KANIN (Imperial Family)

TITLE: HIH Prince Kanin-no-miya DYNASTY: Yamato - Kanin lineage CREATION: 1718


PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The Kan'in-no-miya is the youngest of the four shinnōke (branches of the Imperial Family of Japan which were eligible to succeed to the Chrysanthemum Throne in the event that the main line should die out). Founder of the family in 1718, was HIH Prince Naohito, younger son of HIM Emperor Higashiyama, 113th Emperor of Japan, who was granted the title of Kan'in-no-miya and land worth 1000 koku by his grandfather, the retired emperor Reigen. This branch became extinct in 1842, but was revived by Emperor Meiji, in favour of HIH Prince Kotohito, the 16th son of HIH Prince Fushimi Kuniye. Titles were abolished in 1947, and the family again became extinct in 1988.
  1. HIH Prince Kanin Naohito, 1st Prince Kanin-no-miya 1718/1753, styled Kan'in-no-miya Naohito shinnō, born 1704, married and had issue. He died 1753.

  2. HIH Prince Kanin Sukehito, 2nd Prince Kanin-no-miya 1753/1794, styled Kan'in-no-miya Sukehito shinnō, born 1733, married and had issue. He died 1794.

  3. HIH Prince Kanin Haruhito, 3rd Prince Kanin-no-miya 1794/1818, styled  Kan'in-no-miya Haruhito shinnō, born 1768, married and had issue. He died 1818.

  4. HIH Prince Kanin Tatsuhito, 4th Prince Kanin-no-miya 1818/1824, styled Kan'in-no-miya Tatsuhito shinnō, born 1792, died 1824.

  5. VACANT 1824/1828

  6. HIH Prince Kanin Naruhito, 5th Prince Kanin-no-miya 1828/1842, styled Kan'in-no-miya Naruhito ō, born 17th February 1818, died sp on 20th October 1842.

  7. VACANT 1842/1872

  8. HIH Prince Kanin KotohitoField Marshal HIH Prince Kanin Kotohito, 6th Prince Kanin-no-miya 1872/1945, styled Kan'in-no-miya Kotohito shinnō, born 10th November 1865 in Kyoto, 16th son of HIH Prince Fushimi Kuniye, 20th Prince Fushimi-no-miya, he was adopted by Emperor Komei as a potential heir, and was initially sent to the Sambo-in imperial temple at the age of three to be raised as a monk, but was selected in 1872 to revive the Kan'in-no-miya, another of the shinnōke households, which had become extinct upon the death of the fifth head; he entered the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1877 and graduated in 1881 and afterwards was sent to France in 1882 to study military tactics and technology; he graduated from the Army Staff College in 1894; he took part in the First Sino-Japanese War 1894/1895 and the Russo-Japanese War 1904/1905, he was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1905, to General in 1912 and then to Field Marshal in 1919; he accompanied Crown Prince Hirohito on his tour of Europe in 1921; he became chief of the Army General Staff on 1st December 1931, and it was during his command that the Nanking Massacrea occurred and biological and chemical weapons were first used; he retired as chief of the General Staff on 3rd October 1940, but remained a member of the Supreme War Council and a senior advisor to the Emperor on army matters; he was a strong supporter of State Shintoism and proposed a law that Shinto should be reaffirmed as Japan's state religion; he was awarded the Grand Order of Merit, the Order of the Golden Kite (1st Class), and the Collar of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum; married 19th December 1891 in Tokyo, Princess Sanjo Chieko, born 25th May 1872, died 19th March 1947, daughter of Prince Sanjo Sanetomi, and had issue. He died 21st May 1945 in Odawara, Kanagawa at the Kan'in summer residence.

  9. HIH Prince Kanin HaruhitoGeneral HIH Prince Kanin Haruhito, 7th and last Prince Kanin-no-miya 1945/1947, Head of the Imperial Princely House of Kanin 1947/1988, styled Kan'in-no-miya Haruhito shinnō (to 1947), born 3rd August 1902 in Tokyo, educated at the 44th Class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy, after graduating he was appointed Lieutenant in 1927, after a course at the Military Staff College in 1932, he was promoted to captain and joined the faculty of the Cavalry School, promoted to Major [1936] and then Lieutenant Colonel [1940], Colonel [1944] and General [1945], commanded the Fourth Infantry Division and three independent infantry regiments near Tokyo in 1945, lost all Imperial titles and privileges on 14th October 1947, served as president of the Japan Yoga Association in the 1970's, he was awarded the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum; married 14th July 1926 (div. 1951), Princess Ichijō Naoko, born 7th November 1908 in Tokyo, daughter of Prince Ichijō Saneteru (see Ichijō Clan). He died sp on 14th June 1988 in Tokyo.