|PREDECESSORS AND SHŌRT HISTORY:
Kingdom of Chuzan established 1429. Annexed by Japan on 11th March
- King SHŌ HASHI, 1st King of the Ryukyu Islands
- King SHŌ EN, 2nd King of the Ryukyu Islands, married
Ukiyaka, and had issue.
- King SHŌ SHIN, 3rd King of the Ryukyu Islands
1477/1526, born 1465, married
Lady Umitukami China, and had issue.
- King SHŌ SEI, born 1497, married Lady Umimajinikani
Kaneshiro, and had issue.
- King SHŌ GEN, born 5th March 1528, married and had
- King Shō Ei (qv)
- King Shō Kokin (qv)
- King SHŌ KOKIN, born 18th October 1560, married and
- King SHŌ HOU (qv)
- Prince Shō Kyo, had issue.
- King SHŌ HOU, born 13th November 1590, married and
- King SHŌ KEN, born 15th September 1625
- King SHŌ SHITSU, born 15th August 1629, married and
- King SHŌ TEI 1669/1709, born 16th December 1645,
and had issue.
- King SHŌ JUN 1709/1710, born 5th January 1660,
Lady Umitukani Zami, and had issue.
- King SHŌ EKI 1710/1712, born 1678, married Lady
Gushikawa, and had issue.
- King SHŌ KEI [Choke Nakagusuku] (son) 1713/1751,
Lady Umikamitarukani Nakasato, and had issue.
SAI ON 1751/1752 (Regent), born 1682,
- King SHŌ BOKU [Shang Mu] 1752/1795
- [King SHŌ KO, son of Shō Kei, born 26th March 1739,
married (b), Lady Maushigani Matsukawa], and had issue.
- King Shō Tetsu (son by Majirugani Takamine) (qv)
- [King SHŌ TETSU, born 1759, married
Takamine and had issue.
- King Shō Koku (qv)
- Prince Shō Ko, born 5th February 1785.
- Prince Shō Hou, born 1st March 1787.
- Prince Shō So Gushikami, born 29th May 1787, married
Lady Mamachikani Onaga.
- Princess Shō Majirukani, born 28th September 1782.
- Princess Shō Umikamitaru, born 22nd February 1786.]
- [King Shō On/Shang Wen 1795/1803, 1784-1802]
- King SHŌ KOKU, born 1st February 1784, married Lady
Kunigami, and had issue.
- [King Shō Sei/Shang Cheng 1803/1804, born 1783, died 1804]
- King SHŌ SEI (son of Shō Koku), born 18th October
- [King Shō Ko/Shang Hao 1804/1828 1787-1839]
- King SHŌ IKU [Shang Yu], King of the Ryukyu Islands
- King SHŌ TAI [Shang Tai], King of the Ryukyu Islands
[8.6.1848] - [11.3.1879], 1st Marquis Shō [17.6.1879] - [11.8.1901],
son of Shō Gen; last King of the Ryukyu Islands, his reign saw greatly
increased interaction with travellers from
abroad, particularly from Europe and the United States, as well as the
eventual end of the kingdom and its annexation by Japan as Okinawa
formally abdicated on 11th March 1879 on the orders of the Meiji
Government, created a Marquis in the Japanese Peerage in 17th June
he became a businessman and succeeded in establishing an Osaka-based
company called "Maruichi
Shōten," which dealt in native Okinawan products, selling them in
Osaka and distributing them across the country; married (a), Lady
Sakuma, married (b), Lady Machirukani Misato, married (c), Lady
married (d), Lady Teu Yamamoto, married (e), Lady Hana Tanaka, married
(f), Lady Tei Katayama, married (g), Lady Kou Matsumoto,
married (h), Lady Natru Kanda, and had issue. He died 11th August 1901,
and was entombed in the
royal mausoleum at Shuri, Tamaudun.
- Marquis Shō Ten [Shō Ko] (by Sakuma)(qv)
- Prince Shō In (by Sakuma), born 16th November 1866.
- Prince Shō Ko (by Machirukani Misato), born 14th
- Prince Shō Jun (by Machirukani Misato), born 5th
April 1873, died 1945.
- Princess Shō Manabedarugane (by Machirukani Misato),
born 6th May
- Prince Shō (name unknown)
Machirukani Misato), born 19th
- Princess Shō Maushigani (by Machirukani Misato), born
- Princess Shō Shitogane (by Machirukani Misato), born
- Princess Shō Chine (by Teu Yamamoto), born 24th July
- Princess Shō Otone (by Tei Katayama), born 31st May
- Princess Shō Chiyoko (by Natru Kanda), born 12th June
- Marquis SHŌ TEN, Head of the Okinawan Royal Family,
Marquis Shō 1901/1920, born 2nd August 1864 in Shuri on Okinawa, he was
the last Crown Prince of the Ryukyu Kingdom from his birth to his
fathers deposition in 1879; as a Japanese Peer, he held a hereditary
seat in the House of Peers in the National Diet; married 1878, and had
issue. He died 20th September 1920 in Shuri on Okinawa and entombed
26th September 1920 in the Tamaudun Royal Mausoleum near Shuri Castle,
in accordance with traditional Ryūkyūan royal funerary rites (the last
member of the Shō family to be honored in such a manner).
- Marquis SHŌ SHŌ, Head of the Okinawan Royal Family,
Marquis Shō 1920/1923, born 1888, married and had issue. He died 1923.
- Marquis SHŌ HIROSHI, Head of the Okinawan Royal
1923/1996, 4th and last Marquis Shō 1923/1947, born 18th January 1918,
educated at Tokyo Imperial University,
earning a degree in East Asian history from the Department of
Literature, he served for a time as a captain in the Japanese Imperial
Navy; he was also
active in the business world, working with various institutions,
including Shō Enterprises, where he was representative director; lost
his title of Maruis when the peerage system was abolished in 1947;
towards the end of his life he donated many Shō family
possessions, including artworks, ritual objects, historical documents,
and the royal mausoleum of Tamaudun Shikinaen to the City of Naha, and
also donated various artworks,
documents, and other family possessions to the city of Urasoe and
village of Izena; married and had issue, one son and four daughters. He
died 30th August 1996 in Tokyo, and was entombed in Izena Tamaudun
on the Okinawan island of Izena.
- Marquis SHŌ MAMORU, Head of the Okinawan Royal Family
- Prince Shō Tsuguru
- Prince Shō Atsushi, born about 1928.
- Princess Shō Hiroko