AND SHŌRT HISTORY: Kingdom of Chuzan established
1429. Annexed by Japan on 11th March 1879. Rulers were...
- King SHŌ HASHI, 1st King of the Ryukyu
- King SHŌ EN, 2nd King of the Ryukyu Islands,
married Ukiyaka, and had issue.
- King SHŌ SHIN, 3rd King of the Ryukyu Islands
1477/1526, born 1465, married Lady Umitukami China,
and had issue.
- King SHŌ SEI, 4th King of the Ryukyu Islands,
born 1497, married Lady Umimajinikani Kaneshiro, and
- King SHŌ GEN, 5th King of the Ryukyu Islands,
born 5th March 1528, married and had issue.
- King Shō Ei (qv)
- King Shō Kokin (qv)
- King SHŌ EI, 6th King of the Ryukyu Islands,
- King SHŌ KOKIN, 7th King of the Ryukyu
Islands, born 18th October 1560, married and had
- King Shō Hou (qv)
- Prince Shō Kyo, married and had issue.
- King SHŌ HOU, 8th King of the Ryukyu Islands,
born 13th November 1590, married and had issue.
- King SHŌ KEN, 9th King of the Ryukyu Islands,
born 15th September 1625
- King SHŌ SHITSU, 10th King of the Ryukyu
Islands, born 15th August 1629, married and had issue.
- King SHŌ TEI, 11th King of the Ryukyu Islands
1669/1709, born 16th December 1645, married and had
- King SHŌ JUN, 12th King of the Ryukyu Islands
1709/1710, born 5th January 1660, married Lady
Umitukani Zami, and had issue.
- King SHŌ EKI, 13th King of the Ryukyu Islands
1710/1712, born 1678, married Lady Machirukani
Gushikawa, and had issue.
- King SHŌ KEI [Choke Nakagusuku] (son), 14th
King of the Ryukyu Islands 1713/1751, born 19th June
1700, married Lady Umikamitarukani Nakasato, and had
SAI ON 1751/1752 (Regent), born
1682, died 1761.
- King SHŌ BOKU [Shang Mu], 15th King of the
Ryukyu Islands 1752/1795
- [King SHŌ KO, son of Shō Kei, born 26th March
1739, married (a), Lady Majirugani Takamine, married
(b), Lady Maushigani Matsukawa], and had issue.
- King Shō Tetsu (son by Majirugani Takamine) (qv)
- [King SHŌ TETSU, born 1759, married Manabitarukani
Takamine and had issue.
- King Shō Koku (qv)
- Prince Shō Ko, born 5th February 1785.
- Prince Shō Hou, born 1st March 1787.
- Prince Shō So Gushikami, born 29th May 1787,
married Lady Mamachikani Onaga.
- Princess Shō Majirukani, born 28th September 1782.
- Princess Shō Umikamitaru, born 22nd February
- [King Shō On/Shang Wen 1795/1803, 1784-1802]
- King SHŌ KOKU, born 1st February 1784,
married Lady Umimaushikani Kunigami, and had issue.
- [King Shō Sei/Shang Cheng 1803/1804, born 1783, died
- King SHŌ SEI (son of Shō Koku), born 18th
- [King Shō Ko/Shang Hao 1804/1828 1787-1839]
- King SHŌ GEN, King of the Ryukyu Islands
- King SHŌ IKU [Shang Yu], King of the Ryukyu
Islands 1828/1848 1813-1847]
- King SHŌ TAI [Shang Tai], King of the Ryukyu
Islands [8.6.1848] - [11.3.1879], 1st Marquis Shō
[17.6.1879] - [11.8.1901], born 8th July 1843, son of
Shō Gen; last King of the Ryukyu Islands, his reign
saw greatly increased interaction with travellers from
abroad, particularly from Europe and the United
States, as well as the eventual end of the kingdom and
its annexation by Japan as Okinawa Prefecture;
formally abdicated on 11th March 1879 on the orders of
the Meiji Government, created a Marquis in the
Japanese Peerage in 17th June 1879; he became a
businessman and succeeded in establishing an
Osaka-based company called "Maruichi Shōten," which
dealt in native Okinawan products, selling them in
Osaka and distributing them across the country;
married (a), Lady Sakuma, married (b), Lady
Machirukani Misato, married (c), Lady Machirukani
Takamiyagusuku, married (d), Lady Teu Yamamoto,
married (e), Lady Hana Tanaka, married (f), Lady Tei
Katayama, married (g), Lady Kou Matsumoto, married
(h), Lady Natru Kanda, and had issue. He died 11th
August 1901, and was entombed in the royal mausoleum
at Shuri, Tamaudun.
- Marquis Shō Ten [Shō Ko] (by Sakuma)(qv)
- Prince Shō In (by Sakuma), born 16th November
- Prince Shō Ko (by Machirukani Misato), born 14th
- Prince Shō Jun (by Machirukani Misato), born 5th
April 1873, died 1945.
- Princess Shō Manabedarugane (by Machirukani
Misato), born 6th May 1874.
- Prince Shō (name
unknown) (by Machirukani Misato), born 19th
- Princess Shō Maushigani (by Machirukani Misato),
born 17th March 1878.
- Princess Shō Shitogane (by Machirukani Misato),
born 27th March 1879.
- Princess Shō Chine (by Teu Yamamoto), born 24th
- Princess Shō Otone (by Tei Katayama), born 31st
- Princess Shō Chiyoko (by Natru Kanda), born 12th
- Marquis SHŌ TEN, Head of the Okinawan Royal
Family, 2nd Marquis Shō 1901/1920, born 2nd August
1864 in Shuri on Okinawa, he was the last Crown Prince
of the Ryukyu Kingdom from his birth to his fathers
deposition in 1879; as a Japanese Peer, he held a
hereditary seat in the House of Peers in the National
Diet; married 1878, and had issue. He died 20th
September 1920 in Shuri on Okinawa and entombed 26th
September 1920 in the Tamaudun Royal Mausoleum near
Shuri Castle, in accordance with traditional Ryūkyūan
royal funerary rites (the last member of the Shō
family to be honored in such a manner).
- Marquis SHŌ SHŌ, Head of the Okinawan Royal
Family, 3rd Marquis Shō 1920/1923, born 1888, married
and had issue. He died 1923.
- Marquis SHŌ HIROSHI, Head of the Okinawan
Royal Family 1923/1996, 4th and last Marquis Shō
1923/1947, born 18th January 1918, educated at Tokyo
Imperial University, earning a degree in East Asian
history from the Department of Literature, he served
for a time as a captain in the Japanese Imperial Navy;
he was also active in the business world, working with
various institutions, including Shō Enterprises, where
he was representative director; lost his title of
Marquis when the peerage system was abolished in 1947;
towards the end of his life he donated many Shō family
possessions, including artworks, ritual objects,
historical documents, and the royal mausoleum of
Tamaudun Shikinaen to the City of Naha, and also
donated various artworks, documents, and other family
possessions to the city of Urasoe and village of
Izena; married and had issue, one son and four
daughters. He died 30th August 1996 in Tokyo, and was
entombed in Izena Tamaudun on the Okinawan island of
- Marquis SHŌ MAMORU, Head of the Okinawan
Royal Family (see above)
- Prince Shō Tsuguru
- Prince Shō Atsushi, born about 1928.
- Princess Shō Hiroko