|PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Tlacopan (also called
Tacuba), was a kingdom founded at an unknown date by the Tepanecs or
Tepaneca, a Mesoamerican people who had arrived in the Valley of Mexico
in the late 12th or early 13th centuries and were welcomed by the
semi-legendary Chichimeca ruler Xolotl. They then settled on the
western shores of Lake Texcoco. It became subordinate to the rulers of
nearby Azcapotzalco, the premier Tepanec city-state, one of whose
rulers, installed his son, Aculnahuacatl Tzaqualcatl as the tlatoani in
about 1400. It became a member of the Aztec Triple Alliance, comprising
Tenochtitlan, Texcoco and Tlacopan, founded on 13th March 1428 and
which formed the nucleus of the Aztec Empire. Tlacopan was, however, to
remain a junior partner in the alliance, receiving only a fifth of the
tribute gained from joint campaigns with its more powerful allies.
- Tlatoani Tlacomatzin,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan
- Tlatoani Aculnahuacatl
Tzaqualcatl, Tlatoani of Tlacopan ca1400/ca1428,installed as
Tlatoani of Tlacopan by his father-in-law in or about 1400, married
(a), Princess Tzihuacxochitzin, daughter of Tezozomoc, Tlatoani of Azcapotzalco,
Princess Tlacochcuetzin, daughter of Tlatoani Tlacacuitlahuatzin,
Tlatoani of Tiliuhcan, and had issue, two
sons. He died about 1428.
- Tlatoani Totoquihuaztli I (by Princess
- Prince Coauoxtli (by Princess Tlacochcuetzin), went to
Mexicatzinco to live.
- Prince Oquetzal (by Princess Tlacochcuetzin), went to
Mexicatzinco to marry.
- Tlatoani Totoquihuaztli I
Tlatoani of Tlacopan ca1428/1469, he took the title of Tepaneca tecuhtli, probably taken
from the rulers of Azcapotzalco, married and had issue. He died 1469.
- Tlatoani Chimalpopoca (qv)
- Tlatoani Chimalpopoca Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan 1469/1489, married and had issue. He died 1489.
- Don Antonio Cortés Totoquihuaztli II (qv)
- Tlatoani Antonio
II Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan 1489/1519, married and had issue. He was killed in
- Don Pedro Tetlepanquetzaltzin (qv)
- Princess Tailhuacan, married (as his third wife),
Tlatoani Moctezuma II, Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan,
- Don Pedro
Tetlepanquetzaltzin Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan 1519/1524, married and
had issue. He was killed in 1524 when he accompanied Cortés in
his expedition to Guatemala.
- Don Gabriel Tecpatl Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan 1524/-, he accompanied Cortés to Spain in
- Don Pedro de Alvarado
Temictzin Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan, married Doña Francisca
de Moctezuma, daughter of Tlatoani Moctezuma II, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan, and had issue.
- Don Alfonso Cortés
Totoquihuaztli Tepaneca tecuhtli,
Tlatoani of Tlacopan 1550/1574, his appointment
as Governor was approved in April 1550 by the Viceroy, married Dona
Juana de Alvarado, daughter of Don Diego de Alvarado Huantzin, Tlatoani
of Tenochtitlan, and had issue. He
- Don Juan Cortés, he directed the construction of
the first Franciscan church in Tacuba and is celebrated as a witness of
the apparition of the Virgin of Los Remedios,
- Don José Jorge
Cortés Chimalpopoca, Cacique of Tacuba fl.1775, born
1738, he was confirmed in his possession of the Cacicazgo of Tacuba in
- Princess Tetzihuatzin of Tlacopan, married (as his fourth
wife), Tlatoani Huitzilhiutl II, Tlatoani at Tenochtitlan,
- Princess Cacamacihuatl of Tacoba, married (as his first
wife), Tlatoani Huitzilihuitl II, Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan. She died circa 1395?