TENOCHTITLAN (Kingdom)


TITLE: Tlatoani CAPITAL: Tenochtitlan 1325-1521
STATE: Mexico (Lake Texcoco)
ORIGIN:  Mexica
   
PRESENT HEAD OF HOUSE: Don Juan José Marcilla de Teruel Moctezuma y Jimenez, 5th Duque de Moctezuma and Grande de España, lineal representative of the House of Moctezuma.
married Doña Sofia Valcarcel Cano, and has issue.
  • Don Juan José Marcilla de Teruel Moctezuma y Valcarcel, married Cecilia Capelo Estevez, and has issue,
    • Don Juan José de Teruel Moctezuma y Capelo
    • Doña Sofia de Teruel Moctezuma y Capelo
  • Doña Maria de Teruel Moctezuma y Valcarcel, married Emilio Tudela y Domenech, and has issue.
    • Juan Alejandro de Teruel Moctezuma y Tudela
PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: The most important city-state within the Aztec Empire. The capital was founded in 1325 and fell to the Spanish conquistadores in 1521. The office of tlatoani was maintained by the Spaniards, after Cuauhtémoc's murder, to keep up the illusion of Aztec self-rule. With the death of Don Luis de Santa María Cipac in 1565, the Spaniards decided not to continue the charade of Aztec autonomy, and left the royal office vacant. Rulers were...
  1. Tlatoani OPOCHTZIN, 1st Tlatoani of the Mexica -/1202, married (amongst others), Princess Tecpatl, daughter of the “Toltec” King Acxitl of Colhuacan (sister of Princess Pochotl, wife of Xochipantzin, King of Colhuacan), descended from the Toltec kings of Tullan; and had issue.
    • Tlatoani Tezcuecuex (qv)

  2. Tlatoani TEZCUECUEX, 2nd Tlatoani of the Mexica 1202/1227 (1235), married Prince Tlaquilxochitl, daughter of Tochpanecatl, Prince of Tzompanco; and had issue.
    • Tlatoani Huitzilhiutl I (qv)

  3. Tlatoani HUITZILHIUTL I, 3rd Tlatoani of the Mexica 1227/1297, married and had issue.
    • Tlatoani Technoch (qv)

    INTERREGNUM 1297/1325, position usurped by the King Concoxtl of Colhuacan

  4. Tlatoani TECHNOCH, 1st Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan 1325/1336, moved his capital city to Tenochtitlan [Mexico City], and was its "first" king, 1325; married and had issue. He died 1336.
    • Tlatoani Tlacotin (qv)
    • Tlatoani Opochtli Itzcahuatzin (qv)

  5. Tlatoani TLACOTIN, 2nd Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan 1336/1337, married and had issue.
    • Tlatoani Teuhtlehauc (qv)

  6. Tlatoani OPOCHTLI, 3rd Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan in 1337, married Queen Atotoztli I, daughter of Coxcoxtli, Tlatoani of Colhuacan, and had issue.
    • Tlatoani Acamapichtli (qv)

  7. Tlatoani TEUHTLEHAUC, 4th Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan 1337/1349, married and had issue.
    • Prince Iztahuatzin, Crown Prince, married and had issue.
      • Queen Ilancueitl, Cihuatlatoani of the Mexica 1349/1383, married Tlatoani Huehue Acamapichtli, "Toltec" King of Culhuacan. She died sp in 1383.

  8. Tlatoani ACAMAPICHTLI, 1st Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1376/1396 or 1367/1387, born in Tizaapan, he held the post of Cihuacoatl, prior to his installation as Tlatoani, early in his reign, Tenochtitlan became a tributary of Azcapotzalco, for whom his forces fought against various city-states, later he sent expeditions against Cuauhnahuac (modern Cuernavaca) and Xochimilco, he enlarged the city, expanded the city's agricutural base, made improvements to the city's arhitecture, and the first Aztec laws were made, in 1382 he was crowned Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, in an elaborate ceremony, married 1stly, Princess Illancuetil, died 1383, sister of Tlatoani Acolmiztli, and/or grand-daughter of King Xihuiltemoc of Aculhuacán (Coatlichan), she was the first Queen of Tenochtitlan, and the tutor of her step-son, Huitzilihuitl, married 2ndly, Princess Tecatlamiyahuatzin [Tezcatlan Miyahuatzin / Miahuehxochtzin], daughter of Acacihtli, Tlatoani of Tetepango, 2nd Queen of Tenochtitlan, married 3rdly, Princess Huitzilxotzin, daughter of Tençacatetl, married 4thly, Princess Xiuhcuetzin, daughter of Ahatl, married 5thly, Cocatlamihuatzin, a daughter of Cuauhtliquetzqui, married 6thly, [Princess Tozqueutan, a Tepanec Princess,] a daughter of Tenochtzin, Captain-General, married 7thly, a daughter of Ahuexotl, married 8thly, a daughter of Ocelopan, and had issue, as well as further issue by (a), Matlalxochtzin, a Tepanec slave girl from Azcapotzalco. He died 1396. (#1)
    • Tlatoani Huitzilihuitl II (by Tecatlamiyahuatzin)(qv) 
    • Prince Tlatolzaca (by Princess Huitzilxotzin), married Princess Matlalxochtzin, daughter of Tlatoani Tlacacuitlahuatzin, 1st Tlatoani of Tiliuhcan, and had issue.
      • Prince Cahualtzin, married a daughter of Tlatoani Chimalpopoca of Tenochtitlan (see below), and had issue.
        • Princess (name unknown), married Tlatoani Ahuizotl, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan (see below).
        • Princess (name unknown), married Prince Tlatolcaltzin, son of Tlatoani Nezahualcoyotl of Texcoco.
      • Prince Tetlepanquetzaltzin
      • Prince Tecatlapohuatzin
    • Prince Quatlecoatl (by Princess Xiuhcuetzin)
    • Prince Epcoatl (by a daughter of Tenochtzin), temillotzin.
    • Prince Huehue Tlacahuepan (by Cocatlamihuatzin)
    • Prince Ilhuitltemoc (by a daughter of Xomimitl)
    • Prince Tlacacochtoc (by a daughter of Ocelopan), huecamecatl.
    • Princess Matlalxochitl (by a daughter of Ahuexotl), married Tlatoani Quateotl, ruler of the Itzcahuacan district of Tlalmanalco (Chalca).
    • Tlatoani Itzcoatl (by Matlalxochtzin) (qv)
    • Prince Tzompantli, hueyteuctli.
    • Prince Ocelopan, married and had issue. He died in a battle against the Chalca.
      • Prince Atlazol, Tlatoani of Huaxyacac.
    • Prince Tlatolcaltzin, married a daughter of Tlatoani Nauhyotl, Tlatoani of Culhuacan, and had issue.
      • Prince Tahuil Tlatoltzin

  9. Tlatoani HUITZILHIUTL II, 2nd Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1396/1417 or 1384/1409 or 1391/1415, born 1379, married 1stly, Princess Cacamacihuatl of Tacoba [or Teocalhueyacan], died circa 1395?, married 2ndly, Princess Ayauhcihuatl, daughter of Tlatoani Tezozomoc, Tlatoani of Azcapotzalco, married 3rdly, 1403, Princess Miyahuaxochtzin, died 1406, daughter of Tlatoani Tlacacuitlahuatzin, ruler of Tiliuhcan, married 4thly, 1406 Princess Miyahuaxihuitl [Miahiaxochitl], daughter of Tlatoani Tezcacohuatzin [Ozomatzin], ruler of Cuauhnahuac, married 5thly, Princess Tetzihuatzin of Tlacopan, and had issue. He died 1417.
    • Tlatoani Chimalpopoca (by Ayaucihuatl) (qv)
    • Prince Huehuezaca [Zacatzin] (by Ayaucihuatl or Miyahuaxochtzin), Tlacateccatl of Tenochtitlan, married and had issue. He is said to have been executed in 1449 for singing and beating his drum loudly by his brother, Moctezuma.
      • Prince Tzontemoc, he served as tlacateccatl under Axayacatl and Tizoc, married and had issue.
        • Prince Yaopaintzin
    • Cihuacóatl Tlacaelel I (by Cacamacihuatl), born 1397, 1st hereditary Cihuacóatl 1430/1474, initially he held the rank Atecpanecatl, he was then appointed to the rank of Tlacochcalcatl, and then promoted to Chihuacóatl (first advisor) in 1430, he helped create and enforce sumptuary laws, prohibiting commoners from wearing certain adornments, he also instigated a policy of burning the books of conquered peoples with the aim of erasing all memories of a pre-Aztec past, by the time of his death, he had brought his nation to the height of its power; married Princess Maquitzin, daughter of Tlatoani Quetzalmacatzin, Tlatoani of Itztlacozauhcan in Amaquemecan Chalco, and had issue. He died 1487.
      • Prince Cacamatzin (by Maquitzin), born in Tenochtitlan, he held the title of Tlacochcalcatl, married and had issue, twelve children. He was killed in 1479 after being captured in battle at Michoacan by the Tarascans.
        • Princess (name unknown), married Tlatoani Nezahualpilli, Tlatoani of Texcoco, and had issue.
          • Tlatoani Cacamatzin, Tlatoani of Texcoco.
        • Cihuacóatl Tlacaelel II, 2nd hereditary Cihuacóatl 1474/1487, married and had issue.
          • Prince Toyaotzin, married and had issue.
            • Prince Tzompantzin
            • Prince Axayaca
          • Don Diego Velázquez Tlacotzin (qv) cf. below
        • Prince Chicuey or Chicome Axochitzin, he was a renowned warrior, married and had issue.
          • Doña Juana, she became the mistress of Captain Juan Rodríguez de Villafuerte, a Spanish conquistador.
      • Prince Tlilpotoncatzin [Tlilpotonqui] (by Maquitzin), 3rd hereditary Cihuacóatl 1487/1503, tlatocapilli, according to the Crónica mexicayotl, he was a great and brave warrior; married 1stly, Princess Xiuhtoztzin, daughter of Yaopaintzin tlatocapilli [Amaquemecan], Quauhtlatoani of Tequanipan Huixtoco, married 2ndly, Princess Quauhtlamiyahualtzin, a noblewoman from Acxotlan Cihuateopan, and had issue, eleven sons and three daughters. He died 1503.
        • Prince Miccacalcatl Tlatletecuintzin (by Princess Xiuhtoztzin), born 1469, he was installed as Tlatoani Miccacalcatl Chichimeca teuchtli, Tlatoani of Huixtoco Tequanipan in 1492. He died in or after 1519.
        • Princess Tzihuacxochitzin, married Tlatoani Moctezuma II, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue, two daughters.
          • Doña Leonor de Moctezuma
          • Doña María de Moctezuma
        • Princess Quetzalpetlatzin (by Princess Quauhtlamiyahualtzin), married (as his first wife), Don Tomás de San Martín Quetzalmacatzin, Tlatoani of Itztlacozauhcan (installed by Cortés), and had issue.
          • Don Juan de Santo Domingode Mendoza Tlacaeleltzin, Tlatoani of Amaquemecan Chalco
        • Prince Quetzalcoatzin
        • Prince Atletzin
        • Prince Itzcuintzin
        • Prince Cuauhpiaztzin,
        • ?Doña Inés Tiacapan, born 1517, married Don Pedro Tlacahuepan, son of Tlatoani Moctezuma II (see below).
      • Princess Xiuhpopocatzin (by Maquitzin)
      • Princess Achihuapoltzin (by Maquitzin), married Prince Tochihuitzin [Coyolchiuhqui], son of Tlatoani Itzcoatl (see below).
      • Prince Toyaotzin (by Maquitzin)
      • Prince Xochiacamapichtli
      • Prince Xillomantzin, ninth son.
      • Prince Tezcatl (? same as following)
      • Prince Texcalteuctli, married and had issue.
        • Don Diego Velázquez Tlacotzin (qv) cf. above
      • Prince Itzpapalotzin
      • Prince Chiquatzin
      • Prince Totomochtzin
      • Prince Tlacochchimaltzin
      • Prince Toznenetzin
      • Prince Chimalpantzin
      • Princess Macuilxochitzin 
      • Princess Tollintzin
    • Tlatoani Motecuhzoma I [ Motecuhzoma Ilhuicamina / Huehuemotecuhzoma] (by Miyahuaxihuitl) (qv) 
    • Princess Matlazahuatzin [Matlalcihuatl/Matlalcihuatzin] (by Miyahuaxochtzin or Tetzihuatzin), married Tlatoani Ixtlixochitl I, Tlatoani of Texcoco, died 1418.
    • Prince Citlalcoatl, tecpanecatl.
    • Prince Aztacoatl, tocuiltecatl.
    • Prince Axicoyotzin, teuctlamacazqui.
    • Prince Cuauhtzitzimitl, huitznahuatl.
    • Prince Xiconoc, tecpanecatl.
    • Prince Cihuahuaque, he was killed in a battle with the Chalca.
    • Prince Tlacahuepan, ezhuahuancatl. He was captured and killed by the Chalca.
    • Prince Quetzalcuauh, he was killed in a battle with the Chalca.
    • Prince Teotlatlauhqui (by Ayaucihuatl)
    • Princess Miccayaocihuatl, married Tlatoani Toyaotlancatzin, Tlatoani of Coatl-Ichan.
    • ?Prince Acolnahuacatl (by Ayaucihuatl), he died young.
    • Prince Cuitlahuatzin Huehue (by Ayaucihuatl)
    • Prince Yaocihuat (by Ayaucihuatl)

  10. Tlatoani CHIMALPOPOCA, 3rd Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1417/1427 or 1409/1422, born 1397, when he assumed the throne, Tenochtitlan was a tributary of the Tepanec city of Azcapotzalco, he took part in their war with Texcoco in 1418, and after their success he was granted Texcoco as a tributary state, in 1426, a new aqueduct was constructed which ran ran from the elevated place of Chapultepec to Tenochtitlan, also a causeway was built to Tlacopan; in 1427, he allied himself with the new ruler of Azcapotzalco, but the rival for the throne, killed the new King and succeeded him as ruler, Chimalpopoca then  decided to offer himself as a sacrifice at the altar of his father, but he was taken prisoner and carried to Azcapotzalco, where he was exhibited in a cage and kept on starvation rations, married (amongst others), Princess Matlalatzin, daughter of Tlatoani Quaquapitzahuac, Tlatoani of Tlatelolco, and his wife, Queen Acxocueitl, and had issue. He committed suicide in 1427 at Azcapotzalco, by hanging himself from a beam with his belt. Another account says he was strangled by his captors.
    • Tlatoani Tezozomoc (by Princess Matlalatzin), 2nd Tlatoani of Ecatepec.
    • Prince Teuctl Ehuac, he was killed with his father in 1427.
    • Prince Xihuitl Temoc, he was killed with his father in 1427.
    • Prince Miquiztzin
    • Prince Maxihuitzin
    • Prince Tezcatlpopocatzin
    • Prince Quetzalquauhtzitzimitzin
    • Prince Ixcuinantzin
    • Princess (name unknown), married Prince Cahualtzin, son of Prince Tlatolzaca, and had issue (see above).

  11. Tlatoani ITZCOATL, 4th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1427/1440, born 1360, he was ranked to the rank of tlacochcalcatl prior to his succession, he was elected King in succession to his nephew, and soon afterwards allied himself with Nezahualcoyotl of Texcoco, and went on to defeat Azcapotzalco and end the Tepanec domination of central Mexico, together they, with the king of Tlacopan, forged what would become known as the Aztec Triple Alliance, forming the basis of the eventual Aztec empire, he led successful campaigns against Xochimilco (1430), Mixquic (1432), Cuitlahuac (1433), and Tezompa, as well as Culhuacan and Coyoacán, which would secure agricultural resources for Tenochtitlan and cement the Triple Alliance's control over the southern half of the Valley of Mexico, in recognition of his victories, he took the title of Culhua tecuhtli, "Lord of the Culhua"; in 1439, he undertook a campaign outside the Valley of Mexico against Cuauhnahuac (Cuernavaca), and continued the building of Tenochtitlan, with temples, roads, and a causeway being built; married 1stly, Princess Huacaltzintli, daughter of Tlatoani Quaquapitzahuac, 1st Tlatoani of Tlatelolco, and his wife, Queen Acxocueitl, married 2ndly, Princess Tlancuitlaatzin, and had issue. He died 1440.
    • Prince Tezozomoctzin (by Princess Tlancuitlaatzin), ?Tlatoani of of Itztapalapan, married Princess Huitzxochtzin [Atotoztli II], daughter of Tlatoani Motecuhzoma I, and his wife, Queen Chichimecacihuatzin I (see above), and had issue.
      • Tlatoani Tizociatzin (qv)
      • Tlatoani Ahuitzotl (qv)
      • Princess Chalchiuhnenetl [Chalchiuhnenetzin / Papantzin], married Tlatoani Moquihuix, 4th Tlatoani of Tlatelolco.
      • Tlatoani Axayacatl I (qv)
    • Tlatoani Ciutlahuac (by Princess Huacaltzintli), Tlatoani of Itztapalapan, married and had issue.
      • Princess (name unknown), married (her cousin), Tlatoani Axayacatl I, 13th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue.
    • Prince Tochihuitzin [Coyolchiuhqui], Tlatoani of Teotlaltzinco, married Princess Achihuapoltzin, daughter of Prince Tlacaelel I (see above).
    • Prince Cuacuauhtzin
    • Prince Tecallapohuatzin
    • Prince Cahualtzin
    • Prince Cuauhtlatoatzin
    • Prince Tepolomitzin
    • Prince Chalchiuhtlatonac, Tlatoani of Apan.
    • Prince Iztacmixcoatzin, Tlatoani of Xilotepec.

  12. Tlatoani MOTECUHZOMA I, 5th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1440/1469, born 1398, during his reign, Tenochtitlan became the dominant partner of the Aztec Triple Alliance; his greatest achievement was the construction and completion of a double aqueduct pipe system, supplying the city of Tenochtitlan with fresh water, he extended the boundaries of the Aztec empire beyond the Valley of México to the Gulf Coast, and thereby gaining access to exotic goods such as cocoa, rubber, cotton, fruits, feathers, and seashells; around 1458, he led an expedition into Mixtec territory against the city-state of Coixtlahuaca, and defeated the Mixtecs, and their ruler, Atonal, was ritually strangled and his family were enslaved; married (amongst others), Queen Chichimecacihuatzin I, daughter of Tlatoani Cuauhtototzin, the Tlahuica ruler of Cuauhnahuac, and had issue. He died 1469.
    • Prince Mahchimaleh
    • Prince Iquehuacatzin, tlacateccatl, he seized the Government unsuccessfully immediately after his father's death, and was executed on the orders of Axayacatl for rebellion. He was executed in 1469.
    • Princess Chichimecacihuatzin II, married Huehue Huanitzin, a brave warrior of Itztapalapan.
    • Princess Huitzxochtzin [Atotoztli II] (by Queen Chichimecacihuatzin I), married Prince Tezozomoctzin, and had issue. (see above)
    • Prince Citlalcoatzin [Citlalcohuatzin], tlacochcalcatl.
    • Princess Mazaxochitzin, married Tocancoztli, Tlatoani of Tepexic-Mixtlan.
    • Princess Yohuatzin, married Tlazolteotzin, Tlatoani of Cuitlahuac.
    • ?Tlatoani Chimalpilli I, 1st Tlatoani of Ecatepec.

  13. Tlatoani AXAYACATL I, 6th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1469/1481, he subjugated Tlatelolco, Tenochtitlan's sister city, in 1473, and the Great Sun Stone, also known as the Aztec Calendar, was carved under his leadership; in 1479 he subjugated the people of Xiquipilco but lost a leg as a result of the battle in the process; married 1stly, Princess Xochicueyetl, daughter of Tlatoani Nezahualcoyotl, Tlatoani of Texcoco, married 2ndly, Princess Mizquixahualtzin, daughter of Tlatoani Aztauhyatzin of Tollan (#5), married 3rdly, Princess Cuetlaxochitzin, daughter of Atlaqualotl, Tlatoani of Ticic Cuitláhuac, married 4thly, a daughter of Prince Cuitláhuac (see above), married 5thly, a daughter of Xaltemoctzin, Tlatoani of Tlalmanalco, married 6thly, a daughter of Yaotentzin, Tlatoani of Tlalmanalco, married 7thly, Princess Azcatlxochitl Xochiquetzal of Texcoco or Iztapalapan, and had issue. about 24 children. He died 1481.
    • Prince Ixtlilcuechahuac (by Princess Mizquixahualtzin), Tlatoani  of Tollan, married and had issue. He was killed in battle at Huexotzinco.
      • Doña Maria Miahuaxochtzin, married, Tlatoani Moctezuma II, and had issue (see below)
    • Prince Huehue Tlacahuepantzin [Tlacahuellan] (by Princess Mizquixahualtzin), married and had issue.
      • Prince Ipanpozontzin, Tlatoani of Tenayucan.
      • Doña Magdalena Quiyauhxochtzin
    • Prince Tezozomoctzin Aculnahuacatl (by Princess Cuetlaxochitzin)(third son), married 1stly, Princess Tlacuilolxochtzin, daughter of Tlatoani Matlaccoatzin, Tlatoani of Ecatepec, married 2ndly, Doña Francisca de Moctezuma, daughter of Tlatoani Moctezuma II (see below), and had issue.
      • Don Diego de Alvarado Huantzin (qv)
      • Don Francisco Matlaccoatzin, he went to Spain.
      • Don Carlos Oquiztzin, Tlatoani of Azcapotzalco.
    • Prince Matlatzincatzin (by a cihuapilli from Acallan), cihuacoatl.
    • Prince Yopihuehuetl
    • Prince Macuilmalinaltzin, he was appointed tlacatecccatl and Tlatoani of Xochimilco, married a daughter of Tlatoani Nezalhualpilli of Texcoco, and had issue. He died in 1503 at the battle of Atlixco.
      • Don Francisco de Guzmán Omacatzin, Tlatoani of Xochimilco, married Doña Maria, daughter of Prince Acachollohuatzin (see below), and had issue.
        • Don Francisco Axayacatzin
        • Doña Francisca de Guzmán, married Don Martin Cerón, Tlatoani of Xochimilco.
    • Prince Coyoltzitzillin
    • Tlatoani Moctezuma II Xocoyotzin (eighth son)(by Princess Xochicueyetl or by a cihuapilli from Itztapalapan) (qv)
    • Prince Cecepatic, he died in 1503 at the battle of Atlixco.
    • Prince Teyohualpachohua
    • Tlatoani Cuitláhuatzin (by a daughter of Prince Cuitláhuac or by a cihuapilli from Itztapalapan) (eleventh son)(qv)
    • Princess Matlallaxochitzin, married Tlatoani Toçancoztli, Tlatoani of Tecamachalco, and had issue.
      • Tlatoani Acuechetzin, Tlatoani of Tecamachalco.
    • Prince Quiyauhtzin
    • Prince Tezcatzin, he was killed in battle at Huexotzinco.
    • Prince Machimalle, tlacochcalcatl, married and had issue.
      • Don Pedro Tlapaltecatl
      • Don Martin Cozmallintzin
    • Prince Tepehuatzin, tlacochcalcatl. He was killed in 1481.
    • Prince Ilamayehuatzin
    • Prince Quitzicquaquatzin, he was killed in battle at Huexotzinco.
    • Don Juan Garcia Achicatzin Huitznahuatl
    • Prince Ipanpoçontzin
    • Princess Chalchiuhnenetzin, married Tlatoani Nezahualpilli Tlatoani of Texcoco. She was strangled to death in 1498 on the orders of her husband for adultery.
    • Prince Zuzumacotzin, married and had issue.
      • Don Diego Zuzumacotzin, he was granted the privilege to bear Arms
      • Don Francisco Zuzumacotzin, he was granted the privilege to bear Arms on 16th February 1536, by HM King Carlos V of Spain.

  14. Tlatoani TIZOCIATZIN, 7th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1481/1486, installed on 2nd June 1481, he began the rebuilding of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan (completed the year after his death), and also put down a rebellion of the Matlatzincan peoples of the Toluca Valley, during his reign, he conquered the altepetl of Tonalimoquetzayan, Toxico, Ecatepec, Cillán, Tecaxic, Tolocan, Yancuitlan, Tlappan, Atezcahuacan, Mazatlán, Xochiyetla, Tamapachco, Ecatliquapechco, and Miquetlan; married Princess Quauhcihuatl, and had issue, twelve sons. He died in 1486, possibly poisoned by members of his family.
    • Prince Yaotzin [Tepehuatzin], tlacochcacatl.
    • Prince Amaquemetzin
    • Prince Tezcatl Popocatzin [Texcatlpopoca] (by Princess Quauhcihuatl), married and had issue.
      • Don Diego de San Francisco Tehetzquititzin [Tehuetzquiti or Tehuetzqui] (qv)
    • Prince Imactlahcuia, tlacateccatl. he died 1503 in battle at Atlixco.
    • Prince Huehue Mauhcaxochitl, married and had issue.
      • Prince Acachollohuatzin, married and had issue.
        • Doña Maria, married Don Francisco de Guzmán Omacatzin (see above)
        • Doña Ana, married a ruler of Tenantzinco Matlatzinco.
      • Doña Maria, married (her first cousin), Don Diego de San Francisco Tehetzquititzin (see above and below)
      • Don Pablo Chimalcoatlzin, tocuiltecatl.
      • Don Pedro Icelicatzin
    • Princess Matlalchhuatl (by Princess Quauhcihuatl), married Tlatoani Nezahualpilli, Tlatoani of Texcoco.
    • Princess Mixtli

  15. Tlatoani AHUITZOTL, 8th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1486/1502, he was installed on 15th April 1486, married (amongst others), Princess Tlilancapatl [Tecapantzin], daughter of Tlatoani Moquihuixtli, 4th Tlatoani of Tlatelolco, married (b), a daughter of Huehue Cahualtzin the elder, son of Tlatolzacatzin, and had issue. He died 1502.
    • Prince Hernando Quauhtemoctzin (by Tlilancapatl), he succeeded as Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc (qv)
    • Prince Atlixactzin (by a daughter of Huehue Cahualtzin), tlacateccatl, married (amongst others) (as her first husband), Princess Isabel Tecuichpoch de Moctezuma (see below), and had issue. He died shortly before July 1520.
      • Don Diego Cahualtzin, married and had issue, two sons.
      • Don Martin Ezmalintzin
    • Princess Teotlalco (by a daughter of Huehue Cahualtzin), married Tlatoani Moctezuma II, 16th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue.
      • Prince Axayaca, he was killed while still a youth.
      • Princess Isabel Tecuichpoch de Moctezuma (see below)
    • Prince Tlacaelel Xocoyotl
    • Prince Motehcuzoma
    • Prince Citlacoatl
    • Prince Azcacoatl
    • Prince Axicyotzin
    • Prince Xiconoc
    • Prince Macuilmalinal, third son, died 1503.
    • Prince Acamapichtli (by a daughter of Huehue Cahualtzin), he was a great and brave warrior, married and had issue.
      • Prince Ixconantzin
      • Prince Macpaltzin
      • Don Luis de Santa María Cipac (qv)
    • Prince Huitzilihuitl
    • Prince Machimalle
    • Prince Yaotzin
    • Prince Panchimaltzin, he succeeded as Tlatoani Chimalpilli II, 4th Tlatoani of Ecatepec.
    • Prince Yohualpopocatzin
    • Prince Acachimaltzin
    • Princess Coyolicatzin, married Cocijoeza, Tlatoani of Tehuantepec.
    • generation
      • Prince Quauhtzitzimitzin

  16. Tlatoani MOCTEZUMA II, 9th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1502/1520, born 1469, appointed tlacochcalcatl before his succession, he was installed as ruler on 14th April 1502, married 1stly, Princess Xiuhtlaltzin, married 2ndly, Princess Teotlalco, daughter of Tlatoani Ahuitzotl (see above), married 3rdly, Princess Miahuaxochitl (Doña Maria Miyahuaxochtzin), daughter of Tlatoani Ixtlilcuecahuacatzin, King of Tollan, married 4thly, Princess Acatlacan , married 5thly, Princess Tlapalizquixochtzin, daughter of Tlatoani Matlaccoatzin, Tlatoani of Ecatepec, married 6thly, Princess Tailhuacan, daughter of Totoquihuaztli II, Tlatoani of Tlacopan, married 7thly, Princess Tzihuacxochitzin, daughter of Tlilpotonqui, and had legitimate issue, ten sons and nine daughters, as well as further illegitimate issue. He died 30th June 1520.
    • Prince Ilhuitl Temoc, he died young.
    • Prince Holca Huepautzin [Axayacatl II] (by Princess Xiuhtlaltzin), he died young.
    • Prince Xoxopehualoc, he was killed on the orders of Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc in April 1521 or drowned in the Canal Tolteca, during La Noche Triste in 1520.
    • Prince Cuauhtlecohuatl, his fate is unknown.
    • Prince Tzihuacpopocatzin [aka Tzihuacoyotzin], he was killed on the orders of Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc in April 1521 in the wake of the expulsion of the Spanish.
    • Prince Acamapichtzin, Tlatoani of Tenayuca
    • Prince Chimalpopoca, died as a captive of Cortés on 30th June 1520.
    • Prince Tlaltecatzin, Governor of Tlacopan, died as a captive of Cortés on 30th June 1520.
    • Don Martin Cortés Nezahualtecolotzin, he was poisoned to death on his return from his trip to Spain.
    • Prince Tlacahuepan Ihualicahuaca [Don Pedro de Moctezuma] (by Princess Miyahuaxochtzin), Tlatoani of Atzacoalco, he made a trip to Spain to plead his case for a return of his property; married 1stly, Doña Inés Tiacapan, daughter of Prince Ipanpozontzin (see above), married 2ndly, Doña Catalina Quiasuchitl, married 3rdly, Doña Francisca, and had issue. He died 8th September 1570. {line extinct in 1836}
      • Prince Motlatocacoma [Don Martin de Moctezuma] (by Doña Inés), born 1531, married and had issue. (#3)
        • Doña Inés de Moctezuma
      • Prince Macuilmalinal [Don Bartolomé de Moctezuma] (by Doña Inés), born 1532.
      • Prince Eleltzin [Don Lorenzo de Moctezuma] (by Doña Inés), born 1535, married and had issue.
      • Prince Ilhuitl-Temoc [Don Diego Luis de Moctezuma] (by Doña Catalina), born 1538, he went to Spain, married 1stly, Princess Quiyauhxochtzin (Doña Magdalena), a Tollan princess, married 2ndly, Doña Francisca de La Cueva y Valenzuela, daughter of Don Juan de la Cueva, and his wife, Doña Isabel de Valenzuela, and had issue. He died after 31st May 1602.
        • Don Pedro Tesifón de Moctezuma y de la Cueva (by Doña Francisca), born 1584, 1st Conde de Moctezuma [cr.1627] and Vizconde de Ilucan, married Doña Jerónima del Castillo Porres y Salazar, daughter of Don Jeronimo del Castillo, and his wife, Doña Francisca Gutierrez Palomino, and had issue. He died 1639.
          • Don Diego Luis de Moctezuma de la Cueva y Castillo [Don Diego Luis de Moctezuma Ilhuitltemoctzin tlatocapilli], born 6th August 1627, 2nd Conde de Moctezuma, Vizconde de Ilucan, married 1syly, Doña Luisa María Jofre de Loaysa y Carrillo, and had issue, four sons and two daughters, as well as further issue by Gregoria de Torres. He died 15th January 1680.
            • Doña Jerónima María de Moctezuma y Jofre de Loaysa, 3rd Condesa de Moctezuma, Vizcondesa de Ilucan, married Don José Sarmiento de Valladares, 1st Señor e Duque de Atrisco, Viceroy of Mexico 1697/1701, and had issue. She died 1692.
              • Doña Fausta Dominga de Moctezuma Sarmiento de Valladares, 4th Condesa de Moctezuma, she died sp 16th July 1701.
              • Doña Melchora Juana de Moctezuma Sarmiento de Valladares, 5th Condesa de Moctezuma, she died sp in 1735 or 21st December 1717.
            • Don Pedro Manuel de Moctezuma de la Cueva y Torres (by Gregoria de Torres), born in February 1656, Señor de Arriate, married Doña Isabel Ana Jofre de Loaysa Ovalle y Chinchilla, and had issue. He died after 19th September 1717.
              • Don Jerónimo Miguel de Moctezuma y Jofre de Loaysa, married Doña Teresa de Salcedo y Ahumada, and had issue.
                • Don Pedro Moctezuma y Salcedo
                • Doña Bernarda Moctezuma y Salcedo, baptized 10th March 1716, married Don Pedro Girón Morejón y Ahumada, and had issue.
          • Doña Teresa Francisca de Moctezuma, married Don Diego de Cisneros, and had issue.
            • Doña Jeronima Manuela de Cisneros, born 14th May 1644 in Madrid, married (as his first wife), Don Félix Nieto de Silva Saa, born 19th July 1635, died after 1689, and had issue.
            • Doña Micaela Eugenia de Cisneros
      • Doña Maria de Moctezuma, born 1534, married a noble from Coyoacan. 
      • Doña Magdalena de Moctezuma, born 1537.
    • Don Juan Sánchez, an Indian governor in Oaxaca.
    • Prince Axayaca (by Princess Teotlalco), he was killed on the orders of Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc in April 1521.
    • Prince Tecuecuenotl, he was killed on the orders of Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc in April 1521.
    • Prince Totlehuicol [Quatlecoatzin], he was killed on the orders of Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc in April 1521.
    • Princess (name unknown), married Tlatoani Nequametzin [Itzcahuatzin], ruler of the Opochhuacan district in Tlalmanalco-Chalca.
    • Princess Techuichpatzin [Techichpotzin], died as a captive of Cortés on 30th June 1520.
    • Princess Ilancueitl, married Tlatoani Tzoniztaltzin, ruler of Cuauhtitlan. 
    • Princess (name unknown), married Prince Coxcoxtzin, son of Tlatoani Tezozomoc, ruler of Culhuacan.
    • Doña Francisca, married Don Pedro de Alvarado Temictzin of Tlacopan.
    • Doña Leonor de Moctezuma (by Princess Tzihuacxochitzin), born 1508, married 1stly,Juan Paez, married 2ndly, Cristóbal de Valderrama, and had issue, one daughter (by second marriage).
      • Leonor de Valderrama, married Diego Arias Sotelo, and had issue.
        • Fernando Sotelo
    • Doña Maria de Moctezuma (by Princess Tzihuacxochitzin), born 1507, died young.
    • Doña Isabel Tecuichpoch de Moctezuma (by Princess Teotlalco or Tailhuacan), born 11th July 1510, Mexico, married 1stly, Prince Atlixactl (see above), married 2ndly, about July 1520, Tlatoani Ciutlahuatzin, died 8th September 1520, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, maried 3rdly, Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, died 27th February 1525, married 4thly, Alonso de Grado, died 1527, married 5thly, Pedro Gallego, died 1531, married 6thly, 1532, Juan Cano de Saavedra, died 11th September 1572, Seville, Spain, she also had illegitimate issue by Hernando Cortes, born 1485, Medellin, Estremadura, Spain, died 2nd December 1547, Callisteja de la Cuesta, Spain, buried in Mexico City, Mexico, 1st Marqués de Valle de Oaxaca [cr.1529], and had issue. She died 9th July 1550.
      • Juan Gallego Andrade, married and had issue. He died 1577.
        • Juan de Oñate, married Isabel Cortés, and had issue.
          • Maria de Oñate
      • Juan Cano de Moctezuma, married 6th January 1559, Elvira Álvarez de Toledo, died 14th September 1598 and had issue. He died 2nd January 1579 in Caceres.
        • Juan Cano de Moctezuma, baptized 6th August 1559, married Mariana Álvarez de Toledo, baptized 5th January 1569, died 28th July 1611 and had issue. He died 22nd August 1608.
          • Juan Cano de Moctezuma, married Isabel Pizarro, baptized 26th January 1600 and had issue.
            • Mariana Cano de Moctezuma, married February 1650, Álvaro de Vivero and had issue.
              • Maria de Vivero y Moctezuma, Señora de Encinillas, married 10th August 1665, in Caceres, Juan de Caravajal de Perero, 1st Conde de la Quinta de la Enjarada [cr.1679], died 25th August 1704, and had issue. She died 24th August 1683 (#2).
      • Gonzalo Cano de Moctezuma, married Ana Calderón, and had issue.
        • Diego de Moctezuma
        • Juan de Moctezuma
      • Pedro Cano de Moctezuma
      • Isabel de Jesús de Moctezuma
      • Catalina de San Miguel de Moctezuma
      • Leonor Cortes Moctezuma (by Hernando Cortes), born 1528/1531, married 1550 in Zacatecas, Juan de Tolosa, died before 1594, and had issue. She died before 1594.
        • Juan de Tolosa Cortés de Moctuzema, born 155x, he became a priest and Vicar of Zacatecas.
        • Leonor de Tolosa Cortés Moctezuma, born 155x, married Cristobal de Zaldivar Mendoza. 
        • Isabel de Tolosa Cortés Moctezuma, born before 1568, married Juan de Oñate, founder of a Spanish colony in New Mexico in 1598.
    • Doña Francisca [Tlacuilolxotzin] (by Princess Tlapalizquixochtzin), born 1507, married Don Diego de Alvarado Huantzin, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue (see below).
    • Princess Maria Xochitlmazatl [Xuchimatzatzi], married Tlatoani Cuauhtémoc, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue (see below)
    • Princess Xipaguacin, married Juan de Grau, Barón de Toleriu, he was one of Cortés's senior officers, who took her back to Spain with an entourage of Mexica, and had issue. She died in 1537 in Toleriu, near Andorra.
    • Doña Ana, died as a captive of Cortés on 30th June 1520.
    • Doña Inés, died as a captive of Cortés on 30th June 1520.
    • Princess Moceltzin, married Tlatoani Aztatzontzin, ruler of Cuauhtitlan.

  17. Tlatoani CUITLÁHUATZIN, 10th (or 11th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan in 1520 (for 80 days) and Tlatoani of Itztapalapan, born 1470 (1476), married 1stly, a daughter of Moteixcahuia, married 2ndly, Princess Quauhtlehuanitzin, married 3rdly, Princess Papantzin [Oxomoc], daughter of Nezahualpilli, Tlatoani of Texcoco, married 4thly, about July 1520, Princess Isabel Tecuichpoch de Moctezuma (see above), and had issue. He died of smallpox in or about 8th September 1520.
    • Tlatoani Alonso Axayacatl Ixhuetzcatocatzin (by Princess Papantzin), Tlatoani of Itztapalapan, married Doña Juana Maria, daughter of Don Jorge de Alvarado Yoyontzin of Texcoco, and had issue.
      • Doña Magdalena
      • Doña Bárbara
      • Doña Petronilla
    • Doña Ana (by Princess Papantzin), married the Tlatoani of Tehuacan, and had issue.
      • Doña Cristina, married Juan Grande, a Spanish interpreter in the Audeincia Real.
    • Doña Luisa (by Princess Papantzin), married the Tlatoani of Tepepolco.
    • Doña Juana, married Don Juan Bautista Toyaotzin Chichimeca teuchtli, Tlatoani of Tequanipan. She was killed by her husband.
    • generation
      • generation
        • generation
          • Don Fernando de Alvarado Ixtlixochitl III, born after 1568 in Texcoco, he succeeded to the estate of his elder brother, who died in 1602. He died 1648 in Mexico City.

  18. Tlatoani CUAUHTÉMOC, 11th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1520/1525 and Tlatoani of Ixtatecpan, born 1495, heir to the altepetl of Tlatelolco, he was installed in February 1521, married (amongst others) 1stly, Princess Maria Xochitlmazatl, daughter of Tlatoani Moctezuma II (see above), married 2ndly, Princess Isabel de Moctezuma (see above), and had issue. He died 27th February 1525.
    • Don Diego de Mendoza-Austria
    • Princess Aculcihuatzin

  19. Don Diego Velázquez Tlacotzin, (12th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1525/1526 and 4th hereditary Cihuacóatl 1520/1525, named as Tlatoani, following Cuauhtemocs death in 1525, and "reigned" as a client of the occupying Spaniards until his death in 1526 at Nochiztlan. (#4)

  20. Don Andrés de Tapia Motelchiuhtzin, Quauhtlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1526/1531, an Aztec noble not of the royal lineage.

    Don Pablo Xochiquentzin, Quauhtlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1531/1536, an Aztec noble not of the royal lineage. He died 1536.

  21. Don Diego de Alvarado Huantzin, (13th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1536/1542 or 1539/1541 and 5th Tlatoani of Ecatepec 1520/1539, 1st Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1538/1541, he was baptized taking the name of Diego, after the fall of Tenochtitlan, he was one of the five Aztec lords held captive by Cortés, who took him along with many other indigenous rulers in his travel to Honduras, married (amongst others), Doña Francisca de Moctezuma, daughter of Tlatoani Moctezuma II, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue. He died 1541.
    • Don Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecepatic (qv)
    • Doña Juana de Alvarado, married Don Alfonso Cortés Totoquihuaztli, later Tlatoani Huehue Totoquihuaztli II, Tlatoani of Tlacopan.
    • Doña Juana Tlapalizquixochitzin, married Don Luis Ávalos, Tlatoani of Xilotepec.
    • Don Felipe Huitzilihuitl de Santiago (by Doña Francisca)
    • Don Juan Ilhuicamina (by Doña Francisca)
    • Don Miguel Axayaca (by Doña Francisca)
    • Don Fernando de Alvarado Tezozómoctzin (by Doña Francisca), he worked as an interpreter for the Real Audiencia, but is known today for the Crónica Mexicayotl, a Nahuatl-language history.
    • Doña Ana Ilhuicaxahua (by Doña Francisca), married Don Francisco Montufar of Tenantzinco, and had issue.
      • Doña Maria Ixtlilxiuhtli
    • Doña Isabel de Alvarado, married Don Antonio Valeriano, born about 1531 in Azcapotzalco, Judge-Governor of Azcapotzalco 1565/15xx, Judge-Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1573/1599, author of the Nican Mopohua, he was an assistant to Fray Bernardino de Sahagún in the compilation of the Florentine Codex, and had issue. He died 1605.
      • Don Diego Valeriano, married Doña Maria, daughter of Don Alonso Tezozomoctzin, Tlatoani of Azcapotzalco Mexicapan, and had issue.
        • Don Antonio Valeriano Telpochtli, he served as alcalde for San Juan Moyotlan in the cabildo of San Juan Tenochtitlan from 1608 to 1610, he was a fiscal in 1611, before becoming governor of Azcapotzalco on 17th November 1611, later in the 1620s, he was Governor of Tenochtitlan; married 10th October 1610 (his niece), Doña Bárbara, died 1611, daughter of Don Alonso Axayaca Ixhuetzcatocatzin, Tlatoani of Itztapallapan, and had issue, one son.
          • Don Nicolás Valeriano
        • Isabel Ypochtli
    • Doña Francisca, married Juan Bautista, a mestizo interpreter.
    • Doña Marta, married in Tzompahuacan.

  22. Don Diego de San Francisco Tehetzquititzin, (14th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1541/1554, 2nd Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1541/1554, in 1541, he took part in the Mixtón War in Nueva Galicia (Xochipillan), led by viceroy Antonio de Mendoza, on 23rd December 1546, he was granted a personal coat of arms by a cédula issued by King Charles V, in recognition of his service, particularly in the war in Nueva Galicia, married (amongst others) (his first cousin), Doña Maria, daughter of Prince Huehue Mauhcaxochitl (see above), and had issue. He died 1554.
    • Don Alonso Tezcatl Popocatzin (by Doña Maria), died young.
    • Don Pedro Mauhcaxochitzin (by Doña Maria), married and had issue.
      • Doña (name unknown), she married in Xochinilco.
    • Don Pablo Ixcuinantzin (by Doña Maria), died young.
    • Don Pedro Xiconocatzin
    • Don José Xaxaqualiuhtocatzin
    • Don Baltasar Ilhuicaxochitzin, died young.
    • Doña Juana, married Don Baltasar Toquezquauhyotzon, Tlatoani of Culhuacan.
    • Doña María Tlacoyehuatzin, married Don Diego Quauhpotonqui, Tlatoani of Ecatepec.
    • Doña María Francisca, married Don Gabriel Xiuhpiltzintli from Xolloco-San Anton.
    • Doña María, married Don Jacobo.
    • Doña Cecilia, married Don Cristóbal, son of Don Diego Quauhpotonqui, Tlatoani of Ecatepec.

    Don Esteban de Guzmán, Juez de Residencia or Quauhtlatoani of Tenochtitlan [xx.6.1554] - [xx.1.1557]. a noble of Xochimilco, not of the royal lineage.

  23. Don Cristóbal de Guzmán Cecepatic [Cecepaticatzin], (15th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1557/1562 and 3rd Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1557/1562, he was a colonial Nahua noble from Santa María Cuepopan in San Juan Tenochtitlan, he first served as alcalde in 1556 of San Juan Tenochtitlan, before becoming Tenochtitlan's second-last tlatoani and Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan in 1557. He died 1562.

  24. Don Luis de Santa María Nanacacipactzin [Cipac], (16th) Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan 1563/1565, 4th Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1563/1565, he was installed in both offices on 30th September 1563, alcalde of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1557. He died 27th December 1565.

  25. Francisco Jiménez, he was a Nahua noble from Tecamachalco and served as Judge-Governor of Tenochtitlan for 17 months in 1568 and 1569.

    Antonio Valeriano, born about 1531 in Azcapotzalco, Judge-Governor of Azcapotzalco 1565/15xx, Judge-Governor of San Juan Tenochtitlan 1573/1599, author of the Nican Mopohua, he was an assistant to Fray Bernardino de Sahagún in the compilation of the Florentine Codex, married Doña Isabel de Alvarado (see above), and had issue. He died 1605.
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1. Another source has his death date as 1387.
2. This couple were the ancestors of the Duques de Abrantes, Duques de Linares, the Marqués de Sardoal, the Marqués de Puerto Seguro, the Marqués de Valdefuentes y Aguilafuentes and most of the present day Spanish nobility.
3. The help of David Hughes is acknowledged, March 2004.
4. Post to the alt.talk.royalty newsgroup on 24th November 1999, by Astyages (astyages@my-deja.com)
5. Another source gives Tlatoani Cuetlachtzin of Tollan (son of Tlatoani Acamapichtli II) as her father.