BRAZIL (Empire)

TITLE: H.I.M. Imperador
RELIGION: Roman Catholic
STATE: Brazil (South America)
DYNASTY: Bragança
CAPITAL: Rio de Janeiro ABOLISHMENT: 15th November 1889


PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE: H.I.R.H. Prince Dom Luiz Gastão Maria José Pio de Orleans e Bragança, Prince of Orleans-Braganza, 12th Prince Imperial of Brazil 1938/1981 and 5th Head of the Imperial House of Brazil since the 5th of July 1981. (Higienópolis, São Paulo, Brasilia)
born on 6th June 1938, in Mandelieu-la-Napoule, France, he holds the honorific style of His Imperial and Royal Highness and, until the death and succession of his father, he held the title of Prince Imperial of Brazil. His family repatriated to Brazil after the Second World War, settling first in the town of Petrópolis, then in Jacarezinho. he returned to Europe in 1957 in order to finish his studies, and graduated in Chemistry at the University of Munich; he returned to Brazil in 1967, and joined his family at Vassouras, where he became a member of the Society for the Defense of Tradition, Family and Property, a traditionalist Catholic organization; in 1981, he succeeded his father as the claimant to the Brazilian throne; he is involved in monarchist proselytism in Brazil, and with his brothers, he has played a major role during the campaign for the 1993 plebiscite, which represented the hitherto only real opportunity for a return of the monarchy since the Proclamation of the Republic, in 1889; as Head of the House of Orléans-Braganza, he holds the position of Grand Master and Sovereign of following orders: - Imperial Order of Christ, Imperial Order of St. Benedict of Avis, Imperial Order of Saint James of the Sword, Imperial Order of the Southern Cross, Imperial Order of Emperor Pedro I and Imperial Order of the Rose, he is also the recipient of the Grand Cross of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies), the Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa and the Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. 
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The Monarchs of Brazil were the rulers of, firstly, a kingdom united with Portugal in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves from 1815 to 1822, and subsequently as a sovereign and independent State, the Empire of Brazil from 1822 to 1889. Before 1815, Brazil was a colony of the Kingdom of Portugal. During the colonial era, from 1645 onwards, the heir apparent of the Portuguese Crown was styled Prince of Brazil. In 1817, in the wake of the creation of the United Kingdom of Portugal Brazil and the Algarves, the heir apparent's title was changed to Prince Royal. By the time of the creation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, Queen Maria I was long incapacitated, and the Portuguese Empire was ruled by Prince John, the future King John VI, as Prince Regent. In 1889, the monarchy was abolished in a military coup d'état that proclaimed Brazil a Republic. During the imperial era, King John VI of Portugal briefly held the honorific style of Titular Emperor of Brazil under the 1825 Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, by which Portugal recognized the independence of Brazil. The style of Titular Emperor was a life title, and became extinct upon the holder's demise. John VI held the imperial title for a few months only, from the ratification of the Treaty in November 1825 until his death in March 1826. During those months, however, as John's imperial title was purely honorific, Emperor Pedro I remained the sole Head of State and Government of the Empire. 
STYLES AND TITLES:
All the members of the family (in the male line) carry the title of Prince or Princess of Orleans-Braganza with the style of Royal Highness, even if they do not descend from an equal marriage. The descendants of Prince Dom Pedro Henrique carry the style Prince or Princess of Brazil, Prince or Princess of Orleans-Braganza with the style of Imperial and Royal Highness, only if they descend from an equal marriage. The princes who contract non-equal marriages have to renounce those titles but keep the title of Prince or Princess of Orleans-Braganza with the style of Royal Highness.
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Rulers were...
  • H.M. Queen Maria I,
                      1st Reinha de BrasilBy the Grace of God, Her Most Faithful Majesty Maria I, Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lady of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, 1st Reinha de Brasil [16.12.1815] - [20.3.1816], Queen of Portugal and the Algarves [24.2.1777] - [16.12.1815] and Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves 1815/1816; born 17th December 1734 in Lisbon, as HRH Princess Dona Maria Francisca Isabel Josefa Antonia Rita Gertrudes Joanna de Bragança, daughter of H.M. King Dom José I Francisco António Inácio Norberto Agostinho, Rei de Portugal, and his wife, H.M. Queen Maria Anna Vittoria de Borbón; Princeza da Beira e do Barcellos (from birth) 1734/1750, Princeza do Brasil e Duchessa de Bragança 1750/1777; as Queen of Portugal, she was Grand Mistress of the following Portuguese Orders:- Order of Christ, Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz, Order of Saint James of the Sword and Order of the Tower and Sword; during her reign, Delagoa Bay was ceded from Austria to Portugal in 1781 and Portugal became a member of the League of Armed Neutrality (July 1782); she suffered from melancholia, first apparent in 1786 and which finally prevented her from carrying out her duties from 1792, the onus falling on her son; in 1815, Prince Regent João's government elevated Brazil to the status of a kingdom, and she was proclaimed the Queen of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves; she is admired as a key figure in the eventual independence of Brazil; married 6th June 1760 in Ajuda, Lisbon, H.M. King Dom Pedro III Clemente Francisco José António de Portugal, born 5th July 1717 in Lisbon, died 25th May 1786 in Ajuda, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, Rei Consorte de Portugal 1777/1786, Príncipe do Brasil (1760), 19th Duque de Bragança (1760), 18th Marquês de Vila Viçosa, 16th Duque de Guimarães, 14th Duque de Barcelos, 20th Conde de Barcelos, 22nd Conde de Arraiolos; and had issue. She died 20th March 1816 at the Carmo Convent in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and was buried in 1821 at Basilica de Estrela, Lisbon.
    • HH Prince Dom José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos Antonio Agostinho Anastácio de Bragança, born 21st August 1761 in Lisbon, Portugal, Principe da Beira from birth, Principe do Brasil (1761), 20th Duque de Bragança, 17th Duque de Guimarães, 19th Marquês de Vila Viçosa, 15th Duque de Barcelos, 21st Conde de Barcelos, 23rd Conde de Arraiolos; married 21st February 1777, Maria Francisca Benedita Ana Isabel Joana Antonia de Bragança, born 25th July 1746 in Lisbon, died 18th August 1829 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, daughter of H.M. King José I Francisco António Inácio Norberto Agostinho de Bragança, Rei de Portugal, and his wife, H.M. Queen Maria Anna Vittoria de Borbón. He died sp on 11th September 1788 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HH Prince Dom João de Bragança, born 20th October 1762, died 20th October 1762.
    • HH Prince Dom José João Francisco de Paula Domingo Antonio Carlos de Bragança, born 16th September 1763 in Lisbon, died 10th October 1763 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HH Prince Dom João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luiz António Domingos Rafael de Bragança, he succeeded as H.M. King João VI, Rei de Portugal and 2nd Rei de Brasil (qv)
    • HH Princess Dona Maria Ana Vitória Josefa Francisca Xaviera de Paula Antonieta Joana Domingas Gabriela de Bragança, born 15th December 1768 in Queluz, Lisbon, married 23rd May 1785 in Aranjuez, Madrid, HRH Prince Don Gabriel de Borbón, Infante de España, born 11th May 1752 in Portici, Campania, Italy, died 23rd November 1788 in Escorial, Madrid, Spain, buried in Escorial, Madrid, son of H.M. King Carlos III de Borbón, King of Spain, and his wife, HM Queen Maria Amalia Christina Francisca Xaveria Flora Walpurgia von Sachsen, and had issue, two sons and one daughter. She died 2nd November 1788 in Escorial, Madrid, buried in Escorial.
      • HRH Prince Don Pedro Carlos de Borbón, born 18th June 1786 in Aranjuez, married 1stly, 13th May 1810 in Rio de Janeiro (as her first husband), (his cousin), HH Princess Dona Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antonia Carlota Josefa de Bragança, Princess of Brazil (see below), and had issue, one son.
    • HH Princess Dona Maria Clementina Francisca Xavier de Paula Ana Josefa Antónia Domingas Feliciana Joana Michaela Julia de Bragança, born 9th June 1774 in Queluz, Lisbon, died 27th June 1776 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HH Princess Dona Maria Isabel de Bragança, born 22nd December 1776 in Queluz, Lisbon, died 14th January 1777 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
  • H.M. King João VI, Rei
                      de Portugal and 2nd Rei de Brasil 1816/1822H.M. King João VI, King of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves [20.3.1816] - [7.9.1822] then King of Portugal and the Algarves [7.9.1822] - [10.3.1826], and 2nd Emperador de Brasil [7.9.1822-[15.11.1825] (de jure) then [15.11.1825] - [10.3.1826] (titular as João I), born 13th May 1767 in Lisbon as João Maria José Francisco Xavier de Paula Luís António Domingos Rafael de Bragança; he was educated privately by tutors in arts and sciences, music, horse-riding, religion, history, law, French, and etiquette; in 1788, he succeeded his elder brother as Principe da Beira, Principe do Brasil, 21st Duque de Bragança, 18th Duque de Guimarães, 20th Marquês de Vila Viçosa, 16th Duque de Barcelos, 22nd Conde de Barcelos, 24th Conde de Arraiolos; he was Prince-Regent from 1799 due to the mental incapacity of his mother; he was acclaimed as King only on 6th February 1818 and later was created Titular Emperor of Brazil for life on 15th November 1825 by a provision of the 1825 Treaty of Rio de Janeiro, though his son held all power and was the head of state and government; his wife repeatedly conspired against him in favour of personal interests or those of her native Spain, an attempt to depose him failed in 1805; he was forced to flee from Portugal in November 1807 when troops of the Emperor Napoleon I invaded Portugal, he landed in Brazil on 22nd January 1808 and started to formalize the creation of a huge number of institutions and public services that boosted the economy, culture and other areas of national life, these measures were taken principally because of the practical needs of administering a large empire in a territory previously lacking of these resources, these advances became the basis for Brazil's future autonomy; liberal agitation occurred in Brazil and in 1817, the Pernambucan Revolt broke out in Recife, spread to a number of districts but was severely put down; in Portugal, on 30th January 1821, the Cortes met in Lisbon and decreed the formation of a Council of Regency to exercise power in his nam, and, amongst other actions, it demanded his return to Portugal, he therefore named his son as regent for Brazil in his name and left for Lisbon arriving there on 3rd July 1821; he lost Brazil on 7th September 1822 when his son Pedro declared Brazil's independence, with the final recognition of the independence occuring on 29th August 1825; his other son Miguel led a rebellion that sought to depose him; in all likelihood he may have been poisoned to death by arsenic; notwithstanding these tribulations he left a lasting mark, especially in Brazil, and laid a foundation for national autonomy, and is considered by many researchers the true mastermind of the modern Brazilian state; married 17th March 1785 in Madrid (by proxy) and 9th June 1785 in Lisbon (in person), H.M. Queen Doña Carlotta Joaquina Teresa Cayetana de Borbón, born 25th April 1775 in Aranjuez, Madrid, died 7th January 1830 in Queluz, Lisbon, buried São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, daughter of H.M. King Carlos IV, Rey de España, and his wife, H.M. Queen Maria Luisa di Borbone, and had issue, three sons and six daughters, as well as further issue. He died 10th March 1826 in Lisbon.
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria Teresa Francisca de Assis Antonia Carlota Josefa de Bragança, born 29th April 1793 in Queluz, Lisbon, married 1stly, 13th May 1810 in Rio de Janeiro, (her cousin) HRH Prince Don Pedro Carlos de Borbón, born 18th June 1786 in Aranjuez, Madrid, died 4th July 1812 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. son of HRH Prince Don Gabriel de Borbón, and his wife, HH Princess Dona Maria Ana Victória Josefa Francisca Xaviera de Paula de Bragança (see above), married 2ndly, 20th October 1838 in Azcoita, Guipúzcoa, HRH Prince Don Carlos (V) de Borbón, Carlist Pretender of Spain, born 29th March 1788 in Aranjuez, Madrid, died 10th March 1855 in Trieste, son of H.M. King Carlos IV de Borbón, King of Spain, and his wife, H.M. Queen Maria Luisa di Borbone, and had issue (by first husband), one son. She died 17th January 1874 in Trieste, buried in Trieste.
    • HRH Prince Dom Francisco Antonio Pio de Bragança, born 21st March 1795 in Queluz, Lisbon, died 11th June 1801 in Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria Isabel Francisca de Bragança, born 29th May 1797 in Queluz, Lisbon, married 29th September 1816 in Madrid, H.M. King Fernando VII de Borbón, Rey de España, born 14th October 1784 in Escorial, Madrid, Spain, died 29th September 1833 in Madrid, buried in Escorial, Madrid, and had issue, one daughter. She died 26th December 1818 in Madrid, buried in Escorial, Madrid.
    • HRH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Francisco António João Carlos Xavier de Bragança, he succeeded as H.I.M. King Pedro IV, Rei de Portugal e Rei de Brasil (qv)
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria Francisca d'Assis Joaquina da Maternidade Xaveria de Bragança, born 22nd April 1800 in Queluz, Lisbon, married 22nd September 1816 in Madrid, HRH Prince Don Carlos (V) de Borbón, Carlist Pretender of Spain, born 29th March 1788 in Aranjuez, Madrid, died 10th March 1855 in Trieste, buried in Trieste, and had issue, three sons. She died 4th September 1834 in Alverstoke Rectory near Gosport, Hants, U.K.
    • HRH Princess Dona Isabel Maria de la Conceicao Joana Carlota Gualberta Ana de Bragança, born 4th July 1801 in Lisbon, Portugal, Regente de Portugal 1826/1828, died unmarried on 22nd April 1876 in Benfica, Lisbon, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HRH Prince Dom Miguel Maria do Patrocínio João Carlos Francisco de Assis de Bragança, born 26th October 1802, he succeeded as H.M. King Miguel II, 30th Rei de Portugal 1828/1834, Duque de Bragança, 5th Duque de Viseu, married 24th September 1851 in Kleinheubach-am-Main, Bayern, Germany, HSH Princess Adelheid Sophie Amalie Luise Johanna zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, born 3rd April 1831 in Kleinheubach-am-Main, Bayern, died 16th December 1909 in Abbey St Cecily, Isle of Wight, England, daughter of HSH Prince Konstantin Josef Nikolaus Alfred zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, and his wife, HSH Princess Maria Agnes Henrietta zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg, and had issue, one son and six daughters (see Portugal). He died 14th November 1866 in Bronnbach an der Tauber, Bayern, Germany.
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria de la Assunçao Ana Juana Josefa Luisa Gonzaga de Bragança, born 25th June 1805 in Queluz, Lisbon, died unmarried on 7th January 1834 in Santarem, Portugal, buried in São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.
    • HRH Princess Dona Ana da Jesus Maria Luisa Gonzaga Joaquina Micaela de Bragança, born 23rd October 1806 in Mafra, married 5th December 1827 in Queluz, Portugal, Dom Nuno José Severo de Mendoça Rolim de Moura Barreto, born 6th November 1804 in Lisbon, Portugal, died 22nd May 1875 in Lisbon, Portugal, 1st Duque de Loulé‚ 2nd Marquês de Loulé‚ 9th Conde de Vale de Reis, and had issue, two sons and three daughters. She died 22nd June 1857 in Rome, Italy.
    • Dona Eugenia Maria do Rosario de Menezes (illegitimate), married 1839 (as his second wife), William Smith, born 1788, died 11th November 1865, allegedly an illegitimate son of H.M. King William IV of Great Britain, and had issue.
  • H.M. King Pedro IV,
                      Rei de Portugal and 3rd Imperador do Brasil
                      [1.12.1826] - [7.4.1831]H.I.M. Dom Pedro I Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil, 3rd Imperador do Brasil [7.9.1822] - [7.4.1831] and Rei de Portugal [10.3.1826] - [2.5.1826] (as HM King Pedro IV #1), Infante de Portugal, born 12th October 1798 in the Queluz Palace in Lisbon as HRH Prince Pedro de Alcântara Francisco Antônio João Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquim José Gonzaga Pascual Cipriano Serafim de Bragança, as heir to the Portuguese crown, he led the following titles :- 22nd Duque de Bragança, 19th Duque de Guimarães, 21st Marquês de Vila Viçosa, 17th Duque de Barcelos, 23rd Conde de Barcelos, 25th Conde de Arraiolos, Conde de Ourém, Conde de Faria e de Neiva and Conde de Guimarães; educated privately by palace tutors in a broad array of subjects that included mathematics, political economy, logic, history and geography, as well as French and Latin; he was granted the title of Perpetual Defender of Brazil on 13th May 1822; he declared Brazil's independence on 7th September 1822 and was acclaimed by all on 12th October 1822 and crowned as Imperador on 1st December 1822; after long negotiations, Portugal signed a treaty with Brazil on 29th August 1825 in which it recognized Brazilian independence; he was involved in wars and military strife for all his reign in both Brazil and Portugal, he took part in the Cisplatine War from early 1825, resulting in the loss of Cisplatina in 1828, that same year his younger brother usurped the throne of Portugal, and on 7th April 1831 he abdicated the Brazilian throne in favour of his son and sailed for Europe, he invaded Portugal with a small army on 9th July 1832 and became embroiled in a civil war until mid 1834 when he finally emerged victorious and a peace accord was reached on 26th May 1834; as Emperor he was Grand Master of the following Brazilian Orders: - Order of Christ, Order of Aviz, Order of Saint James of the Sword, Order of the Southern Cross, Order of Pedro I, Order of the Rose; as King, he was Grand Master of the following Portuguese Orders:- Order of Christ, Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz, Order of Saint James of the Sword, Order of the Tower and Sword, Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa and  Grand Cross of the Portuguese Order of the Tower and of the Sword, of Valor, Loyalty and Merit (20.9.1834); he was a recipient of the following foreign honours:- Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (Spain), Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III (Spain); Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic; Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Louis (France); Knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit (France); Knight of the Order of Saint Michael (France); Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Stephen (Austria-Hungary); married 1stly, 13th May 1817 in Vienna (by proxy) and 5th November 1817 in Rio de Janeiro (in person), H.M. Queen Maria Leopoldina von Habsburg-Lothringen, born 22nd January 1797 in Vienna, Austria, died 11th December 1826 in Rio de Janeiro. buried São Paulo, Brazil, daughter of H.I.M. Emperor Franz II von Habsburg, and his wife, H.I.M. Empress Maria Teresa Carolina Giuseppina di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, married 2ndly, 2nd August 1829 in Munich (by proxy) and 17th October 1829 in Rio de Janeiro (in person), H.M. Queen Amélie Auguste Eugenie Napoleone de Beauharnais, born 31st July 1812 in in Milan, Lombardy, Italy, died 26th January 1873 in Lisbon, Portugal, daughter of Duke Eugène Rose de Beauharnais, and his wife, HRH Princess Augusta Amalia Ludovika Georgia von Bayern, and had issue as well as further issue. He died of tuberculosis on 24th September 1834 in Queluz, Lisbon, interred in 1972 in São Paulo, Brazil (#2).
    • HH Princess Dona Maria da Gloria Joanna Carlota Leopoldina de Cruz de Bragança, born 4th April 1819 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. she succeeded as H.M. Queen Maria II, Queen of Portugal (qv). She died 15th November 1853 in Lisbon, Portugal.
    • HH Prince Dom Miguel de Bragança, Principe da Beira, born 24th April 1820 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died 24th April 1820 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • HH Prince Dom João Carlos Pedro Leopoldo de Bragança, Principe da Beira, born 6th March 1821 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died 4th February 1822 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • HH Princess Dona Januaria Maria Joana Carlota Leopoldina Cándida Francisca Xavier de Paula Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança, Infanta de Portugal (officially recognized as such on 4th June 1822), born 11th March 1822 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, married 28th April 1844 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, HRH Prince Luigi Carlo Maria Giuseppe di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, born 19th July 1824 in Naples, Campania, Italy, died 5th March 1897 in Cannes, France, 1st Conte di Aquila; and had issue. She died 13th March 1901 in Nice, France.
    • HH Princess Dona Paula Mariana Joanna Carlota de Bragança, born 17th February 1823 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died probably of meningitis on 16th January 1833 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • HH Princess Dona Francisca Carolina Joana Carlota Leopoldina Romana Xavier de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga de Bragança, born 2nd August 1824 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, married 1st May 1843 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, HRH Prince François Ferdinand Philippe Louis Marie d'Orléans, born 14th August 1818 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, died 16th June 1900 in Paris, France, Prince de Joinville, and had issue, one son and one daughter. She died 27th March 1898 in Paris, France, buried in Dreux, France.
    • HH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara João Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocãdio Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Bragança, he succeeded as H.M. Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (qv)
    • HH Prince Dom Miguel de Bragança, born 24th April 1826 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died 24th April 1826 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    • HH Princess Dona Maria Amélia Augusta Eugênia Josefina Luísa Teodolinda Elói Francisco Xavier de Paula Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança (Photo), born 14th December 1831 in Paris, the Brazilian government refused to recognize her as a member of Brazil's Imperial House because she was foreign-born, however, her elder half-brother, Emperor Pedro II, was declared of age in 1840 and intervened the Brazilian parliament on her behalf  to grant her recognition, which occurred on 5th July 1841; in early 1852, she was engaged to Archduke Maximilian of Austria, but she died before the marriage could take place, she was a recipient of the Grand Cross of the Order of Pedro I (Brazil) and the Grand Cross of the Order of the Rose (Brazil), as well as the Band of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa (Spain), Grand Cross of the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa (Portugal), Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Isabel (Portugal), Insignia of the Order of the Starry Cross (Austria) and Insignia of the Order of Saint Elizabeth (Bavaria). She died of tuberculosis on 4th February 1853 in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, buried at São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon and re-interred in 1982 in the Convento de Santo Antônio, Rio de Janeiro.
    • HH Dona Isabel Maria de Alcântara de Bragança (by Dona Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, born 27th December 1797, died 3rd November 1867), born 4th April 1824 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Duquesa de Goyaz / Goiás, married 17th April 1843 in Munich, Freiherr Ernst Fischler von Treuberg, born 1st June 1810 in Holzen, died 14th May 1867 in Holzen, and had issue. She died 13th November 1898 in Murnau, Oberbayern, Germany.
    • Dom Pedro de Alcântara Brasileiro de Bragança (by Dona Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, born 27th December 1797, died 3rd November 1867), born 7th December 1825 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died in March 1826 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • Dona Maria Isabel de Alcântara Brasileira de Bragança (by Dona Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, born 27th December 1797, died 3rd November 1867), born 13th August 1827 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died 25th October 1828 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 
    • Dona Maria Isabel de Bragança (by Dona Domitila de Castro Canto e Mello, born 27th December 1797, died 3rd November 1867), born 28th February 1830 in São Paulo, Brazil, married 1846/1848 at Rio de Janeiro, Dom Pedro Caldeira Brant, Conde de Iguaçu, died 18th February 1881 at Rio de Janeiro, and had issue. She died 13th September 1896 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • Dom José de Mosqueira (by Juana de Mosqueira), born 1828/1830, died young.
    • Dom Rodrigo Delfim Pereira (by Maria Benedita de Castro, Baroness of Sorocaba, born 18th December 1792, died 5th March 1857), born 4th November 1823 at Rio de Janeiro, married 7th June 1851 in Rio de Janeiro, Carolina Bregaro, born 14th January 1836 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died 30th December 1915 in Lisbon, Portugal, and had issue, still extant to the present day. He died 31st January 1891 in Lisbon, Portugal.
    • Dom Pedro de Alcântara Brasileiro de Bragança (by Henriette Josephine Clémence Saisset), born 23rd August 1829 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, died after 1834.
  • H.M. Emperor Pedro II,
                      4th Imperador do BrasilH.I.M. Dom Pedro II, Constitutional Emperor and Perpetual Defender of Brazil, 4th Imperador do Brasil [7.4.1831] - [15.11.1889] and Head of the Imperial and Royal House of Brazil [15.11.1889] - [5.12.1891], born 2nd December 1825 in the Palacio de São Cristóvão in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil as H.I.H. The Prince Imperial, Dom Pedro de Alcântara João Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocádio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Bragança, he was officially recognized as heir apparent to the Brazilian throne on 6th August 1826; he was declared of age on 23rd July 1840 by the General Assembly and was crowned as Emperor on 18th July 1841; on 6th November 1848, the Praieira revolt erupted within Pernambuco province and was only suppressed it was suppressed by March 1849; on 4th September 1850, the Eusébio de Queirós Law was promulgated which eliminated the importation of slaves and Britain accepted that the trade had been suppressed, finally Brazil and Uruguay united to overthrow the Argentine dictator in February 1852, who had supported rebellions within Uruguay and Brazil since the 1830's; after these crises, Brazil experienced relative stability and prosperity which lasted until early 1862 when two minor incidents involving the British threatened to start a war; at the same an escalating conflict with Uruguay lead to the Uruguayan War from December 1864 to March 1865, and the Paraguayan War followed immediately afterwards which only ended on 1st March 1870, the British diplomatic envoy, Edward Thornton, having apologized for the crisis between the two Empires early in 1865; he became the first Brazilian photographer when he acquired a daguerreotype camera in March 1840; he also had an astronomical observatory constructed; Member of the Royal Society, the Russian Academy of Sciences, The Royal Academies for Science and the Arts of Belgium and the American Geographical Society; in 1875, he was elected to the French Academy of Sciences; he founded the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute, the Imperial Academy of Music and the National Opera; as Emperor he was Grand Master of the following Brazilian Orders:- Order of Christ, Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz, Order of Saint James of the Sword, Order of the Southern Cross, Order of Pedro I, Order of the Rose; he was a recipient of the following foreign honours:- Grand Cross of the Austro-Hungarian Order of Saint Stephen, Grand Cordon of the Belgian Order of Leopold, Grand Cross of the Romanian Order of the Star, Knight of the Danish Order of the Elephant, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Januarius of the Two Sicilies, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit of the Two Sicilies, Grand Cross of the French Légion d'honneur, Grand Cross of the Greek Order of the Redeemer, Grand Cross of the Dutch Order of the Netherlands Lion, Knight of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece, Knight of the British Order of the Garter, Grand Cross of the Order of Malta, Grand Cross of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Grand Cross of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, Grand Cross of the Portuguese Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa, Grand Cross of the Portuguese Order of the Tower and Sword, Grand Cross of the Prussian Order of the Black Eagle, Grand Cross of all Russian orders of chivalry, Knight of the Italian Order of the Most Holy Annunciation, Grand Cross of the Swedish Royal Order of the Seraphim, Grand Cross of the Swedish Order of the Polar Star, Grand Cross (First Class) of the Turkish Order of the Medjidie; he married 30th May 1843 in Naples, Campania, Italy (by proxy) and 4th September 1843 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (in person), H.I.M. Empress Teresa Maria Cristina di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, born 14th March 1822 in Naples, died 28th December 1889 in Oporto, Portugal, interred 1920 in Petrópolis, daughter of HM King Francesco I Gennaro Giuseppe Saverio Giovanni di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, King of The Two Sicilies, and his second wife, HM Queen Maria Isabel de Borbón, and had issue. He died 5th December 1891 in Paris, France and interred in 1921 in the Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara, in Petrópolis, Brazil.
    • HIRH Prince Dom Afonso Pedro de Alcântara Cristiano Leopoldo Filipe Eugénio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Bragança, born 23rd February 1845 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Prince Imperial of Brazil from birth. He died 11th June 1847 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
    • HIRH Princess Dona Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança (qv)
    • HRH Princess Dona Leopoldina Teresa Francisca Carolina Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança, born 13th July 1847 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, married 15th December 1864 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Herzog August Ludwig Maria Eudes von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, born 9th August 1845 at Château d'Eu, Seine-Inférieure, France, died 14th September 1907 in Karlsbad, Karlovy Vary, then Czechoslovakia, son of HH August Ludwig Victor von Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha, and his wife, HRH Marie Clementine Caroline Léopoldine d'Orléans, and had issue, four sons. She died 7th February 1871 in Vienna, Austria.
    • HRH Prince Dom Pedro Afonso Cristiano Leopoldo Eugénio Fernando Vicente Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Bragança, born 19th July 1848 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Prince Imperial of Brazil from birth. He died 9th January 1850 in Santa Cruz, Brazil.
  • HIRH Princess Dona
                      Isabel de BragançaHIRH Princess Dona Isabel Cristina Leopoldina Augusta Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Bragança, Head of the Imperial and Royal House of Brazil [5.12.1891] - [14.11.1921], born 29th June 1846 in the Palace of Saint Christopher, Rio de Janeiro, Princess Imperial of Brazil [11.6.1847] - [19.7.1848] and [9.1.1850] - [15.11.1889] and [15.11.1889] - [5.12.1891] (in pretence), she was baptized on 15th November in an elaborate ceremony in Igreja da Glória, educated privately in reading and writing from May 1854; she was a three-time regent of Brazil (1871/1872, 1876/1877 and 1887/1888), and on one such occasion on 27th September 1871, she signed a new anti-slavery act, called The Law of Free Birth, which freed all children born of slaves after that date; whilst Regent from 1887 to August 1888, she had legislation passed on 13th May 1888 which completely abolished slavery, she was popularly acclaimed as "the Redemptress" (A Redentora), and was given a Golden Rose by the Pope for her actions; her father was deposed in November of the following year, and the family went into exile, arriving in Lisbon on 7th December 1889; attempts by Brazilian monarchists to restore the crown were unsuccessful, and she lent them only half-hearted support; afterwards her health began deteriorating, and by 1921 she was barely able to walk, and was therefore unable to travel to Brazil when the banishment of the Royal family was lifted in 1920; she was a recipient of the following Brazilian orders:- Grand Cross of the Order of Christ, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint Benedict of Aviz, Grand Cross of the Order of Saint James of the Sword, Grand Cross of the Order of the Southern Cross, Grand Cross of the Order of Pedro I, Grand Cross of the Order of the Rose as well as the following foreign honours:- Band of the Order of Queen Maria Luisa (Spain), Band of the Order of Saint Isabel (Portugal), Insignia of the Order of the Starry Cross (Austria),  Grand Cross of the Imperial Order of Saint Charles (Mexico); married 15th October 1864 in the Imperial Chapel at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, HRH Prince Louis Philippe Marie Ferdinand Gaston d'Orléans, born 28th April 1842 in Neuilly-sur-Seine, France, died 28th August 1922 at sea, interred in 1953 in Petrópolis, Brazil, Comte d'Eu, and had issue. She died 14th November 1921 at the Château d'Eu, Seine-Inférieure, France and was interred in 1971 in the Cathedral of São Pedro de Alcântara in Petrópolis.
    • HRH Princess Dona Luíza Vitória de Orléans e Bragança, stillborn in July 1874, died in July 1874.
    • HRH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Luiz Filipe Maria Gastão Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, Principe de Grão Pará [15.10.1875] - [15.11.1889], born 15th October 1875 in Petrópolis, Brazil; with his mother, he went into exile to Europe when his grandfather was deposed in 1889, and grew up largely in France, educated at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria; he was styled as Principe de Grão Pará [15.11.1889] - [5.12.1891] and Prince Imperial of Brazil [5.12.1891] - [9.11.1908]; he renounced his claim to the throne on behalf of himself and his descendants on 30th October 1908; married 14th November 1908 in Versailles, France, Gräfin Maria Eliska Adelheid Dobrensky z Dobrenic, born 7th December 1875 in Chotebor, Bohemia, died 11th June 1951 in Sintra, Portugal, daughter of Graf Jan Vaclav Dobrzenský z Dobrzenicz, and his wife, Gräfin Elizabeth Josefa Kottulinsky von Kottulin, and had issue. He died 29th January 1940 in Petrópolis, Brazil.
      • HRH Princess Dona Isabelle Maria Amélia Luiza Vitoria Teresa Joana Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 13th August 1911 at the Château d'Eu, married 8th April 1931 in Palermo Cathedral, HRH Prince Henri Robert d'Orléans, Comte de Paris and Head of the House of Orléans, and had issue, five sons and six daughters. She died 5th July 2003 in Paris and was buried 11th July 2003 at Dreux.
      • HRH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Gastão João Maria Felipe Lourenço Humberto Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 19th February 1913 at the Château d'Eu, married 18th December 1944 at Seville, Spain, HRH Princess Maria de la Esperanza Amalia Raniera Maria Rosario de Borbón, born 14th June 1914 at Madrid, died 8th August 2005, daughter of HRH Prince Carlo Maria Francesco d'Assisi Pasquale di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, and his second wife, HRH Princess Louise d'Orléans, and had issue, four sons and two daughters. He died 27th December 2007 at Seville.
        • HRH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Carlos João Lourenço Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 31st October 1945 at Rio de Janeiro, married 1stly, 2nd September 1975 at Petrópolis, Rony Kuhn de Souza, born 20th March 1938 at São Paulo, died 14th January 1979 at Petrópolis, married 2ndly, 16th July 1981 at Fazenda São Geraldo, Patricia Alexandra Branscombe, born 22nd November 1962 at Petrópolis, died 20th November 2009, and has issue.
          • HRH Prince Dom Pedro Tiago Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 12th January 1979 at Petrópolis.
          • HRH Prince Dom Filipe Rodrigo Alexandre Francisco Cristóvão Miguel Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 31st December 1982 at Brasilia.
        • HRH Princess Dona Maria da Glória Henriquetta Dolores Lúcia Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 13th December 1946 at Petrópolis, married 1st July 1972 (div. 1985) at Villamanrique de La Condesa, Spain, HRH Crown Prince Alexander Karadjordjevic, Head of the Royal House of Yugoslavia, married 2ndly, 24th October 1985 at Seville, Don Ignacio de Medina, Duque de Segorbe, Conde de Moriana del Rio, 53rd Conde de Ampurias, born 23rd February 1947 at Seville, and has issue, by both husbands.
        • HRH Prince Dom Afonso Duarte Francisco Marcos Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 25th April 1948 at Petrópolis, married 1stly, 3rd January 1973 at Seville (div.1998), Maria Parejo, born 13th May 1954 at Seville, married 2ndly, 19th November 2002 at Petrópolis, Silvia Amalia Hungria de Silva Machado, born 29th July 1953 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue (by first marriage), two daughters.
          • HRH Princess Dona Maria de Orleans e Bragança, born 14th January 1974 at Seville.
          • HRH Princess Dona Julia de Orleans e Bragança, born 18th September 1977 at Petrópolis.
        • HRH Prince Dom Manoel Alvaro Rainiero Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 17th June 1949 at Petrópolis, married 12th December 1977 at Málaga, Spain (div.1995), Margarita Haffner, born 10th December 1945 in Malaga, and has issue, one son and one daughter.
          • HRH Princess Dona Luiza Cristina de Orleans e Bragança, born 25th July 1978 at Seville.
          • HRH Prince Dom Manoel Afonso de Orleans e Bragança, born 9th April 1981 (or 7th March) at Seville.
        • HRH Princess Dona Cristina Maria do Rosario Leopoldina Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 16th October 1950 at Petrópolis, married 1stly, (as his second wife), 16th May 1980 (div.) at Petrópolis, HSH Jan Pawel Sapieha-Rozanski, born 26th August 1935 at Warsaw, married 2ndly, in October 1992 at Rio de Janeiro (div. 1996), José Carlos Calmon de Brito, and has issue (by first marriage), two daughters.
        • HRH Prince Dom Francisco Humberto Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 9th December 1956 at Petrópolis, married 28th January 1978 at Petrópolis, Christina Schmidt Peçanha, born 14th January 1953 at Rio de Janeiro, married 2ndly, 1980 at Petrópolis, Rita de Cascia Pires, born 1961, and has issue.
          • HRH Prince Dom Francisco Teodoro de Orleans e Bragança, born 25th September 1979 at Petrópolis.
          • HRH Princess Dona Maria Isabel de Orleans e Bragança, born 1982.
          • Gabrielle Pires de Orleans e Bragança, born 1989 at Petrópolis.
          • Manuela Pires de Orleans e Bragança, born 1997 at Petrópolis.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Francisca Amélia Luiza Vitória Teresa Elisabeth Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 8th September 1914 at the Château d'Eu, married (civ) 13th October 1942 at Rio de Janeiro and (rel) 15th October 1942 at Petrópolis, Dom Duarte Nuno Fernando Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Francisco de Bragança, Duque de Bragança, and had issue, three sons (see Portugal). She died 15th January 1968 at Lisbon.
      • HRH Prince Dom João Maria Felipe Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 15th October 1916 at Boulogne-Billancourt, married 1stly, 29th April 1949 at Sintra (div. 1971), Fatima Sherifa Chirine, born 19th April 1923 at Cairo, died 14th April 1990 at Rio de Janeiro, daughter of Husayn Shirin Bey, and his second wife, Aisha Mussallama, married 2ndly, 29th April 1990 (civ) at Petrópolis and 11th May 1990 at Rio de Janeiro (rel), Tereza de Jesus Cesar Leite, born 11th January 1929, and had issue (by first marriage). He died 26th June 2005 at Rio de Janeiro.
        • HRH Prince Dom João Henrique de Orleans e Bragança, born 25th April 1954 at Rio de Janeiro, married 26th June 1986 at Rio de Janeiro (div.2007), Stella Christina Lutterbach, born 20th June 1958 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue.
          • HRH Prince Dom João Felipe de Orleans e Bragança, born 27th November 1986 at Rio de Janeiro.
          • HRH Princess Dona Maria Cristina de Orleans e Bragança, born 26th December 1989 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Teresa Maria Teodora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 18th June 1919 at Boulogne-Billancourt, married 7th October 1957 at Sintra, Don Ernesto Antonio Martorell y Calderó, born 1921 in Lisbon, died 10th January 1985 in Madrid, and had issue. She died 18th April 2011 at Estoril.
    • HIRH Prince Dom Luís Maria Filipe Pedro de Alcântara Gastão Miguel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (Photo), born 26th January 1878 in Petrópolis, Brazil, titular Prince Imperial of Brazil [30.10.1908] - [26.3.1920], after the Declaration of the republic, he and his family moved to the outskirts of Versailles in France, educated at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria; he took an active part in attempts to restore the Brazilian Monarchy from 1907 until his death and argued in favour of federalism, obligatory military service and an improvement in the quality of life for labourers; when WWI started he enlisted in the British armed forces as officer as it was forbidden by law for them to serve in the French armed forces; while fighting in the trenches of Flanders in 1915, he contracted an aggressive type of bone rheumatism that left him very weak and incapable of walking, the disease eventually resulted in his early death; as a consequence of his actions in the conflict and for his bravery, he was the recipient of several decorations:- Military Medal of the Yser (Belgium), Knight of the Legion of Honour (France), Cross of War (France), the War Medal, the Victory Medal and Star all from Great Britain; author of Dans les Alps, Tour d´Afrique, Where Four Empires Meet and Under the Southern Cross (1913); married 4th November 1908 in Cannes, France, HRH Princess Maria Pia Chiara Anna di Borbone della Due-Sicilie, born 12th August 1878 in Cannes, France, died 20th June 1973 in Mandelieu, Alpes Maritimes, France, and had issue. He died vp on 26th March 1920 in Cannes.
      • HIRH Prince Dom Pedro Henrique Affonso Felipe Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (qv)
      • HRH Prince Dom Luiz Gastão Antônio Maria Filipe de Orleans e Bragança, born 19th February 1911 at Cannes, died unmarried 8th September 1931 at Neuilly-sur-Seine, and was buried at Dreux.
      • HRH Princess Dona Pia Maria Raniera Isabella Antonia Vitoria Thereza Amélia Gerarda Raimunda Anna Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 4th March 1913 at Boulogne-Billancourt, married 12th August 1948 in Paris, Comte René Jean Marie Nicolas de Nicolay, born 17th January 1910 at Lude, died 25th November 1954 in Paris, and had issue, two sons. She died 24th October 2000 at Lude.
    • Captain HRH Prince Dom Antônio Gastão Filipe Francisco de Assis Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança M.C., born 9th August 1881 in London, he was educated in Paris, and at the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, Austria; after graduation, he served as Hussar lieutenant in the Austro-Hungarian Army from 1908 to 1914; when WWI broke out he was prevented from joining the French armed forces and instead he was commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Canadian Dragoons where he served attached to the Royal Flying Corps as a pilot and intelligence officer; he was awarded the Military Cross in 1915, and was promoted to Captain in 1918; he was aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Seely, commander of the Canadian Cavalry Brigade; he was honoured with the following:- Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Pedro I of Brazil, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Rose of Brazil, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Christ of Portugal, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Carlos III of Spain, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of Bulgaria, Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Rising Sun of Japan. He died unmarried on 29th November 1918 in Cannes and was buried at the Chapelle Royale de Dreux.
  • HIRH
                    Prince Pedro Henrique de Orleans e BragançaHIRH Prince Pedro Henrique Affonso Felipe Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, Prince of Orléans-Braganza, Head of the Imperial and Royal House of Brazil [14.11.1921] - [1981], born 13th September 1909 at Boulogne-Billancourt, he inherited the title of Principe de Grão-Pará from birth, he was educated at the Écôle des Sciences Politiques in Paris; in 1920, the decree of banishment was revoked by the then President of Brazil and his grandfather leads part of the family to Brazil, they didn't remain there long as they were predominantly European in custom and habit; he succeeded his father as Prince Imperial of Brazil on his death in 1920 and succeeded his grandmother as Head of the Imperial House of Brazil on her death in 1921, though he continued to reside in France; he returned to Brazil after the end of WWII in 1945 and resided initially at Petrópolis; he took up farming in 1951 when he purchased a farm, Fazenda Santa Maria, in the town of Jacarezinho, from 1965 he was settled at Santa Maria in Vassouras and became active in the monarchist movement; he was Grand Master of the following Brazilian Orders:- Imperial Order of Christ, Imperial Order of St. Benedict of Avis, Imperial Order of Saint James of the Sword, Imperial Order of the Southern Cross,  Imperial Order of Dom Pedro I, Imperial Order of the Rose and recipient of the Grand Cross of the Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George, House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and recipient of the Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion,  Sovereign Military Order of Malta; married 19th August 1937 at Schloss Nymphenburg in Munich, HRH Princess Maria Elizabeth Franziska Josepha Therese von Bayern, born 9th September 1914 at Schloss Nymphenburg, died 13th May 2011 at Rio de Janeiro, daughter of HRH Prince Franz Maria Luitpold von Bayern, and his wife, HSH Isabella Antonia Eleonora Natalia Klementina von Croy, and had issue, eight sons and four daughters. He died 5th July 1981 at Vassouras.
    • HIRH Prince Dom Luiz Gastão Maria José Pio de Orleans e Bragança (qv)
    • HRH Prince Dom Eudes Maria Ranieri Pedro José de Orleans e Bragança, born 8th June 1939 at Mandelieu, he renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants on 3rd June 1966; married 1stly, 8th May 1967 at São Paulo (div,1976), Ana Maria de Moraes e Barros, born 20th November 1945 at São Paulo, married 2ndly, 1976 at Rio de Janeiro, Mercedes Neves da Rocha, born 26th January 1955 at Petrópolis, and has issue.
      • HRH Prince Dom Luíz Filipe Maria José Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 3rd April 1969 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Anna Luíza Maria Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 19th June 1971 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Prince Dom Eudes Maria José Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 17th December 1977 at Rio de Janeiro, married 15th March 2008 at Rio de Janeiro, Patricia Annechino Landau, and has issue.
        • HRH Prince Dom Eudes de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 8th June 2011 at Rio de Janeiro.
        • HRH Princess Dona Valentina de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 8th June 2011 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Francisca Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 18th August 1979 at Rio de Janeiro, married 7th May 2005 Rio de Janeiro, Bernardo Almeida Braga Ratto.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Antonia Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 18th August 1979 at Rio de Janeiro, married 15th June 2007 at Rio de Janeiro, Eduardo de Carvalho Moreira.
      • HRH Prince Dom Guy Maria José Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 8th October 1984 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HIRH Prince Beltrão Maria de Orleans e
                      BragançaHIRH Prince Dom Beltrão Maria José Pio Januario de Orleans e Bragança, born 2nd February 1941 at Mandelieu, Prince Imperial of Brazil and Heir Presumptive of Brazil; educated at the University of São Paulo, where he earned a law degree at the Faculty of Law in 1964; he is involved in monarchist proselytism in Brazil, and with his brothers, he has played a major role during the campaign for the 1993 plebiscite. Unmarried.
    • HRH Princess Dona Isabel Maria Josepha Henriquetta Francisca de Orleans e Bragança, born 4th April 1944 at La Bourboule.
    • HRH Prince Dom Pedro de Alcântara Henrique Maria Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 1st December 1945 at Petrópolis, he renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants on 28th December 1972; married 4th July 1974 at Rio de Janeiro, Maria de Fatima de Lacerda Rocha, born 14th July 1952 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Pia Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 23rd August 1975 at Rio de Janeiro, married 25th August 2001 at Rio de Janeiro, Rodrigo Otavio Broglia Mendes, born 7th November 1974 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Carolina Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 19th September 1978 at Rio de Janeiro, married 2nd December 2005 at Rio de Janeiro, Nuno de Carvalho Moreira, born 20th September 1974 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Dom Prince Gabriel José Miguel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 1st December 1980 at Rio de Janeiro, married 18th July 2009 at Rio de Janeiro, Luciana de Sousa Oliveira Guaspari, born 14th September 1981.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria de Fátima Isabel Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 13th May 1988 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Manoela Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 26th May 1989 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HRH Prince Dom Fernando Diniz Maria José Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 2nd February 1948 at Petrópolis, he renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants on 24th February 1972; married 19th March 1975 at Rio de Janeiro, Maria de Graca Baere de Araujo, born 27th June 1952 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue.
      • HRH Princess Dona Isabel Maria Eleonora Josefa Francisca Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 30th January 1978 at Rio de Janeiro, married 16th October 2009 at Rio de Janeiro, Alexander Graf zu Stolberg-Stolberg, born 26th February 1974.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria da Glória Cristina Josefa Joana Eleonora Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 11th November 1982 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Luíza Carolina Maria de Fatima Josefa Julia Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 27th October 1984 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HRH Prince Dom Antônio João Maria José Rasso Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 24th June 1950 at Rio de Janeiro, married (civ) 25th September 1981 at Beloeil, Ath, Hainaut, Belgium and (rel) 26th September 1981 at Beloeil, HH Princess Christine Marie Elisabeth de Ligne, born 11th August 1955 at Beloeil, daughter of HH Prince Antoine Marie Joachim Lamoral de Ligne, 13th Prince de Ligne, and his wife, HRH Alix Marie Anne Antoinette Charlotte Gabrielle de Luxembourg, and has issue.
      • HRH Prince Dom Pedro Luíz Maria José Miguel Rafael Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 12th January 1983 at Rio de Janeiro, died in a plane accident over the Atlantic Ocean on 31st May 2009.
      • HRH Princess Dona Amélia Maria de Fátima Josefa Antonia Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 15th March 1984 at Brussels.
      • HRH Prince Dom Rafael Antonio Maria José Francisco Miguel Gabriel Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 24th April 1986 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Gabriela Josefa Fernanda Yolanda Micaela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 8th June 1989 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HRH Princess Dona Leonor Maria Josefa Rosa Filipa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 20th May 1953 at Rio de Janeiro, married 10th March 1981 at Rio de Janeiro, HH Prince Michel Charles Eugène Marie Lamoral de Ligne, 14th Prince de Ligne, born 26th May 1951, and has issue.
    • HRH Prince Dom Francisco Maria José Rasso Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 6th April 1955 at Jacarézinho, he renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants on 11th December 1980; married 28th December 1980 at Rio de Janeiro, Claudia Regina Godinho, born 11th July 1954 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Elisabeth Josefa Angela Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 1st March 1982 at Rio de Janeiro, married 6th August 2011 at Rio de Janeiro, Pablo Trindade de Souza, born 1st May 1980.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Tereza Cristiana Josefa Albertina Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 31st January 1984 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Eleonora Josefa Antonia Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 31st January 1984 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HRH Prince Dom Alberto Maria José João Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 23rd June 1957 at Jundiai do Sul, he renounced his rights of succession to the Brazilian throne for himself and his descendants on 11th December 1980; married 11th January 1983 at Rio de Janeiro, Maritza Ribas Bockel, born 29th April 1961 at Rio de Janeiro, and has issue.
      • HRH Prince Dom Pedro Alberto Maria José Francisco Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 31st May 1988 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Maria Beatriz Isabel Guilhermina Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 27th July 1990 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Princess Dona Ana Thereza Maria Francisca Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 10th February 1995 at Rio de Janeiro.
      • HRH Prince Dom Antonio Alberto Maria José Henrique Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança, born 29th May 1997 at Rio de Janeiro.
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria Teresa Adelgunda Luíza Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 14th July 1959 at Jundiai do Sul, married 4th November 1995 at Rio de Janeiro, Jan Hessel de Jong, born 5th March 1954 in The Netherlands.
    • HRH Princess Dona Maria Gabriela Dorotea Isabella Josefa Micaela Gabriela Rafaela Gonzaga de Orleans e Bragança (twin), born 14th July 1959 at Jundiai do Sul, married 20th December 2003 at Petrópolis (div.2005), Teodoro Hungria de Silva Machado, born 1952.
  • HIRH Prince Dom Luiz Gastão Maria José Pio de Orleans e Bragança, Head of the Imperial and Royal House of Brazil (see above)
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GENERAL SOURCE: Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh, ed. (1977). Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America. London: Burke's Peerage.
1. His Most Faithful Majesty Dom Pedro IV, King of Portugal and the Algarves, of either side of the sea in Africa, Lord of Guinea and of Conquest, Navigation and Commerce of Ethiopia, Arabia, Persia and India, etc.
2. In 1972, on the 150th anniversary of Brazilian independence, Pedro I's remains (though not his heart) were brought to Brazil, as he had requested in his will, accompanied by much fanfare and with honours due to a head of state. His remains were reinterred in the Monument to the Independence of Brazil, along with those of Maria Leopoldina and Amélie, in the city of São Paulo.