March 1948 in Cairo, Egypt.
      • HIH Princess Celile Sultana (by Naziknaz Hanim Efendi), born 5th March 1882 in Chiragan, died 24th November 1899 in Chiragan.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Nihad Efendi (by Naziknaz Hanim Efendi) (qv)
      • HIH Princess Rukiye Sultana (by Tevhide Hanim Efendi), born 30th May 1885 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 17th February 1910 in Göztepe, Asia Minor, Sharif Emir Muhammed Abd al-Majid Haidar Bey, born 1889, died 23rd November 1965, Jordanian Ambassador to Turkey 1953/1960. She died 16th June 1971 in Istanbul.
      • HIH Princess Adile Sultana (by Tevhide Hanim Efendi), born 7th February 1887 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, married 3rd April 1914 in Göztepe, Asia Minor, Morali Ali Selaheddin Bey, born 1889, died 26th December 1918 in Göztepe, Asia Minor, and had issue. She died 6th December 1973 in Paris.
      • HIH Princess Safiye Sultana (by Gülter Hanim Efendi), born 30th June 1887 in Chiragan, died 20th March 1911 in Fener Yolou, Scutari.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Efendi (by Gülter Hanim Efendi), born 23rd March 1889 in Chiragan, died 23rd March 1889 in Chiragan.
      • HIH Princess Emine Atiye Sultana (by Tevhide Hanim Efendi), born 4th December 1891 in Ortakeuy, Turkey, died 10th October 1978 in Istanbul.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman Fuad Efendi (by Jalefer Hanim Efendi) (qv)
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Nejad Efendi (by Cemile Dilbestan Hanim Efendi), born 20th February 1896 in Chiragan, died 20th February 1896 in Chiragan.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Namik Efendi (by Cemile Dilbestan Hanim Efendi), born 24th June 1898, died 18th August 1899.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Suleiman Efendi (by HH Reftaridil Kadin Efendi), born 1866, died 1866.
    • HIH Princess Hadice Sultana (by HH Sahcan Kadin Efendi), born 4th May 1870 in Bechiktache, married 1st May 1909 in Ortakeuy, Turkey (div. 1918), Rauf Bey Efendi, died 1938 in Beirut, Lebanon, and had issue. She died 13th March 1938 in Beirut, Lebanon.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Seyfeddin Efendi (by Sahcan Kadin Efendi), born 1872, died 1872.
    • HIH Princess Fehime Sultana (by Meyliservet Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 4th July 1875 in Dolma Bagce, Turkey, married 12th September 1901 in Yildiz (div. 1908), H.E. Damad Ali Ghalib Pasha Bey Efendi, born 1871, died 26th June 1950, died 15th September 1929 in Nice, France.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Sultana (by Rezan Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 19th June 1879 in Chiragan, married, 29th July 1907 at Ortaköy, HH Damat Refik Iris Bey Efendi, born about 1887 in Constantinople, died 1952 in Istanbul, diplomat, son of Senator Faik Bey, of Konya. She died 20th November 1932 in Sofia, Bulgaria, buried in Sofia, Bulgaria.
    • HIH Princess Aliye Sultana (by Rezan Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 24th August 1880 in Çirağan Palace, Ortaköy, died sp on 17th September 1903 in Constantinople.

  • HM Grand Sultan Abdul
                      Hamid IIHIM the Grand Sultan ABDUL HAMID II of the Ottomans, Caliph of the Faithful, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [31.8.1876] - [27.4.1909], born 22nd September 1842 in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, married 1stly, 1863 at the Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, HH Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Tsanba), born about 1850, died 11th April 1895 in the Yildiz Palace, Constantinople, daughter of Prince Arzakan Bey Tsanba, and his wife, Princess Esma Kliç, married 2ndly, in October 1868, at the Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople (div. 26th July 1879), HH Safinaz Nurefzun Kadin Efendi (Circassian, née Şermat), born about 1851, died 1915, daughter of Selim Bey Şermat, and his wife, Princess Rebiye Hanim and sister of HH Yildiz Hanim Efendi, a wife of Sultan Abdul Majid I, married 3rdly, 15th November 1868 in Constantinople, HH Bedrifelek Kadin Efendi (Natukhai, née Karzeg), born 4th January 1851 in Poti, died 6th February 1930 in the Yildiz Palace, Constantinople, daughter of Prince Mehmed Bey Karzeg, and his wife, Princess Faruhan İnal-lpa, married 4thly, 2nd September 1875 in the Yildiz Palace, Constantinople, HH Biydâr Kadin Efendi (Kabardian, née Talustan), born 5th May 1858 in the Caucasus, died 1st January 1918 in Erenkeuy, Asia Minor, daughter of Prince Ibrahim Bey Talustan, and his wife, Princess Şahika İffet Lortkipanidze, married 5thly, 10th April 1883 in the Yildiz Palace, HH Dilpesend Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born 16th January 1865 in Tiflis, died 5th October 1903 in the Yildiz Palace, married 6thly, 2nd January 1885 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Mezide Mestan Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Mikanba), born 3rd March 1869 in Gendj, died 21st January 1909 in the Yildiz Palace, daughter of Kaymat Bey Mikanba, and his wife, Princess Feryal Marşan, married 7thly, 20th November 1885 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Emsalinur Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian), born 2nd January 1866 in Tbilisi, died 1950 in Nichantache, buried in the Yahya Efendi Mosque, married 8thly, 12th January 1886 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Ayşe Destizer Müsfikâ Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Ağir), born 10th December 1867 in Hopa, Caucasus, died 16th July 1961 in Istanbul, daughter of Gazi Şehid Mahmud Bey Ağir, and his wife, Emine Hanim, married 9thly, 31st August 1890 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Sazkâr Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Maan), born 8th May 1873 in Istinye, died 1945 in Beirut), daughter of Bata Bey Maan, married 10th, 24th January 1893 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Peyveste Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Emuhvari), born 10th May 1873 in the Caucasus, died 1944 in Paris, buried in Bobigny Cemetery, Paris, daughter of Prince Osman Bey Emuhvari, and his wife, Princess Hesna Çaabalurhva, married 11th, 1896 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Fatma Pesend Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Açba), born 17th April 1876 in Constantinople, died 5th November 1924 in Istanbul, daughter of Prince Sami Bey Açba, and his wife, Princess Fatima Ismailevna Mamleeva, married 12th, 10th May 1900 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Behice Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Maan), born 10th October 1882 in Batumi, Georgia, died 22nd October 1969, daughter of Albus Bey Maan, and his wife, Nazli Kucba, married 13th, 4th November 1904 at the Yildiz Palace, HH Saliha Naciye Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Ankuap), born 1887 in Batumi, Georgia, died 4th December 1923 in Erenkeuy, daughter of Arslan Bey Ankuap, and his wife, Canhiz Hanim, married 14th, at the Yildiz Palace, HH Gwaschemasch'e Kadin Efendi (Circassian), born 1877, and had issue, twenty-two children. He died 10th February 1918 in Bosphorus, buried in Constantinople. 
    • HIH Princess Ulviye Sultan (by HH Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi), born 1868, died 5th October 1875.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Selim Efendi (by Bedrifelek Kadin Efendi), born 11th January 1870 in Bechiktache, married 1stly, 4th June 1886 in Yildiz, HH Deryal Hanim Efendi, born 10th February 1870 in Szouchoum, Abkhazia, died 27th December 1904 in Yildiz, married 2ndly, 30th June 1905 in Yildiz, HH Nilüfer Eflâkyer Hanim Efendi, born 1st May 1887 in Artvin, Caucasus, died 1930 in Beirut, Lebanon, married 3rdly, 29th March 1910 in Yildiz, HH Pervin Dürrüyekta Hanim Efendi, born 6th June 1894 in Adar Pasar, died 1969 in Lebanon, buried in Lebanon, and had issue. He died 4th May 1937 in Beirut, Lebanon, buried in Damascus, Iraq.
      • HIH Princess Emine Nemika Esin Sultana (by Deryal Hanim Efendi), born 26th April 1887 in Yildiz, died 6th September 1969 in Istanbul, Turkey.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdul Kerim Efendi (by Nilüfer Eflâkyer Hanim Efendi), born 26th June 1906 in Yildiz, married, 24th February 1930 in Aleppo (div. 1931), Nimet Hanim, born 25th December 1911 in Damascus, Iraq, died 4th August 1981 in Damascus, Iraq, and had issue. He died 3rd August 1935 in New York, USA.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Dundar Ali Osman Efendi, born 30th December 1930 in Damascus, Iraq.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Harun Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 10th February 1932 in Damascus, Iraq, married Ferzad, and had issue.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Orhan Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 25th August 1963 in Damascus, Iraq, married 22nd December 1985, Nuran Yildiz, and has issue.
            • HIH Prince Shehzade Nilhan Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 25th May 1987 in Istanbul, Turkey.
            • HIH Prince Shehzade Yavuz Selim Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 22nd February 1989 in Istanbul, Turkey.
            • HIH Princess Nilüfer Osmanoğlu Sultana, born 5th May 1995 in Istanbul, Turkey.
            • HIH Princess Berna Osmanoğlu Sultana, born 1st October 1998.
          • HIH Princess Nurhhan Osmanoğlu Sultana, born 20th November 1973 in Damascus, Iraq, married 15th April 1994 in Istanbul, Turkey, Samir Hashem, born 24th January 1959.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdulhamid Kayhan Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 4th August 1979.
    • HIH Princess Zekiye Sultana (by Bedrifelek Kadin Efendi), born 21st January 1872 in Dolma Bagce, married 20th April 1889 in Yildiz, H.E. Damad Ali Nureddin Pasha, born 1867, died 1953, Damad [cr.1889], and had issue. She died 13th July 1950 in Pau, buried in Pau.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Nuri Efendi (by Bedrifelek Kadin Efendi), born 11th February 1878 in Yildiz, married 1900 in Yildiz, HH Fahriye Hanim Efendi, born 1883 in Istanbul, died 1940 in Nice, buried in Damascus. He died August 1944 in Nice.
    • HIH Princess Naime Sultana (by Biydâr Kadin Efendi), born 4th September 1875 in Yildiz, married 17th March 1898 in Ortakeuy (div. 1904), H.E. Damad Mehmed Kemaleddin Pasha Bey Efendi, born 1869, died 1920, Damad [cr.1898], title removed on his divorce in 1904, and had issue. She died 1945 in Tirana. 
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdul Kadir Efendi (by Biydâr Kadin Efendi), born 16th January 1878 in Bechiktache, married 1stly, 6th June 1907 in Yildiz, HH Mihriban Hanim Efendi, born 18th May 1890 in Istanbul, Turkey, died 1956 in Cairo, Egypt, married 2ndly, 1st June 1913 in Kisil Toprak, Asia Minor (div. 1934), Hadice Macide Hanim, born 14th September 1899 in Adar Pasar, died 1934 in Vienna, Austria, buried in Vienna, Austria (this marriage not recognised by the Imperial House), married 3rdly, 5th February 1916 in Kisil Toprak, Asia Minor, HH Mesiyet Fatma Hanim Efendi, born 17th February 1902 in Ismid, died 13th November 1989 in Istanbul, Turkey, married 4thly, 4th July 1924 in Budapest, Hungary, Irene Mer, and had issue. He died 16th March 1944 in Sofia, Bulgaria, buried in Sofia, Bulgaria. 
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Orhan Efendi (by Hadice Macide Hanim) (qv)
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Ertughrul Necib Ali Efendi (by Hadice Macide Hanim), born 15th March 1915 in Kisil Toprak, Asia Minor, married 14th August 1946 in Vienna, Austria, Gertrude Emilia Tengler, born 25th May 1926 in Vienna, Austria, and had issue. He died 7th February 1994 in Vienna, Austria.
        • HIH Princess Margot Leila Kadir Sultana, born 17th June 1947 in Vienna, Austria.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Roland Selim Kadir Efendi, born 5th May 1949 in Vienna, Austria, married 1972 in Salzburg, Austria, Gerlinde, born 1946, and has issue.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade René Osman Abdul Kadir Efendi, born 23rd August 1975 in Salzburg, Austria.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Daniel Adrian Hamid Kadir Efendi, born 20th September 1977.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Alaeddin Kadir Efendi (by Mesiyet Fatma Hanim Efendi), born 2nd January 1917 in Kisil Toprak, Asia Minor, Titular Crown Prince of Turkey 1994/1999; married Lydia, and had issue. He died 26th November 1999 in Sofia, Bulgaria. 
        • HIH Princess Iskra Sultana, born 1949 in Sofia, Bulgaria.      
      • HIH Princess Biydâr Sultana (by Mesiyet Fatma Hanim Efendi), born 3rd January 1924 in Kisil Toprak, Asia Minor, died August 1924 in Budapest, Hungary, buried in Budapest, Hungary.
      • HIH Princess Safvet Neslishah Sultana (by Mesiyet Fatma Hanim Efendi), born 25th December 1925 in Budapest, Hungary.    
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman Efendi (by Irene Mer), born 1925 in Budapest, Hungary, died 1934 in Budapest, Hungary.
    • HIH Princess Naile Sultana (by Dilpesend Kadin Efendi), born 9th January 1884 in Yildiz, died 25th October 1957 in Erenkeuy.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Burhaneddin Efendi (by Mezide Mestan Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 19th December 1885 in Yildiz, Titular King of Albania in 1914, married 1stly, 7th June 1909 in Nichantache (div. 1919), HH Aliye Melek Nazliar Hanim Efendi, born 13th October 1892 in Adar Pasar, died 31st October 1976 in Ankara, married 2ndly, 29th April 1925 in Paris (div. 1925), Georgina Leonora Mosselmans, born 23rd August 1900 in Den Haag, died 1969, married 3rdly, 3rd July 1933 in London, Elsie Deming Jackson, born 6th September 1879 in New York, died 12th May 1952 in New York, and had issue. He died 15th June 1949 in New York, buried in Damascus.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Fahreddin Efendi (by Aliye Melek Nazliar Hanim Efendi), born 26th November 1911 in Nichantache, married 31st August 1933 in Paris, Catherine Pappadopoulos, marriage not recognized by the Imperial House, born 20th May 1914 in Paris, died 15th June 1945 in Athens. He died sp 13th July 1968 in New York. 
      • HIH Crown Prince Shehzade Ertugrul Osman Efendi (by Aliye Melek Nazliar Hanim Efendi) (qv)
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Abdurrahim Hayri Efendi (by Peyvesti Osman Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 14th August 1894 in Yildiz, married 1stly, 4th June 1919 in Nichantache, (div.1923), Her Glory Nabila Emine Halim, born 1st June 1899 in Constantinople, died 6th December 1979 in Istanbul, daughter of H.E. Prince Muhammed Abbas Halim Pasha (see Egypt), and his wife, HH Princess Hadice Hanim Efendi, married 2ndly, Emine Naciye Efendi, born 25th November 1898 in Ortakeuy, died 5th December 1957 in Nichantache. He died 1st June 1952 in Paris. 
      • HIH Princess Mihrishah Selcuk Sultana (by Emine Halim), born 14th April 1920 in Constantinople, married 1stly, 7th October 1940 (div.), Ahmed el-Djezuly Ratib, born in Alexandria, died 1972, married 2ndly, 7th April 1966 in Cairo, Ismail Assem, and had issue. She died 11th May 1980 in Monte Carlo, buried in Cairo.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ahmed Nureddin Efendi (by Behice Maan Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 22nd June 1901 in Yildiz, married 5th May 1919 in Maslak, HH Fasriye Andelib Hanim Efendi, born 8th August 1902 in Adar Pasar. He died sp in December 1944. 
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Badreddin Efendi (by Behice Maan Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 22nd June 1901 in Yildiz, died 13th October 1903.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Abid Efendi (by Saliha Naciye Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 17th September 1905 in Yildiz, married 12th January 1936 in Tirana (div. 1949), HH Princess Senije Zogu, born 15th November 1908 in Mati, died sp 15th April 1969 in Cannes, daughter of Xhemal Zogu Pasha of Albania, and his second wife, Sadije Toptani. He died sp 8th December 1973 in Beirut, buried in Damascus. 
    • HIH Princess Samiye Sultana (by Saliha Naciye Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 16th January 1908, died 24th January 1909 in Yildiz.
    • HIH Princess Seniha Sultana, born 1885, died 1885.
    • HIH Princess Sadiye Sultana (by HH Emsalinur Kadin Efendi), born 30th November 1886 in Yildiz, died 20th November 1977. 
    • HIH Princess Ayse Sultana (by Müsfikâ), born 10th December 1867 at Hope, died July 1961 in Constantinople), born 31st October 1887 in Yildiz, married 3rd April 1921 in Nichantache, H.E. Damad Mushir Mehmed Ali Raouf Pashazade Bey Efendi, born 1877 in Istanbul, died 21st September 1937 in Viroflay, Yvelines, France, buried in Bobigny Cemetary, Paris, and had issue. She died died 11th August 1960. 
    • HIH Princess Refia Sultana (by Sazkâr Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 15th June 1891 in Yildiz, died 1938 in Beirut. 
    • HIH Princess Hadice Sultana, born 10th July 1897 in Yildiz, died 13th February 1898.
    • HIH Princess Aliye Sultana, born 1900, died 1900.
    • HIH Princess Cemile Sultana, born 1900, died 1900.

  • HM Grand Sultan Mehmed
                      V ReshadHIM Grand Sultan MEHMED V Reshad, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and 35th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [27.4.1909] - [3.7.1918], born 2nd November 1844 in Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, prior to his succession to the throne, he studied poetry of the old Persian style and was an acclaimed poet, afterwards he was largely a figurehead with no real political power, with most authority in the hands of the dictatorial triumvirate of the Three Pashas; his most significant political act was to formally declare jihad against the Entente Powers (Allies of World War I) on 11th November 1914, following the Ottoman government's decision to join the First World War on the side of the Central Powers; he was made Generalfeldmarschall of the Kingdom of Prussia on 27th January 1916, and of the German Empire on 1st February 1916, later he hosted Kaiser Wilhelm II, in Constantinople on 15th October 1917; he was the Grand Master of the following orders, viz. Order of the Crescent, Order of Nichan Iftikhar, Order of the Medjidie and the Order of Osmanieh, and was made a Knight of the Military Order of Max Joseph (Bavaria); married 1stly, 30th September 1872 in Ortakeuy Palace, HH Kümures Bache Kadin Efendi (Azerbaijani), born 5th March 1855 in Gendj, Caucasus, died 30th April 1921 in Courout-Chacme (Kuruçesme), married 2ndly, 10th October 1876 in Ortakeuy Palace, HH Dürrüdem Kadin Efendi (Georgian), born 16th May 1860 in Kars, died 17th October 1909 in Constantinople, married 3rdly, 4th April 1887 in Ortakeuy Palace, HH Mihrengis Haseki Kadin Efendi, born 15th October 1869 in Adar Pasar, died 12th December 1938 in Alexandria, buried in Cairo, married 4thly, 1888 in Ortakeuy Palace, HH Nazperver Kadin Efendi, born 1870, died 1930 in Istanbul, married 5thly, 1907 in Ortakeuy Palace, HH Dilfirib Kadin Efendi, born 1890, died 1953 in Istanbul, and had issue, four children. He died 3rd July 1918 in Constantinople, buried in Constantinople.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Ziyauddin Efendi (by Kümures Bache Kadin Efendi), born 26th August 1873 in Ortakeuy, married 1stly, 5th January 1898 in Dolma Bagce (div. 1902), HH Pernian Hanim Efendi, born 2nd January 1880 in Izmit, died 21st July 1947 in Cairo, married 2ndly, 16th August 1903 in Dolma Bagce (div. 1912), HH Ünsiyâr Hanim Efendi, born 12th March 1887 in Panderma, died 10th September 1934 in Alexandria, married 3rdly, 18th January 1907 in Dolma Bagce, HH Perizade Hanim Efendi, born 14th October 1889 in Izmit, died 14th September 1934 in Alexandria, buried in Alexandria, married 4thly, 10th November 1911 in Yildiz, HH Melek Zeyran Hanim Efendi, born 23rd September 1890 in Batum, died February 1966 in Istanbul, married 5thly, 10th February 1923, Neshemend Hanim Efendi, born 1905, died 1st February 1934 in Alexandria, buried Cairo, and had issue. He died 30th January 1938 in Alexandria.
      • HIH Princess Behiye Sultana (by Pernian Hanim Efendi), born 8th November 1900 in Dolma Bagce, died 1950 in Cairo.
      • HIH Princess Dürriye Sultana (by Ünsiyâr Hanim Efendi), born 3rd August 1905 in Dolma Bagce, married January 1922, HH Prince Beyzade Mehmed Cahid Osman Bey Efendi, born January 1899 in Ortakeuy, died 30th March 1977 in Istanbul, buried in Istanbul. She died sp on 15th July 1922 in Halki. 
      • HIH Princess Rukiye Sultana (by Ünsiyâr Hanim Efendi), born 11th October 1906 in Dolma Bagce, died 20th February 1927 in Budapest, buried in Budapest.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Nazim Efendi (by Ünsiyâr Hanim Efendi), born 22nd December 1910 in Dolma Bagce, married 1stly, 1938 in Alexandria, HH Perizad Hanim Efendi, born 11th June 1918, married 2ndly, 4th December 1945 in Cairo, Halime Abdul Huda Hanim Efendi, born 16th June 1919, and had issue. He died 14th November 1984 in Göztepe, Asia Minor.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Genghiz Nazim Efendi (by Perizad Hanim Efendi), born 20th November 1939, married 16th June 1964, Eileen Imrie Hanim Efendi, born 1946, and has issue.
          • HIH Princess Ayshe Louise Nazim Sultana, born 21st March 1964.
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin Nazim Efendi, born 18th June 1966, married 1stly, 8th October 1988 (div. in September 2006), Kalli Kapraun, married 2ndly, in October 2010, Jackie Marie Hardwick.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Hasan Orhan Efendi (by Abdul Huda Hanim Efendi), born 9th September 1946 in Cairo, married 9th September 1996, Malak Seyfallah Rushdi, born 8th July 1960.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Ziyauddin Efendi (by Abdul Huda Hanim Efendi), born 17th September 1947, married 1stly, 4th September 1969, Ghada Habjouga, born 1st February 1952, married 2ndly, 2nd May 1984, Alison Maddox, born 4th December 1951, and has issue, by second marriage. 
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Nazim Ziyaeddin Nazim Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 24th September 1985 in Tunbridge Wells, Kent; he is a British comedian generally known by the name of Naz Osmanoglu, he was the winner of the 2009 "Amused Moose Laugh Off", runner-up in "So You Think You're Funny" in 2009, and member of sketch trio "WitTank", which featured on the BBC Three stand up and sketch series Live at the Electric; he has done stand-up shows, titled "1000% Awesome" and "Ottoman Without an Empire", appearing at the Edinburgh Festival with both, as well as many gigs throughout the UK and Europe, and also in California.
          • HIH Princess Nermine Zoe Osmanoğlu Sultana, born 29th March 1988.
      • HIH Princess Hayriye Sultana (by Perizade Hanim Efendi), born 16th February 1908 in Dolma Bagce, died 5th March 1943 in Beirut, buried in Alexandria.
      • HIH Princess Lutfiye Sultana (by Perizade Hanim Efendi), born 20th March 1910 in Dolma Bagce, died 11th June 1977 in Riyadh.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Omar Fevzi Efendi (by Melek Zeyran Hanim Efendi), born 13th October 1912 in Yildiz, married 1963, HH Veliye Lulie Abdul Huda, born 26th January 1921. He died sp 24th April 1986 in Amman. 
      • HIH Princess Mihrimâh Selcuk Sultana (by Neshemend Hanim Efendi), born 11th November 1922, married 7th October 1940 in Cairo, HRH Prince Nayef ibn Abdullah of Jordan, born 1914 in Taif, and had issue. She died March 2000 in Amman, buried 2nd April 2000 in Istanbul. 
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Necmuddin Efendi (by Dürrüdem Hanim Efendi), born 23rd June 1878 in Ortakeuy, died sp on 27th June 1913 in Courout-Chacme.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Omar Hilmi Efendi (by Mihrengis Haseki Kadin Efendi) born 2nd March 1888 in Ortakeuy, married 1stly, 3rd October 1910 in Yildiz, HH Hadice Firdevs Gülnev Hanim Efendi, born 21st February 1890 in Gendj, died 31st December 1919 in Nichantache, married 2ndly, 16th June 1914 in Scutari (div.), HH Bashter Hanim Efendi, born 12th October 1897 in Ismid, died 1st March 1984, married 3rdly, 12th July 1921 in Nichantache (div. 1921), HH Mediha Menliki Hanim Efendi, born 4th November 1903 in Alexandria, died 1971 in Cairo. He died 6th April 1935 in Alexandria, buried in Alexandria.
      • HIH Princess Emine Mükbile Sultana (by Hadice Firdevs Gülnev Hanim Efendi), born 17th September 1911 in Yildiz, married 30th November 1931 in Nice, HIH Prince Shehzade Ali Vassib Efendi, born 13th October 1903 in Ortakeuy, died 9th December 1983 in Alexandria, buried in Alexandria, Head of the Royal House of Turkey 1977/1983, and had issue (see below). She died 21st May 1995 in Nichantache. 
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud Namik Efendi (by Hadice Firdevs Gülnev Hanim Efendi), born 23rd December 1913 in Dolma Bagce Palace, married August 1939 (div.1946), HH Shehrazad Ratib Hanim Efendi, born 1922 in Alexandria, died 1993, and had issue. He died 13th November 1963. 
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Omar Abdulmajid Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 4th June 1941 in Alexandria, married, Beulah Banbury, born 8th April 1943, and has issue, one son. 
          • HIH Prince Shehzade Mahmud Francis Namik Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 27th April 1975 in London, educated at the Gulliver Preparatory High School in Miami, Florida and at Mougins School in Mougins, in southern France, he graduated with a B.F.A. degree in Visual Communications from Parsons Paris School of Art and Design and an M.F.A. degree in Design and Technology from Parsons The New School for Design in New York City, he is a co-founder and director of a digital communications agency; married Ms. Genevieve Robson (HH Genevieve Ingi Hanim Efendi), and has issue, one son.
            • HIH Prince Shehzade Ziya Reshad Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 6th June 2012 in London.
    • HIH Princess Refia Sultana (by HH Mihrengis Haseki Kadin Efendi), born 1888, died 1888.

  • HM Grand Sultan Mehmed
                      VI VahideddinHIM the Grand Sultan MEHMED VI Vahideddin, Sultan of the Ottomans, Commander of the Faithful and Successor of the Prophet of the Universe, Caliph of Islam, Amir al-Mu'minin, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques [4.7.1918] - [19.11.1922] and 36th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire [3.7.1918] - [1.11.1922], born 2nd February 1861 (or 14th January 1861) in Bechiktache, he succeeded his brother and was girded with the Sword of Osman on 4th July 1918; in the aftermath of WWI, the allies divided much of the Ottoman Empire amongst themselves and the Sultan and his representatives were compelled to sign the Treaty of Sèvres on 10th August 1920 which recognized the mandates of the allies; the Turkish Grand National Assembly under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal (later Atatürk), denounced the rule of the Sultan, a temporary constitution was drafted and the Sultanate was abolished on 1st November 1922; the Sultan was expelled from Constantinople on 17th November and he went into exile in Malta, later moving to the Italian Riviera, where he eventually died; married 1stly, 8th June 1885 in the Ortakeuy Palace, HH Emine Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi (Abhkazian, née Emine Marşan), born 9th October 1866 in Sukhum (Szouchoum), Abhkazia, died 1944 in Maadi, Cairo, buried ibid., daughter of Prince Hasan Ali Bey Marşan, and his wife, Princess Fatma Horecan Aredba, married 2ndly, 9th July 1905 at the Çengelkeuy Palace in Istanbul (div. 7th November 1909), HH Inşirah Hanim Efendi (Georgian, née Seniye Voçibe), born 10th July 1887 in Batumi, died 10th June 1930 in Cairo, daughter of Aziz Bey Voçibe, married 3rdly, 25th April 1911 at Çengelkeuy Palace in Istanbul, HH Sadiye Müveddet Kadin Efendi (Abkhazian, née Shadiye Çihci), born 12th October 1893 in Adapazari, died 1951 in the Çengelkeuy Palace in Istanbul, daughter of Kato Davut Bey Çihci, and his wife, Ayşe Hanim, married 4thly, 20th June 1918 at the Dolmabahçe Palace (div. 20th May 1924), HH Nevvare Hanim Efendi (Abkhazian, née Çihci), born 4th May 1901 in Adapazari, daughter of Mustafa Bey Çihci, and his wife Hafize Kap, married 5thly, 1st September 1921 at The Yildiz Palace, HH Nimet Nevzad Hanim Efendi (Turkish, née Nimet Bargu), born 2nd March 1902 in Istanbul, died 199x, daughter of Şaban Efendi Bargu, and his wife Hatice Hanim, and had issue, four children. He died 16th May 1926 in San Remo, and was buried at the Tekkiye Mosque of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in Damascus.
    • HIH Princess Münire Sultana (by HH Emine Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi), born 1888, died 1888.
    • HIH Princess Fatma Ulviye Sultana (by HH Emine Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi), born 11th September 1892 in Ortakeuy Palace, married 1stly, 10th August 1916 at the Kurucheshme Palace, Istanbul, HE Damad Ismail Hakki Okday Beyefendi, born 28th October 1881 in Athens, died 11th October 1977 in Istanbul, married 2ndly, 1st November 1923 at the Nichantache Palace, Damad Ali Haidar Bey Efendi, born 20th September 1889 in Göztepe, died 5th February 1962 in Istanbul, and had issue, by both husbands. She died 25th January 1967 in Izmir, buried in Tchengelkeuy.
    • HIH Princess Rukiye Sabiha Sultana (by HH Emine Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi), born 19th March 1894 in Ortakeuy, married 29th April 1920 in Yildiz (as his 1st wife, her cousin), HIH Prince Shehzade Omer Farouk Efendi, son of HM Caliph Abdul Mejid II (see below), and his first wife, HH Shehsuvar Kadin Efendi, and had issue (see below). She died 26th August 1971 in Istanbul. 
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ertugrul Mehmed Efendi (by HH Sadiye Müveddet Kadin Efendi), born 5th September 1912 in Tchengelkeuy, died sp on 2nd July 1944 in Cairo, buried in Cairo.

  • HIM Caliph Abdul Majid
                      IIHIM Caliph ABDUL MEJID II, The Commander of the Faithful on Earth, Caliph of the Faithful and the Servant of Mecca and Medina, Sovereign of the Imperial House of Osman, Caliph of Islam and Amir al-Mu'minin, [19.11.1922] - [3.3.1924] (abolished) and 37th Head of the Imperial House of Osman [3.3.1924] - [23.8.1944], born 30th May 1868 in Bechiktache, he was named Crown Prince on 4th July 1918, and elected Caliph by the Turkish National Assembly at Ankara on 19th November 1922; the Caliphate was abolished on 3rd March 1924 and the Caliph was deposed and expelled from Turkey with other members of his family; he had been given the  title of General in the Ottoman Army, but his more significant role was as Chairman of the Ottoman Artists' Society and he is considered as one of the most important painters of late period Ottoman art; during the last twenty years of his life, he became an avid collector of butterflies; married 1stly, 22nd December 1896 in the Ortakeuy Palace, HH Shehsuvar Kadin Efendi, born 2nd May 1881 in Constantinople, died 1945 in Paris, buried in Bobigny Cemetary, Paris, married 2ndly, 18th June 1902 in the Ortakeuy Palace, HH Hayrünissa Kadin Efendi, born 2nd March 1876 in Bandirma, died 3rd September 1936 in Nice, married 3rdly, 16th April 1912 in Tchamlidcha Palace, Scutari, HH Atiyye Mehisti Kadin Efendi, born 27th January 1892 in Adar Pasar, died 1964 in London, married 4thly, 21st March 1921 in Tchamlidcha Palace, Scutari, HH Bihruz Kadin Efendi, born 24th May 1903 in Izmit, died 1955 in Istanbul,and had issue. He died 23rd August 1944 in Paris, buried in Medina, Saudia Arabia.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Omer Farouk Efendi (by Shehsuvar Kadin Efendi), born 27th February 1898 in Ortakeuy Palace, married 1stly, 29th April 1920 in Yildiz Palace (div.), HIH Princess Rukiye Sabiha Sultana, born 19th March 1894 in Ortakeuy Palace, died 26th August 1971 in Istanbul, daughter of HM Grand Sultan Mehmed VI Vahideddin (see above), and his wife, HH Emine Nazikedâ Kadin Efendi, married 2ndly, 31st July 1948 in Alexandria, HIH Princess Mihriban Mihrishah Sultana, born 1st June 1916 in Bechiktache Palace, died 25th January 1987 in Istanbul, daughter of HIH Prince Shehzade Yusuf Izzeddin Efendi (see above), and his wife, HH Leman Ünlüsoy Hanim Efendi, and had issue. He died 28th March 1969/1971.
      • HIH Princess Fatma Neslishah Osmanoglou Sultana (by Rukiye Sabiha Sultana), born 4th February 1921 in Nichantache, married in September 1940 in Cairo, HRH Prince Muhammed Abdel Moneim Bey Efendi [Mehmed Abdülmun'im], Regent of Egypt 1952/1953, born 20th February 1899 in Montazah Palace, Alexandria, died 2nd December 1979 in Istanbul, buried in Cairo, and had issue (see Egypt). She died 1st April 2012.
      • HIH Princess Zehra Hanzade Sultana (by Rukiye Sabiha Sultana), born 12th September 1923 in Dolma Bagce Palace, Turkey, married September 1940 in Cairo, HH Prince Muhammed Ali Ibrahim, married born 29th April 1900 in Cairo, died 2nd July 1977 in Paris, and had issue. She died 19th March 1998 in Paris, buried 26th March 1998. 
      • HIH Princess Necla Heybetullah Sultana (by Rukiye Sabiha Sultana), born 15th May 1926 in Nice, married in February 1943 in Cairo, His Glory Nabil Amr Ibrahim, born 18th April 1903 in Cairo, died 1977, and had issue. She died 5th October 2006.
    • HIH Princess Hadice Hayriye Ayshe Dürrühsehvar Sultana (by Atiyye Mihisti Kadin Efendi), born 26th January 1914 in Tchamlidcha Palace, Scutari, married 12th November 1931 in Nice, HH Damad Walashan Nawab Sir Mir Himayat Ali Khan Azam Jah Bahadur, born 22nd February 1907, died 9th October 1970, Prince of Berar, and had issue (see Hyderabad). She died 7th February 2006 in London.

  • HIH Prince Shehzade
                      Ahmed Nihad EfendiHIH Prince Shehzade AHMED NIHAD Efendi, 38th Head of the Imperial House of Turkey 1944/1954, born 5th July 1883 in Ortakeuy, married 1stly, 7th February 1902 in Ortakeuy, HH Safiru Hanim Efendi, born 15th August 1884 in Izmir, died 15th November 1975 in Alexandria, married 2ndly, 10th April 1915 in Ortakeuy, HH Nevrestan Hanim Efendi, born 28th May 1895 in Panderma, died 1980, and had issue. He died 4th June 1954 in Beirut, buried in Damascus.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Ali Vassib Efendi (by Safiru Hanim Efendi) (qv)

  • HIH Prince Shehzade OSMAN FUAD Efendi, 39th Head of the Imperial House of Turkey 1954/1973, born 24th February 1895 in Ortakeuy, married 26th March 1920 in Bechiktache, (div. 1932), Her Glory Nabila Kerime Halim, born 15th March 1898 in Halki, died 28th March 1971 (she married 2ndly, 4th June 1934 in Cairo, HH Prince Yusuf Kemal Pasha), daughter of H.E. Prince Muhammed Abbas Halim Pasha (see Egypt), and his wife, HH Hadice Hanim Efendi. He died sp on 19th May 1973 in Nice, buried in Bobigny Cemetary, Paris.

  • HIH Prince Shehzade ABDULAZIZ MEHMED Efendi, 40th Head of the Royal House of Turkey 1973/1977, born 26th September 1901 in Ortakeuy, married 21st February 1929 in Cairo, Berkemal Yeghen Hanim Efendi, born 16th March 1911 in Cairo, died 13th January 1962, and had issue. He died 19th January 1977 in Nice, buried in Nice.
    • HIH Princess Hürrem Abdulaziz Sultana, born 31st December 1939 in Cairo, died 5th March 1999 in Nice.

  • HIH Prince Shehzade ALI VASSIB Efendi, 41st Head of the Royal House of Turkey 1977/1983, born 13th October 1903 in Ortakeuy, married 30th November 1931 in Nice, HIH Princess Emine Mükbile Sultana, born 17th September 1911 in Yildiz, died 21st May 1995 in Nichantache, daughter of HIH Prince Shehzade Omer Hilmi Efendi (see above), and HH Hadice Firdevs Gülnev Hanim Efendi, and had issue. He died 9th December 1983 in Alexandria, buried in Alexandria.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 7th July 1940 in Alexandria, married 27th August 1966 in London, Athena Joy Christoforides [Athena Hanim Efendi], born 9th March 1944 in London, and has issue.
      • HIH Princess Ayse Gülnev Osmanoğlu Sultana, born 17th January 1971 in London, married and has issue.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Orhan Murad Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 26th December 1972 in Henly-on-Thames, London; educated at the Royal Grammar School at High Wycombe, and graduated with a degree in Business Studies from the University of London, he presently (2014) works for a software development company; married 17th February 2000, Ms. Patricia Iotti (HH Patricia Emine Hanim Efendi), and has issue, two sons.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Turan Cem Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 7th January 2004 in High Wycomb.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Tamer Nihad Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 15th April 2006 in High Wycombe.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Nihad Reshad Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 17th September 1978 in Reading, died 19th December 1978 in Marlow.
      • HIH Prince Shehzade Selim Suleyman Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 15th December 1979 in High Wycombe, Buckinghmashire; educated at Kingston University, London, graduating with a Degree in Business and Economics; he is a Fellow of the Chartered Insurance Institute, a Chartered Insurance Broker and a Fellow of the Institute of Risk Management; presently (2014) employed by the multinational insurance brokers A.O.N. in Muscat, Oman; married 22nd June 2003 at the Esma Sultan Yalisi in Istanbul, Ms. Alev Öcal [Alev Hanim Efendi], educated at Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, and has issue, one son.
        • HIH Prince Shehzade Batu Bayezid Osmanoğlu Efendi, born 23rd April 2008 in Sidcup, Kent.

  • HIH Prince Shehzade MEHMED ORHAN Efendi, 42nd Head of the Royal House of Turkey 1983/1994, born 27th March 1914 in Kisil Toprak, married January 1933, HIH Princess Nafiye Yeghen, and had issue. He died 5th March 1994 in Nice, buried in Nice. 
    • HIH Princess Fatma Necla Sultana, born 14th September 1933 in Cairo, married 1949 in Cairo (div.1949), Muhammed Said Halim Bey, born 18th December 1897 in Cairo, died 13th January 1970 in Istanbul.
    • HIH Prince Shehzade Mehmed Selim Efendi, born 3rd October 1943 in Paris.

  • HIH Crown Prince Shehzade ERTUGRUL OSMAN Efendi, 43rd Head of the Royal House of Turkey 1994/2010; born 18th August 1912 in Nichantache, married 1stly, 20th January 1947 in New York, HIH Princess Gulda Twerskoy Hanim Efendi, born 20th March 1915 in Johannesburg, died 16th September 1985 in New York, married 2ndly, 27th September 1991 in New York, HIH Princess Zeyneb Tarzi Hanim Efendi, born 16th December 1940 in Istanbul. He died sp in September 2009.

  • HIH Prince Shehzade OSMAN BAYAZID Efendi, 44th Head of the Royal House of Turkey (see above)
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